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Service Archives > Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity > Getting Passed Over

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Getting Passed Over
Exodus 12
Skip Heitzig

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Exodus 12 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 "This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3 "Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: 'On the tenth day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.
4 'And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man's need you shall make your count for the lamb.
5 'Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
6 'Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.
7 'And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it.
8 'Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 'Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire--its head with its legs and its entrails.
10 'You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire.
11 'And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD'S Passover.
12 'For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
13 'Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 'So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.
15 'Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.
16 'On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat--that only may be prepared by you.
17 'So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance.
18 'In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.
19 'For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.
20 'You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.'"
21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.
22 "And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
23 "For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you.
24 "And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever.
25 "It will come to pass when you come to the land which the LORD will give you, just as He promised, that you shall keep this service.
26 "And it shall be, when your children say to you, 'What do you mean by this service?'
27 "that you shall say, 'It is the Passover sacrifice of the LORD, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.'" So the people bowed their heads and worshiped.
28 Then the children of Israel went away and did so; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
29 And it came to pass at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.
30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the LORD as you have said.
32 "Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also."
33 And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, "We shall all be dead."
34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders.
35 Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing.
36 And the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
37 Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children.
38 A mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds--a great deal of livestock.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves.
40 Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years--on that very same day--it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is a night of solemn observance to the LORD for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the LORD, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
43 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it.
44 "But every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it.
45 "A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it.
46 "In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, nor shall you break one of its bones.
47 "All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
48 "And when a stranger dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it.
49 "One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you."
50 Thus all the children of Israel did; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
51 And it came to pass, on that very same day, that the LORD brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt according to their armies.

New King James Version®, Copyright © 1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Bloodline: Tracing God's Rescue Mission from Eden to Eternity

No one ever likes being disregarded, ignored, or overlooked by people. Such rejection cowers our spirit and burdens our sensitivities. But being “passed over” in judgment is a welcome exception. When God established the yearly memorial of the Passover, He wanted His people to remember that they could’ve died were it not for His powerful intervention. This familiar story tells us four poignant truths.

The redemption of mankind was planned before the foundations of the world. But the path through Scripture that leads from Eden to eternity is not as straightforward as following a highway. It's more like following a thread in a tapestry and the thread is crimson-red, having been stained with blood. In this series, Skip Heitzig leads you on a unique journey through the Bible along the path of redemption.

Outline

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  1. It Tells Us about Our Sin (vv. 12-13)

  2. It Tells Us about Our Substitute (vv. 3-6)

  3. It Tells Us about Our Salvation (vv. 7, 13, 21-23)

  4. It Tells Us about Ourselves (vv. 1-3)

Study Guide

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Connect Recap Notes: March 17, 2019
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: "Getting Passed Over"
Text: Exodus 12

Path

No one ever likes being disregarded, ignored, or overlooked by people. Such rejection cowers our spirit and burdens our sensitivities. But being "passed over" in judgment is a welcome exception. When God established the yearly memorial of the Passover, He wanted His people to remember that they could've died were it not for His powerful intervention. This familiar story tells us four poignant truths.
  1. It Tells Us about Our Sin (vv. 12-13)
  2. It Tells Us about Our Substitute (vv. 3-6)
  3. It Tells Us about Our Salvation (vv. 7, 13, 21-23)
  4. It Tells Us about Ourselves (vv. 1-3)
Points

It Tells Us about Our Sin (vv. 12-13)
  • Although it is difficult to be passed over in life, we are happy to be passed over for judgment. The Old Testament story of the Passover paints a picture of Jesus Christ.
  • Seventy Hebrews entered Egypt in Joseph's day; 400 years later, there were three million. The Egyptians forced the Hebrews into slavery; God later used Moses to deliver them.
  • Exodus 12 is the basis for our relationship with God. The "judgment" is the final plague—the death of the firstborn. This heavy toll shows us that sin is expensive; it costs a life and can end a life.
  • The plagues give a sense of the judgment:
    • Judgment of Egypt's gods
    • Judgment of Pharaoh (considered an embodiment of the god Horus), who hardened his heart against God.
    • Judgment of the Israelites—only blood could save them. The Israelites were judged because of their obstinacy (they rejected God's representative, Moses), and their idolatry (they rejected God and His word). They were not protected by race, nationality, or Abraham's relationship with God. Only the blood would save them.
  • As Paul said: "all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God" (Romans 3:23). Only Jesus' life, blood (death), and resurrection will save.
It Tells Us about Our Substitute (vv. 3-6)
  • God mercifully provided a remediation of His judgment. Each family sacrificed a perfect year-old lamb in their place (see Leviticus 22:17-33).
  • The perfect lamb is what God had always required. In Genesis 3, Adam and Eve were covered with skins—a lamb died for each of them; in Exodus 12, one lamb was provided for each family; in Leviticus 23, one lamb was sacrificed for the nation—its blood sprinkled on the Mercy Seat; and in the Gospels, Jesus came as the Lamb to take away the sins of the world.
  • If we are to have a right relationship with God, it is because of a lamb's blood. As Isaac asked Abraham, "where is the lamb?" (Genesis 22:7) The Lord provided an answer then, and He ultimately provided the answer in Jesus.
  • Jesus the Messiah is clearly portrayed as the final sacrifice, the Lamb of God (see Isaiah 53:7, John 1:29, and Revelation 13:8).
It Tells Us about Our Salvation (vv. 7, 13, 21-23)
  • The Passover reveals the importance of blood being shed: in the command to slaughter a lamb; the blood applied to the doorframes; and the blood as a sign on the homes. Blood represents life and was the sign that life had been substituted as payment—see verse 13.
  • The blood was a reminder that the lamb had died in their place. This covering is called expiation. The people were covered; guilt had been removed. When God saw the blood, He knew death had already come to the house. The penalty had been paid, so the sin was removed. This removal of sin is propitiation. The judgment of God was turned away.
  • This can be seen in the cross of Christ. When we look to the cross, we see that payment has been made for our sins; when God looks at the cross, He sees the punishment for sin paid in Jesus. Because of the cross of Christ, judgment passes over us; we'll be safe forever. This is the substitutionary atonement.
  • The New Testament is very clear in relating Jesus' crucifixion to His shed blood. It's the blood of Jesus—the Lamb of God—the only Person that never sinned, which cleanses us. (See Romans 5:9; Ephesians 1:7; Hebrews 9:22, 13:12; and 1 Peter 1:19-21.) God doesn't arbitrarily forgive; He forgives because of the blood of a substitute.
  • As Joseph Parker said, "an extreme condition demands an extreme remedy. Until you see that you are doomed…apart from Jesus Christ, you will never truly count his blood precious in your sight."
It Tells Us about Ourselves (vv. 1-3)
  • Our entire self-identity is transformed because of this shed blood.
    • Our future is changed. Redemption provided a new beginning, a spiritual compass (see 2 Corinthians 5:17: "If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation…").
    • Our family is changed—each family took a lamb (Exodus 12:3). The first spiritual ordinance in Israel was a family celebration. A nation is only as strong as its families, and the Passover strengthened families around God's work.
  • As the Hebrews were transformed by the shed blood of the lamb, Christians are transformed by Christ's shed blood. Redemption in Christ changes everything: our faith, our families, and our future.
Practice

Connect Up: What does God's judgment—in contrast to His love—tell you about the severity of sin? Why can't God just overlook sin? To answer this question, consider the following:
  • God's nature: He is perfect, holy, and righteous. God acts consistently regarding the nature and consequences of sin.
  • The nature of His Word: Scripture calls for holy living—to be perfect, as God is perfect (see Leviticus 11:44-45, Matthew 5:48).
  • The nature of man: humans fall short of God's perfection.
Connect In: Though the church today is not required to celebrate the Passover (unless one is a Messianic Jew, or participating in a special event), how does the Passover meal symbolize Christ? Consider a few things: the lamb's unbroken bones (see Exodus 12:46, Psalm 22:17, John 19:33), the blood (Exodus 12:7, Hebrews 9:22), and matzah (Deuteronomy 16:3, 1 Corinthians 11:24). For greater insight, see www.gotquestions.org/Passover-Seder.html.

Connect Out: How would you explain the concepts of expiation, propitiation, and substitutionary atonement to an unbeliever, linking them to Christ?

Additional Messages in this Series

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Date Title   Watch Listen Notes Share Save Buy
3/3/2019
completed
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The Cure for the Curse
Genesis 3:15
Skip Heitzig
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Message Summary
Welcome to this new series Bloodline, leading up to Easter. There is a scarlet thread woven throughout the fabric of Scripture from Genesis to Revelation that anticipates Jesus’ sacrifice at the cross. We Christians have become far too familiar with the idea that Jesus died for our sins so the impact is largely lost. In the next few weeks we will consider how God’s rescue mission is revealed from Eden to eternity. Today let’s peek at the first hint of the gospel.
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3/10/2019
completed
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On a Hill Far Away!
Genesis 22
Skip Heitzig
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Abraham and his son Isaac’s journey to Mount Moriah marked the most difficult time in their lives to that point. An unusual command from God would both challenge their faith and solidify their confidence in God’s promises. What did it all mean? Why was God requiring this? And how does this sacrifice foreshadow another sacrifice that would come much later on? As we continue to follow the bloodline from Eden to eternity, we pause to consider this story in four phases.
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3/24/2019
completed
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From House of Shame to Hall of Fame
Joshua 2
Skip Heitzig
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Message Summary
Rahab was an Old Testament harlot who ended up being listed in both the genealogy of Jesus Christ and in the great chapter of faith in the New Testament. The reason? An authentic faith that changed her radically. Let’s consider her portrait in a four-sided frame that shows her journey from prostitute to princess as she signifies her faith by hanging a scarlet cord outside her home.
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There are 3 additional messages in this series.