SERIES: 44 Acts - 2017
MESSAGE: Acts 18:11-28
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Acts 18:11-28

MESSAGE SUMMARY
The apostle Paul continued traveling through Greece into Corinth, where he stayed eighteen months or so—the longest stay of all his missionary journeys up to that point. Though it was difficult and Paul was discouraged, the Lord told Paul not to be silent, but to speak in order that many would be saved. God's plan for spreading the gospel forged ahead.

DETAILED NOTES

  1. Introduction
    1. Paul continued his missionary journeys through Greece into Corinth
      1. Corinth was a busy hub of trade and commerce
      2. Corinth was debauched and immoral, a mixture of the transient population plus worship of Aphrodite, the Greek god of love
      3. The ancient Las Vegas
    2. Paul was discouraged
      1. New friends Aquila and Priscilla provided housing
        1. Jewish tentmakers, like Paul
        2. Brought courage and comfort to Paul
      2. Old friends Timothy and Silas joined Paul
        1. Brought encouragement
        2. Brought a financial gift from Macedonian churches
        3. Paul was able to quit tentmaking and give himself fully to the Word of God and this mission
  2. Acts 18:11-18 | Paul struggles in Corinth
    1. Jesus was with Paul in Corinth
      1. God used Gallio to protect Paul when the Jews brought charges against him
      2. Gallio was new to his position of power as proconsul of Achaia
      3. Jews rose up against Paul and tried to manipulate Roman justice through Gallio
      4. Gallio was hands-off; he separated himself and Roman law from Jewish law
      5. Greeks beat Sosthenes, the new ruler of the local synagogue, but Gallio did not get involved
    2. Paul made a vow
      1. Aquila and Priscilla traveled with Paul to Cenchrea
      2. Perhaps Paul's vow was the Nazirite vow: no wine; hair grows long then is cut off completely (see Numbers 6)
      3. A Jewish vow of thanksgiving
      4. Why did Paul, who was no longer under the Law, take a vow under Jewish law? Perhaps to open a door to preach to the Jews (see 1 Corinthians 9:20-22­)
  3. Acts 18:19-23 | Paul travels through Ephesus and Jerusalem
    1. Paul stopped briefly in Ephesus to preach to the Jews at the synagogue
      1. They asked Paul to stay but he did not consent
      2. Paul promised to return to Ephesus, God willing (see James 4:13-15)
    2. Paul continued to Jerusalem very briefly for a feast
      1. Aquila and Priscilla returned to Corinth
      2. Paul greeted the church in Jerusalem, then left for Antioch
      3. Jerusalem wasn't very important to Paul
      4. Paul was hated in Jerusalem
      5. He was a Pharisee; he himself stoned believers in Jerusalem
    3. Paul arrived in Antioch
      1. Paul shared a kinship with the church in Antioch
      2. Ended his second missionary journey
      3. Paul visited churches/brothers
  4. Acts 18: 24-28 | Meanwhile in Ephesus
    1. Apollos was teaching "the things of the Lord" (v. 25)
      1. Apollonius was a Hellenistic Jew with a pagan Greek name, from Alexandria
      2. He was brilliant, very well-educated, and probably studied under Philo
      3. He believed Jesus is the Messiah but only knew the baptism of John, not the crucifixion or resurrection
    2. Aquila and Priscilla discipled Apollos and trained him up more accurately
      1. Apollos became mighty and eloquent
      2. He came to understand both sides of the cross and learned the gospel of grace
      3. He helped believers in Corinth, refuting the Jews publicly and showing that Jesus is the Messiah
Figures referenced : Gallio, Gamaliel, Philo, Seneca

Greek/Hebrew words: agora, alliyah, béma, korinthiazesthai, ma'alah, periocope

Cross references: Numbers 6; Acts 18:8-10; I Corinthians 1:1; 9:20-22; 2 Corinthians 5:10; James 4:13-15

Topic: Evangelism

Keywords: Hellenistic Jew, immoral, judgment seat, Messianic Jew, missionary journey, Nazirite vow, pagan, Pharisee, synagogue


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