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Service Archives > Bible from 30,000 Feet - 2018, The > Flight 1CHR1

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Flight 1CHR1 - 1 Chronicles 1-29

Taught on | Topic: 1 Chronicles | Keywords: Abraham, covenant, David, Ezra, Israel, Jesus, King, kingdom, millennium, Samuel, Solomon, temple

The book of 1 Chronicles recounts the lineage of King David as well as God's promise that He would establish His reign on earth through this man after His own heart. As we see how God fulfilled His promises to David, we discover how that presents a witness of His faithfulness to us today.

Date Title   WatchListenNotes Share SaveBuy
2/13/2019
completed
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Flight 1CHR1
1 Chronicles 1-29
Skip Heitzig
Info
Message Summary
The book of 1 Chronicles recounts the lineage of King David as well as God's promise that He would establish His reign on earth through this man after His own heart. As we see how God fulfilled His promises to David, we discover how that presents a witness of His faithfulness to us today.
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Series Description

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Bible from 30,000 Feet - 2018, The

Bible from 30,000 Feet - 2018, The

Take your knowledge of the full scope of Scripture to soaring heights with The Bible from 30,000 Feet. In this series, Skip Heitzig pilots you through all sixty-six books of the Bible, revealing major themes, principles, people, and events from Genesis to Revelation. Fasten your seatbelt and open your Bible for this sweeping panorama of Scripture that will increase your faith in God's plan for the world-and for you.

Detailed Notes

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"Flight 1CHR1"
1 Chronicles 1-29

  1. Introduction
    1. Originally, 1 and 2 Chronicles were one book in the Hebrew Bible—Dirê Hayyāmîm, which means the words of the days or the journal of the journey of the nation
    2. This is far more than just a reporting of events
      1. It's a divine editorial—the events are recorded from a different angle
      2. 1 and 2 Chronicles cover some of the same material that was already included in 2 Samuel through 2 Kings
      3. This is not just the history of the nation; it's the history of the nation from a spiritual vantage point—the history of God working through the nation of Israel
    3. The author of these books was most likely Ezra the priest
      1. The style of the writing—words used, sentence structure, etc.—is similar to the construction of the book of Ezra
      2. Both Chronicles and Ezra seem to be written from the perspective of someone in the priesthood of Israel
      3. The last paragraph of 2 Chronicles is the same, with only a few minor changes, as the first paragraph of the book of Ezra (see Ezra 1:1-4)
      4. The topics covered in this book would be the focus of someone in the priesthood—the temple, the priesthood itself, and the theocratic dynasty of the lineage of David
    4. The book of 1 Chronicles is centered around King David; his name is recorded more than 180 times in the book
    5. 1 Chronicles can be divided into two sections:
      1. Chapters 1-9: David's rightful ancestry (a 3,000-year period)
      2. Chapters 10-29: David's royal activity (a thirty-year period)
  2. David's rightful ancestry (1 Chronicles 1-9)
    1. This section of the book covers 3,000 years of genealogical record—from Adam to David
      1. The shortest verse in the Old Testament is 1 Chronicles 1:25
      2. This is the most extensive genealogical record in all of Scripture—Adam to David, David to Jesus
    2. However, this is a highly selective genealogy
      1. If a certain lineage is not important to the main story, it's not included in this record
      2. If it's an important lineage, it continues through—to point you in a specific genealogical direction—to trace the lineage of David from the creation to the captivity of Israel to Christ
    3. The New Testament genealogical records follow the same pattern: God is at work through human history to isolate a particular nation and to preserve that nation so that nation can receive the Messiah
      1. The first seventeen chapters of the New Testament start out like this—presenting a thorough genealogical record
      2. All of Scripture is inspired by God—including this (see 2 Timothy 3:16-17)
      3. If you have a Jewish background, you understand the importance of genealogy
        1. It was all-important in ancient Israel to know your genealogical background
        2. If you wanted to sell land, you had to make sure the land wouldn't leave the tribe allotment
        3. To serve in the priesthood, you had to prove you were from the tribe of Levi—if you couldn't prove it, you couldn't serve
        4. Genealogy was vital to support claims of being the Messiah—tribe, family, lineage, etc.; specific prophecies require specific proof
      4. The genealogical record of 1 Chronicles is not meant to be interesting or exciting—it's meant to be an accurate record that goes all the way back to the beginning, as a source of reference
  3. David's royal activity (1 Chronicles 10-29)
    1. Chapter 10 records the end of Saul's reign
      1. We are given a glimpse of the divine editorial
      2. Saul died for his unfaithfulness (see vv. 13-14)
    2. The thirty years of David's reign over the united kingdom of Israel begins in chapter 11
    3. The Israelites showed an allegiance of unity and loyalty under David (see 1 Chronicles 11:1-2)
      1. The New Testament counterpart of the Old Testament directive: Hebrews 13:7-9, 17
      2. It is unprofitable for everyone involved if a leader isn't properly respected
    4. "Even when Saul was king…the Lord your God said to you, 'You shall shepherd My people Israel'" (1 Chronicles 11:2)
      1. Why was David anointed, even though Saul was still on the throne?
      2. Because Saul was an unfaithful ruler (see 1 Samuel 13:14)
    5. David is the only man in Scripture who is described as "a man after [God's] own heart" (1 Samuel 13:14)
      1. He was not perfect by any means
      2. Other translations of this phrase are:
        1. "A man after God's own mind"
        2. "A man to fulfill God's purposes"
      3. God didn't see David in his sin; rather, He saw David with the potential to be something more than his sin
        1. Think of your potential, no matter your past—what God can do with you if you will seek after Him solely
        2. "The world has yet to see what God can do through one man [or woman] totally devoted to Him" —Author unknown
        3. To have spiritual influence, you must first be spiritual
    6. The rest of 1 Chronicles records David's reign up until the next transition—the ascension of Solomon
    7. If you were to compare this book with 2 Samuel, you would find some differences:
      1. Nothing of David's struggle with Saul, which took place over a decade
      2. Nothing of David's sin with Bathsheba
      3. Nothing of Absalom's rebellion against David
      4. This is because of Ezra's audience, the Jews who had returned to Jerusalem from captivity
        1. Ezra was writing something to encourage them, not to remind them of the humiliations of the past
        2. The extraneous issues were removed, but the historical integrity was maintained
    8. History is one thing, but His story is another; God takes your history and weaves your story into His
      1. "The Lord looks at the heart" (1 Samuel 16:7)
      2. God chose David and chose to portray him in the best light, as a man after God's own heart
    9. Chapter 12 provides another example of the divine editorial
      1. The different tribes of Israel started to align themselves with David, rather than Saul
      2. Hundreds of men started to move from Saul's army to align themselves with David (see vv. 21-22)
    10. The ongoing animosity between Israel and the Philistines can be seen throughout the next few chapters
    11. Ezra provided insight into David's prayer life—David was still seeking the Lord (see 1 Chronicles 14:10)
    12. Chapters 13-16: the process of moving the ark into Jerusalem
    13. Chapter 17 is the key chapter in the book and one of the most pivotal chapters in the Bible
      1. This chapter corresponds with 2 Samuel 7
      2. David wanted to build the house of the Lord
      3. God countered and promised to build David a house dynastically—spiritually and physically (see vv. 9-14)
      4. The covenant:
        1. David will have a son who will build the temple—Solomon, the son of David
        2. The throne of David will be established forever—Jesus, the Son of David
      5. The covenant was fulfilled in immediacy by Solomon and will be fulfilled in eternality by Jesus
        1. Revelation 17:14
        2. Revelation 19:16
      6. David's dynasty was interrupted by captivity, but then Jesus would come—first to save people from sin, then to rule with those whom He saved
      7. You won't understand the New Testament unless you understand this chapter and the Davidic covenant
        1. The New Testament authors played off this passage to show the connection between Jesus and this covenant
        2. In Acts 2, Peter began his sermon at Pentecost by speaking about the Davidic covenant
    14. Temple worship is laid out in the rest of the book; David prepared the materials and plans for building the temple
      1. David charged Solomon to build a house for the Lord (see 1 Chronicles 22:6)
      2. Even though it's called Solomon's temple, it was really David's—he gathered the materials, created the blueprints, etc.
    15. Chapters 23-24: the divisions of the priests
    16. Chapter 25: the musicians and singers
    17. Chapter 26: gatekeepers and treasuries
      1. Some of the gatekeepers were from the house of Obed-Edom
      2. After Uzzah died, the ark was left in the house of Obed-Edom, "and the Lord blessed Obed-Edom and all his household" (2 Samuel 6:11)
    18. Chapter 27: chief officers and captains of the tribes
    19. Chapter 28: a public leadership meeting to announce the temple plans
    20. Chapter 29: David took an offering for the temple
      1. "And King David also rejoiced" (v. 9)
      2. "All the assembly blessed the Lord God" (v. 20)
      3. Celebration and coronation of Solomon
        1. "The second time" (v. 22)
        2. The first was in secret at the Gihon spring, because of Adonijah's revolt
      4. The summary of David's reign (see vv. 26-30)
        1. "So he died in a good old age" (v. 28)
        2. David died at age seventy
        3. He lived a hard life, and sin and fighting will age you; he probably looked older than he actually was
  4. Conclusion
    1. The entire book of 1 Chronicles has King David as its human focus; the overarching focus is the kingdom of Israel
    2. The book ends on a positive note—with the peaceful transition from David to Solomon
    3. The establishment of the united kingdom under David, then Solomon, is a foreshadowing
      1. Revelation 20:1-6
      2. The millennium will be 1,000 years of peace on earth; but why not just go directly to the eternal state?
        1. The millennium is needed to redeem creation from the curse and the tribulation
        2. The millennium is God's answer to the saints' prayers—"Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven" (Matthew 6:10, KJV)
        3. The millennium is needed to fulfill all of God's promises to the nation of Israel
          1. David's kingdom (see 2 Samuel 7; 1 Chronicles 17; Psalm 89)
          2. All of the prophets predicted the coming kingdom
        4. God promised that the kingdom would be earthly as well as eternal
        5. The millennium is that first fulfillment of the promise—an earthly kingdom of peace, followed by the eternal state, with the capital of New Jerusalem
        6. The renewed millennial earth will be destroyed, and God will create "a new heaven and a new earth" (Revelation 21:1)
    4. This is why evangelical Christians support the state of Israel presently in the Middle East
      1. We don't support Israel for their sake
      2. We support Israel because of the covenant God made with Abraham, the covenant God made with David, and the covenant that will be fulfilled when the Messiah comes to rule and reign in the millennial kingdom
    5. God's promise of the Messiah required the existence of a nation and the continuance of that nation
      1. If that nation were to be destroyed, then God's plan would be thwarted
      2. This is the reason for the war that goes on from Genesis to Revelation

 

Cross references: 1 Samuel 13:14; 16:7; 2 Samuel 6:11; 7; Ezra 1:1-4; Psalm 89; Matthew 6:10; Acts 2; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; Hebrews 13:7-9, 17; Revelation 17:14; 19:16; 20:1-6; 21:1

Hebrew words: Diḇrê Hayyāmîm

Topic: 1 Chronicles

Keywords: Abraham, covenant, David, Ezra, Israel, Jesus, King, kingdom, millennium, Samuel, Solomon, temple

Additional Messages in this Series

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Date Title   Watch Listen Notes Share Save Buy
8/8/2018
completed
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Flight GEN01
Genesis 1-11
Skip Heitzig
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Message Summary
We're going back to the beginning in this first flight. Written by Moses and inspired by God Himself, Genesis means origin. From the formation of all created things and the fall of man to the flood and the fallout of man's rebellion, Genesis 1-11 chronicles the beginning of everything. It all starts here.
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8/15/2018
completed
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Flight GEN02
Genesis 12-50
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This flight takes us through the biographical part of Genesis and God's response to man's rebellion. Four men are prominent in the formation of the nation of Israel: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Through this lineage, God would fulfill His promise of salvation for humanity.
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8/22/2018
completed
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Flight EXO01
Exodus 1-18
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The central event in this flight through Exodus is the redemption of God's people, the Israelites, from their bondage in Egypt. We fly over Egypt and the wilderness where Israel wandered for forty years. The plight of the Israelites, their disobedience, and God's deliverance all foreshadow Jesus Christ.
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9/5/2018
completed
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Flight EXO02
Exodus 19-40
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Message Summary
The Sinai Peninsula is the backdrop for this flight to Exodus, where God gave Moses the Ten Commandments along with detailed instructions for how He was to be worshiped. Miraculous signs of God's absolute power abound, along with the revelation from God that would define Israel's national identity.
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9/12/2018
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Flight LEV01
Leviticus 1-27
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Leviticus describes the worship life of the nation of Israel. We discover how the Israelites were instructed to make atonement for their sin through sacrifice. The overarching theme of this book can be summed up in one word: holiness. After centuries of captivity in Egypt, the Israelites needed a reminder of who God is, His absolute holiness, and how they were to live set apart for Him.
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10/10/2018
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Flight NUM01
Numbers 1-36
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Numbers contains two censuses of the Hebrew people. The first is of the generation that left Egypt, including how they were organized, their journey in the wilderness, and their refusal to enter the Promised Land. Due to their disobedience, the first generation of Israelites failed to enter the land God had promised; however, God remained faithful by leading a new generation into the Promised Land.
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10/17/2018
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Flight DEU01
Deuteronomy 1-34
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After forty years of wandering, the Israelites were finally ready to enter the Promised Land. The book of Deuteronomy can be organized around three messages Moses gave while the Israelites waited to enter the land. With the key word of this book being covenant, Deuteronomy speaks of the special relationship God established with His people.
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10/24/2018
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Flight JOS01
Joshua 1-24
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In this flight over the book of Joshua, we get to know its namesake, who shared in all the events since Exodus and held the place of military commander under Moses' leadership. We'll also get a tour of the Promised Land and follow Israel's conquest of Canaan, after which Joshua divided the land among the twelve tribes.
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11/7/2018
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Flight JUD01
Judges 1-21
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The Israelites experienced a period of victorious conquests in Canaan after Joshua's death. But as their obedience to God's laws and their faith in God's promises diminished, Israel became entrenched in the sin cycle. God divinely appointed Judges to provide leadership and deliverance during this chaotic time. Sadly, God's people repeatedly did what was right in their own eyes.
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11/28/2018
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Flight RUT01
Ruth 1-4
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In this flight, we'll see the godly love and courage of two very different women from very different backgrounds. And we'll meet Boaz, who became Ruth's kinsman-redeemer, a type of Christ. Although the book of Ruth is short, it is prophetically important in terms of the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Ruth's story of romantic grace places love at the center of each of its four chapters.
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12/5/2018
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Flight 1SAM1
1 Samuel 1-31
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In this flight, we find the nation of Israel in desperate need of direction and leadership. We will meet the man whose good looks, physical stature, and success in war made him an obvious choice from a human perspective, but Israel's first king had a tragic flaw: pride. From the ashes of King Saul's calamitous reign, God raised up an unlikely man who would become Israel's next king, a man after His own heart.
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1/16/2019
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Flight 2SAM1
2 Samuel 1-24
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David went from shepherding livestock to serving as God's sovereign king in Israel. His faith and obedience assured him military and political victory as one by one he defeated Israel's enemies. In this flight, we both celebrate David's successes and identify with his failures as we get to know this man whom God called, "a man after My own heart."
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1/23/2019
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Flight 1KIN1
1 Kings 1-22
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After years of being a powerful unified nation under King David, Israel, because of their disobedience, became a divided nation under many different kings. This book reveals a story of good kings and bad kings, true prophets and false prophets, and faithfulness and disobedience to God.
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2/6/2019
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Flight 2KIN1
2 Kings 1-25
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Despite the many kings who took control of Israel, the nation still lacked true leadership. Second Kings continues the history of a divided Israel, and we see what happens when a nation passes from affluence and influence to poverty and paralysis.
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3/6/2019
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Flight 2CHR1
2 Chronicles 1-36
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After King Solomon's reign and death, the nation of Israel went on a spiritual roller coaster ride that ended with the division of the kingdom and the people's exile. From the temple's building to its decline and destruction, we see a parallel to 1 and 2 Kings from a spiritual viewpoint.
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There are 15 additional messages in this series.