Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity

Skip Heitzig

The redemption of mankind was planned before the foundations of the world. But the path through Scripture that leads from Eden to eternity is not as straightforward as following a highway. It's more like following a thread in a tapestry and the thread is crimson-red, having been stained with blood. In this series, Skip Heitzig leads you on a unique journey through the Bible along the path of redemption.


Table of Contents

1 Genesis 3:15 The Cure for the Curse
2 Genesis 22 On a Hill Far Away!
3 Exodus 12 Getting Passed Over
4 Joshua 2 From House of Shame to Hall of Fame
5 Isaiah 52:13-53:12 God’s Astonishing Servant
6 Psalm 22 Cross Culture
7 Revelation 1;5 The Lion Is the Lamb



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: The Cure for the Curse
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Genesis 3:15

Welcome to this new series Bloodline, leading up to Easter. There is a scarlet thread woven throughout the fabric of Scripture from Genesis to Revelation that anticipates Jesus’ sacrifice at the cross. We Christians have become far too familiar with the idea that Jesus died for our sins so the impact is largely lost. In the next few weeks we will consider how God’s rescue mission is revealed from Eden to eternity. Today let’s peek at the first hint of the gospel.


Connect Recap Notes: March 3, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "The Cure for the Curse"
Text: Genesis 3:15


There is a scarlet thread woven throughout the fabric of Scripture from Genesis to Revelation that anticipates Jesus' sacrifice at the cross. Christians have become far too familiar with the idea that Jesus died for our sins, so the impact is largely lost. In this new series, Pastor Skip considers how God's rescue mission is revealed from Eden to eternity.

  1. There Will Be Conflict "enmity"
  2. There Will Be Continuing Conflict "your seed and her Seed"
  3. There Will Be a Coming One "He"
  4. There Will Be Confrontation "you shall bruise His heel"
  5. There Will Be Conquest "He shall bruise your head"


There Will Be Conflict "enmity"

There Will Be Continuing Conflict "your seed and her Seed"

There Will Be a Coming One "He"

There Will Be Confrontation "you shall bruise His heel"

There Will Be Conquest "He shall bruise your head"


Connect Up: Though we don't know the complete answer, why do you think the Bible uses blood to reveal God's redemptive plan? Some thoughts to discuss: life is in the blood (see Leviticus 17:11)—leading to Jesus' shed blood. Look up Hebrews 9:11-18 for more insight.

Connect In: As we reflect on the death of Jesus, leading up to Easter Sunday (traditionally called the Lenten season), why is it important for Christians to emphasize the lineage of Jesus, beginning in Genesis? Here are some points to cover: fulfilled prophecy, atonement (reparation for wrongdoing), and salvation (receiving the shed blood delivered on the cross for the remission of sins, people can stand before God covered in the righteousness of Christ; see 2 Corinthians 5:21).

Connect Out: How would you describe the importance of redemptive history—the bloodline—to an unbeliever, particularly someone who claims a crucified God is barbaric? As one person asked: "If God can do anything, why crucify Jesus? Couldn't God create another means of salvation?" How does Genesis 3:15 help answer such a question?

"The Cure for the Curse"
Genesis 3:15

  1. Introduction
    1. History centers around one pivotal point: the sacrificial death of Jesus Christ on the cross
      1. Forgiveness is our greatest need and God's greatest accomplishment, and this is what the cross is all about—it provides an opportunity for God to forgive
      2. This is reflected in Jesus' first words on the cross (see Luke 23:34)
      3. The story of atonement is on every page of the Bible—Old Testament and New
    2. Redemption is so monumental that it was in the mind of God before He even created the world
      1. In Revelation 13:8, Jesus is pictured as "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world"
      2. Luke 24:25-27
      3. All pre-New Testament history looks forward to the cross and all post-New Testament history looks back to it
        1. The prophets anticipated it, God's people have celebrated it, but sadly, some churches are scared to talk about it
        2. "There are some preachers who cannot, or do not, preach about the blood of Jesus Christ—I have one thing to say to you concerning those—never go to hear them! Never listen to them! A ministry that has not the blood in it is lifeless…and a dead ministry is no good to anybody!" —C.H. Spurgeon
    3. Genesis 3:15 is a picture of how God will cure the curse
  2. There Will Be Conflict "enmity"
    1. Enmity can mean conflict, hostility, or a feud
    2. The Hebrew word translated as serpent is nachash, which could also be translated the shining one
      1. Satan is the serpent (see Revelation 12:9)
      2. Luke 10:18
      3. Both Isaiah and Ezekiel provide a picture of who Satan was originally
        1. Isaiah 14:12
        2. Ezekiel 28:14
    3. The ongoing spiritual conflict began with Satan's rebellion, which spread to other angelic beings
      1. Satan caused a third of the angels to fall
      2. Ephesians 6:12
    4. The conflict spread to the earth (see Revelation 12:9)
      1. The earth became Satan's domain
      2. The conflict spread throughout the world
    5. Genesis 3 was the darkest day in all of human history
      1. This is the day that Paul referred to in Romans 5:12
      2. Through sin came death; one act of disobedience introduced the virus of sin into the bloodline of humanity
  3. There Will Be Continuing Conflict "your seed and her Seed"
    1. The word seed means offspring
      1. There will be an ongoing conflict between humanity, whom God loves, pursues, and redeems, and Satan, his fallen angels, and those who have been influenced by Satan—the world
        1. The world doesn't agree with or sympathize with believers
        2. 1 John 5:19
      2. If you do not understand this ongoing conflict, the Bible will not make sense—portions of the Scripture won't seem to connect
        1. We live in a parallel universe; there's the physical reality and the spiritual reality
        2. The spiritual world is where a lot of the action is happening—battles in the conflict between the angelic and demonic forces
          1. Thirty-four books of the Bible mention angels
          2. Angels are mentioned 103 times in the Old Testament and 165 times in the New Testament
          3. The word angel means messenger
          4. Angels are non-corporeal beings, invisible, not subject to decay, and not subject to the other limitations we as humans are subject to
        3. Since the fall, there has been an ongoing spiritual conflict in heavenly places between angels and demons
    2. One of the key rules of warfare is to know who your enemy is and how he operates
      1. If you don't believe in the Devil, then he's already won
      2. 2 Corinthians 2:11
    3. Bruise could also be translated as crush
      1. Satan's reaction to this promise has been evasive countermeasures and counterattacks
      2. The result of those countermeasures is the invisible war
        1. Satan incited Cain to kill Abel, but God raised up Seth as the new seed (see Genesis 4:8, 25)
        2. Satan corrupted humanity and the earth to the point that God destroyed the world with a flood; God saved one family to start again (see Genesis 6:1-8)
        3. Satan incited Esau to try to kill Jacob (see Genesis 27:41)
        4. Pharaoh acted as Satan's agent when he ordered that all the male Hebrew infants be killed (see Exodus 1:15-22)
        5. King Saul spent almost a decade chasing and trying to kill David (see 1 Samuel 21-31; 2 Samuel 1)
        6. Haman tried to kill all Jews living in Persia but was hanged on his own gallows (see Esther 7)
        7. Herod ordered that every male baby in Bethlehem be killed (see Matthew 2:16-18)
        8. Satan himself tempted Jesus to jump off the pinnacle of the temple (see Luke 4:9-13)
        9. When Jesus announced that He was the fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah 61, the people in the synagogue at Nazareth tried to throw Him off a cliff (see Luke 4:16-30)
      3. All of these instances were attempts to destroy a people, a nation, a lineage, and a Person
      4. This sheds light on anti-Semitism
        1. All prejudice is wrong, but there's a certain demonic evil behind anti-Semitism
        2. If God's plan of redemption required the existence of a nation and the continuation of that nation, that nation must be destroyed in order to defeat God
  4. There Will Be a Coming One "He"
    1. The Seed could be plural or singular, but is clarified by the word He
      1. This is why Genesis 3:15 is considered by Old Testament scholars to be the first messianic prophecy—the protoevangelium, or the first gospel
      2. This is the first prediction that a deliverer will come and defeat Satan
    2. Because of the destruction of the earth by the flood, there were only three lines He could come from
      1. The sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth
      2. The Israelites are of the line of Shem
      3. God made a specific promise to one of Shem's descendants, Abraham (see Genesis 12; 22)
      4. God promised that Jacob's descendants would multiply (see Genesis 28:14)
      5. David's family was of the tribe of Judah, Jacob's fourth son
    3. Jesus is the He—the hero of redemptive history
      1. All of Satan's attacks were meant to destroy Him before He destroyed the serpent
      2. Parallel verse: Revelation 12:4
  5. There Will Be Confrontation "you shall bruise His heel"
    1. This confrontation will be a culmination of the ongoing conflict
    2. "You shall bruise His heel" refers to a temporary blow
      1. This is a hint at the crucifixion
      2. Crucifixion, although one of the most excruciating forms of punishment, was only a temporary blow because of Jesus' resurrection
      3. The death and resurrection of Jesus is the victory in this battle
      4. The bloodline points to the lifeline
  6. There Will Be Conquest "He shall bruise your head"
    1. All of Satan's previous counteroffensive measures failed, so he resorted to extreme measures
      1. Satan incited the Jewish leaders, the mob, and the Roman government to put Jesus on the cross
      2. 1 Corinthians 2:8
    2. The darkest day in history gave way to the brightest hope in human history
      1. John 12:32
      2. The conflict will be won by the hero—Jesus will crush Satan's authority over those who give their lives to Christ
        1. Romans 16:19
        2. If you're in Christ, Satan has no dominion over your life
        3. John 10:10
  7. Conclusion
    1. The bloodline began with the protoevangelium—the first promise, the first gospel—and went all the way to the cross and beyond
    2. "The Bible is red with redemption truth" —William Evans
    3. The simple but profound truth of God's elaborate rescue mission to be the lover of our souls should be allowed to transform our lives

Figures referenced: William Evans, C.H. Spurgeon

Cross references: Genesis 4:8, 25; 6:1-8; 12; 22; 27:41; 28:14; Exodus 1:15-22; 1 Samuel 21-31; 2 Samuel 1; Esther 7; Isaiah 14:12; 61; Ezekiel 28:14; Matthew 2:16-18; Luke 4:9-13, 16-30; 10:18; 23:34; 24:25-27; John 10:10; 12:32; Romans 5:12; 16:19; 1 Corinthians 2:8; 2 Corinthians 2:11; Ephesians 6:12; 1 John 5:19; Revelation 12:4, 9; 13:8

Hebrew words: nachash

Topic: salvation

Keywords: blood, bloodline, confrontation, conflict, conquest, crucifixion, cure, fall, forgiveness, promise, redemption, sacrifice, spiritual warfare



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: On a Hill Far Away!
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Genesis 22

Abraham and his son Isaac’s journey to Mount Moriah marked the most difficult time in their lives to that point. An unusual command from God would both challenge their faith and solidify their confidence in God’s promises. What did it all mean? Why was God requiring this? And how does this sacrifice foreshadow another sacrifice that would come much later on? As we continue to follow the bloodline from Eden to eternity, we pause to consider this story in four phases.

Connect Recap Notes: March 10, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "On a Hill Far Away!"
Text: Genesis 22


Abraham and his son Isaac's journey to Mount Moriah marked the most difficult time in their lives to that point. An unusual command from God would both challenge their faith and solidify their confidence in God's promises. What did it all mean? Why was God requiring this? And how does this sacrifice foreshadow another sacrifice that would come much later on?

  1. Preparation (v. 1)
  2. Examination (vv. 1-2)
  3. Submission (vv. 3-10)
  4. Anticipation (vv. 11-14)

Preparation (v. 1)Examination (vv. 1-2)Submission (vv. 3-10)Anticipation (vv. 11-14)Practice

Connect Up: As Pastor Skip asked: Do you ever fear what God might allow to come into your life? Do you ever wonder how you would handle great heartache? Share a time of deep trial in your life. How did God sustain you? What does it tell you about God's purposes for humanity that He allows trials and tribulations?

Connect In: Pastor Skip mentioned the faith of Abraham, pointing to Hebrews 10-11. Using the following people listed in Hebrews 11, talk about the faith he or she showed, asking how the church can become more faithful like those described in the hall of faith.Connect Out: As Pastor Skip implied, many non-Christians may see God's request as an act of barbarism. Couldn't God have asked something different of Abraham? Why would God ask a person to do something to prove the faith which God already knew he had? How would you respond to those questions?

"On a Hill Far Away!"
Genesis 22

  1. Introduction
    1. Abraham's experiences in this chapter are a picture of what would happen to someone else in the future
      1. This is an emblematic form of the cross
      2. This is a picture of what God the Father and Jesus would experience
    2. We as Christians should never get tired of seeing the greatest portrayal of love ever: the cross
    3. Genesis 22 is one of the most important pictures of faith in the Bible (see Hebrews 11:17-19)
    4. Abraham's experience of almost sacrificing his son points to God the Father's sacrifice of His Son
  2. Preparation (v. 1)
    1. "After these things": before the test, there was a period of preparation, possibly even a few years of peace and rest
      1. Ishmael left; Abraham had an altercation with one of the local leaders
      2. Isaac, the son of promise, was born
      3. Period of rest: Genesis 21:32-34
    2. The restful time was preparation for what would become Abraham's darkest storm
      1. Do you ever fear what God might allow into your life?
      2. God is preparing you today for what you will face tomorrow
      3. God sends you hardships, but He will also bless you
      4. Romans 8:32
  3. Examination (vv. 1-2)
    1. Testnasah—means to prove the worth or quality of something
      1. God cannot be tempted, neither can He tempt anyone (see James 1:13)
      2. The Devil tempts you; God does not
      3. God tests you; the Devil does not
      4. The Devil tempts you in order to bring out the worst in you; God tests you to bring out the best in you
    2. Trust in God's sovereign control, whether it's a test or a temptation
    3. How do you know if your faith is any good? Get it tested
      1. It's easy to say that God is good when things are simple and easy
      2. It's a totally different thing to say that God is good when things are complicated and tough
    4. Abraham was undoubtedly heartbroken at this command
      1. Abram's name was changed to Abraham, which means father of a multitude
      2. One of Abraham's sons had left (Ishmael)
      3. God promised specifically that the world would be blessed through Isaac
      4. Isaac's birth was a miracle
    5. The real test was who Abraham loved more—God or Isaac
      1. God may test you in the very area where your security or identity lies
      2. Matthew 10:37
      3. "A religion which costs nothing is worth nothing" —J.C. Ryle
  4. Submission (vv. 3-10)
    1. Abraham's response to God's command seems immediate and unquestioning
      1. Nothing is said about his emotional reaction
      2. As he was wrestling with this command, Abraham came to a conclusion based on what he knew God's character to be
      3. For God to make a command like this, there are only two conclusions:
        1. God is fickle and cannot be trusted
        2. God is faithful and can be trusted
    2. Hebrews 11:17-19
      1. The Greek word used for concluding in verse 19 is logizomai, whichmeans to logically calculate
      2. Abraham chose to remember God's promises and His faithfulness to fulfill those promises; Isaac was the son of God's promise
      3. What do you do in a situation that seems illogical?
        1. You get theological
        2. Start reasoning and logically wrestling with it in light of God's character
    3. Turn your worst times into worship times
      1. This became an act of worship for Abraham
      2. Pause in the midst of the pain and worship God for His faithfulness
      3. We should be preoccupied with God so that other things don't preoccupy us
        1. Glance at the trial and gaze at the Lord
        2. If you gaze at the trial and glance at the Lord, you will sink
  5. Anticipation (vv. 11-14)
    1. The-Lord-Will-Provide
      1. This name became a saying of expectation and anticipation: "In the Mount of the Lord it shall be provided" (v. 14)
      2. What happened with Abraham and Isaac became a preview of something else that would happen in the mountain of the Lord
      3. If we only consider this to be a trial of Abraham, we miss the point: this is more than a painful experience—it's a prophetic experience
    2. There are striking similarities between this and the cross
      1. Isaac and Jesus were both born miraculously
      2. Isaac and Jesus were both promised
      3. Isaac and Jesus were both named by God before they were born
      4. Verse 2 is the first use of the word love in the Bible
        1. The rule of first mention: the context of how a word is first used in the Bible reflects on how it is used throughout the rest of the Bible
        2. This is the love of a father for his son while he gives his son in sacrifice
      5. The peak of Mount Moriah is called Golgotha
      6. It took Abraham three days to get there; Isaac was figuratively dead to him for three days
      7. Isaac carried the wood for the sacrifice; Jesus carried His own cross
  6. Conclusion
    1. There was no substitute for Jesus' sacrifice; God the Father experienced what Abraham only contemplated
    2. When Abraham lifted that knife to sacrifice his own son, all of heaven must have marveled to see that man could love God so, but when Jesus was on that cross, all of heaven must have been amazed at how God could love mankind so
    3. God has given you a valentine, not written in pencil but in blood
    4. The bloodline is the lifeline
Figures referenced: J.C. Ryle

Cross references: Genesis 21:32-34; Matthew 10:37; Romans 8:32; Hebrews 11:17-19; James 1:13

Hebrew words: nasah

Greek words: logizomai

Topic: redemption

Keywords: blood, confidence, the cross, father, faith, love, pain, sacrifice, son, substitute, temptation, test, trial



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: Getting Passed Over
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Exodus 12

No one ever likes being disregarded, ignored, or overlooked by people. Such rejection cowers our spirit and burdens our sensitivities. But being “passed over” in judgment is a welcome exception. When God established the yearly memorial of the Passover, He wanted His people to remember that they could’ve died were it not for His powerful intervention. This familiar story tells us four poignant truths.

Connect Recap Notes: March 17, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "Getting Passed Over"
Text: Exodus 12


No one ever likes being disregarded, ignored, or overlooked by people. Such rejection cowers our spirit and burdens our sensitivities. But being "passed over" in judgment is a welcome exception. When God established the yearly memorial of the Passover, He wanted His people to remember that they could've died were it not for His powerful intervention. This familiar story tells us four poignant truths.

  1. It Tells Us about Our Sin (vv. 12-13)
  2. It Tells Us about Our Substitute (vv. 3-6)
  3. It Tells Us about Our Salvation (vv. 7, 13, 21-23)
  4. It Tells Us about Ourselves (vv. 1-3)

It Tells Us about Our Sin (vv. 12-13)It Tells Us about Our Substitute (vv. 3-6)It Tells Us about Our Salvation (vv. 7, 13, 21-23)It Tells Us about Ourselves (vv. 1-3)Practice

Connect Up: What does God's judgment—in contrast to His love—tell you about the severity of sin? Why can't God just overlook sin? To answer this question, consider the following:Connect In: Though the church today is not required to celebrate the Passover (unless one is a Messianic Jew, or participating in a special event), how does the Passover meal symbolize Christ? Consider a few things: the lamb's unbroken bones (see Exodus 12:46, Psalm 22:17, John 19:33), the blood (Exodus 12:7, Hebrews 9:22), and matzah (Deuteronomy 16:3, 1 Corinthians 11:24). For greater insight, see

Connect Out: How would you explain the concepts of expiation, propitiation, and substitutionary atonement to an unbeliever, linking them to Christ?

"Getting Passed Over"
Exodus 12

  1. Introduction
    1. Although getting passed over can be a disappointment, there are also times when getting passed over is welcome
      1. God passed over us
      2. Every believer is happy to be passed over—to spend eternity with God, not in hell
    2. Seventy people followed Jacob into the land of Egypt; 400 years later, that seventy had grown to nearly three million
      1. They grew in population and in prosperity
      2. The Egyptians responded to the prosperity of the Hebrews by enslaving them
      3. God used Moses to deliver them from slavery, then He gave them their own land
    3. God chose to send ten plagues on the Egyptians to get their attention
      1. The final plague was the death of the firstborn
      2. More space is given to the tenth plague than all previous plagues
        1. The basis for a relationship with God is the blood of an innocent victim
        2. This sets the tone for the story of the first Passover
  2. It Tells Us about Our Sin (vv. 12-13)
    1. Do you really know how expensive sin is?
      1. Romans 6:23
      2. Sin costs life, takes life, and ends life
    2. God sent the plagues as:
      1. Judgment on the Egyptian gods
      2. Judgment on Pharaoh (considered by the Egyptians to be the embodiment of the Egyptian god Horus); he hardened his heart against the Lord
      3. Judgment on the Israelites; only blood could save them
        1. They were judged because of their obstinacy—they rejected God's messenger, Moses
        2. They were judged for their idolatry—some of the Israelites were worshiping Egyptian gods (see Joshua 24:14)
        3. They were judged because they had rejected God and His word
        4. The Israelites were not protected by their race, nationality, or lineage
    3. These judgments depict the plight of all humanity
      1. Romans 3:23
      2. If you don't believe you're a sinner, you're misinformed of your true condition and of God's solution to that condition
      3. Because of our sinful condition, we can expect to die
  3. It Tells Us about Our Substitute (vv. 3-6)
    1. In His mercy, God provided a substitute
      1. Each family took a perfect yearling lamb as their substitute
      2. Leviticus 22:19-22
    2. A lamb has always been what God required
      1. Genesis 3:21: God covered Adam and Eve with animal skins, most likely lambskin; one lamb was killed for each of them
      2. Exodus 12: one lamb was killed for each family
      3. Yom Kippur: one lamb was killed for the nation; the blood was sprinkled on the mercy seat as atonement (see Leviticus 16:18-19)
      4. One lamb was killed for the world (see John 1:29)
      5. The consistent message of the Bible is this: if you want to meet God, you must meet Him on the basis of a lamb
        1. Genesis 22:7
        2. Jesus is often referred to as a lamb
          1. Isaiah 53:7
          2. 1 Corinthians 5:7
          3. Revelation 13:8
  4. It Tells Us about Our Salvation (vv. 7, 13, 21-23)
    1. God didn't just require a lamb—He required a dead lamb
      1. The story of Passover indicates the importance of blood being shed
      2. Blood represents life (see Leviticus 17:11)
      3. Shed blood was a sign that a life ended as substitute for their life
    2. When Israel saw the blood on their doorways, it was a reminder that their sin took a life
      1. Someone had died in their place—expiation
      2. They knew that they were covered and their guilt had been removed
    3. When God saw the blood, it was a sign to Him that a death had occurred in that house
      1. The payment for sin had already been made—propitiation
      2. The wrath of God was turned away from them
    4. When we look up at the cross, we see that our payment has been made for sin; when God looks down at the cross, He sees that judgment has been made for sin
      1. This is the doctrine of substitutionary atonement
      2. A substitute allows God to pass over you and for you to pass from death into life
        1. Romans 5:9
        2. Ephesians 1:7
        3. Hebrews 13:12
        4. 1 Peter 1:18-19
        5. 1 John 1:7
    5. Why is it Jesus' blood? It must be the blood of the only sinless person
      1. Hebrews 9:22
      2. God will not arbitrarily forgive people—He forgives only based on the shed blood of His Son as the substitute
      3. Only God can erase the stains of sin
      4. "An extreme condition demands an extreme remedy. Until you see that you are doomed…apart from Jesus Christ, you will never truly count His blood precious in your sight" —Joseph Parker
  5. It Tells Us about Ourselves (vv. 1-3)
    1. Our entire self-identity must change
    2. For Israel, their future changed
      1. The whole future was reoriented in light of the past—being redeemed and becoming the people of God
      2. 2 Corinthians 5:17
    3. Their family changed
      1. The first spiritual ordinance in Israel was a family holiday
      2. A nation is only as strong as its families
  6. Conclusion
    1. A lamb is just a temporary covering
    2. The Lamb makes all the difference; He is enough to atone for the sin of every human and for God to welcome us into heaven
    3. How bad is your sin?
      1. Just look at the cross of Jesus Christ—He had to do that to make you His own
      2. Hebrews 12:2
Figures referenced: Joseph Parker

Cross references: Genesis 3:21; 22:7; Leviticus 16:18-19; 17:11; 22:19-22; Joshua 24:14; Isaiah 53:7; John 1:29; Romans 3:23; 5:9; 6:23; 1 Corinthians 5:7; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Ephesians 1:7; Hebrews 9:22; 12:2; 13:12; 1 Peter 1:18-19; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 13:8

Topic: Passover

Keywords: atonement, expiation, lamb, propitiation, redemption, resurrection, salvation, sin, substitute



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: From House of Shame to Hall of Fame
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig

Rahab was an Old Testament harlot who ended up being listed in both the genealogy of Jesus Christ and in the great chapter of faith in the New Testament. The reason? An authentic faith that changed her radically. Let’s consider her portrait in a four-sided frame that shows her journey from prostitute to princess as she signifies her faith by hanging a scarlet cord outside her home.

Connect Recap Notes: March 24, 2018
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "From House of Shame to Hall of Fame"
Text: Joshua 2:1-21


Rahab was an Old Testament harlot who ended up being listed in both the genealogy of Jesus Christ and in the great chapter of faith in the New Testament. The reason? An authentic faith that changed her radically. In this teaching, Pastor Skip considered her portrait in a four-sided frame that shows her journey from prostitute to princess as she signifies her faith by hanging a scarlet cord outside her home.

  1. Her Status—A Working Prostitute
  2. Her Service—A Willing Protector
  3. Her Salvation—A Work in Progress
  4. Her Significance—A Wonderful Paragon

Her Status—A Working Prostitute Her Service—A Willing Protector Her Salvation—A Work in Progress Her Significance—A Wonderful Paragon Practice

Connect Up:  When confronted with the topic of what makes Christianity unique, C. S. Lewis said, "Oh, that's easy. It's grace."2 Grace is defined as unmerited favor.3 It is God showing mercy to people who don't deserve it. How does grace shine through the story of Rahab? Think of how God showed His grace in the following areas:Connect In: Share stories of God's grace in your life. Do you have a story like Rahab's—from shame to fame? Why is grace important for both individuals and the church?

Connect Out: How would you explain grace to an unbeliever? How would you share how God's grace comes in unexpected places and in unexpected people (such as Rahab)?

1 Grounds, Vernon, "Heaven's Surprises," Our Daily Bread. March 21, 1996,, accessed 03/25/2019.
2 Bridges, Jerry, "What's So Unique about Christianity? C.S. Lewis Answers," Grace Guy. December 5, 2010,, accessed 03/25/2019.
3 "Grace," Theopedia., accessed 03/25/2019.

"From House of Shame to Hall of Fame"
Joshua 2

  1. Introduction
    1. Joshua 2 is the story of a woman who added up all the facts, and her conclusion led her to the reality of God
      1. Based on what she discovered and what people around her were saying, it made perfect sense for her to believe in God
      2. Some people seem to change, but in actuality, they don't change much
        1. 2 Timothy 3:5
        2. Some people seemingly come to Christ—they have a veneer of faith that is worn away quickly when it's tested (see Matthew 13:1-23)
        3. Some people experience profound change, and it plays out in their life
    2. Rahab's faith resulted in an experience of complete and profound change
      1. Rahab was a prostitute in Jericho who was transformed
      2. She hung a cord of scarlet as a demonstration of her faith
    3. Joshua sent out two spies
      1. Deuteronomy 19:15
      2. Joshua sent two men to gather information about what was on the other side of the Jordan
        1. Why did Joshua send out only two spies when Moses sent twelve spies earlier?
          1. Ten of Moses' spies returned with a bad report; only two of them had a good report
          2. The bad report spread and created doubt and fear among the Israelites
        2. Why Jericho?
          1. Geographically, Jericho was the first city they would come to after crossing the Jordan
          2. There was someone in Jericho who God wanted to reach—Rahab
            1. The Israelites needed to go to Jericho for Rahab's sake
            2. Like how Jesus "needed to go through Samaria" (John 4:4)
  2. Her Status—A Working Prostitute
    1. Rahab was a harlot
      1. Many commentators try to sanitize Rahab, saying that she was only an innkeeper
      2. When Rahab is mentioned in the New Testament, the Greek word used is pórnen—which always and only means a harlot
      3. "Both Jewish and Christian writers have tried to prove that Rahab was a different woman from the one whom the Bible always speaks of as a 'harlot.' To them it was abhorrent that such a disreputable person should be included in our Lord's genealogy" —Herbert Lockyer
    2. The whole point of the story of Rahab, and of most of the biblical record, is God's grace—that God saves undeserving people (see Ephesians 2:8-9)
      1. "Amazing Grace" was written by a former slave trader, John Newton
      2. 1 Corinthians 1:27
  3. Her Service—A Willing Protector
    1. Rahab hid the spies and kept them safe
      1. Rahab lived on the wall of Jericho; because of the location, everyone who came and went would have been seen
      2. This was the one place you could go in Jericho as an outsider and be welcomed, and it was the perfect place for reconnaissance because of the gossip that was probably shared
    2. Rahab's service in hiding the spies was a demonstration of her faith
      1. It was a demonstration that she believed in both their mission and their God
      2. Hebrews 11:31
  4. Her Salvation—A Work in Progress
    1. Rahab heard the stories about a ragtag group of former slaves who had already conquered the standing armies of two nations
      1. Her testimony about what the people of Canaan were thinking was not the report of the ten spies Moses sent out decades earlier—the Canaanites were actually terrified of the Israelites
      2. Difficulty must always be measured by the capacity of the agent doing the work; it's all about how you look at things
        1. If you have a big God, you have little enemies
        2. If you have big enemies, you have a little god
    2. Rahab heard about God, then she believed in God
      1. "I know that the LORD has given you the land" (v. 9)
      2. The first step of faith is to hear; the second step of faith is to believe—that is when faith is born
        1. Rahab wasn't there to see the parting of the Red Sea, etc., but still she believed
        2. Many of the Jews who were there and saw the miracles ended up not believing
        3. If your faith depends on visible signs, then when the sign is missing, your faith suffers; true faith is generated by the word of God (see Romans 10:17)
    3. Rahab demonstrated what she believed
      1. She risked her life to hide the spies
      2. She also demonstrated it by hanging the cord as a signal
        1. In verse 19, the idea of blood and the idea of the scarlet cord are tied together
        2. The only way for Rahab to be rescued was for the scarlet cord to be tied in the window—so that God's judgment would pass over her home and those within
      3. She also helped her family
        1. She was concerned for others; salvation is so valuable that once you have received it, you want to share it
        2. James 2:25
      4. Rahab's faith changed her, and it showed
  5. Her Significance—A Wonderful Paragon
    1. Rahab's story didn't end here
    2. She is mentioned three different times in the New Testament as an example—a paragon—of faith
      1. Hebrews 11:31
      2. James 2:25
      3. Matthew 1:5
        1. Rahab was in the genealogy of Jesus Christ Himself
        2. Rahab was part of the royal lineage of David
  6. Conclusion
    1. Nature forms us; sin deforms us; schools inform us; a prison can reform us; the world tries to conform us; but only Jesus Christ can and will transform us
    2. Christians should not just be nicer people—they should be transformed people
      1. Matthew 21:31
      2. None are so bad that they can't be saved, and none are so good that they don't need to be saved
    3. If your religion hasn't changed you, maybe you need to change your religion
Figures referenced: Herbert Lockyer

Cross references: Deuteronomy 19:15; Matthew 1:5; 13:1-23; 21:31; John 4:4; Romans 10:17; 1 Corinthians 1:27; Ephesians 2:8-9; 2 Timothy 3:5; Hebrews 11:31; James 2:25

Greek words: pórnen

Topic: salvation

Keywords: believe, change, faith, genealogy, hear, religion, transformed



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: God’s Astonishing Servant
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Isaiah 52:13-53:12

Isaiah has been called the messianic prophet because of the number of his predictions about the coming Messiah. Of all the Old Testament writings that foretell Christ, Isaiah 52 and 53 are the pinnacle. They capture the person and work of Christ and atoning sacrifice with precision and clarity like no other text. Seven hundred years before Jesus was born, His death was announced and detailed. Here Isaiah calls us to look on this servant and be astonished for six reasons.

Connect Recap Notes: April 7, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "God's Astonishing Servant"
Text: Isaiah 52:13-53:12


Isaiah has been called the messianic prophet because of the number of his predictions about the coming Messiah. Of all the Old Testament writings that foretell Christ, Isaiah 52 and 53 are the pinnacle. They capture the person and work of Christ and atoning sacrifice with precision and clarity like no other text. Seven hundred years before Jesus was born, His death was announced and detailed.

  1. He's a Sovereign Servant (52:13)
  2. He's a Suffering Servant (52:14; 53:4-5, 7, 10, 12)
  3. He's a Sinless Servant (53:9)
  4. He's a Silent Servant (53:7)
  5. He's a Substitutionary Servant (53:4-8, 10, 12)
  6. He's a Saving Servant (52:15; 53:11)

He's a Sovereign Servant (52:13) He's a Suffering Servant (52:14; 53:4-5, 7, 10, 12) He's a Sinless Servant (53:9) He's a Silent Servant (53:7) He's a Substitutionary Servant (53:4-8, 10, 12) He's a Saving Servant (52:15; 53:11) Practice

Connect Up: Isaiah 52-53 is full of theological truths, but its focus is the Messiah's suffering and the salvation purchased by His suffering. As Pastor Skip said, the concept is known as the vicarious atonement. This is the truth that Jesus Christ took the place of mankind, suffering the penalty for sin. Discuss the following aspects of this theological concept, using scripture to reinforce your thoughts:Why did Jesus have to suffer and die? Couldn't God have accomplished salvation another way?

Connect In: As members of the body of Christ, each believer has a testimony. Take a moment to share your testimony with people in your group, telling how Christ brought and bought salvation.

Connect Out: How would you describe Jesus' sacrifice to an unbeliever? Here's how one group describes it:1 "In broad terms, human beings are hopelessly lost and unable to be reconciled to God on their own. This is because of our sin, which no amount of good works can undo. Since God is perfect and holy, we can never hope to pay for our own sins in order to be with Him. So, Jesus Christ was offered as our substitute. Instead of our trying—and failing—to cover the penalty for our own sins, Jesus became the vicarious object of God's justice. With this exchange our sin was paid for, and we can be declared righteous in Christ (Romans 4:5, 8:1)."

1 Got Questions, "What is the Concept of Vicarious Atonement?", February 14, 2019,, accessed 04/08/2019.

"God's Astonishing Servant"
Isaiah 52:13-53:12

  1. Introduction
    1. This is a pinnacle text in the bloodline of redemption
      1. "Every Christian ought to be able to repeat it by heart" —Martin Luther
      2. Charles Spurgeon called it "the Bible in miniature, the Gospel at its essence"
      3. Isaiah 53 has been called the fifth gospel
    2. There are sixty-six chapters in the book of Isaiah, with two distinct sections:
      1. Chapters 1-39: God's judgment of the southern kingdom of Judah
      2. Chapters 40-66: grace and salvation, which come through the Messiah
    3. There are sixty-six books in the Bible
      1. There are thirty-nine books in the Old Testament
      2. There are twenty-seven books in the New Testament
      3. The emphasis in the Old Testament is God's judgment
      4. The emphasis in the New Testament is God's salvation and grace
    4. This section of text is known as the servant songs, of which there are four:
      1. Isaiah 42
      2. Isaiah 49
      3. Isaiah 50
      4. Isaiah 53
    5. Isaiah contrasts two servants:
      1. The unfaithful servant: Israel, who repeatedly failed to be all that God wanted them to be as a light to the world
      2. The perfect, ultimate servant of the Lord: the Messiah, who perfectly fulfilled the will of God
    6. Most of the New Testament writers pointed back to this passage, as did Jesus and the apostles
    7. This is the pinnacle messianic prophecy of the Old Testament
    8. The Lord, through Isaiah, called us to be astonished at this servant of the Lord
  2. He's a Sovereign Servant (52:13)
    1. Jesus came, first and foremost, as a servant of God the Father, to perfectly accomplish His will in redemptive history
      1. "I always do those things that please Him" (John 8:29)
      2. John 6:38
      3. Matthew 20:28
    2. This passage deals with the servant of the Lord, but not everyone agrees that is Jesus
      1. Isaiah uses the word servant to refer to himself, the nation of Israel, and the Messiah
      2. Because it so obviously reveals Christ, this text has become an embarrassment to the Jewish people
        1. The oldest translations of this text from Hebrew into Aramaic are called the Targums; this translation of the text reads: "Behold, My Servant Messiah shall prosper"
        2. Rabbi Akiba translated a text from Isaiah 53 as "King Messiah wounded for our transgressions"
        3. Historically, the ancient Jewish rabbis believed that Isaiah 52 and 53 referred to their coming Messiah
          1. This changed in the eleventh century
          2. Because of how New Testament writers look back to this text with regards to Jesus, Rabbi Rashi stated that it's not about the Messiah, but about God's servant Israel
        4. Isaiah 53 is now omitted from daily synagogue readings
    3. Isaiah 53 opens with "Who has believed our report?" (v. 1)
      1. This question implies that only a few would recognize Jesus
      2. John 1:10-11
      3. John 12:37-38
    4. Why do the Jewish people reject Jesus as the Messiah?
      1. Because their entire religious system is about seeking to establish their own righteousness, as Paul said in Romans 10:3
      2. There are only two types of belief systems
        1. The religion of human accomplishment or achievement
        2. The religion of divine accomplishment
        3. Either you do it for yourself or someone does it for you; if you do it yourself, you don't need a Savior
      3. Jesus is presented as God's righteous servant, but one who will be largely rejected
  3. He's a Suffering Servant (52:14; 53:4-5, 7, 10, 12)
    1. "His visage was marred" (52:14)
      1. Pilate did not think Jesus was guilty and had Him scourged, hoping to appease the Jewish leaders
        1. This was typically done by two soldiers who delivered diagonal blows from opposite sides of the prisoner
        2. The leather thongs of the flagellum were embedded with pieces of metal and bone so that the flesh and muscle would be torn
      2. After He was scourged and beaten, He was brought back to Pilate and didn't even look human
    2. The language used in the text provides a clear picture of the suffering experienced by the servant
      1. "Stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted" (53:4)
      2. "Wounded," "bruised" (53:5)
      3. "Oppressed," "afflicted," "led as a lamb to the slaughter" (53:7)
      4. "It pleased the Lord to bruise Him" (53:10)
      5. After the beating and scourging, Jesus was forced to carry the patibulum—the 75- to 100-pound crossbeam—to Golgotha
    3. No other religion has at its heart the humiliation of its God
      1. The very heart of what we believe is the atoning death of Jesus Christ
      2. The world looks at what we believe and wonders
  4. He's a Sinless Servant (53:9)
    1. Isaiah presented the contrast of Jesus' death in 53:9
      1. Jesus was sinless, yet He died with the wicked, crucified beside two notorious criminals
      2. Jesus was poor on earth, yet He was buried in a rich man's grave
    2. "Because He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth"
      1. A better translation would be "He committed no sin"
      2. John 8:46
    3. Even Pilate admitted, "I find no fault in this Man" (Luke 23:4)
      1. This is important because it shows that what Jesus went through was undeserved
      2. He paid a debt He did not owe
    4. How sinless was He?
      1. Philippians 2:6-8
      2. He stooped down from heaven to earth
  5. He's a Silent Servant (53:7)
    1. Suffering people aren't silent
      1. Suffering people are very vocal about their suffering
      2. Sheep, however, are silent
        1. Sheep grow to trust their shepherd
        2. They enjoy being sheared, so when it comes time to be slaughtered, the sheep follow their shepherd without complaint
    2. "But Jesus kept silent" (Matthew 26:63)
      1. He did not argue with Herod (see Luke 23:9)
      2. Pilate "marveled greatly" (Matthew 27:14); he had seen many prisoners, but not one of them had been silent
    3. Silence can be intimidating, but silence also affords the space to think
      1. Pilate was about to make a decision that wouldn't just affect Jesus—it would affect him for eternity
      2. Maybe Jesus was silent so Pilate had the space to think about his decision
    4. It's important to notice how the prophecy was written
      1. This was written 700 years before Jesus came to earth
      2. The text was written in past tense
        1. "Borne," "carried" (53:4)
        2. "Was wounded" (53:5)
        3. This is known as the prophetic past tense—God was so certain it would happen that He spoke about it as though it had already happened
  6. He's a Substitutionary Servant (53:4-8, 10, 12)
    1. This text is full of substitutionary language
      1. "He has borne our griefs…carried our sorrows" (53:4)
      2. "He was wounded for our transgressions…bruised for our iniquities" (53:5)
      3. "For the transgressions of My people" (53:8)
      4. "His soul an offering for sin" (53:10)
      5. "He bore the sin of many" (53:12)
    2. This text points out a collective problem we face as humans
      1. Griefs, sorrows, transgressions, iniquities, sin
      2. Romans 3:23
      3. If you don't believe all have sinned—if you don't believe you have sinned—you'll never seek a Savior
    3. The problem is we all have a sorrow that comes from a sickness brought on by sinfulness; our sickness requires a specialist—a substitute
    4. Isaiah 53 presents the answer to the most important question any human being could ask
      1. How can a person be right with God? How can an unrighteous person ever be made right with a perfectly righteous God? How can a sinner be saved in order to escape an eternal hell and enjoy eternal heaven?
      2. The servant must become the substitute
      3. A sinner can be saved because the servant became the substitute for the sinner; all of God's wrath and judgment was put on Him
  7. He's a Saving Servant (52:15; 53:11)
    1. Because Jesus became the substitute, He is a saving servant
      1. "Sprinkle many nations" (52:15)
      2. This term refers to when the priest would sprinkle the blood of the sacrificial lamb to atone for the sins of the nation
      3. "Many nations"—not just Israel (see John 3:16)
    2. This is the heart of the gospel: the innocent takes the place of the guilty
      1. 2 Corinthians 5:21
      2. God treated Jesus Christ the way we deserve to be treated so that He could treat us the way Jesus Christ deserves to be treated
  8. Conclusion
    1. The essence of sin is man substituting himself for God; the essence of salvation is God substituting Himself for man
    2. Many does not mean all, because not all will let the servant become their substitute
    3. God has a big eraser, but you have to admit you have smudges before they can be erased
Figures referenced: Martin Luther, Charles Spurgeon

Cross references: Isaiah 42; 49; 50; 53; Matthew 20:28; 26:63; 27:14; Luke 23:4, 9; John 1:10-11; 3:16; 6:38; 8:29, 46; 12:37-38; Romans 3:23; 10:3; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 2:6-8

Topic: salvation

Keywords: grace, prophecy, saving, servant, silent, sin, sinless, sovereign, substitute, suffering



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: Cross Culture
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig

We have already noticed how much the Bible speaks about blood and points to the cross of Christ. The apostle Paul even said, “God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Galatians 6:14). It’s as though the cross of Jesus Christ defines the very culture of Christianity itself. In Psalm 22, David points forward to Messiah’s great suffering and widespread rejection—and then His ultimate accomplishment.

Connect Recap Notes: April 14, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "Bloodline: Cross Culture"
Text: Psalm 22


We have already noticed how much the Bible speaks about blood and points to the cross of Christ. The apostle Paul even said, "God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ" (Galatians 6:14). It's as though the cross of Jesus Christ defines the very culture of Christianity itself. In Psalm 22, David points forward to Messiah's great suffering and widespread rejection—and then His ultimate accomplishment.

  1. The Abandonment at the Cross (vv. 1-5)
  2. The Anguish on the Cross (vv. 6-21)
  3. The Accomplishment of the Cross (vv. 22-31)

The Abandonment at the Cross The Anguish on the CrossThe Accomplishment of the CrossPractice

Connect Up: Discuss the apparent abandonment of Jesus by the Father. Why was it necessary for God, in Christ, to suffer? Consider John Stott's quote: "I could never believe in God were it not for the cross." Why do you think pain and suffering are central to God's plan of salvation?

Connect In: Though we'll never fully understand the anguish Jesus went through on the cross, share a time when you went through excruciating pain. What was it like? Now compare your experience with Psalm 22:14-18. Note the prophetic description in Psalm 22 and compare it to the cross. Why is prophecy an important signpost for God's witness to the world?

Connect Out: How would you describe to an unbeliever what was accomplished on the cross?  Articulate what you'd say to someone seeking salvation, describing the finished work of Jesus upon the cross. Now pray for unbelievers this in Easter season, asking God to show you who to invite to Easter services.

1 John Stott, "The Cross of Christ," Downers Grove, IL, InterVarsity Press, 2006, page 326.

"Cross Culture"
Psalm 22

  1. Introduction
    1. Jesus understands suffering
    2. "I could never myself believe in God, if it were not for the cross… In the real world of pain, how could one worship a God who was immune to it?" —John Stott
    3. Christianity is a cross culture, but it is more than just something that crosses cultural barriers
      1. Our whole Christian culture, our whole point of contact with God and fellowship with one another, rallies around a crucified and risen Savior
      2. This is central to what we do and who we are
        1. 1 Corinthians 2:2
        2. Galatians 6:14
      3. Most people recognize the cross as the universal symbol of Christianity
    4. The death of Jesus is not the end of the story—it's the theme of the story; it is the story
      1. Abraham and Isaac foreshadowed it
      2. The Passover visualized it
      3. The Levitical sacrifices depicted it
      4. The prophets predicted it
    5. The theme of the cross is even more striking in the gospel accounts because Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John devoted between 20 and 40 percent of their writings to the final days leading up to the cross
    6. Psalm 22 opens and closes with two statements of Jesus on the cross
      1. Psalm 22 was written by David
      2. When did David ever experience these things?
        1. None of the sufferings fit David's experiences
        2. The depiction of the suffering in Psalm 22 is obviously that of a dying man
      3. A close look at Psalm 22 reveals that David was writing about an execution
        1. He wrote about a crucifixion
        2. David wrote this 1,000 years before Jesus was crucified
        3. Crucifixion wouldn't be invented for another several hundred years
        4. Acts 2:30
  2. The Abandonment at the Cross (vv. 1-5)
    1. Separated from the Father
      1. Jesus gave seven statements on the cross; the fourth was "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?" (Matthew 27:46)
        1. On the way to Golgotha and for the first three hours on the cross, everything Jesus said was focused on others, not Himself
        2. He was suffering, but He was focused on the needs of others
      2. Up to this point in His life, Jesus had never addressed His Father as God
        1. The intimacy of a father-son relationship was stripped away—this was a cry of broken fellowship
        2. Jesus was experiencing what sin does: separate us from God
        3. It is not a cry of disbelief but of disorientation
          1. Jesus had never experienced this before
          2. John 10:30
          3. John 11:42
    2. Substituted by the Father
      1. Jesus became the Sin-Bearer (see Isaiah 53:6)
      2. The reason for the cross was the holy character of God
        1. God is so perfect that He cannot mingle with sin and imperfection; something had to be done to bring us closer to His perfection
        2. Jesus was the perfect one who substituted Himself for all of us who are imperfect
        3. 2 Corinthians 5:21
      3. We have an imputed righteousness because of the cross
        1. We do not have an intrinsic righteousness
        2. It was given to us, not earned by us, because of the abandonment at the cross
  3. The Anguish on the Cross (vv. 6-21)
    1. Despised by People
      1. Matthew 27:43
      2. "I am a worm, and no man" (v. 6)
        1. A worm is one of the lowliest creatures on earth
        2. Isaiah 53:2
        3. John 19:5
      3. The Hebrew word used for worm here is tola
        1. The word appears forty-two times in the Hebrew Old Testament
          1. Sometimes itis translated worm; other times it is translated scarlet
          2. "Though your sins are like scarlet" (Isaiah 1:18)
        2. Tola is the word used to describe a worm known as the crimson crocus
          1. This worm was used in antiquity to dye garments red
          2. The dye was very expensive due to the labor-intensive methods used to extract it, so it was usually reserved for religious items or for royalty
        3. Jesus was the scarlet worm
          1. Crushed and beaten
          2. His blood became the source of life—not to change the color of someone's clothing but to change their soul for eternity
    2. Distressed by Pain
      1. How could David have known, over 1,000 years earlier, exactly what would take place?
      2. "Poured out like water" (v. 14)
        1. Experts say that the crucifixion victim would sweat profusely because of the trauma
        2. For Jesus, this started in the garden (see Luke 22:44)
      3. "All My bones are out of joint" (v. 14)
        1. During crucifixion, the victim's body was suspended by four wounds, and over time, the body would start to slump
        2. The victim would use his muscles for as long as possible to hold himself up, until finally the muscles gave way, which was when the bones were dislocated, and he would start to suffocate
      4. "My tongue clings to My jaws" (v. 15)
        1. Compare this to Jesus' fifth statement on the cross
        2. Intense dehydration because of the trauma of crucifixion
      5. "They pierced My hands and My feet" (v. 16)
      6. "They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots" (v. 18)
        1. Typically, during a Roman crucifixion, the soldiers had enough compassion to give the victim's clothing, especially the outer cloak, to the family—specifically, the victim's mother
        2. These Roman soldiers were so hard-hearted toward Jesus that they kept His clothing and gambled to see who would get His cloak
      7. Ralph Muncaster, a former atheist, pointed out twenty-three specific details from Psalm 22 that were fulfilled in the New Testament
  4. The Accomplishment of the Cross (vv. 22-31)
    1. Resurrection
      1. There's a significant change from verse 22 onward
      2. Psalm 22 can be divided into two separate, obvious sections:
        1. The first section: suffering (see vv. 1-21)
        2. The second section: praise (see vv. 22-31)
        3. The first is the prayer of one person; the second is the salvation of many people
      3. Something happened between verse 21 and 22: the resurrection
        1. It's not stated, but implied, especially by the abrupt change of the language
        2. The first part of the psalm is the suffering of one; the second part is the salvation of many
        3. The salvation of many is the result of the suffering of one
    2. Expansion
      1. Hebrews 12:2 references Psalm 22:22; Jesus is shown as the speaker, and His brethren are all those for whom He died and rose again
      2. This is what the cross accomplished: creating a family
      3. This family expanded
        1. "Brethren" (v. 22)
        2. "Descendants of Jacob" (v. 23)—the nation of Israel
        3. "The great assembly" (v. 25)
        4. "All the ends of the world" (v. 27)
        5. "A posterity…to the next generation" (v. 30)
        6. "To a people who will be born" (v. 31)
    3. Completion
      1. Jesus keeps "moving the fence" (see Acts 1:8)
      2. It was God's plan to save you all along; He had you in mind when He mentioned "people who will be born"
        1. Predestination
        2. Jesus had a certain joy that enabled Him to endure that horrible death on the cross (see Hebrews 12:2)—you are His joy
  5. Conclusion
    1. The Hebrew word for done is asah
      1. A better translation would be finished
      2. What was the last thing Jesus said on the cross?
      3. "It is finished!" (John 19:30)
      4. It's just one word in Greek: tetelestai
    2. The great watchword of the gospel is not do, but done
      1. Quit trying to convince God you're good enough to be saved; He knows you're not
      2. Quit trying to add to what God did for you on the cross
    3. To those who feel forsaken by God: it's a theological impossibility—it cannot happen
      1. You might be experiencing the silence, discipline, or even displeasure of God because of a sinful pattern in your life
      2. But Jesus was forsaken so that you never have to be forsaken
      3. Jesus experienced the darkness so that you could have light
      4. Jesus experienced death so that you can have new life
Figures referenced: Ralph Muncaster, John Stott

Cross references: Isaiah 1:18; 53:2, 6; Matthew 27:43, 46; Luke 22:44; John 10:30; 11:42; 19:5, 30; Acts 1:8; 2:30; 1 Corinthians 2:2; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 6:14; Hebrews 12:2

Hebrew words: tola

Greek words: tetelestai

Topic: the cross

Keywords: crucifixion, culture, forsaken, hope, Jesus, separation, sin, substitute, suffering



SERIES: Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity
MESSAGE: The Lion Is the Lamb
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Revelation 1;5

There's something marvelous about restored objects. People admire antique cars and collectors love to restore vintage vehicles, spending time and talent on them to reveal their original artistry. In a similar way, God loves to restore people. He takes broken people who have been damaged by sin and restores them fully—redemption through Jesus' resurrection. In this Easter message, Pastor Skip teaches on this monumental event, where people and angels sing songs of redemption for a risen King.

Connect Recap Notes: April 21, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "The Lion Is the Lamb"
Text: Revelation 1 and 5


There's something marvelous about restored vintage objects. Collectors respect antique cars and love to restore vintage vehicles, spending time and talent on them so they may be enjoyed by all. In a similar way, God loves to restore people. The Lord takes broken people who have been damaged by sin and restores them fully—redemption through Jesus' resurrection. Because Jesus lives, so can we!

  1. The Scene (Revelation 1:10-18; 5:1-4)
  2. The Savior (Revelation 5:5-7)
  3. III. The Song (Revelation 5:8-10)

The SceneThe SaviorThe SongPractice

Connect Up: The resurrection of Jesus is the cornerstone of the Christian faith. As we've seen throughout the Bloodline series, it was not an isolated or unknown event, but was promised and prophesied. Discuss how Jesus fulfilled the following Old Testament prophesies.Connect In: For the church, the resurrection is the reason we exist. Because He is risen, we the redeemed live in and through Him. There are too many passages in the New Testament regarding the resurrection to list. A record is found here: As an example of the New Testament references, use the book of Ephesians to discuss the importance of the resurrection to the Bible and church. Look up the following to discuss:Connect Out: It was the resurrection that caused the Church to evangelize, telling the world about Christ rising from the dead. In Acts 2 we see a model of the church (v. 42: apostles' doctrine, fellowship, communion, and prayer); we are also given a model for evangelism (see Acts 2:36-41). This model includes several aspects:  The result of Peter's evangelism is that many were saved (Acts 2:40-42). Discuss how these elements are needed in our proclamation of Christ's death and resurrection. Take time to pray for those that gave their life to Christ this past weekend and pray for more people to repent and believe.

"The Lion Is the Lamb"
Revelation 1; 5

  1. Introduction
    1. The restoration of something that has been cast aside and fallen into disrepair makes us appreciate the devotion, patience, and craftsmanship of the restorer
      1. God loves to restore people
      2. God didn't make people perfect to populate heaven; He restores broken people who have been damaged by sin
      3. Restoration is based on redemption, and redemption is tied to resurrection
    2. The book of Revelation is a series of visions given to John the apostle on Patmos
      1. Patmos was used by the Romans as a penal colony
      2. John was a prisoner on Patmos in his mid-90s
    3. God gave John a vision of the resurrected Christ and a glimpse of heaven
      1. Revelation contains a lot of symbols and metaphors
      2. The most important of these are the Lion and the Lamb—both referring to Jesus Christ
      3. John was part of Jesus' inner circle; he was "the disciple whom Jesus loved" (see John 20:2)
  2. The Scene (Revelation 1:10-18; 5:1-4)
    1. Revelation was written around AD 95—at least sixty years after Jesus' ascension
      1. John and the other disciples were close to Jesus during the three years He was on earth
      2. The characteristics of Jesus that John saw in this vision were much different from those John remembered from Jesus' time with the disciples
        1. John's vision was of mighty and riled Jesus, not meek and mild Jesus
        2. This is not a vision of the crucified Christ; this is a vision of the glorified, dignified, magnified, resurrected Christ
        3. This was not a lamb, but a roaring lion
    2. What is the scroll?
      1. It involves the future and the fate of planet earth; the scroll is the title deed to earth
        1. It belongs to God because He is the Creator
        2. It was given to humans as a stewardship
        3. It was forfeited to Satan in the garden by Adam through sin (see 2 Corinthians 4:4)
        4. Romans 8:22
      2. Everyone erupted in praise when the scroll was opened
      3. In ancient Judaism, the sign of a forfeited inheritance was a sealed scroll; this scroll had been sealed seven times
    3. A search was made for a liberator, someone qualified to take back the inheritance
      1. Who is worthy?
      2. Is there anyone who has the divine right, authority, and power to rule the earth?
        1. There are many who have been willing to rule:
          1. Alexander the Great
          2. Nebuchadnezzar
          3. Many of the Caesars, etc.
        2. The question isn't who wants to rule the earth, but who is worthy to rule the earth
  3. The Savior (Revelation 5:5-7)
    1. Twenty-four different titles are given to Jesus from Revelation 1-5
      1. The Lion of Judah (see Genesis 49:9)
      2. The heir to David's throne
        1. God promised David that one of his offspring would rule the world
        2. 2 Samuel 7:13
    2. John, being Jewish, knew the prophecies and promises
      1. The elder told John to look and see the Lion, so John expected to see the glorified Christ from his vision in chapter 1
      2. John saw a Lamb
      3. The Lamb represented sacrifice; lambs were used at Passover to protect a household
      4. It is possible that when we see Jesus, even in His glorified state, He may still bear the wounds of His crucifixion; John saw a Lamb that had been killed (see v. 6)
      5. For Jesus, those wounds meant that He could buy us back to God, and He's willing to bear those scars forever
    3. The Lamb that had been killed was now standing (see v. 6)
      1. He's standing, ready for action
      2. He has the meekness of a lamb, but the strength, steadiness, and might of a lion
    4. Because He came first as a Lamb, He's qualified to come again as a Lion; He rescued the world as a Lamb, therefore He will rule the world as a Lion
  4. The Song (Revelation 5:8-10)
    1. After the scroll was opened, praise erupted
    2. Everything John was describing in this vision had been building up to this moment
      1. The Lamb stepped forward and took the scroll
      2. This is the greatest act in history—the pinnacle of Revelation, the greatest event in the history of mankind
      3. Jesus will take the lost inheritance—the title deed of the earth—and bring about real, lasting change at His second coming
    3. When the Lamb takes the scroll, that will be the answer to all the prayers of all God's people through all the ages: "Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven" (Matthew 6:10, KJV)
      1. The response to this was "a new song" (v. 9)
      2. Every Christian ought to be a singing Christian, because we have reason to sing
      3. Worship is the only earthly activity that we will still be doing in heaven
    4. The song is about His sacrifice and His worthiness
      1. Jesus is worthy to rule as the Lion of Judah because He died as the Lamb of God
      2. The power is in the shed blood of Jesus Christ—without which there is no forgiveness of sins
      3. The Bible mentions the blood of Christ 424 times
  5. Conclusion
    1. Mankind has a huge problem
      1. We can't be close to God just because we want to—we are impeded by sin; sin separates us from God
      2. "All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God" (Romans 3:23)
    2. Either you pay for your sin yourself, or someone else pays for it for you
      1. Jesus stepped in as the Lamb to pay for our sins
      2. Jesus comes as the Lion to rule and reign over your life
      3. Jesus ruling over your life is better than you ruling over your own life; He'll do a much better job than you can do with you
    3. The Bible in its entirety can be summed up with one sentence: "Behold the Lamb" (see John 1:29)
      1. The Old Testament asked the question "Where is the Lamb?"
      2. The New Testament answered the question: "Behold the Lamb"
      3. In heaven, we'll be singing, "Worthy is the Lamb"
Cross references: Genesis 49:9; 2 Samuel 7:13; Matthew 6:10; John 1:29; 20:2; Romans 3:23; 8:22; 2 Corinthians 4:4

Topic: salvation

Keywords: blood, earth, forgiveness, inheritance, lamb, lion, redemption, restoration, scars, sin

Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity |
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