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Service Archives > Bible from 30,000 Feet, The > Destination: Exodus 1-18

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Destination: Exodus 1-18
Exodus 1-18
Skip Heitzig

Exodus 1 (NKJV™)
1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel who came to Egypt; each man and his household came with Jacob:
2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah;
3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin;
4 Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
5 All those who were descendants of Jacob were seventy persons (for Joseph was in Egypt already).
6 And Joseph died, all his brothers, and all that generation.
7 But the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.
8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.
9 And he said to his people, "Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we;
10 "come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happen, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land."
11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses.
12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were in dread of the children of Israel.
13 So the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with rigor.
14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage--in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor.
15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Puah;
16 and he said, "When you do the duties of a midwife for the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live."
17 But the midwives feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the male children alive.
18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, "Why have you done this thing, and saved the male children alive?"
19 And the midwives said to Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; for they are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them."
20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied and grew very mighty.
21 And so it was, because the midwives feared God, that He provided households for them.
22 So Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every son who is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive."
Exodus 2 (NKJV™)
1 And a man of the house of Levi went and took as wife a daughter of Levi.
2 So the woman conceived and bore a son. And when she saw that he was a beautiful child, she hid him three months.
3 But when she could no longer hide him, she took an ark of bulrushes for him, daubed it with asphalt and pitch, put the child in it, and laid it in the reeds by the river's bank.
4 And his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him.
5 Then the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river. And her maidens walked along the riverside; and when she saw the ark among the reeds, she sent her maid to get it.
6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the baby wept. So she had compassion on him, and said, "This is one of the Hebrews' children."
7 Then his sister said to Pharaoh's daughter, "Shall I go and call a nurse for you from the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for you?"
8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Go." So the maiden went and called the child's mother.
9 Then Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take this child away and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages." So the woman took the child and nursed him.
10 And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. So she called his name Moses, saying, "Because I drew him out of the water."
11 Now it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out to his brethren and looked at their burdens. And he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his brethren.
12 So he looked this way and that way, and when he saw no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.
13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two Hebrew men were fighting, and he said to the one who did the wrong, "Why are you striking your companion?"
14 Then he said, "Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?" So Moses feared and said, "Surely this thing is known!"
15 When Pharaoh heard of this matter, he sought to kill Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh and dwelt in the land of Midian; and he sat down by a well.
16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. And they came and drew water, and they filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
17 Then the shepherds came and drove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
18 When they came to Reuel their father, he said, "How is it that you have come so soon today?"
19 And they said, "An Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds, and he also drew enough water for us and watered the flock."
20 So he said to his daughters, "And where is he? Why is it that you have left the man? Call him, that he may eat bread."
21 Then Moses was content to live with the man, and he gave Zipporah his daughter to Moses.
22 And she bore him a son, and he called his name Gershom; for he said, "I have been a stranger in a foreign land."
23 Now it happened in the process of time that the king of Egypt died. Then the children of Israel groaned because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry came up to God because of the bondage.
24 So God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God acknowledged them.
Exodus 3 (NKJV™)
1 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian. And he led the flock to the back of the desert, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.
2 And the Angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
3 Then Moses said, "I will now turn aside and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn."
4 So when the LORD saw that he turned aside to look, God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, "Moses, Moses!" And he said, "Here I am."
5 Then He said, "Do not draw near this place. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground."
6 Moreover He said, "I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
7 And the LORD said: "I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.
8 "So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites.
9 "Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel has come to Me, and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.
10 "Come now, therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt."
11 But Moses said to God, "Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?"
12 So He said, "I will certainly be with you. And this shall be a sign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain."
13 Then Moses said to God, "Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they say to me, 'What is His name?' what shall I say to them?"
14 And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"
15 Moreover God said to Moses, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: 'The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.'
16 "Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, 'The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared to me, saying, "I have surely visited you and seen what is done to you in Egypt;
17 "and I have said I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, to a land flowing with milk and honey."'
18 "Then they will heed your voice; and you shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt; and you shall say to him, 'The LORD God of the Hebrews has met with us; and now, please, let us go three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.'
19 "But I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not even by a mighty hand.
20 "So I will stretch out My hand and strike Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in its midst; and after that he will let you go.
21 "And I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be, when you go, that you shall not go empty-handed.
22 "But every woman shall ask of her neighbor, namely, of her who dwells near her house, articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing; and you shall put them on your sons and on your daughters. So you shall plunder the Egyptians."
Exodus 4 (NKJV™)
1 Then Moses answered and said, "But suppose they will not believe me or listen to my voice; suppose they say, 'The LORD has not appeared to you.'"
2 So the LORD said to him, "What is that in your hand?" He said, "A rod."
3 And He said, "Cast it on the ground." So he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from it.
4 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Reach out your hand and take it by the tail" (and he reached out his hand and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand),
5 "that they may believe that the LORD God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you."
6 Furthermore the LORD said to him, "Now put your hand in your bosom." And he put his hand in his bosom, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous, like snow.
7 And He said, "Put your hand in your bosom again." So he put his hand in his bosom again, and drew it out of his bosom, and behold, it was restored like his other flesh.
8 "Then it will be, if they do not believe you, nor heed the message of the first sign, that they may believe the message of the latter sign.
9 "And it shall be, if they do not believe even these two signs, or listen to your voice, that you shall take water from the river and pour it on the dry land. And the water which you take from the river will become blood on the dry land."
10 Then Moses said to the LORD, "O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither before nor since You have spoken to Your servant; but I am slow of speech and slow of tongue."
11 So the LORD said to him, "Who has made man's mouth? Or who makes the mute, the deaf, the seeing, or the blind? Have not I, the LORD?
12 "Now therefore, go, and I will be with your mouth and teach you what you shall say."
13 But he said, "O my Lord, please send by the hand of whomever else You may send."
14 So the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and He said: "Is not Aaron the Levite your brother? I know that he can speak well. And look, he is also coming out to meet you. When he sees you, he will be glad in his heart.
15 "Now you shall speak to him and put the words in his mouth. And I will be with your mouth and with his mouth, and I will teach you what you shall do.
16 "So he shall be your spokesman to the people. And he himself shall be as a mouth for you, and you shall be to him as God.
17 "And you shall take this rod in your hand, with which you shall do the signs."
18 So Moses went and returned to Jethro his father-in-law, and said to him, "Please let me go and return to my brethren who are in Egypt, and see whether they are still alive." And Jethro said to Moses, "Go in peace."
19 And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, "Go, return to Egypt; for all the men who sought your life are dead."
20 Then Moses took his wife and his sons and set them on a donkey, and he returned to the land of Egypt. And Moses took the rod of God in his hand.
21 And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh which I have put in your hand. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.
22 "Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD: "Israel is My son, My firstborn.
23 "So I say to you, let My son go that he may serve Me. But if you refuse to let him go, indeed I will kill your son, your firstborn."'"
24 And it came to pass on the way, at the encampment, that the LORD met him and sought to kill him.
25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone and cut off the foreskin of her son and cast it at Moses' feet, and said, "Surely you are a husband of blood to me!"
26 So He let him go. Then she said, "You are a husband of blood!"--because of the circumcision.
27 And the LORD said to Aaron, "Go into the wilderness to meet Moses." So he went and met him on the mountain of God, and kissed him.
28 So Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him, and all the signs which He had commanded him.
29 Then Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel.
30 And Aaron spoke all the words which the LORD had spoken to Moses. Then he did the signs in the sight of the people.
31 So the people believed; and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel and that He had looked on their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped.
Exodus 5 (NKJV™)
1 Afterward Moses and Aaron went in and told Pharaoh, "Thus says the LORD God of Israel: 'Let My people go, that they may hold a feast to Me in the wilderness.'"
2 And Pharaoh said, "Who is the LORD, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I do not know the LORD, nor will I let Israel go."
3 So they said, "The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Please, let us go three days' journey into the desert and sacrifice to the LORD our God, lest He fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword."
4 Then the king of Egypt said to them, "Moses and Aaron, why do you take the people from their work? Get back to your labor."
5 And Pharaoh said, "Look, the people of the land are many now, and you make them rest from their labor!"
6 So the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people and their officers, saying,
7 "You shall no longer give the people straw to make brick as before. Let them go and gather straw for themselves.
8 "And you shall lay on them the quota of bricks which they made before. You shall not reduce it. For they are idle; therefore they cry out, saying, 'Let us go and sacrifice to our God.'
9 "Let more work be laid on the men, that they may labor in it, and let them not regard false words."
10 And the taskmasters of the people and their officers went out and spoke to the people, saying, "Thus says Pharaoh: 'I will not give you straw.
11 'Go, get yourselves straw where you can find it; yet none of your work will be reduced.'"
12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw.
13 And the taskmasters forced them to hurry, saying, "Fulfill your work, your daily quota, as when there was straw."
14 Also the officers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten and were asked, "Why have you not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and today, as before?"
15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, "Why are you dealing thus with your servants?
16 "There is no straw given to your servants, and they say to us, 'Make brick!' And indeed your servants are beaten, but the fault is in your own people."
17 But he said, "You are idle! Idle! Therefore you say, 'Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.'
18 "Therefore go now and work; for no straw shall be given you, yet you shall deliver the quota of bricks."
19 And the officers of the children of Israel saw that they were in trouble after it was said, "You shall not reduce any bricks from your daily quota."
20 Then, as they came out from Pharaoh, they met Moses and Aaron who stood there to meet them.
21 And they said to them, "Let the LORD look on you and judge, because you have made us abhorrent in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us."
22 So Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Lord, why have You brought trouble on this people? Why is it You have sent me?
23 "For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil to this people; neither have You delivered Your people at all."
Exodus 6 (NKJV™)
1 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh. For with a strong hand he will let them go, and with a strong hand he will drive them out of his land."
2 And God spoke to Moses and said to him: "I am the LORD.
3 "I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name LORD I was not known to them.
4 "I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, in which they were strangers.
5 "And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel whom the Egyptians keep in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant.
6 "Therefore say to the children of Israel: 'I am the LORD; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
7 'I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 'And I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the LORD.'"
9 So Moses spoke thus to the children of Israel; but they did not heed Moses, because of anguish of spirit and cruel bondage.
10 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
11 "Go in, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the children of Israel go out of his land."
12 And Moses spoke before the LORD, saying, "The children of Israel have not heeded me. How then shall Pharaoh heed me, for I am of uncircumcised lips?"
13 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, and gave them a command for the children of Israel and for Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
14 These are the heads of their fathers' houses: The sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel, were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. These are the families of Reuben.
15 And the sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. These are the families of Simeon.
16 These are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. And the years of the life of Levi were one hundred and thirty-seven.
17 The sons of Gershon were Libni and Shimi according to their families.
18 And the sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. And the years of the life of Kohath were one hundred and thirty-three.
19 The sons of Merari were Mahali and Mushi. These are the families of Levi according to their generations.
20 Now Amram took for himself Jochebed, his father's sister, as wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses. And the years of the life of Amram were one hundred and thirty-seven.
21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri.
22 And the sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Zithri.
23 Aaron took to himself Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Nahshon, as wife; and she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
24 And the sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These are the families of the Korahites.
25 Eleazar, Aaron's son, took for himself one of the daughters of Putiel as wife; and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers' houses of the Levites according to their families.
26 These are the same Aaron and Moses to whom the LORD said, "Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies."
27 These are the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt. These are the same Moses and Aaron.
28 And it came to pass, on the day the LORD spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,
29 that the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, "I am the LORD. Speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say to you."
30 But Moses said before the LORD, "Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh heed me?"
Exodus 7 (NKJV™)
1 So the LORD said to Moses: "See, I have made you as God to Pharaoh, and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.
2 "You shall speak all that I command you. And Aaron your brother shall speak to Pharaoh to send the children of Israel out of his land.
3 "And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
4 "But Pharaoh will not heed you, so that I may lay My hand on Egypt and bring My armies and My people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.
5 "And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the children of Israel from among them."
6 Then Moses and Aaron did so; just as the LORD commanded them, so they did.
7 And Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.
8 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,
9 "When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, 'Show a miracle for yourselves,' then you shall say to Aaron, 'Take your rod and cast it before Pharaoh, and let it become a serpent.'"
10 So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh, and they did so, just as the LORD commanded. And Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent.
11 But Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers; so the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.
12 For every man threw down his rod, and they became serpents. But Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.
13 And Pharaoh's heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, as the LORD had said.
14 So the LORD said to Moses: "Pharaoh's heart is hard; he refuses to let the people go.
15 "Go to Pharaoh in the morning, when he goes out to the water, and you shall stand by the river's bank to meet him; and the rod which was turned to a serpent you shall take in your hand.
16 "And you shall say to him, 'The LORD God of the Hebrews has sent me to you, saying, "Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness"; but indeed, until now you would not hear!
17 'Thus says the LORD: "By this you shall know that I am the LORD. Behold, I will strike the waters which are in the river with the rod that is in my hand, and they shall be turned to blood.
18 "And the fish that are in the river shall die, the river shall stink, and the Egyptians will loathe to drink the water of the river."'"
19 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in buckets of wood and pitchers of stone.'"
20 And Moses and Aaron did so, just as the LORD commanded. So he lifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants. And all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.
21 The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river. So there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
22 Then the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments; and Pharaoh's heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, as the LORD had said.
23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. Neither was his heart moved by this.
24 So all the Egyptians dug all around the river for water to drink, because they could not drink the water of the river.
25 And seven days passed after the LORD had struck the river.
Exodus 8 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, 'Thus says the LORD: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
2 "But if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all your territory with frogs.
3 "So the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into your house, into your bedroom, on your bed, into the houses of your servants, on your people, into your ovens, and into your kneading bowls.
4 "And the frogs shall come up on you, on your people, and on all your servants."'"
5 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Stretch out your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.'"
6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.
7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt.
8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, "Entreat the LORD that He may take away the frogs from me and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice to the LORD."
9 And Moses said to Pharaoh, "Accept the honor of saying when I shall intercede for you, for your servants, and for your people, to destroy the frogs from you and your houses, that they may remain in the river only."
10 So he said, "Tomorrow." And he said, "Let it be according to your word, that you may know that there is no one like the LORD our God.
11 "And the frogs shall depart from you, from your houses, from your servants, and from your people. They shall remain in the river only."
12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh. And Moses cried out to the LORD concerning the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh.
13 So the LORD did according to the word of Moses. And the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courtyards, and out of the fields.
14 They gathered them together in heaps, and the land stank.
15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and did not heed them, as the LORD had said.
16 So the LORD said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.'"
17 And they did so. For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and it became lice on man and beast. All the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
18 Now the magicians so worked with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. So there were lice on man and beast.
19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, just as the LORD had said.
20 And the LORD said to Moses, "Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water. Then say to him, 'Thus says the LORD: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
21 "Or else, if you will not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and your servants, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they stand.
22 "And in that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there, in order that you may know that I am the LORD in the midst of the land.
23 "I will make a difference between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign shall be."'"
24 And the LORD did so. Thick swarms of flies came into the house of Pharaoh, into his servants' houses, and into all the land of Egypt. The land was corrupted because of the swarms of flies.
25 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, "Go, sacrifice to your God in the land."
26 And Moses said, "It is not right to do so, for we would be sacrificing the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God. If we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, then will they not stone us?
27 "We will go three days' journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the LORD our God as He will command us."
28 And Pharaoh said, "I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Intercede for me."
29 Then Moses said, "Indeed I am going out from you, and I will entreat the LORD, that the swarms of flies may depart tomorrow from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. But let Pharaoh not deal deceitfully anymore in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD."
30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and entreated the LORD.
31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; He removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained.
32 But Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also; neither would he let the people go.
Exodus 9 (NKJV™)
1 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh and tell him, 'Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
2 "For if you refuse to let them go, and still hold them,
3 "behold, the hand of the LORD will be on your cattle in the field, on the horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the oxen, and on the sheep--a very severe pestilence.
4 "And the LORD will make a difference between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt. So nothing shall die of all that belongs to the children of Israel."'"
5 Then the LORD appointed a set time, saying, "Tomorrow the LORD will do this thing in the land."
6 So the LORD did this thing on the next day, and all the livestock of Egypt died; but of the livestock of the children of Israel, not one died.
7 Then Pharaoh sent, and indeed, not even one of the livestock of the Israelites was dead. But the heart of Pharaoh became hard, and he did not let the people go.
8 So the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "Take for yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace, and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh.
9 "And it will become fine dust in all the land of Egypt, and it will cause boils that break out in sores on man and beast throughout all the land of Egypt."
10 Then they took ashes from the furnace and stood before Pharaoh, and Moses scattered them toward heaven. And they caused boils that break out in sores on man and beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for the boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians.
12 But the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh; and he did not heed them, just as the LORD had spoken to Moses.
13 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh, and say to him, 'Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: "Let My people go, that they may serve Me,
14 "for at this time I will send all My plagues to your very heart, and on your servants and on your people, that you may know that there is none like Me in all the earth.
15 "Now if I had stretched out My hand and struck you and your people with pestilence, then you would have been cut off from the earth.
16 "But indeed for this purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.
17 "As yet you exalt yourself against My people in that you will not let them go.
18 "Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause very heavy hail to rain down, such as has not been in Egypt since its founding until now.
19 "Therefore send now and gather your livestock and all that you have in the field, for the hail shall come down on every man and every animal which is found in the field and is not brought home; and they shall die."'"
20 He who feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his livestock flee to the houses.
21 But he who did not regard the word of the LORD left his servants and his livestock in the field.
22 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt--on man, on beast, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt."
23 And Moses stretched out his rod toward heaven; and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and fire darted to the ground. And the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, so very heavy that there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail struck throughout the whole land of Egypt, all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke every tree of the field.
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, "I have sinned this time. The LORD is righteous, and my people and I are wicked.
28 "Entreat the LORD, that there may be no more mighty thundering and hail, for it is enough. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer."
29 So Moses said to him, "As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will spread out my hands to the LORD; the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, that you may know that the earth is the LORD'S.
30 "But as for you and your servants, I know that you will not yet fear the LORD God."
31 Now the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud.
32 But the wheat and the spelt were not struck, for they are late crops.
33 So Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh and spread out his hands to the LORD; then the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain, the hail, and the thunder had ceased, he sinned yet more; and he hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 So the heart of Pharaoh was hard; neither would he let the children of Israel go, as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
Exodus 10 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I may show these signs of Mine before him,
2 "and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and your son's son the mighty things I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD."
3 So Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh and said to him, "Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: 'How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
4 'Or else, if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your territory.
5 'And they shall cover the face of the earth, so that no one will be able to see the earth; and they shall eat the residue of what is left, which remains to you from the hail, and they shall eat every tree which grows up for you out of the field.
6 'They shall fill your houses, the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians--which neither your fathers nor your fathers' fathers have seen, since the day that they were on the earth to this day.'" And he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
7 Then Pharaoh's servants said to him, "How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed?"
8 So Moses and Aaron were brought again to Pharaoh, and he said to them, "Go, serve the LORD your God. Who are the ones that are going?"
9 And Moses said, "We will go with our young and our old; with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds we will go, for we must hold a feast to the LORD."
10 Then he said to them, "The LORD had better be with you when I let you and your little ones go! Beware, for evil is ahead of you.
11 "Not so! Go now, you who are men, and serve the LORD, for that is what you desired." And they were driven out from Pharaoh's presence.
12 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land--all that the hail has left."
13 So Moses stretched out his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind on the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
14 And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested on all the territory of Egypt. They were very severe; previously there had been no such locusts as they, nor shall there be such after them.
15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they ate every herb of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. So there remained nothing green on the trees or on the plants of the field throughout all the land of Egypt.
16 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste, and said, "I have sinned against the LORD your God and against you.
17 "Now therefore, please forgive my sin only this once, and entreat the LORD your God, that He may take away from me this death only."
18 So he went out from Pharaoh and entreated the LORD.
19 And the LORD turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them into the Red Sea. There remained not one locust in all the territory of Egypt.
20 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.
21 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt."
22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.
23 They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
24 Then Pharaoh called to Moses and said, "Go, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be kept back. Let your little ones also go with you."
25 But Moses said, "You must also give us sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.
26 "Our livestock also shall go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind. For we must take some of them to serve the LORD our God, and even we do not know with what we must serve the LORD until we arrive there."
27 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.
28 Then Pharaoh said to him, "Get away from me! Take heed to yourself and see my face no more! For in the day you see my face you shall die!"
29 And Moses said, "You have spoken well. I will never see your face again."
Exodus 11 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD said to Moses, "I will bring yet one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will surely drive you out of here altogether.
2 "Speak now in the hearing of the people, and let every man ask from his neighbor and every woman from her neighbor, articles of silver and articles of gold."
3 And the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants and in the sight of the people.
4 Then Moses said, "Thus says the LORD: 'About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt;
5 'and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals.
6 'Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as was not like it before, nor shall be like it again.
7 'But against none of the children of Israel shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that the LORD does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.'
8 "And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, 'Get out, and all the people who follow you!' After that I will go out." Then he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.
9 But the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not heed you, so that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt."
10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh; and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
Exodus 12 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 "This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3 "Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: 'On the tenth day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.
4 'And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man's need you shall make your count for the lamb.
5 'Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
6 'Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.
7 'And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it.
8 'Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 'Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire--its head with its legs and its entrails.
10 'You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire.
11 'And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD'S Passover.
12 'For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
13 'Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 'So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.
15 'Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.
16 'On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat--that only may be prepared by you.
17 'So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance.
18 'In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.
19 'For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.
20 'You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.'"
21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.
22 "And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
23 "For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you.
24 "And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever.
25 "It will come to pass when you come to the land which the LORD will give you, just as He promised, that you shall keep this service.
26 "And it shall be, when your children say to you, 'What do you mean by this service?'
27 "that you shall say, 'It is the Passover sacrifice of the LORD, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.'" So the people bowed their heads and worshiped.
28 Then the children of Israel went away and did so; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
29 And it came to pass at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.
30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the LORD as you have said.
32 "Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also."
33 And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, "We shall all be dead."
34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders.
35 Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing.
36 And the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
37 Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children.
38 A mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds--a great deal of livestock.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves.
40 Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years--on that very same day--it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is a night of solemn observance to the LORD for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the LORD, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
43 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it.
44 "But every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it.
45 "A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it.
46 "In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, nor shall you break one of its bones.
47 "All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
48 "And when a stranger dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it.
49 "One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you."
50 Thus all the children of Israel did; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
51 And it came to pass, on that very same day, that the LORD brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt according to their armies.
Exodus 13 (NKJV™)
1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Consecrate to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and beast; it is Mine."
3 And Moses said to the people: "Remember this day in which you went out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out of this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten.
4 "On this day you are going out, in the month Abib.
5 "And it shall be, when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month.
6 "Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the LORD.
7 "Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days. And no leavened bread shall be seen among you, nor shall leaven be seen among you in all your quarters.
8 "And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, 'This is done because of what the LORD did for me when I came up from Egypt.'
9 "It shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt.
10 "You shall therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year.
11 "And it shall be, when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as He swore to you and your fathers, and gives it to you,
12 "that you shall set apart to the LORD all that open the womb, that is, every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have; the males shall be the LORD'S.
13 "But every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem.
14 "So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, 'What is this?' that you shall say to him, 'By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
15 'And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.'
16 "It shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt."
17 Then it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, "Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and return to Egypt."
18 So God led the people around by way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt.
19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had placed the children of Israel under solemn oath, saying, "God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here with you."
20 So they took their journey from Succoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the wilderness.
21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night.
22 He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night from before the people.
Exodus 14 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea.
3 "For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, 'They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.'
4 "Then I will harden Pharaoh's heart, so that he will pursue them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD." And they did so.
5 Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, "Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?"
6 So he made ready his chariot and took his people with him.
7 Also, he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them.
8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and the children of Israel went out with boldness.
9 So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.
10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the children of Israel cried out to the LORD.
11 Then they said to Moses, "Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt?
12 "Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, 'Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians?' For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness."
13 And Moses said to the people, "Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever.
14 "The LORD will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace."
15 And the LORD said to Moses, "Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward.
16 "But lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.
17 "And I indeed will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen.
18 "Then the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen."
19 And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them.
20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.
21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided.
22 So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
24 Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that the LORD looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He troubled the army of the Egyptians.
25 And He took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, "Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians."
26 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen."
27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.
28 Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained.
29 But the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
30 So the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.
31 Thus Israel saw the great work which the LORD had done in Egypt; so the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD and His servant Moses.
Exodus 15 (NKJV™)
1 Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to the LORD, and spoke, saying: "I will sing to the LORD, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!
2 The LORD is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation; He is my God, and I will praise Him; My father's God, and I will exalt Him.
3 The LORD is a man of war; The LORD is His name.
4 Pharaoh's chariots and his army He has cast into the sea; His chosen captains also are drowned in the Red Sea.
5 The depths have covered them; They sank to the bottom like a stone.
6 "Your right hand, O LORD, has become glorious in power; Your right hand, O LORD, has dashed the enemy in pieces.
7 And in the greatness of Your excellence You have overthrown those who rose against You; You sent forth Your wrath; It consumed them like stubble.
8 And with the blast of Your nostrils The waters were gathered together; The floods stood upright like a heap; The depths congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy said, 'I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; My desire shall be satisfied on them. I will draw my sword, My hand shall destroy them.'
10 You blew with Your wind, The sea covered them; They sank like lead in the mighty waters.
11 "Who is like You, O LORD, among the gods? Who is like You, glorious in holiness, Fearful in praises, doing wonders?
12 You stretched out Your right hand; The earth swallowed them.
13 You in Your mercy have led forth The people whom You have redeemed; You have guided them in Your strength To Your holy habitation.
14 "The people will hear and be afraid; Sorrow will take hold of the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be dismayed; The mighty men of Moab, Trembling will take hold of them; All the inhabitants of Canaan will melt away.
16 Fear and dread will fall on them; By the greatness of Your arm They will be as still as a stone, Till Your people pass over, O LORD, Till the people pass over Whom You have purchased.
17 You will bring them in and plant them In the mountain of Your inheritance, In the place, O LORD, which You have made For Your own dwelling, The sanctuary, O LORD, which Your hands have established.
18 "The LORD shall reign forever and ever."
19 For the horses of Pharaoh went with his chariots and his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought back the waters of the sea upon them. But the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.
20 Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took the timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
21 And Miriam answered them: "Sing to the LORD, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!"
22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea; then they went out into the Wilderness of Shur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no water.
23 Now when they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called Marah.
24 And the people complained against Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?"
25 So he cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a tree. When he cast it into the waters, the waters were made sweet. There He made a statute and an ordinance for them. And there He tested them,
26 and said, "If you diligently heed the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the LORD who heals you."
27 Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees; so they camped there by the waters.
Exodus 16 (NKJV™)
1 And they journeyed from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed from the land of Egypt.
2 Then the whole congregation of the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
3 And the children of Israel said to them, "Oh, that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to the full! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger."
4 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not.
5 "And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily."
6 Then Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, "At evening you shall know that the LORD has brought you out of the land of Egypt.
7 "And in the morning you shall see the glory of the LORD; for He hears your complaints against the LORD. But what are we, that you complain against us?"
8 Also Moses said, "This shall be seen when the LORD gives you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to the full; for the LORD hears your complaints which you make against Him. And what are we? Your complaints are not against us but against the LORD."
9 Then Moses spoke to Aaron, "Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, 'Come near before the LORD, for He has heard your complaints.'"
10 Now it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.
11 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
12 "I have heard the complaints of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, 'At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am the LORD your God.'"
13 So it was that quails came up at evening and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp.
14 And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness, was a small round substance, as fine as frost on the ground.
15 So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, "This is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat.
16 "This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: 'Let every man gather it according to each one's need, one omer for each person, according to the number of persons; let every man take for those who are in his tent.'"
17 Then the children of Israel did so and gathered, some more, some less.
18 So when they measured it by omers, he who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack. Every man had gathered according to each one's need.
19 And Moses said, "Let no one leave any of it till morning."
20 Notwithstanding they did not heed Moses. But some of them left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them.
21 So they gathered it every morning, every man according to his need. And when the sun became hot, it melted.
22 And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
23 Then he said to them, "This is what the LORD has said: 'Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.'"
24 So they laid it up till morning, as Moses commanded; and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it.
25 Then Moses said, "Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the LORD; today you will not find it in the field.
26 "Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, there will be none."
27 Now it happened that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none.
28 And the LORD said to Moses, "How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws?
29 "See! For the LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day."
30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
31 And the house of Israel called its name Manna. And it was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.
32 Then Moses said, "This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: 'Fill an omer with it, to be kept for your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.'"
33 And Moses said to Aaron, "Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations."
34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.
35 And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.
36 Now an omer is one-tenth of an ephah.
Exodus 17 (NKJV™)
1 Then all the congregation of the children of Israel set out on their journey from the Wilderness of Sin, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped in Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to drink.
2 Therefore the people contended with Moses, and said, "Give us water, that we may drink." And Moses said to them, "Why do you contend with me? Why do you tempt the LORD?"
3 And the people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moses, and said, "Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?"
4 So Moses cried out to the LORD, saying, "What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me!"
5 And the LORD said to Moses, "Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go.
6 "Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
7 So he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the contention of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"
8 Now Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
9 And Moses said to Joshua, "Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand."
10 So Joshua did as Moses said to him, and fought with Amalek. And Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
11 And so it was, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
12 But Moses' hands became heavy; so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. And Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
13 So Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
14 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write this for a memorial in the book and recount it in the hearing of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven."
15 And Moses built an altar and called its name, The-LORD-Is-My-Banner;
16 for he said, "Because the LORD has sworn: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation."
Exodus 18 (NKJV™)
1 And Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people--that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.
2 Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back,
3 with her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gershom (for he said, "I have been a stranger in a foreign land")
4 and the name of the other was Eliezer (for he said, "The God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh");
5 and Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the wilderness, where he was encamped at the mountain of God.
6 Now he had said to Moses, "I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her."
7 So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, bowed down, and kissed him. And they asked each other about their well-being, and they went into the tent.
8 And Moses told his father-in-law all that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, all the hardship that had come upon them on the way, and how the LORD had delivered them.
9 Then Jethro rejoiced for all the good which the LORD had done for Israel, whom He had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.
10 And Jethro said, "Blessed be the LORD, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh, and who has delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
11 "Now I know that the LORD is greater than all the gods; for in the very thing in which they behaved proudly, He was above them."
12 Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt offering and other sacrifices to offer to God. And Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law before God.
13 And so it was, on the next day, that Moses sat to judge the people; and the people stood before Moses from morning until evening.
14 So when Moses' father-in-law saw all that he did for the people, he said, "What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit, and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?"
15 And Moses said to his father-in-law, "Because the people come to me to inquire of God.
16 "When they have a difficulty, they come to me, and I judge between one and another; and I make known the statutes of God and His laws."
17 So Moses' father-in-law said to him, "The thing that you do is not good.
18 "Both you and these people who are with you will surely wear yourselves out. For this thing is too much for you; you are not able to perform it by yourself.
19 "Listen now to my voice; I will give you counsel, and God will be with you: Stand before God for the people, so that you may bring the difficulties to God.
20 "And you shall teach them the statutes and the laws, and show them the way in which they must walk and the work they must do.
21 "Moreover you shall select from all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
22 "And let them judge the people at all times. Then it will be that every great matter they shall bring to you, but every small matter they themselves shall judge. So it will be easier for you, for they will bear the burden with you.
23 "If you do this thing, and God so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and all this people will also go to their place in peace."
24 So Moses heeded the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people: rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
26 So they judged the people at all times; the hard cases they brought to Moses, but they judged every small case themselves.
27 Then Moses let his father-in-law depart, and he went his way to his own land.

New King James Version®, Copyright © 1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Bible from 30,000 Feet, The

In our third tour, we'll be visiting the book of Exodus chapters 1-18. We'll get an overview of the central historical event contained in the book, the redemption of God's people from the bondage of Egypt. The setting for our journey is the nation of Egypt and Israel's wanderings through the wilderness. For this flight the key chapters to review in advance are: Exodus: 1, 2, 3, 5, 11, 12 and 14.

Have you ever wanted to learn how The Bible fits together? The Bible from 30,000 Feet is an overview study through the entire Bible, hitting the highlights of its people, places, events and themes in about a year. This series will give you a coherent understanding of the holy word of God.



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Detailed Notes

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The Hebrews refer to the book of Exodus as "We'elleh Shemoth," from the opening phrase, "Now these are the names." The Septuagint translators called it "Exodus" because this book describes the central historical event for the Israelites - their salvation from slavery in Egypt. It is possible that Exodus was written by Moses during the forty-year wilderness journey.

PARALLEL JOURNEY

The book of Exodus chronicles the history of the Israelites, but it's important to note that the story of Moses and the Israelites occurs during the reign of several Pharaohs. Pharaoh was the ruler of Egypt and was worshipped as a god. They include:

The XVII Dynasty: The Middle Kingdom (c. 2000 - 1780 B.C.)
The Hyksos Period (c. 1730 - 1570 B.C.)
XVIII Dynasty (c. 1539 - 1447 B.C.)
Thutmose I (c. 1539 - 1514 B.C.)
Thutmose II (c. 1514 - 1501 B.C.)
Queen Hatshepsut (c. 1501 - 1482 B.C.)
Thutmose III (c. 1482 - 1447 B.C.)
Amenhotep II (c. 1447 - 1421 B.C.)
Thutmose IV (c. 1421 - 1410 B.C.)
Amenhotep III (c. 1410 - 1376 B.C.)

c. 1915 B.C.
Joseph is born to Jacob and Rachel

c. 1898 B.C.
Joseph is sold into slavery

c. 1876 B.C.
Jacob and his family move to Egypt

c. 1730 - 1570 B.C.
The Israelites are enslaved in Egypt

c. 1527 B.C.
Moses is born

c. 1482 - 1447 B.C.
Moses flees to Midian

c. 1446 B.C.
Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt
c. 1446 - 1406 B.C.
Israel wanders in the wilderness

TRIP PLANNER

Exodus is divided into two major sections. The first section from Exodus 1:1-18:27 focuses on the redemption of God's people from the bondage of Egypt. The setting for our journey is the nation of Egypt and Israel's wanderings through the wilderness.

1. The Bondage Of Egypt: 1:1-12:36
a) Moses: 1:1-7:13
b) The Ten Plagues: 7:14-11:10
c) Passover: 12:1-13:16

2. The Barrenness of the Wilderness: 13:1-18:27
a) The Red Sea: 13:17-15:21
b) God In The Wilderness: 15:22-18:27

PLACES OF INTEREST

Egypt - Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, the Sinai Peninsula and the Gulf of Suez on the east and the Libyan Desert on the west, Egypt is a land with a rich and well-recorded history.

Midian - Midian was the desert wilderness where Moses spent 40 years. Midian is located in the territory east of the Jordan River, east of the Dead Sea and southward through the desert wilderness of the Arabah. Today it is known as the southern part of the modern country of Jordan. It was at Midian that God appeared to Moses in the burning bush.

Mount Sinai - Mountain in the south central part of the Sinai Peninsula in the northwestern end of Arabia. God made many significant revelations of Himself and His purposes to Israel there. The Bible uses the term Sinai for both the mountain and the entire wilderness area (Lev. 7:38). Sometimes Sinai is called "the mount" (Ex. 19:2); sometimes "the mountain of God" (Ex. 3:1); sometimes "the mount of the Lord" (Num. 10:33).

The Nile River - The life blood of Egypt - Honored as a sacred river - The Nile is the basis of Egypt's wealth. It is the only river to flow northwards across the Sahara. Egypt was unique as an agricultural community in that it was not dependent on rainfall. The secret was the black silt deposited on the fields by the annual flood caused when the Blue Nile was swollen by the run-off from the winter rains in Ethiopia. If the winter rains failed, the consequent small nonexistent inundation resulted in disastrous famine: some are recorded as lasting over a number of years (compare Gen. 41).

The Red Sea - No one knows the exact location of the place where Israel crossed the "Red Sea" on their way out of Egypt. Four primary theories have been suggested as to the place of the actual crossing of the isthmus of Suez: (1) the northern edge of the Gulf of Suez; (2) a site in the center of the isthmus near Lake Timsah; (3) a site at the northern edge of the isthmus and the southern edge of Lake Menzaleh; and (4) across a narrow stretch of sandy land which separates Lake Sirbonis from the Mediterranean Sea.

Sinai Peninsula - The wilderness region in the Sinai Peninsula through which for forty years the Hebrews wanderings are generally called "the wilderness of the wanderings." This entire region is in the form of a triangle, having its base toward the north and its apex toward the south. Its extent from north to south is about 250 miles, and at its widest point it is about 150 miles broad. Throughout this vast region of some 1,500 square miles there is not a single river. The northern part of this triangular peninsula is properly the "wilderness of the wanderings" (et-Tih). The western portion of it is called the "wilderness of Shur" (Ex. 15:22), and the eastern, the "wilderness of Paran."

PEOPLE OF INTEREST

Aaron - Brother of Moses - When Moses fled from Egypt, Aaron remained to share the hardships of his people, and possibly to render them some service; for we are told that Moses pleaded with God for his bother's cooperation in his mission to Pharaoh and to Israel, and that Aaron went out to meet his brother, as the time of deliverance drew near (Ex. 4:27). While Moses, whose great gifts lay along other lines, was slow of speech (Ex. 4:10), Aaron was a ready spokesman, and became his brother's representative, being called his "mouth" (Ex. 4:16) and his "prophet" (Ex. 7:1).

Moses - A man chosen by God to lead the nation of Israel out of Egypt and to the promise land. Moses spent 40 years in the house of Pharaoh, 40 years living in the wilderness and 40 years leading God's people. He is the author of the Pentateuch, the first 5 books of the Bible - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Pharaoh's daughter - The princess who rescued Moses (Ex. 2:5-10; Heb. 11:24). Probably not only one of the daughters of a Pharaoh, but also someone with a very distinguished rank. Some thought that it could have been Queen Hatshepsut.

Pharaoh - The story of Moses spans the reign of several Egyptian rulers. The Pharaoh of Exodus 1 was probably one of the Hyksos kings who descended from foreign invaders. During the childhood years of Moses the two rulers were Thutmose I and Thutmose II. Queen Hatshepsut was also in power. When Moses fled to Midian the ruler in control was Thutmose III. The Pharaoh who faced the plagues of Egypt was Amenhotep II.

FUN FACTS

God reveals Himself in Exodus

1. The "I Am" at the burning bush A covenant keeping God (Ex. 3)
2. The plagues A God of Judgment (Ex. 8-12)
3. The Passover A God of Redemption (Ex. 12)
4. The Red Sea crossing A God of Power (Ex. 14)
5. The journey to Sinai A God of Provision (Ex. 16-17)

MEANING OF THE PLAGUES

The plagues symbolized God's judgment against the false gods of Egypt.

*Water to blood: Hapi, the father of gods, was "god" of the Nile. He was the god who brought water to all Egypt for life.

*Frog: Heka, the toad goddess, wife of Knepfh who was "goddess" of the land. She was also the goddess of the resurrection and procreative power.

*Lice: Geb, "the great cackler," who was "god" of the earth or vegetation. He was the father of Osiris and husband of Nut.

*Flies: Khepfi, scarab, who was the "god" of insects. The plague of beetle, a scarab, was an emblem of Ra, the sun god.

*Diseased livestock: Apis, who was the bull "god." His counterpart was Hathor, the cow goddess. This was their chief god as the soul of their god Osiris was believed to reside in the body of the bull. Mnevis, the bull god, was symbolic of fertility.

*Boils: Thoth, "god" of medicine and intelligence or wisdom. Human sacrifices were made and the ashes were thrown into the air to bring blessing upon the people. Moses took ashes from the furnace and threw it in the air and it brought boils on the people, thus shaming Thoth.

*Hail: Nut, the sky "goddess." The hail came from the sky and destroyed all the crops of Egypt. This also shamed Seth, the Egyptian god who protected the crops.

*Locusts: Anubis, "god" of the fields. This plague finishes up the work that was started by the hail.

*Darkness: Ra was Egypt's sun god. Darkness symbolized that the sun god was dead.

*Death Of First Born: Pharaoh's first-born son, there would be no one to succeed him on the throne. Pharaoh was considered an incarnation of Ra and the death of his son symbolized the death of the gods of Egypt.

MAPS

Ancient Near East in the time of the Patriarchs

Wandering Through The Wilderness

Figure 1: Ancient Near East In The Time Of The Patriarchs

Figure 2: Wandering Through The Wilderness

Topic: Exodus

Keywords: Egypt, Pharaoh, plagues, wilderness, Moses, Aaron, Midian, Mount Sinai, wanderings, enslaved, deliverance

Transcript

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We are now in the desert of Israel, in that direction is Mount Sinai. That is the place where one of the most dramatic events of the Bible took place; when Moses met with God and received the Ten Commandments. We'll use this as our outline in our flight path over Exodus; dominion, liberation, and revelation. Now, let's take off.

That is one of the remarkable stories we find in the book of Exodus and that is the next book in our flight path in "The Bible From 30 Thousand Feet."

Well, tonight in the book of Exodus, we're going to witness the birth of a nation. You know, births are always exciting but they are also very painful; ask anyone who's delivered a baby. It's very exciting, but right before it's very difficult. Now, we only have one son, but I remember vividly when my wife, Lenya, was pregnant and then when we took her to the hospital. And, there's this period they call "transition." Ever heard of that? Every woman knows what that is. Yes, ok that is, I have another name for it, "an altered state of consciousness." [Laughter] Women are not in their right mind during transition; they're apt to say and do anything.

Now, we went through these classes where they teach you to breath - they're worthless! [Laughter] I'm just going to say that right now. We did all those classes but when it came time for transition here I was going ok breath, and Lenya went into her altered state of consciousness; transition, and she was sort of polite but she just said, "Be quiet," and then she hit me! Now, you don't see it quite that way my feelings have been very hurt by this event; I'm thinking. I'm just kidding.

We're going to see a very painful but exciting birth of the nation of Israel. Now, the word Exodus means "going out." Remember, they have come into Egypt as 70 people; as just a family. They are going to go out of Egypt as a nation because they have been there now for so long. Now, you will remember and we read it last week in Genesis chapter 15, God had told Abraham these words, "Your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs and they will afflict them for 400 years," but it goes on to say, "And the nation whom they serve I will judge and they [the children of Israel] will come out with great possessions."

So, we're going to see that in part tonight, where an entire race will dispose of its shackles of slavery and be led out into the wilderness by God to inherit a new land. So the theme of this book, I'm going to give it to you in one fell swoop, two words, the whole theme of the book: redemption and revelation, that's the theme of this book: redemption and revelation. You could slice this book in two with those two words: chapters 1 through 18 - redemption, chapters 19 through 40 - revelation.

But, since we're going to cover the redemption tonight and the revelation next week, let me further divide that first one into two further categories: Not just redemption, but I'm going to give it in two fell swoops. First of all, chapters 1 through 12, let's call domination in Egypt, chapters 13 through 18 - liberation from Egypt, and then finally, the rest of the book, 19 through 40 - revelation after Egypt.

Now, if you think about it, the theme of the book of Exodus is the theme of your life. If I asked you to give your testimony you would tell me how you had been redeemed and how God has revealed Himself to you after your redemption. You got saved, you made Jesus your Lord and Savior, He took away your sin and the guilt; there's been redemption. But you're here tonight and you're here on Sundays and you're here every week because you are hungry for the revelation that comes throughout your whole life after you've been redeemed, and that's the theme of this book.

Well, in chapter 1, we understand there has been a population explosion of a minority group in Egypt; the children of Israel. The Jews have grown and because of that, they're going to be oppressed, verse 1: "Now these are the names of the children of Israel who came to Egypt, each man and his household came with Jacob." Right off the bat we understand that this is not the beginning of a new story but rather, it's the continuation of an old story: it's God's work through his people going on because the first word, it says "Now", in our Bible but in Hebrew it's the word 'and' - "and these are the names." In fact, the Hebrew title for the book of Exodus is not Exodus, it's the Hebrew, Ve-eleh shemoth, which simply means, and these are the names. So, we have right off the bat, the understanding that God has begun a work; Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the 12 tribes, Joseph - and He's continuing His work.

So, here they are in Egypt and we'll understand that they will be groaning and calling out to God for deliverance. God delivers them so they go from groaning to grumbling. That's right, they get delivered in a mighty, miraculous way, and you think they're going to be forever satisfied. Guess what? Think again, they're not. They go from groaning to grumbling but the book ends in glory because God manifests His glory even in the midst of that, and brings them to the border of the Promised Land. It has been 350 years since Genesis ends, that's where we pick it up; after Joseph's death, there's a 350 year gap, long enough for any nation to forget its roots, its history.

It happens all of the time, it happens in this nation. We are re-writing history, we're writing God out of our national history. It can also happen with individuals and it can happen with churches and organizations that are Christian that were once founded on the right principles but slowly, after a period of time, they forget how they were founded. Go down to verse 7: "But the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied, and grew exceedingly mighty and the land was filled with them." It's been estimated that one out of every three people, at this time, that lived in Egypt were foreigners. In fact, if you know your history, you know that there was a period of time known as the Hyksos Period where there were Hyksos Kings that is foreign kings that were ruling over Egypt as pharaoh. One out of three were foreign at this time.

"Now there arose a king, a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph and he said to his people, 'Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we, come let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply and it happens in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us and so go up out of the land. Therefore, they set task masters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses, [these were treasure cities: food was stored there, supplies, arms] but the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew and they were in dread of the children of Israel. So the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with rigor and they made their lives bitter with hard bondage - in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor."

Archeologists have discovered, over in Egypt, bricks - some made with straw and some made without straw, I'll make more mention of in a moment - but we're getting the picture. They came into Egypt as 70 people, the family of Jacob. They were there for a period of 350 and then 400 years total, and at this point they are over two million people strong, from 70 to two million; there has been an incredible population explosion among this group of people. Now, after four centuries of slavery, they cry out to God for deliverance. So, God raises up a guy named Moses - the Great Deliverer. We're going to learn about him in the next several weeks because he is the guy who wrote Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, he wrote it all. Now Pharaoh, to solve the Jewish problem in his own country, decided that he would give a command: any Hebrews had children - if it's a boy kill it, if it's a girl let it live, they make good slaves. The midwives, the Bible says, feared God and refused to do that. This upset Pharaoh and so he honed his commandment even more: when these gals have babies, if it's a boy, throw it in the river, let it die, let it drown; as an offering to Osiris, the god of the Nile. If it's a girl let it live.

So we come to chapter 2 which is really the age old story of boy meets girl, they fall in love, they get married, they have a baby, Moses. Moses' parents are named Amram and Jochebed; I would not suggest those names for your children. Moses was hidden for three months and we're told why in verse 2 noticed: "When she saw that he was a beautiful child." Now, who wrote this book? Moses [Laughter] - just keep that in mind! He wrote this and in his autobiography just wanted to make mention, "Oh, by the way, I was a pretty baby!" So, they laid Moses in the reeds and Pharaoh's daughter found this child and one of the maids of the Pharaoh's daughter, (by the way, we have her name in history, it's just hard for me to pronounce,) when the baby was found, one of the maidens said, "Would you like me to call for a Hebrew woman to raise this baby since it's a Hebrew baby?" The Princess said, "Great idea!" And they brought it just so happened, Moses' own mother.

So look at this, verse 9: "Pharaoh's daughter said to her, 'Take this child away and nurse him for me and I will give you your wages.' So the woman took the child and nursed him." Isn't that a cool deal? The government pays you to raise your own baby! That is awesome! The child grew and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter and he became her son so she called his name 'Moshe' - Moses - 'drawn out', the word means saying, "Because I drew him out of the water." Moses is one of the most amazing men in all of the Bible. Amazing in character, amazing in what he withstood. Oh yes, he had his flaws, but he was an amazing and excellent human being. Of course the greatest was the Lord Jesus Christ, but there are times when Moses is a type of Christ. Of course not everyone agrees; there is a book out called "The Jewish 100," by Michael Shapiro, who ranks Moses as the number one most influential Jewish person of all time. Number two on Shapiro's list is Jesus Christ. And, then goes on, Albert Einstein is number three, Paul the apostle is number six, Carl Marx is number seven, and down at number 98 is pitching great - Sandy Kuofax. So for all of you sports trivia people, he made it.

Ok, chapters 2 through 4 highlight, for us, this baby's upbringing in the land of Egypt; how Moses as a baby comes into the court of Pharaoh and exerts great influence and has great wealth in this country. In fact it's called, in Hebrews chapter 11, verse 26, all of the treasures of Egypt that Moses made a deliberate choice to say 'no' to all of the treasures that he had at his disposal in Egypt to follow God out in the desert. Now just a thumbnail sketch here, Egypt was a progressive culture. The idea of the earth being round was believed by the Egyptians. The distance from the earth to the sun, which is 93 million miles, they made a pretty good estimation of it back then. Inside of Egypt there was a famous university called the Temple of the Sun, sort of like the modern day Harvard University. Of course, it's known for its architecture and building those great Pyramids; 80 pyramids, at least, had been built by the Egyptians and have been found, at least in pieces. Incredible! If you have ever gone to Egypt, I've stood at the Great Pyramid in Giza, 482 feet tall. It took they say 100,000 slaves 30 years to build that one, and there were 80 in the land of Egypt.

Now, Moses becomes, we notice, the adopted grandson of Pharaoh. She, the daughter adopts him, Moses; brings him into the court which would make Moses - now this is important - the next in line to be Pharaoh; that's what Josephus tells us. The historian Josephus says that this Pharaoh at the time had no boys, only daughters. And so this daughter officially bringing Moses into the household would mean that Moses would have been next in line as possible a Pharaoh of Egypt. Well, it doesn't last all that long even though I'm sure he reveled in his wealth; he probably had his private boat on the Nile River, private chariot you know with a personalized license plate - "Pharaoh II." It might have read, "Come see my crib," he could have said to people - he was famous; he was a "big dog."

But one day there was an Egyptian beating a Hebrew man and he had come to discover hay I am of Hebrew origin. So he looked one way, he looked the other way, (he didn't look up, unfortunately), and he killed the Egyptian, thinking he was doing his brothers a favor. The next day he went out there and saw two Hebrews fighting each other. And he said, "Brothers, why are you fighting?" And one of them said, "What are you going to kill us like you did the Egyptian yesterday?" Then Moses knew his secret was out and that Pharaoh would find out about it and because this Hebrew, even though he was next in line for the throne, killed an Egyptian, that he himself would be killed. So he flees; he runs away and he goes way out in the middle of nowhere. Now listen, Egypt, for the most part, looks like the middle of nowhere, but he goes more out in the middle of nowhere than the middle of nowhere, to a place called Midian where he spends many, many days.

Exodus chapter 2, verse 23: "It happened in the process of time that the king of Egypt died. Then the children of Israel groaned because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry came up to God because of the bondage. So God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God acknowledged them." In the middle of nowhere, he spends 40 years of his life. He gets married, marries a girl by the name of Zipporah, children are born to them. But you can take Moses' live, by the way, he lives to be 120 years young and you could divide 120 years into three equal segments of 40 years: 40 years in Egypt, 40 years in Midian, and then the next 40 years leading the children of Israel through the desert.

It's been well said that Moses spent 40 years of his life trying to be something, the next 40 years of his life Moses discovered he was really nothing, but God took the final 40 years and showed that he can take nothing and make something out of it. And that's really the great joy of Moses' life, because by the time God gets a hold of him, he recognizes he is feeble and weak; not a mighty Egyptian. He didn't walk like an Egyptian and talk like an Egyptian anymore. He knew that he was a poor outcast; an 80 year old failure and God thought, "I can use you," and He did.

So, now God reveals Himself to Moses in chapter 3 through a talking bush - you know the story. The bush looks like it's burning but is not consumed, Moses, gets his attention and goes over to see it, verse 4 of chapter 3: " When the Lord saw that he turned aside to look, God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, 'Moses, Moses!' And he said, 'Here I am.' Then He said, 'Do not draw near this place. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground.'" I'm sorry I laughed there but, you've got to put yourself in Moses' predicament; he's probably not at an Oasis, he's in the middle of nowhere and God says, "You're on holy ground," and Moses thought, "This place is holy ground?"

Now what made it holy? God said it was holy - that's it. It was a place where God connected with a person and because God connected with a person, and set it apart for that purpose, it was holy. Any place where you meet with God, anytime you intersect with God, that is a holy moment and a holy place. God set that aside and talked to him. "Moreover He said, 'I am the God of your father - the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God. The Lord said: 'I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and large land, a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites.'" Of course there were the uptights, and the outasites, and the termites [Laughter] they were all there together! Now all these "ites" are simply designations of people groups who lived in the Land of Canaan that they were about to go in to.

There is a rabbinic tradition that says that bush that was out in the desert was an acacia bush; an acacia bush is a thorn bush of the desert. So if the rabbis are correct - that Moses walked by and saw a thorn bush burning - it would certainly been emblematic of the curse that had come upon the Earth. Remember Genesis chapter 3? After God curses the Earth, he says, "Cursed is the ground; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you." Now I'm going to tie that together with a very special crown that was made for our Savior and placed upon His head before His crucifixion; a crown of thorns, emblematic of the mission he had come to accomplish to remove the curse of sin and eventually, even remove the curse that had fell upon the Earth because of Adam's sin.

Exodus chapter 3, verse 13: "Then Moses said to God, 'Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they say to me, 'What is His name?' What shall I say to them?' And God said to Moses, 'I AM WHO I AM.' And He said, 'Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.' Moreover God said to Moses, 'Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: 'The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.'" God's name forever; not Buddha, not Allah, not the ground of all being, but this name - "I AM that I AM."

Now I gotta confess to you, we don't exactly know how to say that name. It's been kept from us. All we have left from the ancient text is a four letter word called a tetragrammaton - four consonants in Hebrew - that could be pronounced a number of ways. Typically, I say Yahweh. The old pronunciation was Jehovah, it could be Ya'Hova, Ya'Howa, there's a number of different ways to look at it. But it's the translation of "I AM that I AM," as if to describe the self sufficiency and self containment and all powerful nature of God: "I AM that I AM, eternal in power, immutable in character."

Some suggest that it could be translated, "the Becoming One," and some even translate it, "I will Be that I will Be," because it just doesn't mean present tense, but it's all inclusive. So that the idea is that whatever you need in your life, God will become that for you; that's how sufficient He is. So, if you need provision, He becomes Jehovah, or Yahweh-Jireh - the Lord will provide. You need righteousness, he will become to you Jehovah-Tsidkenu - the Lord our Righteousness. You need a strong covering, He will become to you Jehovah, or Yahweh-Shammah - the Lord our Banner. God will become to you whatever it is that you need.

Now, you know Jesus Christ will come along and lay claim to this name, won't He, in John chapter 8. You know the story - He's confronting the leadership and He says, you know, Jesus says, "Abraham rejoiced to see My day. And he saw it and he was glad." And they said, "Wait a minute, you're not even 50 years old yet, and you have seen Abraham? How is that possible?" Jesus said, "Before Abraham was, I AM." You know what they did? They picked up stones to kill Him because they knew what He was claiming and they said, "This is blasphemy! How can a mere man claim to be God?"

Ok, God calls Moses. Moses has been out in the desert a long time; he doesn't feel ready, and Moses comes up with several excuses. Excuse number one, he says, "What if they don't believe me?" So God says, ok, "What's that in your hand? A walking stick? Throw it down and it turns into a snake. Pretty good isn't it Moses? Now grab it by the tail." I don't know if I would want to do that, but when he did, it turned back into a walking stick. Then God said, "Take your hand and put it into your coat." And he brought it out it was white like leprosy was all over it; he put it back in and it was healed again. So God said basically hay, "Do those two tricks and that will get their attention!"

That wasn't enough for Moses. Moses should have gone, "Wow! Cool! I've never seen! They've never seen anything. Done deal!" He comes up with another excuse. He ok, "Well God, I've never spoken to anybody; I never took speech in high school; I'm not a good public speaker." God says, "Don't worry about it - Who made man's mouth? Who made people to see? Who made the deaf? Who made the blind? Have not I, says the Lord?" I'll be with you, then we uncover the real truth. The final excuse is really not an excuse, he just says, "Send somebody else!" That's the real Moses, "I don't want to do it. Look, I'm 80 years old, I haven't had speech classes in high school, I'm gonna be walking around with sticks that turn into snake; look, just send somebody else." So Moses says that and Aaron, his brother, becomes the spokesman. I just want to say something to you; I don't believe that the Lord is necessarily looking for the smartest or the most talented person to use. He's not always looking for the most able, but the most AVAIL-able; those who will say, "I'll do it! Send me!" "Well, what are your qualifications?" "I love God and I want to be used." "Done!" Moses felt he couldn't do it - that's a good thing, but the truth is, when God is with you, you can do all things.

Now we look at chapters 5 through 11, briefly. This is the Great Confrontation, I call it. The Great Confrontation, this is where Moses, now as the leader; the spokesperson with Aaron; will confront the king of Egypt himself. And it will be "mano-i-mano," Moses confronts Pharaoh. And, what we see in this Great Confrontation is a series of 10 plagues that fall upon Egypt. Have you ever wondered why God sent plagues? What is all this about? I mean this is a huge display that probably lasted, historically, anywhere from three to six months in Egypt. What is the idea behind the plagues? Well, it will tell you, verse 1, "Afterward, chapter 5, Moses and Aaron went in and told Pharaoh, 'Thus says the Lord God of Israel: 'Let My people go, that they may hold a feast to Me in the wilderness.' And Pharaoh said, 'Who is the Lord that I should obey Him that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I do not know the Lord, nor will I let Israel go.'"

Oh really? You want to know Who God is, do you? Well, you're about to find out in a very dramatic way. God revealed Himself to Moses; now God is going to reveal Himself to Pharaoh, and to the entire people of Egypt, through these plagues. Now, these plagues are tailor made judgments designed to attack their belief system. They had a pantheon; they had a whole host of gods and goddesses that they worshiped. If you remember, Sunday we talked about Polytheism, Henotheism, and all that stuff. All of these plagues were designed to attack their false belief system and their false gods; I know that from chapter 12 verse 12, it says: "...against all the gods of Egypt I will execute My judgment: I am the Lord." We are dealing with a very powerful Egyptian Dynasty, it's called or known as the 18th Dynasty of the Pharaohs; very advanced in economics, very advanced in military prowess. So it would make sense that somebody would say, "Who is the Lord?" So he's a powerful guy with a powerful Dynasty, up against the almighty God; that's really the show-down.

Ok, Moses says, "Let my people go," or he probably nudges Aaron since he's the spokesman, "Hey, tell 'em, tell 'em!" Ok, Moses says, that God says, "Let my people go". That's probably how it went; kind of awkward, I know, but it worked. Pharaoh reacts; he makes them produce more of the bricks that these slaves were making and he takes away the very thing that they needed to make them with the straw. Now, archeologists have made some interesting discoveries: first of all, it's hard to make archeological discoveries with mud; right we understand that, we're talking adobe here - adobe lasts a couple of hundred years, but it's hard today, after 1,000's of years, to find a mud brick intact.

But they have found certain instances where they've looked at buildings and by the way; these adobe bricks were made for homes, made for towers, made for tombs, they have found on the bottom, beautifully formed with cut equidistant pieces of straw placed within them. As they went up a little higher, they found weeds - stubble - as if they didn't have the right stuff to put in the bricks. And then as the building structure goes up, nothing at all except mud, as if they couldn't even find any more weeds to stick in there. Now, these bricks were formed and the name of the dynasty, or the king, was stamped on them, and some of these have been found preserved quite well. Then they were placed in forms - the reason for straw with the mud was so that the brick wouldn't stick to the forms and would last longer over time, but now they have to make more of them without this material. So, we have these ten plagues that we're going to quickly go through in the next few chapters.

Plague number one: the water of the Nile River turns to blood, this is in chapter 7. The Nile River turns to blood, a huge deal because the Nile River was considered the source of all life; the principle resource of Egypt. Worshiped under the name, "Osiris - the great father of life," he was called. There was even a hymn to the Nile River - here's part of that hymn, "Hail to thee, O Nile that issues from the earth and comes to keep Egypt alive." So this was an attack against part of their worship system of a false god, worshiping the river god, Osiris.

Also, in chapter 8, the second plague is frogs covered the land. And, they worshiped a goddess by the name of Heka, the frog goddess Heka was worshipped. Her temple was in Memphis, (not Tennessee, but Egypt), where she was worshiped. And, it was a major offense to kill a frog in Egypt, did you know that, so when the plague came and there were frogs everywhere, you couldn't kill them! It's a major offense. I mean, it was a riveting crime. Ok some of you are listening that's good, that's good. [Laughter] See this is my straw in the mud brick, to see if it would stick.

Also in chapter 8, the third plague is where the dust becomes like lice - it's translated lice, these could be sand flies and there was the "god of the earth" that was worshiped called Geb. Verse 17 says, "The dust became lice throughout all of Egypt." Same chapter, fourth plague - a swarm of flies. Now we don't know for sure. This could have been a reference to the scarab beetle. If you've ever studied Egyptology or been to any tombs or been to any museums where they host Egyptian mummies in tombs, the scarab beetle was always the symbol of eternal life. It was worshiped and scarab beetles were placed in the sarcophagi, the sarcophagus of mummies or upon the linen of mummies to symbolize eternal life, again God is judging their false belief system.

Now, down in chapter 8 verse 25, let's see how this get Pharaoh's attention. "Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, 'Go, sacrifice to your God in the land.' And Moses said, 'It is not right to do so, for we would be sacrificing the abomination of the Egyptians to the Lord our God. If we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, then will they not stone us? We will go three days' journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the Lord our God and He will command us.'" See you get the picture, he says, "Okay, go. But don't go out of the land, stay in the land; do your sacrifice in the land." Moses said, "What good is that going to do? We're going to worship oxen. I mean, we're going to sacrifice cows and oxen - the very things that would be an abomination to the Egyptians because they worship these animals - they're gonna kill us if we do that, they're gonna see it. We want to go out of the land."

"Pharaoh said, verse 28, "I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away." Now you'll notice, as we quickly fly over this, that these are negotiations that are taking place: "Thus says the Lord - we're going." "Well, stay in the land." "No, we want to go out of the land." "Okay, but don't go very far." And, and these negotiations go back and forth. Moses is really not a good negotiator, neither is Aaron. "Nope, not going to do it", thus says the Lord. Be careful, well I'll rephrase that, don't negotiate with your enemy, don't negotiate with him, don't negotiate with temptation. Don't say, "Oh, I can handle it," you can't. Oh, I can get up the devil, come on devil, don't even, that's stupid, don't even bother. "Flee from the devil", the Bible says.

You hear about the hunter with his gun? In the forest he sees a bear and he gets the bear in his sight and he's about to pull the trigger well this bear was very crafty and he could speak English. He said to the hunter, "Just a minute kind sir. Put your gun down, let's talk this over, let's negotiate, I think we can come to a common agreement. What is it you'd like? The hunter said, "I want a fur coat that is what I'd like." The bear said, "Well, we have talking room then, because all I want is a good meal." So they went out in the woods and had a negotiation. The bear came back alone licking its chops. The negotiations were successful: the man got his fur coat, the bear got his meal. [laughter] So, don't mess with the enemy; he'll eat you alive.

Chapter 9 the plagues continue. The fifth plague is disease, called pestilence in the New King James. At Passover every year it's called Murrain. Livestock are afflicted with the disease but only the Egyptians' livestock, none of the Jews'. Why the livestock? There were two gods that were worshiped: Apis the bull god - the god of Egyptian strength, and Mnevis, the cow, was worshiped, what Moses referred to a few verses back.

And, the sixth plague boils, same chapter, chapter 9. Interesting, because Moses would take a handful of dust, soot, and throw it in the air and when that settled, boils broke out on humans and animals alike. I say it's interesting because the Egyptian priests used to take a handful of soot and throw it in the air and speak a blessing to the people. God was turning the false pagan blessing into a curse so that they could see it for what it really is. And, then seventh plague, same chapter, chapter 9, hail and fire together fall from the sky to demonstrate God's power over the sky. Now the goddess of the sky was called, Nut; N-U-T, Nut and she really was a nut-case, cuz she had no power at all, because she didn't exist. So again, a judgment upon them.

Well, chapter 9, verse 27, again Pharaoh calls "uncle." He's had enough, sort of. "And Pharaoh, chapter 9 verse 27, sent and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, "I have sinned, [watch this], I have sinned this time." Hello Pharaoh, What? I've sinned this time. This is called "Selective Memory Disorder." [Laughter] We can all fall prey to it, can't we? We remember certain things but not the whole. He has been sinning all the way along. He's the one who said, "Who is the Lord?" Ok, you are going to find out plague, plague, plague, plague; ok go, don't go too far. Then he said, "I've sinned this time."

"'The Lord is righteous, and my people and I are wicked. Entreat the Lord, that there may be no more mighty thundering and hail, for it is enough. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer.'" Oh, this sounds pretty good! In fact, if I were just reading this alone, I could say, "This guy has been touched by God. This is repentance." No it's not; it's an emotional eruption due to a physical affliction. Remove the affliction, the emotional eruption goes away, and his heart will become hard once again. Don't mistake an emotional outburst for genuine repentance. Verse 34: "When Pharaoh saw that the rain, the hail, and the thunder had ceased, he sinned yet more; and he hardened his heart, he and his servants. So the heart of Pharaoh was hard; neither would he let the children of Israel go, as the Lord had spoken by Moses."

Now chapter 10 there are two more plagues that are mentioned. One is a plague of locusts that come in, swarm, and destroy whatever the fire and the hail have left behind. Now, we don't know for sure, but we figure that this is a specific reference to what is called the short horned grasshopper. It breeds in desert areas, it, it reproduces very rapidly, it spreads, they spread quite extensively and when they swarm, they come in clouds about 100 feet thick, 100 feet deep column, four miles wide. It is said when they come, that it looks like an eclipse of the sun, when they come in during the day. It just blacken everything. And, they absolutely decimate every green living thing. It is said that when you have a plague of locusts, and there are a couple on record, I'll make mention of in a moment, when they cover the ground and they do their duty and they are all done, it looks as if the ground has been scorched by a fire, or blackened, by a fire. So it's quite a plague. Back in 1866 there was a plague of locusts that invaded Algiers and from the famine that resulted in the days following, get this, two hundred thousand people died as a result of the plague of locusts. This is a serious plague. It's not like; it's a little bug bit, get the spray; not going to help. 1951 is the worse in recent history on record, in the Middle East; after that locust plague hit a specific area, every green thing was devoured in hundreds of thousands of square miles.

The ninth plague, we are almost at the end of the plagues. The ninth plague was a darkness over the land, interesting darkness over the land, it covered the entire land except in the Jewish homes, there was light in their homes. Now, Josephus in his writing of Jewish history points out what we read here in that verse 21 of chapter 10, that it was a darkness that could be felt; it was palpable. I don't exactly know what that means, but it was so oppressive of darkness that it was if you could feel it in your body. What is going on here? God is judging progressively and now touching one of the chief gods of Egypt, the sun god. There is so much sun in Egypt and Ra was worshiped as the sun god; now it's blackened. In the Babylonian Talmud, there are rabbinical writings that state, "God reserves darkness as a judgment for the worst of sins." If there is an unusually wicked sin in a country, God will judge it with a plague of darkness. It's an interesting reading, especially in light of the fact that when you get to the New Testament and we find out that when Jesus died on the cross, for a few hours, the entire land was darkened; it was a judgment that has been written about even in secular history. Why? Because the worst of all crimes was committed, as Steven says in Acts chapter 7: "And you killed the Prince of Life, and judgment fell."

Chapter 10, verse 27, I want to draw your attention to this very unique phrase, "But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let him go." And some people don't like that. "Well no wonder he did that, God hardened his heart, he had no choice." Oh, no, no listen, for the first five plagues, five plagues the Bible specifically says, "And Pharaoh hardened his heart." It's not until the sixth plague that we start reading about God hardening his heart - 'Hatsan' is the Hebrew word. It simply means to confirm, or to make stiff, to, to confirm would be a good word. As if to say, "Look, you hardened your heart, you made that choice, I'm gonna firm you up in that choice; if that's where you want to be, that's where you want to live, I'm gonna make your choice rock solid and He strengthen his heart."

Now let's look at the tenth plague, during the Passover - the death of the first born. I take you now to chapter 12, verse 1. This is the final crushing blow; this is the night of all nights. This is where a lamb was slain and its blood splattered on the lintels and doorposts. Verse 1: "Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, 'This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel saying, 'On the tenth of this month, every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. And a household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man's need, he shall make your count for the Lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats." Now I've just got to show you something: Look at verse 3, notice the words, "a lamb." Go to verse 4, "the lamb, "verse 5," your lamb." First it's a generic lamb, then it's a specific lamb, then it is your personal lamb. That's how it is when a person encounters the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. Jesus, for so many, is a way, a guy who came in sacrifice, a lamb. Then they discover in reading what he says about Himself, that He is The Way, The Truth, The Life, He's the Lamb. But when they receive Christ into their hearts, He becomes their own personal Lord and Savior, their Lamb.

Verse 12 of chapter 12:"'For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; [that's where we get the term 'Passover'], I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt."

Understand something important, if your kill the lamb, you will die, unless you take the lamb and you put it on the lintels and doorposts, on the top, on the sides, in the form of a cross, it's been pointed out, a bloody cross. And they were saved not because they were Jews, but because of the blood of an innocent lamb. If you were Jewish and you put blood on the doorposts, and stayed outside of the house and didn't apply it by being inside like God said, you'd die. If you're an Egyptian but you happen to be inside an Israeli home where they said, "Come into my house, there's gonna be a huge plague tonight." You would be saved by that obedience, by the blood of an innocent victim, a vicarious or substitutionary atonement.

Verse 24: "Now you should observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever." Now the rest of chapter 12 and 13, they pack their bags. They prepare to leave and they leave. Verse 33: it says "The Egyptians urged the people to go." "PLEASE - go, go, go!" They didn't want any part of them anymore. In fact, they started giving them their own stuff; jewelry. Verse 36: "Thus they plundered the Egyptians." It all sounds good right? No, the wildcard is still out there - Pharaoh. That's right, he changes his mind yet again, chapter 14, verse 4, notice God is arranging this whole thing: "Then I will harden Pharaoh's heart so that he will pursue them and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am the Lord."

Now, we don't have to read on, but I'll tell you that as they go, a monumental sign happens from here and stays with them through the entire wilderness wandering until they get into Canaan. It's called the 'Shechinah' or we say the 'Shekinah', cuz we're Americans, the 'Shekinah Glory' [Laughter]. Brother, you got the 'Shekinah Glory', hallelujah. But it's the 'Shechinah', the pillar of cloud and pillar of fire; pillar of cloud by day and pillar of fire by night; emblematic, representative, of the presence of God amongst His people. Here, it's their rear guard, so that as the Red Sea opens and they go through the Red Sea, it guards the Egyptians so they can't go any further, until the children of Israel are through, the cloud, then the fire lifts and they get into the Red Sea and, "Bye, bye," they're dead.

Ok, let's go look at it, chapter 14, verse 29 - the crossing of the Red Sea: "But the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left, so the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the sea shore." Some people naturalize this miracle. They say, "Probably what happened was a great earthquake shook the land just at that moment." Okay, God can use an earthquake, He made the earth. Others say, "That's not it, what it really was, was the Reed Sea, not the Red Sea. It's called the Yam Suph in Hebrew and it means the Sea of Reeds, it's a shallow body of water and they could wade through." It says dry land, however, and water standing up in a heap, like a wall. A wall this tall? That's kind of weird. Anyway, they say they waded through, anybody could get through it. You still have a miracle: how do you drown the entire Egyptian army in 18 inches of water? That's a bigger miracle! [Laughter]

Chapters 16 and 17, they travel to Mount Sinai and as they go now, as they hit the desert and start wandering through that vast Sinai peninsula, there's a recurrent theme, please don't miss it because it really applies to every human being: they grumbled and they complained. You remember going on family vacations? Well you still take them but I tell you; I remember my family vacations: Mom and Dad, four boys, white Rambler Station Wagon, no air conditioning, from California to Minnesota. We were like a microcosm of the children of Israel in the back of; we were at each other's throats, we hated each other! Well, there's a lot of sibling rivalry that goes on among the children of Israel as they go out.

Ok, here's the short story - as they go out they have no provision. They need water, they need food. God brings water of the ground, out of a rock; God brings a thing called 'manna' out of heaven. Look at chapter 16 verse 14: "And the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round substance as fine as frost on the ground. So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, 'What is it?' For they did not know what it was. [It's a good question when you don't know. What it is?] And Moses said to them, 'This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat." "This is your breakfast boys!" "What is it?" "This is your lunch, people." "What is it?" "This is dinner." And then tomorrow breakfast, lunch, and din, breakfast. This is for 40 years of this stuff.

Now 'manna', they said "What is it?" If this was a modern Hebrew, "What is it?" would be 'maze' not 'manna', 'maze' is "What is it?" Some think that an ancient form of the question in Hebrew would have been 'manna' or that this was an Egyptian word, since the Arabs today still have a word called 'man', M-A-N, 'man' or man, that refers to a white sticky substance out in the desert on certain plants. So it could be that they called it "What is it?" Hay, what is it? I don't know but that's a good name. Good enough, we are going to eat "What is it?" for 40 years.

Look at verse 31: "The house of Israel called its name manna." Get this description - I want you to really think about this because it is going to be very important in just a few minutes. "And it was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey." So think of thin flat layers with honey, come on sounds good doesn't it? Now Numbers 11, when we get there, tells us they could prepare it in many ways; they could bake it, they could cook it, they could make it into little cakes so they could fry it up. Manna soufflé, manna-burgers, manna-roni and cheese perhaps, [Laughter] manna soufflé, manna-cotti, of course. In fact, Mrs. Moses may have had, "1001 Ways to Prepare Manna," they had it everyday. Chapter 17, water comes from the rock; we will study more about that later.

Finally, chapter 18 -- Look, we are here already. Ok, the final chapter in our study tonight. Now, chapter 18 I brought you here. It's a classic story about a man and his father-in-law. I am so glad that I have a Godly father-in-law, who is actually sitting right up in the front tonight, [Applause] but I've discovered that father-in-laws sometimes want to give advice, and you know what, sometimes it's the best advice in the world. He's given me great advice over the years. Jethro was Moses' father-in-law and Moses needed some advice because Moses wanted to show off what he was all about. Every son would like to show the father-in-law how he's taking care of the daughter.

So, verse 13, chapter 18: "So it was, on the next day, that Moses sat to judge the people; and the people stood before Moses from morning until evening. When Moses' father-in-law saw all that he did for the people, he said, 'What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit, and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?' Moses said to his father-in-law, 'Because the people come to me to inquire of God. When they have a difficulty, they come to me, and I judge between one and another; and I make known the statutes of God and His laws.' So Moses' father-in-law said to him, 'The thing that you do is not good. Both you and these people who are with you will surely wear yourselves out. For this thing is too much for you; you are not able to perform it by yourself.'"

What Jethro saw, don't think Jethro Bodine right now, see you probably wouldn't of an else I said that, that is where my minds goes. I think of Beverly Hillbillies---forget it---anyway. Where was I? See, what happens, aren't you glad you are not me. What Jethro saw, bothered him because he essentially saw his son-in-law as being a "problem-shuffler" it says from morning until evening. This is what it was like, Moses had to hear this, "He stole my sheep!" Ok, this is what you got to do 'da,da,da,da...', "She snores all night and the people in the next tent can hear her!" Ok, this is what you got to go to the next. He had to do that all day long. Moses' father-in-law said, you know "You're going to get tired of that and frankly, they're going to get tired of you, because they're not all going to get their turn to see you. You need to multiply yourself; you need to get several leaders and spread out the load because one person, as a leader - no matter how gifted or no matter how talented - was ever designed by God even to bear the burden alone." So a beautiful lesson is given here for delegation.

Verse 19: "Listen now to my voice; I will give you counsel and God will be with you: Stand before God for the people, so that you may bring the difficulties to God.[You pray, you prepare, you talk to God]. And you shall teach them the statutes and the laws, and show them the way in which they must walk and the work they must do. Moreover you shall select from all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, hundreds, fifties, rulers of tens. And let them judge, [verse 22], the people at all times. And it will be that every great matter they shall bring to you, but every small matter they themselves shall judge. So it will be easier for you, and they will bear the burden with you. If you do this thing, and God so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and all this people will also go to their place in peace. So Moses listened to his father-in-law, [you might want to write a line under that], Moses the man listened to his father-in-law, and did all that he had said."

Ok, let me close with a couple of thoughts. We are done now but I want you to piece things together, now in the Bible. I want you to start looking at the big picture since we're doing the 30K thing. Here's my premise, with Genesis and Exodus in mind: If God's plan for redemption required the existence of a nation and the continuation of that nation, if you can destroy that nation, you'll defeat God. Makes sense. The first time Satan heard that the seed of the woman, Genesis 3:15, would one day arise and crush his head, he had a counter plan. And as the Righteous Seed gets revealed, ok, (Cain kills Abel but you've still got Seth, now he's the Righteous Seed), and then since the Righteous Seed can't be extinguished, lets ruin the whole earth, so that God had to judge the whole world and kill them all; can't fulfill His promise. But God saves eight people - Noah and his family, and the genealogy continues all the way through. But, we start seeing this nation develop: the Jewish nation. And once we see the plan of God revealed through the tribe of Judah, et cetera, et cetera, through the Bible, we see Satan's counter attack against the plan of God and we start understanding something about Anti-Semitism - it's not just another prejudice; it's demonically inspired prejudice because God had a plan to choose a people, not because they were great, just cuz He loved them, and preserve them to bring His Scriptures through; to bring His Messiah and the plan of salvation.

We're starting to see, throughout this book now, the scarlet thread of redemption. Remember that term we're going to bring it up again. We're piecing the threads of the Bible together already. Next week we'll have finished Exodus and we see the scarlet thread being woven; this promise of God. We see that Joseph is such a type of Christ, we see this deliverance in the Passover, and we understand that it's not emblematic of past deliverance, but it's prophetic. John the Baptist said, "Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world." Paul will say, "Christ our Passover was sacrificed for us." So we see that one speaks of something local but one speaks of something further out. And it all points, once again, to one person will be clearly revealed book, by book, through the Old Testament.

Additional Messages in this Series

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7/11/2007
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Destination: Genesis 1-11
Genesis 1-11
Skip Heitzig
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We begin The Bible from 30,000 Feet with a tour of Genesis Chapters 1-11. On this flight we'll travel all the way back to the very beginning - The Creation. We'll meet the first man and woman and their deceiver - the Serpent. We'll fly over God's new creation and meet a man named Noah, who God saved from His judgment - the Flood. We'll also take a look at "beginnings," the first time things are mentioned in the Bible a special significance should be given to them. The word Genesis itself is a Greek word that means "origin," the book describes the origins of creation.
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7/18/2007
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Destination: Genesis 12-50
Genesis 12-50
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This week's flight is going to take us over the second section of Genesis, which is biographical in nature and focuses on the lives of four key people. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph. We'll travel through the time era known as the Age of the Patriarchs. If you look at your window, we'll be passing over Canaan and Egypt, Canaan is modern day Israel.
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8/1/2007
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Destination: Exodus 19-40
Exodus 19-40
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In our fourth tour, we'll again visit the book of Exodus, visiting chapters 19-40. The setting for this week's journey is the Sinai Peninsula where God reveals the Ten Commandments to the nation of Israel and gives specific instructions on how He is to be worshiped. For this flight the key chapters to review in advance are: Exodus: 20, 25, 26, 27, 29 and 32.
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8/8/2007
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Destination: Leviticus 1-17
Leviticus 1-17
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifth flight from 30,000 Feet, we fly over the first seventeen chapters of the book of Leviticus. This is a book on worship and describes the worship life of the nation of Israel. In this first tour of Leviticus, we'll see how the first part of the book focuses on the way to God through sacrifice and lays down the law - literally - on how man was designed to live and how man can be atoned for his sins. The key chapters to review in advance are: Leviticus: 1-5, 10, 16, 17.
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8/15/2007
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Destination: Leviticus 18-27
Leviticus 18-27
Skip Heitzig
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This week's study will take us through Leviticus chapters 18-27. The theme of Leviticus could be summed up in one word - holiness. The second section of Leviticus focuses on our walk with God through sanctification. Sanctification is the process by which we become holy or set apart for God's purposes. The key chapters to review in advance are: Leviticus 18-20, 22, 23, and 25.
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8/22/2007
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Destination: Numbers 1-14
Numbers 1-14
Skip Heitzig
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Our seventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us through Numbers chapters 1-14. Numbers is the fourth of the Pentateuch. In the Hebrew it is called ba-midbar, "in the wilderness." In the Septuagint version it is called Arithmoi or "numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. It is so called because it contains a record of the numbering of the people in the wilderness of Sinai (1-4), and of their numbering afterwards on the plain of Moab (26). The key chapters to review in advance are: Numbers 3, 6, 9, 11, 13 & 14.
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8/29/2007
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Destination: Numbers 15-36
Numbers 15-36
Skip Heitzig
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In our eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet Pastor Skip will give us a tour of Numbers chapters 15-36. We'll see that the second section of Numbers covers the failure of one generation to enter the Promised Land and the reorganization of a new generation that enters into the Promised Land. Key chapters for this flight are: 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, and 27.
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9/5/2007
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Destination: Deuteronomy 1-34
Deuteronomy 1-34
Skip Heitzig
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In our ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us on a tour through the entire book of Deuteronomy. The Hebrews called it "Elleh Haddevarim," "These are the Words," or "Devarim," (words). Deuteronomy can be organized around three messages given by Moses while the Israelites were on the plains east of the Jordan River. It occurs after the 40 years of wandering and the Israelites are now ready to enter the Promised Land. The key word of this book is covenant and speaks of the special relationship that God has established with His people. Key chapters for this flight are: 6, 7, 31, 32, 33 and 34.
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9/12/2007
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Destination: Joshua 1-12
Joshua 1-12
Skip Heitzig
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Pastor Skip Heitzig will be our tour guide during our tenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This week's journey will take us through Joshua 1-12. We'll get to know Joshua, son of Nun, who shared in all the events of the Exodus, and held the place of commander of the host of the Israelites. The book of Joshua describes Israel's conquest of Canaan and the first section describe how Joshua conquered the land. Key chapters for this flight are: Joshua 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 and 10.
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9/26/2007
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Destination: Joshua 13-24
Joshua 13-24
Skip Heitzig
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In our eleventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will give us a tour of the Promised Land. We will see how Joshua divides the land "as an inheritance to Israel," and we'll see different tribes and where they settle, both in and out of the Promised Land. Key chapters for this flight are: Joshua 13 and 20-24.
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10/3/2007
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Destination: Judges 1-10
Judges 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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In our twelfth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will once again be our tour guide as we take our first look at the book of Judges. We'll see on this tour how the nation of Israel is caught in the cycle of sin and how each cycle results in ever worsening conditions for them. We'll meet some of the characters that God divinely appointed to the office of Judge. The key chapters to review for this flight are Judges 1–3 and 6–8.
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10/10/2007
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Destination: Judges 11-21
Judges 11-21
Skip Heitzig
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Flight thirteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over Judges chapters 11-21. Pastor Skip Heitzig will guide us as we complete this overview of Judges. We will see that the second part of Judges shows the fragile nature of these Judges and a people who, "did what was right in their own eyes," that kept them in their sin cycle.
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10/24/2007
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Destination: Ruth 1-4
Ruth 1-4
Skip Heitzig
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In our fourteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will give us a tour of the little romantic book of Ruth. We'll see how the book of Ruth shows the godly courage and love of two very different women from very different backgrounds. We'll meet some amazing characters on this flight who become key people in the genealogy of Jesus Christ.
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11/7/2007
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Destination: 1 Samuel 1-15
1 Samuel 1-15
Skip Heitzig
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The fifteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us on journey through 1 Samuel chapters 1-15. Join our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig for this exciting tour on which we'll meet a man who would be become King. This man's good looks, physical size and success in war made him an obvious choice from a human perspective, but the book of 1 Samuel highlights his tragic flaw - he disobeyed God's commands. From the ashes of Saul's tragedy God raises up another man who would become King, a man after His own heart, King David. The key chapters to review are 1-3, 8-10 and 15.
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11/14/2007
completed
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Destination: 1 Samuel 16-31
1 Samuel 16-31
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight sixteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This week our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will complete our tour of the book of 1 Samuel, covering chapters 16-31. On this flight we'll meet the man who God calls, "a man after my own heart (Acts 13:22)," David son of Jesse. We'll see David as a young shepherd boy who defeats Goliath and rises to national prominence overnight. His instant popularity arouses the jealousy of King Saul and forces David into hiding.
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11/21/2007
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Destination: 2 Samuel 1-10
2 Samuel 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Flight Seventeen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over 2 Samuel chapters 1-10. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will show us David's triumphs as King over Israel, after the death of Saul. Join us as we see how David's faith in God leads him to be victorious politically and militarily as one by one he defeats his enemies. We will also see how David's obedience leads to a new promise from God. The key chapters to review for this flight are 1-3, 5, 7 and 9.
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12/5/2007
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Destination: 2 Samuel 11-24
2 Samuel 11-24
Skip Heitzig
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In our eighteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us to our next destination, 2 Samuel 11-24. On this flight we'll see David's transgressions and the troubles that resulted from them. By presenting both the strengths and weaknesses of David, we see a complete picture of a very real person who was described as being "a man after God's own heart." The key chapters to review are 2 Samuel 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 23, and 24.
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1/9/2008
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Destination: 1 Kings 1-22
1 Kings 1-22
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight nineteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over 1 Kings 1-22. On this flight we will see the transition that Israel undertakes as it moves from the rule of King David to the rule of his son King Solomon after his death. After Solomon turns from the Lord, we will see how Israel is divided and moved in and out of the power of many kings such as Ahab, Jehoshaphat, and Ahaziah. These chapters will reveal a story of true loyalty and disobedience to God. The key chapters to review are 1 Kings 1-3, 6, 8, 11, 12, 18, and 19.
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1/16/2008
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Destination: 2 Kings 1-25
2 Kings 1-25
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of 2 Kings. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will continue to lead us through the history of the divided nation of Israel, and how in spite of the many kings who took control of the land, we will still see a nation without true leadership. As we soar over this book, we will see first how Israel comes into captivity by Assyria, and then the triumph of Babylon over Judah. The key chapters to review are 2 Kings 1-4, and 18-21.
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1/23/2008
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Destination: 1 Chronicles 1-29
1 Chronicles 1-29
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-one over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the book of 1 Chronicles. On this flight we look back once again at God's promise that He would establish His reign on earth through King David. Chapters 1-9 of 1 Chronicles will look in-depth at the the royal line of David and then we will see again the reign of David in chapters 10-29. Join us as we fly at an altitude of 30,000 feet and see how God fulfilled His promises to David and how that presents a witness of His faithfulness to us as well. The key chapters to review are 1 Chronicles 17-18, 21-22, 25, and 28-29
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1/30/2008
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Destination: 2 Chronicles 1-36
2 Chronicles 1-36
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-second departure for the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us soaring over the entire book of 2 Chronicles to see the beginning of the reign of King Solomon all the way to the spiritual roller coaster after Solomon's death and the separation of the kingdoms. From the building of the temple (2 Chronicles 1-9), to the decline of the temple (2 Chronicles 10-36:16), to the destruction of the temple (2 Chronicles 36:17-23), we see a parallel to 1 and 2 Kings from a spiritual viewpoint. The key chapters to review are 2 Chronicles 17-20, and 29-32.
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2/6/2008
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Destination: Ezra 1-10
Ezra 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty-three over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of Ezra. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will point out two very important sections of this book; the restoration of the temple (chapters 1-6), and the reformation of the people (chapters 7-10). This book will continue the narrative of 2 Chronicles by showing God's faithfulness to keep His promises by returning His people to their homeland. The key chapters to review are Ezra 1-10.
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2/13/2008
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Destination: Nehemiah 1-13
Nehemiah 1-13
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-fourth departure for the Bible from 30,000 Feet. We will fly at cruising altitude over the entire book of Nehemiah with our pilot, Pastor Skip Heitzig. In this book, Nehemiah, the king's cupbearer, is given permission to lead third and final return to Jerusalem to repair and rebuild the city's walls. This book will show us a political construction (chapters 1-7), and a spiritual instruction (chapters 8-13). Join us as we see how Nehemiah gathers his spiritual strength from God during a time of great opposition.
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2/27/2008
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Destination: Esther 1-10
Esther 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-five over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the book of Esther. The flight will be divided into two highly important sections: the threat to the Jews (chapters 1-4), in which we will see Haman's attempt to completely eradicate the Jewish people from Persia, and the triumph of the Jews (chapters 5-10), where we will see a young girl's godly strength and fight to save her people. This flight will show us a whole new set of villains, heroes, and ultimately the ever abounding faithfulness of God towards those who follow Him. The key chapters to review are Esther 1-10.
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3/5/2008
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Destination: Job 1-42
Job 1-42
Skip Heitzig
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Our twenty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet takes us over the entire book of Job, the first book in the section of poetical books. This is a powerful story of a man who has everything taken from him; his health, wealth, and even his beloved family. Yet as we see God allowing Satan to test Job, God's faithfulness to those he loves is clear and Job's steadfast faith prevails. Join us this week as we see Job's dilemma (ch.1-2), the debate with his four friends (ch. 3-37), and his final deliverance (ch. 38-42). The key chapters to review are Job1-4, 8,11-12, and 29.
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3/12/2008
completed
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Destination: Psalms 1-72
Psalms 1-72
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-seven over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over Psalms 1-72. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us through the first seventy-two chapters of Psalms, which is divided into five books of songs, prayers, and poetry. Join us as we look at the deepest thoughts and emotions on the love and power of God. The key chapters to review are Psalms 1, 14, 23, 40, and 63.
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3/19/2008
completed
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Destination: Psalms 73-150
Psalms 73-150
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-eighth departure of the Bible from 30,000 Feet. We will fly at cruising altitude over the last three books in Psalms as we read through chapters 73-150. We will see beautiful writings of gladness and grief, pleading and prayers, and reverence and worship. Join us as we look at the deepest thoughts and emotions on the love and power of God. The key chapters to review are Psalms 119, and 146-150.
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3/26/2008
completed
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Destination: Proverbs 1-31
Proverbs 1-31
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty-nine over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of Proverbs. Known for the wisdom it contains, Proverbs reveals to us how to deal with every day situations; be it love and lust, life and death, friends and enemies, and what our God loves and hates. On this flight, Pastor Skip will point out some of the most noted chapters and verses of one of the most read books of the Old Testament. The key chapters to review are Proverbs 1-2, 5, 14, 22, and 31.
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4/23/2008
completed
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Destination: Ecclesiastes 1-12
Ecclesiastes 1-12
Skip Heitzig
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Join us as we continue The Bible From 30,000 Feet, taking our thirtieth flight high above the book of Ecclesiastes. This book reveals some startling truths about how King Solomon felt about finding meaning and fulfillment in life through the things of this world, and ultimately his conclusion that "all is vanity" in a life lived without God. The key chapters to review are 1-3, 5, 8, and 12.
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4/30/2008
completed
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Destination: Song of Solomon 1-8
Song_of_Solomon 1-8
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-one over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over Song of Solomon. This poetic book gives us a glimpse into the true love that Solomon has for a shepherdess, and the love and fulfillment they share in a marriage relationship. At an altitude of 30,000 feet we will be able to see the strong tie into the fulfillment and joy seen in the love of God for His people. The key chapters to review are Song of Solomon 1-8.
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5/7/2008
completed
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Destination: Isaiah 1-39
Isaiah 1-39
Skip Heitzig
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Our thirty-second flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet will take us soaring over the entire book of Isaiah. Thought to be the greatest of all the Prophets of the Old Testament, Isaiah's ministry lasted around fifty years, and his prophecies are quoted in the New Testament more often than any other Prophet. This book shows us a mix of both prophecies of condemnation (chapters 1-39), as well as prophecies of comfort (chapters 40-66). The key chapters to review are Isaiah 1-2, 6, 40, 52-53, and 55.
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5/14/2008
completed
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Destination: Isaiah 40-66
Isaiah 40-66
Skip Heitzig
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In our thirty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a flight high above the Bible to look at the second half of Isaiah. As we look through chapters 40-66, we will see the continued work of Isaiah, and how God used his gift of prophecy, both comforting and condemning, to generate change in the individuals he encountered. The key chapters to review are Isaiah 40, 52-53, and 55.
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5/21/2008
completed
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Destination: Jeremiah 1-52
Jeremiah 1-52
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-four over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the entire book of Jeremiah. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us at an altitude of 30,000 feet to see the three writings of the book of Jeremiah. From the warning of judgment, to the promise of restoration, and finally the protective hand of God over those He loves, we will catch a glimpse of a man who openly allowed God to speak through him in unusual and sometimes bizarre ways to open the eyes of the people of Israel. The key chapters to review are Jeremiah 13, 18-20, 25, 31, and 52.
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6/11/2008
completed
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Destination: Lamentations 1-5
Lamentations 1-5
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-five over the Bible From 30,000 Feet. On this departure, we will look once again at Jeremiah in the book of Lamentations. We will learn why Jeremiah is referred to as "the weeping prophet," as we see him lament over the destruction of Jerusalem. This poetic book begins by revealing a man who is distressed for a nation under the consequences of its own sin, and ends with a prayer for the restoration of the nation from captivity. The key chapters to review are Lamentations 1-5.
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6/18/2008
completed
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Destination: Ezekiel 1-48
Ezekiel 1-48
Skip Heitzig
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In our thirty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a flight high above the Bible to look at the book of Ezekiel. We will witness prophecies we've seen in past books being fulfilled as we see Jerusalem at the time of the Second Babylonian Deportation. As Ezekiel the Priest is deported alongside his people, we see God continue to offer promises of restoration through him, bringing the people a sense of hope in spite of their current tribulations. The key chapters to review are Ezekiel 1-3, 7, 33-34, and 38-39.
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6/25/2008
completed
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Destination: Daniel 1-6
Daniel 1-6
Skip Heitzig
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Flight thirty-seven over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us on a tour of Daniel 1-6. In these chapters, we will see the first of the deportations of the Israelites to Babylon, and witness both the prophetic history of the book, as well as the four prophetic visions of Daniel. Ultimately, the powerful stories in Daniel reveal a man of God; unwilling to compromise and full of faith. The key chapters to review are Daniel 1-2.
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7/2/2008
completed
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Destination: Daniel 7-12
Daniel 7-12
Skip Heitzig
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Our thirty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us through the second part of Daniel. As we look at chapters 7-12, we will see the four prophetic visions of Daniel, and observe how his faith in God's fulfillment of prophecies led him to fervent prayer for the people of Israel. The key chapters to review are Daniel 9-12.
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7/9/2008
completed
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Destination: Hosea 1-14
Hosea 1-14
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out and place your heart in the upright position for our thirty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the entire book of Hosea, a man called to prophesy to the Northern Kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Jeroboam. As Hosea addresses the sins of the nation, we will see how God used the graphic parallel between his adulterous wife and the unfaithfulness of Israel. The key chapters to review are Hosea 1-4, 6, 9, and 11.
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7/16/2008
completed
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Destination: Joel; Amos; Obadiah
Joel 1-3; Amos 1-9; Obadiah
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for flight forty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will take us soaring over Joel, Amos, and Obadiah. In these three books, we take a look at the strong warnings that God gives His people against greed, injustice, false worship, and self-righteousness. We'll see God's use of these ordinary men to give extraordinary messages; we'll witness His patience, and at the end, we'll see how He stands ready to forgive and restore all who turn away from their sin. The key chapters to review are Joel 1-3, Amos 1, 3 and 7, and Obadiah 1.
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7/23/2008
completed
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Destination: Jonah 1-4
Jonah 1-4
Skip Heitzig
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Our forty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet will take us to the well known book of Jonah. In this book, we will see what God can do in the life of a prophet, even one who is blatantly disobedient. Despite Jonah's defiance, God strongly redirects his path and brings him to repentance through a very unique situation. By the end of the book, we will see Jonah right back where he started and bringing God glory by doing exactly what He had originally asked of him. The key chapters to review are Jonah 1-4.
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8/6/2008
completed
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Destination: Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk
Micah; Nahum; Habakkuk
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out and place your heart in the upright position for our forty-second flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the books of Micah, Nahum, and Habakkuk, three prophets used by God to criticize, comfort, and encourage the people of Judah. Through these prophets, God's people confess their sins and are confident in the salvation of God's mighty acts. The key chapters to review are Micah 1-7, Nahum 1-3, and Habakkuk 1-3.
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8/13/2008
completed
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Destination: Zephaniah & Haggai
Zephaniah; Haggai
Skip Heitzig
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Prepare yourself for our forty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This flight will take us soaring over the entirety of both Zephaniah and Haggai. The two books cover five chapters which speak of the coming Day of the Lord, His wrath upon Judah and her neighbors, and an encouragement after their return from exile to rejoice and rebuild the Temple. The key chapters to review are Zephaniah 1-3 and Haggai 1-2.
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8/20/2008
completed
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Destination: Zechariah and Malachi
Zechariah; Malachi
Skip Heitzig
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We are about to take our forty-forth flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet, journeying over the final two books of the Old Testament. In ending the Minor Prophets, we'll first look at the expanded message of rebuilding the temple as Zechariah encourages the people to look to the future reign of the Messiah. We will then speed forward 100 years after the temple was rebuilt to the book of Malachi, where God's chosen people had once again slid back into their sinful practices. After 400 years of prophetic silence, Malachi brings a message of exhortation to the people who had resettled in Jerusalem. The key chapters to review are Zechariah 9-14 and Malachi 1-4.
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9/3/2008
completed
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Destination: Matthew, Mark, and Luke
Matthew, Mark; Luke
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our opening tour of the New Testament and flight forty-five of the Bible from 30,000 Feet! This flight will take us on a sky-high tour over the books of Matthew, Mark and Luke. These three synoptic gospels give us our first glimpses of Jesus' life and death here on earth. We'll see the service, sermons, sacrifices, and sovereignty of our King as we witness the fulfillment of many of the Old Testament prophecies we have previously studied. The key chapters to review are Matthew 1-5 and 17, Mark, and Luke.
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9/10/2008
completed
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Destination: John
John
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our forty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour through the book of John, written by the Apostle John from Ephesus between A.D. 80-90. The spiritual depth of this book and its presentation of the incarnation through the God-man Jesus Christ sets it apart from the other gospels.
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9/17/2008
completed
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Destination: Acts
Acts
Skip Heitzig
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On our forty-seventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet Pastor Skip will give a tour of the entire book of Acts. Acts is the history of how Christianity was founded and organized and solved its problems. The gospel writer Luke tells the story of how the community of believers began by faith in the risen Christ and in the power of the Holy Spirit, the promised Counselor and Guide, who enabled them to witness, to love, and to serve.
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9/24/2008
completed
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Destination: Romans
Romans
Skip Heitzig
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We are about to take our forty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Join us as we soar over the entire book of Romans, Paul's letter to the church in Rome. This letter primarily focuses on the basic gospel message along with God's plan of salvation and righteousness for all humankind, Jew and Gentile alike. In our broad overview, we'll take a look at Paul's strong emphasis of Christian doctrine and his concern for Israel. The key chapters to review are 1, 3, 4, and 9-11.
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10/8/2008
completed
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Destination: 1 Corinthians
1 Corinthians
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our forty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet! As we look at 1 Corinthians, we'll see Paul's letters to the church at Corinth. His letters to the influential church confront their "religious" and arrogant mindsets and defend his ability to be an apostle of Christ. Through God's grace and use of Paul, he is later able to rejoice over the turnaround and acceptance of his God-given authority. The key chapters to review are 1 Corinthians 2-3 & 12-13.
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10/15/2008
completed
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Destination: 2 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Skip Heitzig
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Our fiftieth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet takes us on a flight over the second of Paul's letters to the church at Corinth. Between 1 & 2 Corinthians, the congregation was influenced by false teachers who spread opposition to Paul. Through God's grace and use of Paul, he is later able to rejoice over the repentance of the people to God and acceptance of his God-given authority. The key chapters to review are 2 Corinthians 4 & 12.
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10/22/2008
completed
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Destination: Galatians
Galatians
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our fifty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour through the book of Galatians, a clear letter to the church in Galatia about the importance of remembering grace through faith and not the law. Paul's forceful letter addresses issues of legalism in the church and the false gospel of works. The key chapters to review are Galatians 1-6.
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11/5/2008
completed
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Destination: Ephesians
Ephesians
Skip Heitzig
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Who are we in Christ? Grab your travel planner for flight fifty-two as we look at the book of Ephesians, Paul's letter to the church in Ephesus. In this book, Paul explains how we are the bride of Christ, a temple, and a soldier for the gospel. The unity that Paul emphasizes is described as a body working together for a common goal. The key chapters to review are Ephesians 1-6.
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11/19/2008
completed
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Destination: Philippians
Philippians
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us through the book of Philippians, another of Paul's letters to the church. Referred to as "the epistle of joy," the message contained in these pages is one of long suffering and joy in the midst of Paul's time in prison. Despite his trials, we will see Paul rejoice over the church in Philippi and encourage them in unity, humility, and prayer. The key chapters to review are Philippians 1-4.
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1/7/2009
completed
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Destination: Colossians
Colossians
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our fifty-fourth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet! On this flight, we will take a look at the young church in Colosse, and how they became the target of a heretical attack. The main theme in the book of Colossians is the complete adequacy of Christ as contrasted with the emptiness of mere human philosophy. The key chapters to review are Colossians 1-4.
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1/14/2009
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Destination: 1 and 2 Thessalonians
1 Thessalonians 1-5;2 Thessalonians 1-3:18
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-fifth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the books of 1 & 2 Thessalonians. Both books are written as an encouragement to the church in Thessalonica, exhorting them in the word, warning them against pagan immorality, and urging them to remain steadfast in the truth of the Lord. The key chapters to review are 1 Thessalonians 1-5 and 2 Thessalonians 1-3.
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1/21/2009
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Destination: 1 and 2 Timothy
1 Timothy 1-6;2 Timothy 1-4:22
Skip Heitzig
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Join us on a tour over the books of 1 & 2 Timothy as we take our fifty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. These loving letters to Timothy, a young pastor in Ephesus, reveal Paul's true love for his brother in Christ and desire to encourage him in the Word and warn against false teachings. In these letters, Paul exhorts Timothy to stand strong and "preach the word" (2 Timothy 4:2). The key chapters to review are 1 Timothy 1-6 and 2 Timothy 1-4.
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1/28/2009
completed
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Destination: Titus and Philemon
Titus 1-3:15;Philemon 1:1-25
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight fifty-seven of the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, our tour guide Pastor Skip will take us through the books of Titus and Philemon. While the letter to Titus focuses on the importance of sound doctrine and the elements of the church order, Philemon takes a more personal approach and speaks on the application of the great principles of Christian brotherhood to social life. The key chapters to review are Titus 1-3 and Philemon 1.
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2/4/2009
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Destination: Hebrews
Hebrews
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the book of Hebrews. Although the author of the book is not fully known, this well written letter reveals a man with a great desire to encourage Jewish believers to continue in the grace of Jesus Christ, instead of trying to escape persecution by bowing to the rites and rituals of Judaism. The key chapters to review are Hebrews 1-2, 6, 11, and 13.
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2/11/2009
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Destination: James
James
Skip Heitzig
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Our fifty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the distinctive book of James. Although grace through faith in the cross was vital for Jewish believer to understand, James addresses the issue of faith without a consistent lifestyle. This epistle adamantly declares that, "Just as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead, also." (James 2:26) The key chapters to review are James 1-5.
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2/18/2009
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Destination: 1 and 2 Peter
1 Peter 1-5; 2 Peter 1-3
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight sixty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will take us on a tour of the books of 1 & 2 Peter. Peter's first letter to the church exhorts Christians to remain steadfast in their faith when under persecution, and his second letter tackles the issue of false teachers and a need for discernment against the spreading apostasy. Both books contain a level of warmth in Peter's expressions, making them a great source of encouragement. The key chapters to review are 1 Peter 1-5 and 2 Peter 1-3.
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2/25/2009
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Destination: 1 John
1 John
Skip Heitzig
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In our sixty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, our tour guide Pastor Skip will take us through the book of 1 John. John writes to define and defend the nature of the person of Christ against heretical teachings affecting the early church. As John addresses the heretical teachings of the time, he also addresses the preeminence of God's love for us, and our duty to love others in return. The key chapters to review are 1 John 1-5.
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3/25/2009
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Destination: 2, 3 John and Jude
2 John, 3 John; Jude
Skip Heitzig
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Flight sixty-two over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will give a sky high view over three small but concise books, 2 & 3 John and Jude. While all three books have a different primary focus, all are written with the purpose to encourage the church to keep a strong biblical foundation. This study will take us through the importance of biblical discernment, the need to be in fellowship with other believers, as well as the vital need to keep strong in the faith. The key chapters to review are 2 & 3 John, and Jude.
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4/1/2009
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Destination: Revelation 1-11
Revelation 1-11
Skip Heitzig
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With only two more flights to go, we welcome you to get your travel planner ready for the first half of the book of Revelation and flight sixty-three over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Considered to be one of the most powerful books in Scripture, Revelation is a direct vision from God, to John, which he was asked to record for future generations. Revelation 1:19, "Write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later." As the final warning to the world of the tribulation to come, it also serves as a source of hope for the Church. The key chapters to review are 1-4, 7, and 11.
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4/8/2009
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Destination: Revelation 12-22
Revelation 12-22
Skip Heitzig
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Flight sixty-four brings us to the end of the scriptures and the second and final part of the book of Revelation. Chapters 12-22 lead us into some of the most thrilling text in the entire Bible, giving us a glimpse into the seven bowl judgments, the Beast, and the future tribulation, but also bringing us great hope for God's Church. The key chapters to review are Revelation 12-14, 18, and 20-22.
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4/15/2009
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Bible from 30k Final Q&A
Skip Heitzig
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We have landed our flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. As we touch down and head to pick up the final baggage from our 65 flight series, our last sky-high view of the scriptures will includes this final Q&A Celebration. Pastor Skip and others answer questions from the last year, as well as on the spot questions from the audience.
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There are 64 additional messages in this series.