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Service Archives > Bible from 30,000 Feet, The > Destination: Leviticus 1-17

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Destination: Leviticus 1-17
Leviticus 1-17
Skip Heitzig

Leviticus 1 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD called to Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of meeting, saying,
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When any one of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of the livestock--of the herd and of the flock.
3 'If his offering is a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it of his own free will at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD.
4 'Then he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him.
5 'He shall kill the bull before the LORD; and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
6 'And he shall skin the burnt offering and cut it into its pieces.
7 'The sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire on the altar, and lay the wood in order on the fire.
8 'Then the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat in order on the wood that is on the fire upon the altar;
9 'but he shall wash its entrails and its legs with water. And the priest shall burn all on the altar as a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
10 'If his offering is of the flocks--of the sheep or of the goats--as a burnt sacrifice, he shall bring a male without blemish.
11 'He shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the LORD; and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
12 'And he shall cut it into its pieces, with its head and its fat; and the priest shall lay them in order on the wood that is on the fire upon the altar;
13 'but he shall wash the entrails and the legs with water. Then the priest shall bring it all and burn it on the altar; it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
14 'And if the burnt sacrifice of his offering to the LORD is of birds, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves or young pigeons.
15 'The priest shall bring it to the altar, wring off its head, and burn it on the altar; its blood shall be drained out at the side of the altar.
16 'And he shall remove its crop with its feathers and cast it beside the altar on the east side, into the place for ashes.
17 'Then he shall split it at its wings, but shall not divide it completely; and the priest shall burn it on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
Leviticus 2 (NKJV™)
1 'When anyone offers a grain offering to the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour. And he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it.
2 'He shall bring it to Aaron's sons, the priests, one of whom shall take from it his handful of fine flour and oil with all the frankincense. And the priest shall burn it as a memorial on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
3 'The rest of the grain offering shall be Aaron's and his sons'. It is most holy of the offerings to the LORD made by fire.
4 'And if you bring as an offering a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
5 'But if your offering is a grain offering baked in a pan, it shall be of fine flour, unleavened, mixed with oil.
6 'You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.
7 'If your offering is a grain offering baked in a covered pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
8 'You shall bring the grain offering that is made of these things to the LORD. And when it is presented to the priest, he shall bring it to the altar.
9 'Then the priest shall take from the grain offering a memorial portion, and burn it on the altar. It is an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
10 'And what is left of the grain offering shall be Aaron's and his sons'. It is most holy of the offerings to the LORD made by fire.
11 'No grain offering which you bring to the LORD shall be made with leaven, for you shall burn no leaven nor any honey in any offering to the LORD made by fire.
12 'As for the offering of the firstfruits, you shall offer them to the LORD, but they shall not be burned on the altar for a sweet aroma.
13 'And every offering of your grain offering you shall season with salt; you shall not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you shall offer salt.
14 'If you offer a grain offering of your firstfruits to the LORD, you shall offer for the grain offering of your firstfruits green heads of grain roasted on the fire, grain beaten from full heads.
15 'And you shall put oil on it, and lay frankincense on it. It is a grain offering.
16 'Then the priest shall burn the memorial portion: part of its beaten grain and part of its oil, with all the frankincense, as an offering made by fire to the LORD.
Leviticus 3 (NKJV™)
1 'When his offering is a sacrifice of a peace offering, if he offers it of the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD.
2 'And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of meeting; and Aaron's sons, the priests, shall sprinkle the blood all around on the altar.
3 'Then he shall offer from the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire to the LORD. The fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,
4 'the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
5 'and Aaron's sons shall burn it on the altar upon the burnt sacrifice, which is on the wood that is on the fire, as an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
6 'If his offering as a sacrifice of a peace offering to the LORD is of the flock, whether male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.
7 'If he offers a lamb as his offering, then he shall offer it before the LORD.
8 'And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it before the tabernacle of meeting; and Aaron's sons shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
9 'Then he shall offer from the sacrifice of the peace offering, as an offering made by fire to the LORD, its fat and the whole fat tail which he shall remove close to the backbone. And the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,
10 'the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
11 'and the priest shall burn them on the altar as food, an offering made by fire to the LORD.
12 'And if his offering is a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD.
13 'He shall lay his hand on its head and kill it before the tabernacle of meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
14 'Then he shall offer from it his offering, as an offering made by fire to the LORD. The fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,
15 'the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
16 'and the priest shall burn them on the altar as food, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma; all the fat is the LORD'S.
17 'This shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings: you shall eat neither fat nor blood.'"
Leviticus 4 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'If a person sins unintentionally against any of the commandments of the LORD in anything which ought not to be done, and does any of them,
3 'if the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to the LORD for his sin which he has sinned a young bull without blemish as a sin offering.
4 'He shall bring the bull to the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD, lay his hand on the bull's head, and kill the bull before the LORD.
5 'Then the anointed priest shall take some of the bull's blood and bring it to the tabernacle of meeting.
6 'The priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the LORD, in front of the veil of the sanctuary.
7 'And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of meeting; and he shall pour the remaining blood of the bull at the base of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
8 'He shall take from it all the fat of the bull as the sin offering. The fat that covers the entrails and all the fat which is on the entrails,
9 'the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove,
10 'as it was taken from the bull of the sacrifice of the peace offering; and the priest shall burn them on the altar of the burnt offering.
11 'But the bull's hide and all its flesh, with its head and legs, its entrails and offal--
12 'the whole bull he shall carry outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire; where the ashes are poured out it shall be burned.
13 'Now if the whole congregation of Israel sins unintentionally, and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done something against any of the commandments of the LORD in anything which should not be done, and are guilty;
14 'when the sin which they have committed becomes known, then the assembly shall offer a young bull for the sin, and bring it before the tabernacle of meeting.
15 'And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands on the head of the bull before the LORD. Then the bull shall be killed before the LORD.
16 'The anointed priest shall bring some of the bull's blood to the tabernacle of meeting.
17 'Then the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the LORD, in front of the veil.
18 'And he shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of meeting; and he shall pour the remaining blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
19 'He shall take all the fat from it and burn it on the altar.
20 'And he shall do with the bull as he did with the bull as a sin offering; thus he shall do with it. So the priest shall make atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.
21 'Then he shall carry the bull outside the camp, and burn it as he burned the first bull. It is a sin offering for the assembly.
22 'When a ruler has sinned, and done something unintentionally against any of the commandments of the LORD his God in anything which should not be done, and is guilty,
23 'or if his sin which he has committed comes to his knowledge, he shall bring as his offering a kid of the goats, a male without blemish.
24 'And he shall lay his hand on the head of the goat, and kill it at the place where they kill the burnt offering before the LORD. It is a sin offering.
25 'The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering.
26 'And he shall burn all its fat on the altar, like the fat of the sacrifice of the peace offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
27 'If anyone of the common people sins unintentionally by doing something against any of the commandments of the LORD in anything which ought not to be done, and is guilty,
28 'or if his sin which he has committed comes to his knowledge, then he shall bring as his offering a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has committed.
29 'And he shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and kill the sin offering at the place of the burnt offering.
30 'Then the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger, put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour all the remaining blood at the base of the altar.
31 'He shall remove all its fat, as fat is removed from the sacrifice of the peace offering; and the priest shall burn it on the altar for a sweet aroma to the LORD. So the priest shall make atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.
32 'If he brings a lamb as his sin offering, he shall bring a female without blemish.
33 'Then he shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and kill it as a sin offering at the place where they kill the burnt offering.
34 'The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour all the remaining blood at the base of the altar.
35 'He shall remove all its fat, as the fat of the lamb is removed from the sacrifice of the peace offering. Then the priest shall burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire to the LORD. So the priest shall make atonement for his sin that he has committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
Leviticus 5 (NKJV™)
1 'If a person sins in hearing the utterance of an oath, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of the matter--if he does not tell it, he bears guilt.
2 'Or if a person touches any unclean thing, whether it is the carcass of an unclean beast, or the carcass of unclean livestock, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and he is unaware of it, he also shall be unclean and guilty.
3 'Or if he touches human uncleanness--whatever uncleanness with which a man may be defiled, and he is unaware of it--when he realizes it, then he shall be guilty.
4 'Or if a person swears, speaking thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, whatever it is that a man may pronounce by an oath, and he is unaware of it--when he realizes it, then he shall be guilty in any of these matters.
5 'And it shall be, when he is guilty in any of these matters, that he shall confess that he has sinned in that thing;
6 'and he shall bring his trespass offering to the LORD for his sin which he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin.
7 'If he is not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring to the LORD, for his trespass which he has committed, two turtledoves or two young pigeons: one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering.
8 'And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off its head from its neck, but shall not divide it completely.
9 'Then he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering.
10 'And he shall offer the second as a burnt offering according to the prescribed manner. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin which he has committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
11 'But if he is not able to bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he who sinned shall bring for his offering one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a sin offering. He shall put no oil on it, nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.
12 'Then he shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it as a memorial portion, and burn it on the altar according to the offerings made by fire to the LORD. It is a sin offering.
13 'The priest shall make atonement for him, for his sin that he has committed in any of these matters; and it shall be forgiven him. The rest shall be the priest's as a grain offering.'"
14 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
15 "If a person commits a trespass, and sins unintentionally in regard to the holy things of the LORD, then he shall bring to the LORD as his trespass offering a ram without blemish from the flocks, with your valuation in shekels of silver according to the shekel of the sanctuary, as a trespass offering.
16 "And he shall make restitution for the harm that he has done in regard to the holy thing, and shall add one-fifth to it and give it to the priest. So the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
17 "If a person sins, and commits any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD, though he does not know it, yet he is guilty and shall bear his iniquity.
18 "And he shall bring to the priest a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him regarding his ignorance in which he erred and did not know it, and it shall be forgiven him.
19 "It is a trespass offering; he has certainly trespassed against the LORD."
Leviticus 6 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 "If a person sins and commits a trespass against the LORD by lying to his neighbor about what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or about a pledge, or about a robbery, or if he has extorted from his neighbor,
3 "or if he has found what was lost and lies concerning it, and swears falsely--in any one of these things that a man may do in which he sins:
4 "then it shall be, because he has sinned and is guilty, that he shall restore what he has stolen, or the thing which he has extorted, or what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or the lost thing which he found,
5 "or all that about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore its full value, add one-fifth more to it, and give it to whomever it belongs, on the day of his trespass offering.
6 "And he shall bring his trespass offering to the LORD, a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering, to the priest.
7 "So the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD, and he shall be forgiven for any one of these things that he may have done in which he trespasses."
8 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
9 "Command Aaron and his sons, saying, 'This is the law of the burnt offering: The burnt offering shall be on the hearth upon the altar all night until morning, and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning on it.
10 'And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen trousers he shall put on his body, and take up the ashes of the burnt offering which the fire has consumed on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar.
11 'Then he shall take off his garments, put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place.
12 'And the fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it; it shall not be put out. And the priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order on it; and he shall burn on it the fat of the peace offerings.
13 'A fire shall always be burning on the altar; it shall never go out.
14 'This is the law of the grain offering: The sons of Aaron shall offer it on the altar before the LORD.
15 'He shall take from it his handful of the fine flour of the grain offering, with its oil, and all the frankincense which is on the grain offering, and shall burn it on the altar for a sweet aroma, as a memorial to the LORD.
16 'And the remainder of it Aaron and his sons shall eat; with unleavened bread it shall be eaten in a holy place; in the court of the tabernacle of meeting they shall eat it.
17 'It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their portion of My offerings made by fire; it is most holy, like the sin offering and the trespass offering.
18 'All the males among the children of Aaron may eat it. It shall be a statute forever in your generations concerning the offerings made by fire to the LORD. Everyone who touches them must be holy.'"
19 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
20 "This is the offering of Aaron and his sons, which they shall offer to the LORD, beginning on the day when he is anointed: one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a daily grain offering, half of it in the morning and half of it at night.
21 "It shall be made in a pan with oil. When it is mixed, you shall bring it in. The baked pieces of the grain offering you shall offer for a sweet aroma to the LORD.
22 "The priest from among his sons, who is anointed in his place, shall offer it. It is a statute forever to the LORD. It shall be wholly burned.
23 "For every grain offering for the priest shall be wholly burned. It shall not be eaten."
24 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
25 "Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, 'This is the law of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed, the sin offering shall be killed before the LORD. It is most holy.
26 'The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. In a holy place it shall be eaten, in the court of the tabernacle of meeting.
27 'Everyone who touches its flesh must be holy. And when its blood is sprinkled on any garment, you shall wash that on which it was sprinkled, in a holy place.
28 'But the earthen vessel in which it is boiled shall be broken. And if it is boiled in a bronze pot, it shall be both scoured and rinsed in water.
29 'All the males among the priests may eat it. It is most holy.
30 'But no sin offering from which any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of meeting, to make atonement in the holy place, shall be eaten. It shall be burned in the fire.
Leviticus 7 (NKJV™)
1 'Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering (it is most holy):
2 'In the place where they kill the burnt offering they shall kill the trespass offering. And its blood he shall sprinkle all around on the altar.
3 'And he shall offer from it all its fat. The fat tail and the fat that covers the entrails,
4 'the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
5 'and the priest shall burn them on the altar as an offering made by fire to the LORD. It is a trespass offering.
6 'Every male among the priests may eat it. It shall be eaten in a holy place. It is most holy.
7 'The trespass offering is like the sin offering; there is one law for them both: the priest who makes atonement with it shall have it.
8 'And the priest who offers anyone's burnt offering, that priest shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered.
9 'Also every grain offering that is baked in the oven and all that is prepared in the covered pan, or in a pan, shall be the priest's who offers it.
10 'Every grain offering, whether mixed with oil, or dry, shall belong to all the sons of Aaron, to one as much as the other.
11 'This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings which he shall offer to the LORD:
12 'If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer, with the sacrifice of thanksgiving, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, unleavened wafers anointed with oil, or cakes of blended flour mixed with oil.
13 'Besides the cakes, as his offering he shall offer leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offering.
14 'And from it he shall offer one cake from each offering as a heave offering to the LORD. It shall belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the peace offering.
15 'The flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offering for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day it is offered. He shall not leave any of it until morning.
16 'But if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offers his sacrifice; but on the next day the remainder of it also may be eaten;
17 'the remainder of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day must be burned with fire.
18 'And if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offering is eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted, nor shall it be imputed to him; it shall be an abomination to him who offers it, and the person who eats of it shall bear guilt.
19 'The flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten. It shall be burned with fire. And as for the clean flesh, all who are clean may eat of it.
20 'But the person who eats the flesh of the sacrifice of the peace offering that belongs to the LORD, while he is unclean, that person shall be cut off from his people.
21 'Moreover the person who touches any unclean thing, such as human uncleanness, an unclean animal, or any abominable unclean thing, and who eats the flesh of the sacrifice of the peace offering that belongs to the LORD, that person shall be cut off from his people.'"
22 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
23 "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'You shall not eat any fat, of ox or sheep or goat.
24 'And the fat of an animal that dies naturally, and the fat of what is torn by wild beasts, may be used in any other way; but you shall by no means eat it.
25 'For whoever eats the fat of the animal of which men offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, the person who eats it shall be cut off from his people.
26 'Moreover you shall not eat any blood in any of your dwellings, whether of bird or beast.
27 'Whoever eats any blood, that person shall be cut off from his people.'"
28 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
29 "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'He who offers the sacrifice of his peace offering to the LORD shall bring his offering to the LORD from the sacrifice of his peace offering.
30 'His own hands shall bring the offerings made by fire to the LORD. The fat with the breast he shall bring, that the breast may be waved as a wave offering before the LORD.
31 'And the priest shall burn the fat on the altar, but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.
32 'Also the right thigh you shall give to the priest as a heave offering from the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
33 'He among the sons of Aaron, who offers the blood of the peace offering and the fat, shall have the right thigh for his part.
34 'For the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the heave offering I have taken from the children of Israel, from the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and I have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons from the children of Israel by a statute forever.'"
35 This is the consecrated portion for Aaron and his sons, from the offerings made by fire to the LORD, on the day when Moses presented them to minister to the LORD as priests.
36 The LORD commanded this to be given to them by the children of Israel, on the day that He anointed them, by a statute forever throughout their generations.
37 This is the law of the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the trespass offering, the consecrations, and the sacrifice of the peace offering,
38 which the LORD commanded Moses on Mount Sinai, on the day when He commanded the children of Israel to offer their offerings to the LORD in the Wilderness of Sinai.
Leviticus 8 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 "Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, the anointing oil, a bull as the sin offering, two rams, and a basket of unleavened bread;
3 "and gather all the congregation together at the door of the tabernacle of meeting."
4 So Moses did as the LORD commanded him. And the congregation was gathered together at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
5 And Moses said to the congregation, "This is what the LORD commanded to be done."
6 Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons and washed them with water.
7 And he put the tunic on him, girded him with the sash, clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him; and he girded him with the intricately woven band of the ephod, and with it tied the ephod on him.
8 Then he put the breastplate on him, and he put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastplate.
9 And he put the turban on his head. Also on the turban, on its front, he put the golden plate, the holy crown, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
10 Also Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and consecrated them.
11 He sprinkled some of it on the altar seven times, anointed the altar and all its utensils, and the laver and its base, to consecrate them.
12 And he poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him, to consecrate him.
13 Then Moses brought Aaron's sons and put tunics on them, girded them with sashes, and put hats on them, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
14 And he brought the bull for the sin offering. Then Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the bull for the sin offering,
15 and Moses killed it. Then he took the blood, and put some on the horns of the altar all around with his finger, and purified the altar. And he poured the blood at the base of the altar, and consecrated it, to make atonement for it.
16 Then he took all the fat that was on the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, and the two kidneys with their fat, and Moses burned them on the altar.
17 But the bull, its hide, its flesh, and its offal, he burned with fire outside the camp, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
18 Then he brought the ram as the burnt offering. And Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram,
19 and Moses killed it. Then he sprinkled the blood all around on the altar.
20 And he cut the ram into pieces; and Moses burned the head, the pieces, and the fat.
21 Then he washed the entrails and the legs in water. And Moses burned the whole ram on the altar. It was a burnt sacrifice for a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
22 And he brought the second ram, the ram of consecration. Then Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram,
23 and Moses killed it. Also he took some of its blood and put it on the tip of Aaron's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.
24 Then he brought Aaron's sons. And Moses put some of the blood on the tips of their right ears, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. And Moses sprinkled the blood all around on the altar.
25 Then he took the fat and the fat tail, all the fat that was on the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, the two kidneys and their fat, and the right thigh;
26 and from the basket of unleavened bread that was before the LORD he took one unleavened cake, a cake of bread anointed with oil, and one wafer, and put them on the fat and on the right thigh;
27 and he put all these in Aaron's hands and in his sons' hands, and waved them as a wave offering before the LORD.
28 Then Moses took them from their hands and burned them on the altar, on the burnt offering. They were consecration offerings for a sweet aroma. That was an offering made by fire to the LORD.
29 And Moses took the breast and waved it as a wave offering before the LORD. It was Moses' part of the ram of consecration, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
30 Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood which was on the altar, and sprinkled it on Aaron, on his garments, on his sons, and on the garments of his sons with him; and he consecrated Aaron, his garments, his sons, and the garments of his sons with him.
31 And Moses said to Aaron and his sons, "Boil the flesh at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and eat it there with the bread that is in the basket of consecration offerings, as I commanded, saying, 'Aaron and his sons shall eat it.'
32 "What remains of the flesh and of the bread you shall burn with fire.
33 "And you shall not go outside the door of the tabernacle of meeting for seven days, until the days of your consecration are ended. For seven days he shall consecrate you.
34 "As he has done this day, so the LORD has commanded to do, to make atonement for you.
35 "Therefore you shall stay at the door of the tabernacle of meeting day and night for seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, so that you may not die; for so I have been commanded."
36 So Aaron and his sons did all the things that the LORD had commanded by the hand of Moses.
Leviticus 9 (NKJV™)
1 It came to pass on the eighth day that Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel.
2 And he said to Aaron, "Take for yourself a young bull as a sin offering and a ram as a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
3 "And to the children of Israel you shall speak, saying, 'Take a kid of the goats as a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering,
4 'also a bull and a ram as peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD, and a grain offering mixed with oil; for today the LORD will appear to you.'"
5 So they brought what Moses commanded before the tabernacle of meeting. And all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.
6 Then Moses said, "This is the thing which the LORD commanded you to do, and the glory of the LORD will appear to you."
7 And Moses said to Aaron, "Go to the altar, offer your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement for yourself and for the people. Offer the offering of the people, and make atonement for them, as the LORD commanded."
8 Aaron therefore went to the altar and killed the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself.
9 Then the sons of Aaron brought the blood to him. And he dipped his finger in the blood, put it on the horns of the altar, and poured the blood at the base of the altar.
10 But the fat, the kidneys, and the fatty lobe from the liver of the sin offering he burned on the altar, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
11 The flesh and the hide he burned with fire outside the camp.
12 And he killed the burnt offering; and Aaron's sons presented to him the blood, which he sprinkled all around on the altar.
13 Then they presented the burnt offering to him, with its pieces and head, and he burned them on the altar.
14 And he washed the entrails and the legs, and burned them with the burnt offering on the altar.
15 Then he brought the people's offering, and took the goat, which was the sin offering for the people, and killed it and offered it for sin, like the first one.
16 And he brought the burnt offering and offered it according to the prescribed manner.
17 Then he brought the grain offering, took a handful of it, and burned it on the altar, besides the burnt sacrifice of the morning.
18 He also killed the bull and the ram as sacrifices of peace offerings, which were for the people. And Aaron's sons presented to him the blood, which he sprinkled all around on the altar,
19 and the fat from the bull and the ram--the fatty tail, what covers the entrails and the kidneys, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver;
20 and they put the fat on the breasts. Then he burned the fat on the altar;
21 but the breasts and the right thigh Aaron waved as a wave offering before the LORD, as Moses had commanded.
22 Then Aaron lifted his hand toward the people, blessed them, and came down from offering the sin offering, the burnt offering, and peace offerings.
23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of meeting, and came out and blessed the people. Then the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people,
24 and fire came out from before the LORD and consumed the burnt offering and the fat on the altar. When all the people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces.
Leviticus 10 (NKJV™)
1 Then Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it, put incense on it, and offered profane fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.
2 So fire went out from the LORD and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
3 And Moses said to Aaron, "This is what the LORD spoke, saying: 'By those who come near Me I must be regarded as holy; And before all the people I must be glorified.'" So Aaron held his peace.
4 And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said to them, "Come near, carry your brethren from before the sanctuary out of the camp."
5 So they went near and carried them by their tunics out of the camp, as Moses had said.
6 And Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons, "Do not uncover your heads nor tear your clothes, lest you die, and wrath come upon all the people. But let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD has kindled.
7 "You shall not go out from the door of the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die, for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you." And they did according to the word of Moses.
8 Then the LORD spoke to Aaron, saying:
9 "Do not drink wine or intoxicating drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations,
10 "that you may distinguish between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean,
11 "and that you may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD has spoken to them by the hand of Moses."
12 And Moses spoke to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons who were left: "Take the grain offering that remains of the offerings made by fire to the LORD, and eat it without leaven beside the altar; for it is most holy.
13 "You shall eat it in a holy place, because it is your due and your sons' due, of the sacrifices made by fire to the LORD; for so I have been commanded.
14 "The breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the heave offering you shall eat in a clean place, you, your sons, and your daughters with you; for they are your due and your sons' due, which are given from the sacrifices of peace offerings of the children of Israel.
15 "The thigh of the heave offering and the breast of the wave offering they shall bring with the offerings of fat made by fire, to offer as a wave offering before the LORD. And it shall be yours and your sons' with you, by a statute forever, as the LORD has commanded."
16 Then Moses made careful inquiry about the goat of the sin offering, and there it was--burned up. And he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron who were left, saying,
17 "Why have you not eaten the sin offering in a holy place, since it is most holy, and God has given it to you to bear the guilt of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD?
18 "See! Its blood was not brought inside the holy place; indeed you should have eaten it in a holy place, as I commanded."
19 And Aaron said to Moses, "Look, this day they have offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before the LORD, and such things have befallen me! If I had eaten the sin offering today, would it have been accepted in the sight of the LORD?"
20 So when Moses heard that, he was content.
Leviticus 11 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them,
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'These are the animals which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth:
3 'Among the animals, whatever divides the hoof, having cloven hooves and chewing the cud--that you may eat.
4 'Nevertheless these you shall not eat among those that chew the cud or those that have cloven hooves: the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you;
5 'the rock hyrax, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you;
6 'the hare, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you;
7 'and the swine, though it divides the hoof, having cloven hooves, yet does not chew the cud, is unclean to you.
8 'Their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch. They are unclean to you.
9 'These you may eat of all that are in the water: whatever in the water has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the rivers--that you may eat.
10 'But all in the seas or in the rivers that do not have fins and scales, all that move in the water or any living thing which is in the water, they are an abomination to you.
11 'They shall be an abomination to you; you shall not eat their flesh, but you shall regard their carcasses as an abomination.
12 'Whatever in the water does not have fins or scales--that shall be an abomination to you.
13 'And these you shall regard as an abomination among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, the vulture, the buzzard,
14 'the kite, and the falcon after its kind;
15 'every raven after its kind,
16 'the ostrich, the short-eared owl, the sea gull, and the hawk after its kind;
17 'the little owl, the fisher owl, and the screech owl;
18 'the white owl, the jackdaw, and the carrion vulture;
19 'the stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe, and the bat.
20 'All flying insects that creep on all fours shall be an abomination to you.
21 'Yet these you may eat of every flying insect that creeps on all fours: those which have jointed legs above their feet with which to leap on the earth.
22 'These you may eat: the locust after its kind, the destroying locust after its kind, the cricket after its kind, and the grasshopper after its kind.
23 'But all other flying insects which have four feet shall be an abomination to you.
24 'By these you shall become unclean; whoever touches the carcass of any of them shall be unclean until evening;
25 'whoever carries part of the carcass of any of them shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening:
26 'The carcass of any animal which divides the foot, but is not cloven-hoofed or does not chew the cud, is unclean to you. Everyone who touches it shall be unclean.
27 'And whatever goes on its paws, among all kinds of animals that go on all fours, those are unclean to you. Whoever touches any such carcass shall be unclean until evening.
28 'Whoever carries any such carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. It is unclean to you.
29 'These also shall be unclean to you among the creeping things that creep on the earth: the mole, the mouse, and the large lizard after its kind;
30 'the gecko, the monitor lizard, the sand reptile, the sand lizard, and the chameleon.
31 'These are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.
32 'Anything on which any of them falls, when they are dead shall be unclean, whether it is any item of wood or clothing or skin or sack, whatever item it is, in which any work is done, it must be put in water. And it shall be unclean until evening; then it shall be clean.
33 'Any earthen vessel into which any of them falls you shall break; and whatever is in it shall be unclean:
34 'in such a vessel, any edible food upon which water falls becomes unclean, and any drink that may be drunk from it becomes unclean.
35 'And everything on which a part of any such carcass falls shall be unclean; whether it is an oven or cooking stove, it shall be broken down; for they are unclean, and shall be unclean to you.
36 'Nevertheless a spring or a cistern, in which there is plenty of water, shall be clean, but whatever touches any such carcass becomes unclean.
37 'And if a part of any such carcass falls on any planting seed which is to be sown, it remains clean.
38 'But if water is put on the seed, and if a part of any such carcass falls on it, it becomes unclean to you.
39 'And if any animal which you may eat dies, he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until evening.
40 'He who eats of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. He also who carries its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.
41 'And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be an abomination. It shall not be eaten.
42 'Whatever crawls on its belly, whatever goes on all fours, or whatever has many feet among all creeping things that creep on the earth--these you shall not eat, for they are an abomination.
43 'You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps; nor shall you make yourselves unclean with them, lest you be defiled by them.
44 'For I am the LORD your God. You shall therefore consecrate yourselves, and you shall be holy; for I am holy. Neither shall you defile yourselves with any creeping thing that creeps on the earth.
45 'For I am the LORD who brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
46 'This is the law of the animals and the birds and every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the earth,
47 'to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten.'"
Leviticus 12 (NKJV™)
1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'If a woman has conceived, and borne a male child, then she shall be unclean seven days; as in the days of her customary impurity she shall be unclean.
3 'And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
4 'She shall then continue in the blood of her purification thirty-three days. She shall not touch any hallowed thing, nor come into the sanctuary until the days of her purification are fulfilled.
5 'But if she bears a female child, then she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her customary impurity, and she shall continue in the blood of her purification sixty-six days.
6 'When the days of her purification are fulfilled, whether for a son or a daughter, she shall bring to the priest a lamb of the first year as a burnt offering, and a young pigeon or a turtledove as a sin offering, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
7 'Then he shall offer it before the LORD, and make atonement for her. And she shall be clean from the flow of her blood. This is the law for her who has borne a male or a female.
8 'And if she is not able to bring a lamb, then she may bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons--one as a burnt offering and the other as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement for her, and she will be clean.'"
Leviticus 13 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2 "When a man has on the skin of his body a swelling, a scab, or a bright spot, and it becomes on the skin of his body like a leprous sore, then he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests.
3 "The priest shall examine the sore on the skin of the body; and if the hair on the sore has turned white, and the sore appears to be deeper than the skin of his body, it is a leprous sore. Then the priest shall examine him, and pronounce him unclean.
4 "But if the bright spot is white on the skin of his body, and does not appear to be deeper than the skin, and its hair has not turned white, then the priest shall isolate the one who has the sore seven days.
5 "And the priest shall examine him on the seventh day; and indeed if the sore appears to be as it was, and the sore has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall isolate him another seven days.
6 "Then the priest shall examine him again on the seventh day; and indeed if the sore has faded, and the sore has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only a scab, and he shall wash his clothes and be clean.
7 "But if the scab should at all spread over the skin, after he has been seen by the priest for his cleansing, he shall be seen by the priest again.
8 "And if the priest sees that the scab has indeed spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is leprosy.
9 "When the leprous sore is on a person, then he shall be brought to the priest.
10 "And the priest shall examine him; and indeed if the swelling on the skin is white, and it has turned the hair white, and there is a spot of raw flesh in the swelling,
11 "it is an old leprosy on the skin of his body. The priest shall pronounce him unclean, and shall not isolate him, for he is unclean.
12 "And if leprosy breaks out all over the skin, and the leprosy covers all the skin of the one who has the sore, from his head to his foot, wherever the priest looks,
13 "then the priest shall consider; and indeed if the leprosy has covered all his body, he shall pronounce him clean who has the sore. It has all turned white. He is clean.
14 "But when raw flesh appears on him, he shall be unclean.
15 "And the priest shall examine the raw flesh and pronounce him to be unclean; for the raw flesh is unclean. It is leprosy.
16 "Or if the raw flesh changes and turns white again, he shall come to the priest.
17 "And the priest shall examine him; and indeed if the sore has turned white, then the priest shall pronounce him clean who has the sore. He is clean.
18 "If the body develops a boil in the skin, and it is healed,
19 "and in the place of the boil there comes a white swelling or a bright spot, reddish-white, then it shall be shown to the priest;
20 "and if, when the priest sees it, it indeed appears deeper than the skin, and its hair has turned white, the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore which has broken out of the boil.
21 "But if the priest examines it, and indeed there are no white hairs in it, and it is not deeper than the skin, but has faded, then the priest shall isolate him seven days;
22 "and if it should at all spread over the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore.
23 "But if the bright spot stays in one place, and has not spread, it is the scar of the boil; and the priest shall pronounce him clean.
24 "Or if the body receives a burn on its skin by fire, and the raw flesh of the burn becomes a bright spot, reddish-white or white,
25 "then the priest shall examine it; and indeed if the hair of the bright spot has turned white, and it appears deeper than the skin, it is leprosy broken out in the burn. Therefore the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore.
26 "But if the priest examines it, and indeed there are no white hairs in the bright spot, and it is not deeper than the skin, but has faded, then the priest shall isolate him seven days.
27 "And the priest shall examine him on the seventh day. If it has at all spread over the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore.
28 "But if the bright spot stays in one place, and has not spread on the skin, but has faded, it is a swelling from the burn. The priest shall pronounce him clean, for it is the scar from the burn.
29 "If a man or woman has a sore on the head or the beard,
30 "then the priest shall examine the sore; and indeed if it appears deeper than the skin, and there is in it thin yellow hair, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a scaly leprosy of the head or beard.
31 "But if the priest examines the scaly sore, and indeed it does not appear deeper than the skin, and there is no black hair in it, then the priest shall isolate the one who has the scale seven days.
32 "And on the seventh day the priest shall examine the sore; and indeed if the scale has not spread, and there is no yellow hair in it, and the scale does not appear deeper than the skin,
33 "he shall shave himself, but the scale he shall not shave. And the priest shall isolate the one who has the scale another seven days.
34 "On the seventh day the priest shall examine the scale; and indeed if the scale has not spread over the skin, and does not appear deeper than the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean. He shall wash his clothes and be clean.
35 "But if the scale should at all spread over the skin after his cleansing,
36 "then the priest shall examine him; and indeed if the scale has spread over the skin, the priest need not seek for yellow hair. He is unclean.
37 "But if the scale appears to be at a standstill, and there is black hair grown up in it, the scale has healed. He is clean, and the priest shall pronounce him clean.
38 "If a man or a woman has bright spots on the skin of the body, specifically white bright spots,
39 "then the priest shall look; and indeed if the bright spots on the skin of the body are dull white, it is a white spot that grows on the skin. He is clean.
40 "As for the man whose hair has fallen from his head, he is bald, but he is clean.
41 "He whose hair has fallen from his forehead, he is bald on the forehead, but he is clean.
42 "And if there is on the bald head or bald forehead a reddish-white sore, it is leprosy breaking out on his bald head or his bald forehead.
43 "Then the priest shall examine it; and indeed if the swelling of the sore is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead, as the appearance of leprosy on the skin of the body,
44 "he is a leprous man. He is unclean. The priest shall surely pronounce him unclean; his sore is on his head.
45 "Now the leper on whom the sore is, his clothes shall be torn and his head bare; and he shall cover his mustache, and cry, 'Unclean! Unclean!'
46 "He shall be unclean. All the days he has the sore he shall be unclean. He is unclean, and he shall dwell alone; his dwelling shall be outside the camp.
47 "Also, if a garment has a leprous plague in it, whether it is a woolen garment or a linen garment,
48 "whether it is in the warp or woof of linen or wool, whether in leather or in anything made of leather,
49 "and if the plague is greenish or reddish in the garment or in the leather, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of leather, it is a leprous plague and shall be shown to the priest.
50 "The priest shall examine the plague and isolate that which has the plague seven days.
51 "And he shall examine the plague on the seventh day. If the plague has spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, in the leather or in anything made of leather, the plague is an active leprosy. It is unclean.
52 "He shall therefore burn that garment in which is the plague, whether warp or woof, in wool or in linen, or anything of leather, for it is an active leprosy; the garment shall be burned in the fire.
53 "But if the priest examines it, and indeed the plague has not spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of leather,
54 "then the priest shall command that they wash the thing in which is the plague; and he shall isolate it another seven days.
55 "Then the priest shall examine the plague after it has been washed; and indeed if the plague has not changed its color, though the plague has not spread, it is unclean, and you shall burn it in the fire; it continues eating away, whether the damage is outside or inside.
56 "If the priest examines it, and indeed the plague has faded after washing it, then he shall tear it out of the garment, whether out of the warp or out of the woof, or out of the leather.
57 "But if it appears again in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of leather, it is a spreading plague; you shall burn with fire that in which is the plague.
58 "And if you wash the garment, either warp or woof, or whatever is made of leather, if the plague has disappeared from it, then it shall be washed a second time, and shall be clean.
59 "This is the law of the leprous plague in a garment of wool or linen, either in the warp or woof, or in anything made of leather, to pronounce it clean or to pronounce it unclean."
Leviticus 14 (NKJV™)
1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "This shall be the law of the leper for the day of his cleansing: He shall be brought to the priest.
3 "And the priest shall go out of the camp, and the priest shall examine him; and indeed, if the leprosy is healed in the leper,
4 "then the priest shall command to take for him who is to be cleansed two living and clean birds, cedar wood, scarlet, and hyssop.
5 "And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water.
6 "As for the living bird, he shall take it, the cedar wood and the scarlet and the hyssop, and dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water.
7 "And he shall sprinkle it seven times on him who is to be cleansed from the leprosy, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the living bird loose in the open field.
8 "He who is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and wash himself in water, that he may be clean. After that he shall come into the camp, and shall stay outside his tent seven days.
9 "But on the seventh day he shall shave all the hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows--all his hair he shall shave off. He shall wash his clothes and wash his body in water, and he shall be clean.
10 "And on the eighth day he shall take two male lambs without blemish, one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish, three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering, and one log of oil.
11 "Then the priest who makes him clean shall present the man who is to be made clean, and those things, before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
12 "And the priest shall take one male lamb and offer it as a trespass offering, and the log of oil, and wave them as a wave offering before the LORD.
13 "Then he shall kill the lamb in the place where he kills the sin offering and the burnt offering, in a holy place; for as the sin offering is the priest's, so is the trespass offering. It is most holy.
14 "The priest shall take some of the blood of the trespass offering, and the priest shall put it on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.
15 "And the priest shall take some of the log of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left hand.
16 "Then the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle some of the oil with his finger seven times before the LORD.
17 "And of the rest of the oil in his hand, the priest shall put some on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the trespass offering.
18 "The rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put on the head of him who is to be cleansed. So the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD.
19 "Then the priest shall offer the sin offering, and make atonement for him who is to be cleansed from his uncleanness. Afterward he shall kill the burnt offering.
20 "And the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest shall make atonement for him, and he shall be clean.
21 "But if he is poor and cannot afford it, then he shall take one male lamb as a trespass offering to be waved, to make atonement for him, one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering, a log of oil,
22 "and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, such as he is able to afford: one shall be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering.
23 "He shall bring them to the priest on the eighth day for his cleansing, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, before the LORD.
24 "And the priest shall take the lamb of the trespass offering and the log of oil, and the priest shall wave them as a wave offering before the LORD.
25 "Then he shall kill the lamb of the trespass offering, and the priest shall take some of the blood of the trespass offering and put it on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.
26 "And the priest shall pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand.
27 "Then the priest shall sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before the LORD.
28 "And the priest shall put some of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the trespass offering.
29 "The rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put on the head of him who is to be cleansed, to make atonement for him before the LORD.
30 "And he shall offer one of the turtledoves or young pigeons, such as he can afford--
31 "such as he is able to afford, the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, with the grain offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him who is to be cleansed before the LORD.
32 "This is the law for one who had a leprous sore, who cannot afford the usual cleansing."
33 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
34 "When you have come into the land of Canaan, which I give you as a possession, and I put the leprous plague in a house in the land of your possession,
35 "and he who owns the house comes and tells the priest, saying, 'It seems to me that there is some plague in the house,'
36 "then the priest shall command that they empty the house, before the priest goes into it to examine the plague, that all that is in the house may not be made unclean; and afterward the priest shall go in to examine the house.
37 "And he shall examine the plague; and indeed if the plague is on the walls of the house with ingrained streaks, greenish or reddish, which appear to be deep in the wall,
38 "then the priest shall go out of the house, to the door of the house, and shut up the house seven days.
39 "And the priest shall come again on the seventh day and look; and indeed if the plague has spread on the walls of the house,
40 "then the priest shall command that they take away the stones in which is the plague, and they shall cast them into an unclean place outside the city.
41 "And he shall cause the house to be scraped inside, all around, and the dust that they scrape off they shall pour out in an unclean place outside the city.
42 "Then they shall take other stones and put them in the place of those stones, and he shall take other mortar and plaster the house.
43 "Now if the plague comes back and breaks out in the house, after he has taken away the stones, after he has scraped the house, and after it is plastered,
44 "then the priest shall come and look; and indeed if the plague has spread in the house, it is an active leprosy in the house. It is unclean.
45 "And he shall break down the house, its stones, its timber, and all the plaster of the house, and he shall carry them outside the city to an unclean place.
46 "Moreover he who goes into the house at all while it is shut up shall be unclean until evening.
47 "And he who lies down in the house shall wash his clothes, and he who eats in the house shall wash his clothes.
48 "But if the priest comes in and examines it, and indeed the plague has not spread in the house after the house was plastered, then the priest shall pronounce the house clean, because the plague is healed.
49 "And he shall take, to cleanse the house, two birds, cedar wood, scarlet, and hyssop.
50 "Then he shall kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water;
51 "and he shall take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the scarlet, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird and in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times.
52 "And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird and the running water and the living bird, with the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the scarlet.
53 "Then he shall let the living bird loose outside the city in the open field, and make atonement for the house, and it shall be clean.
54 "This is the law for any leprous sore and scale,
55 "for the leprosy of a garment and of a house,
56 "for a swelling and a scab and a bright spot,
57 "to teach when it is unclean and when it is clean. This is the law of leprosy."
Leviticus 15 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,
2 "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When any man has a discharge from his body, his discharge is unclean.
3 'And this shall be his uncleanness in regard to his discharge--whether his body runs with his discharge, or his body is stopped up by his discharge, it is his uncleanness.
4 'Every bed is unclean on which he who has the discharge lies, and everything on which he sits shall be unclean.
5 'And whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
6 'He who sits on anything on which he who has the discharge sat shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
7 'And he who touches the body of him who has the discharge shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
8 'If he who has the discharge spits on him who is clean, then he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
9 'Any saddle on which he who has the discharge rides shall be unclean.
10 'Whoever touches anything that was under him shall be unclean until evening. He who carries any of those things shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
11 'And whomever the one who has the discharge touches, and has not rinsed his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
12 'The vessel of earth that he who has the discharge touches shall be broken, and every vessel of wood shall be rinsed in water.
13 'And when he who has a discharge is cleansed of his discharge, then he shall count for himself seven days for his cleansing, wash his clothes, and bathe his body in running water; then he shall be clean.
14 'On the eighth day he shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and come before the LORD, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and give them to the priest.
15 'Then the priest shall offer them, the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD because of his discharge.
16 'If any man has an emission of semen, then he shall wash all his body in water, and be unclean until evening.
17 'And any garment and any leather on which there is semen, it shall be washed with water, and be unclean until evening.
18 'Also, when a woman lies with a man, and there is an emission of semen, they shall bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
19 'If a woman has a discharge, and the discharge from her body is blood, she shall be set apart seven days; and whoever touches her shall be unclean until evening.
20 'Everything that she lies on during her impurity shall be unclean; also everything that she sits on shall be unclean.
21 'Whoever touches her bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
22 'And whoever touches anything that she sat on shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
23 'If anything is on her bed or on anything on which she sits, when he touches it, he shall be unclean until evening.
24 'And if any man lies with her at all, so that her impurity is on him, he shall be unclean seven days; and every bed on which he lies shall be unclean.
25 'If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, other than at the time of her customary impurity, or if it runs beyond her usual time of impurity, all the days of her unclean discharge shall be as the days of her customary impurity. She shall be unclean.
26 'Every bed on which she lies all the days of her discharge shall be to her as the bed of her impurity; and whatever she sits on shall be unclean, as the uncleanness of her impurity.
27 'Whoever touches those things shall be unclean; he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening.
28 'But if she is cleansed of her discharge, then she shall count for herself seven days, and after that she shall be clean.
29 'And on the eighth day she shall take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and bring them to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
30 'Then the priest shall offer the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, and the priest shall make atonement for her before the LORD for the discharge of her uncleanness.
31 'Thus you shall separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness, lest they die in their uncleanness when they defile My tabernacle that is among them.
32 'This is the law for one who has a discharge, and for him who emits semen and is unclean thereby,
33 'and for her who is indisposed because of her customary impurity, and for one who has a discharge, either man or woman, and for him who lies with her who is unclean.'"
Leviticus 16 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered profane fire before the LORD, and died;
2 and the LORD said to Moses: "Tell Aaron your brother not to come at just any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, lest he die; for I will appear in the cloud above the mercy seat.
3 "Thus Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: with the blood of a young bull as a sin offering, and of a ram as a burnt offering.
4 "He shall put the holy linen tunic and the linen trousers on his body; he shall be girded with a linen sash, and with the linen turban he shall be attired. These are holy garments. Therefore he shall wash his body in water, and put them on.
5 "And he shall take from the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats as a sin offering, and one ram as a burnt offering.
6 "Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house.
7 "He shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
8 "Then Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats: one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat.
9 "And Aaron shall bring the goat on which the LORD'S lot fell, and offer it as a sin offering.
10 "But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.
11 "And Aaron shall bring the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull as the sin offering which is for himself.
12 "Then he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from the altar before the LORD, with his hands full of sweet incense beaten fine, and bring it inside the veil.
13 "And he shall put the incense on the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of incense may cover the mercy seat that is on the Testimony, lest he die.
14 "He shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat on the east side; and before the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.
15 "Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, bring its blood inside the veil, do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat.
16 "So he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
17 "There shall be no man in the tabernacle of meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself, for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel.
18 "And he shall go out to the altar that is before the LORD, and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar all around.
19 "Then he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, cleanse it, and consecrate it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.
20 "And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat.
21 "Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man.
22 "The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.
23 "Then Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of meeting, shall take off the linen garments which he put on when he went into the Holy Place, and shall leave them there.
24 "And he shall wash his body with water in a holy place, put on his garments, come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people.
25 "The fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar.
26 "And he who released the goat as the scapegoat shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
27 "The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. And they shall burn in the fire their skins, their flesh, and their offal.
28 "Then he who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
29 "This shall be a statute forever for you: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether a native of your own country or a stranger who dwells among you.
30 "For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.
31 "It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever.
32 "And the priest, who is anointed and consecrated to minister as priest in his father's place, shall make atonement, and put on the linen clothes, the holy garments;
33 "then he shall make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tabernacle of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly.
34 "This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel, for all their sins, once a year." And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.
Leviticus 17 (NKJV™)
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Speak to Aaron, to his sons, and to all the children of Israel, and say to them, 'This is the thing which the LORD has commanded, saying:
3 "Whatever man of the house of Israel who kills an ox or lamb or goat in the camp, or who kills it outside the camp,
4 "and does not bring it to the door of the tabernacle of meeting to offer an offering to the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD, the guilt of bloodshed shall be imputed to that man. He has shed blood; and that man shall be cut off from among his people,
5 "to the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices which they offer in the open field, that they may bring them to the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to the priest, and offer them as peace offerings to the LORD.
6 "And the priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and burn the fat for a sweet aroma to the LORD.
7 "They shall no more offer their sacrifices to demons, after whom they have played the harlot. This shall be a statute forever for them throughout their generations."'
8 "Also you shall say to them: 'Whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice,
9 'and does not bring it to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to offer it to the LORD, that man shall be cut off from among his people.
10 'And whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, who eats any blood, I will set My face against that person who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people.
11 'For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.'
12 "Therefore I said to the children of Israel, 'No one among you shall eat blood, nor shall any stranger who dwells among you eat blood.'
13 "Whatever man of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, who hunts and catches any animal or bird that may be eaten, he shall pour out its blood and cover it with dust;
14 "for it is the life of all flesh. Its blood sustains its life. Therefore I said to the children of Israel, 'You shall not eat the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood. Whoever eats it shall be cut off.'
15 "And every person who eats what died naturally or what was torn by beasts, whether he is a native of your own country or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. Then he shall be clean.
16 "But if he does not wash them or bathe his body, then he shall bear his guilt."

New King James Version®, Copyright © 1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Bible from 30,000 Feet, The

In our fifth flight from 30,000 Feet, we fly over the first seventeen chapters of the book of Leviticus. This is a book on worship and describes the worship life of the nation of Israel. In this first tour of Leviticus, we'll see how the first part of the book focuses on the way to God through sacrifice and lays down the law - literally - on how man was designed to live and how man can be atoned for his sins. The key chapters to review in advance are: Leviticus: 1-5, 10, 16, 17.

Have you ever wanted to learn how The Bible fits together? The Bible from 30,000 Feet is an overview study through the entire Bible, hitting the highlights of its people, places, events and themes in about a year. This series will give you a coherent understanding of the holy word of God.



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Detailed Notes

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Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). The English name is derived from the Latin Liber Leviticus which is from the Greek. In Jewish writings it is customary to cite the book by its first word, Vayikra, "and he called." Leviticus is a book on worship and describes the worship life of the nation of Israel. Leviticus was probably given in a one month period between God's entering to occupy the tabernacle (Exodus 40) and the taking of the census at Sinai (Numbers 1:1-3).


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

c. 1915 B.C.
Joseph is born to Jacob and Rachel

c. 1898 B.C.
Joseph is sold into slavery

c. 1876 B.C.
Jacob and his family move to Egypt

c. 1730 B.C.
The Israelites are enslaved in Egypt

c. 1527 B.C.
Moses is born

c. 1446 B.C.
Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt

c. 1445 B.C.
The Law is given on Mount Sinai

c. 1406 B.C.
Forty years of wilderness wandering end


TRIP PLANNER

The book of Leviticus can be divided into two sections. The first section focuses on the way to God through sacrifice and lays down the law - literally - on how man was designed to live and how man can be atoned for his sins.

1. Approaching God's Presence - Leviticus 1-7

2. Laws Of Priests - Leviticus 8-10

3. Laws Of Ritual Purity - Leviticus 11-15

4. Laws of National Atonement - Leviticus 16-17


PLACES OF INTEREST

The Tabernacle: The tabernacle is the central location for the book of Leviticus. The tabernacle was the place of worship in the nation of Israel and the nation of Israel was organized with the tabernacle at the physical center of the nation. It was the temporary representation of the temple that would be built in Jerusalem. There is a great deal of symbolic meaning in the construction, furniture and utensils used in the tabernacle.


PEOPLE OF INTEREST

Aaron: Aaron was the firstborn son of Amram and his wife Jochebed, who were Levites (Exodus 2:1; 6:20). He was born during Israel's time in Egypt, 83 years before the Exodus, 3 years before his brother Moses, and about 10 years after his sister Miriam (Exodus 2:1,4; 6:20; 7:7). Aaron was appointed directly by God to be the first high priest. He and his sons were consecrated to continue the priesthood through time (Leviticus 8 and 9).

Nadab and Abihu: Some brothers, like Cain and Abel or Jacob and Esau, get each other in trouble. Nadab and Abihu got in trouble together. They were the two oldest sons of Aaron (Exodus 6:23) who served as priests along with their father at The Tabernacle during the Wilderness Journey. The Lord had clearly instructed them how they were to carry out their responsibilities, but Nadab and Abihu foolishly took it upon themselves to do it in a manner of their own choosing and were destroyed by fire.


FUN FACTS

Clean and Unclean Foods

"Clean" birds, animals and insects were generally those that were plant-eaters, while those "unclean" were meat or carrion eaters. For example, chickens, cattle and grasshoppers were clean, while vultures, weasels and flies were unclean. There were some exceptions that may have been due to their being common carriers of deadly bacterial, viral or parasitical infections like rats (bubonic plague), bats (rabies), and pigs (trichinosis). Clean sea creatures were apparently those that were found in fresh-flowing water (bass, trout), while those unclean tended to be bottom-dwellers (shellfish, catfish) where natural contaminants collected.

Clean

Cattle
Sheep
Goats
Chickens
Elk
Deer, Antelope
Water creatures with fins & scales

Unclean

Snakes, Lizards
Camels, Horses
Weasels, Rabbits
Pigs
Vultures, Ravens, Owls, Crows
Bats, Rats and Flies
Water creatures with no fins and scales


Sacrificial Offerings

Burnt offering - it is a voluntary act of worship, atonement for unintentional sin. It is also an expression of devotion and surrender to God. SACRIFICAL ELEMENT: Bull, ram or a male bird for the poor.

Fellowship offering - Another voluntary offering that is also an act of worship. This offering shows our thanksgiving and fellowship with God. SACRIFICAL ELEMENT: Any animal without defect, from a flock or herd, and a variety of breads.

Grain offering - also a voluntary offering as an act of worship to recognize God's provision and goodness to us and our devotion to Him. SACRIFICAL ELEMENT: Grain, fine flour, olive oil, incense, baked bread.

Sin offering - A mandatory offering for a specific unintentional sin. Also included were confession of sin, forgiveness of sin and cleansing from defilements. SACRIFICAL ELEMENT: Young bull for the high priest and congregation; male goat for the leader; female goat of a lamb for the common person; a dove or pigeon for the poor and a tenth of an ephah of flour for those who were very poor.

Trespass offering - Another mandatory offering to atone for an unintentional sin that requires restitution. SACRIFICAL ELEMENT: Ram or lamb.

Yom Kippur - The Day of Atonement (Lev. 16) was regarded as the holiest day of the year. It occurs on the tenth day of the new year. It is a day of personal mourning for any unconfessed sin of the past year. The word atonement is used only in the Old Testament and it means "to cover."It is used 52 times in Leviticus.


MAPS

Figure 1: Israelite Camp in relation to the Tabernacle
Figure 2: The Tabernacle

Transcript

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Heavenly Father, we now give You our devotion for the next hour as we fly very rapidly through many chapters of Leviticus. I pray that our minds would be sharp, I pray that we would give You our best attention, that we would learn, and that as we learn, we would grow, and as we grow Lord, we would share with other people in our community and in our lives. And we again pray that the work that You're doing here, midweek, would be transferred and multiplied throughout the rest of the week as we interact with people around this community. In Jesus' Name. Amen
If you were to ask the average Christian, "What's your favorite book in the Bible?" You probably wouldn't hear, "Leviticus." You wouldn't have people say, "Yeah, my life verse is in Leviticus." Or "Yeah, Leviticus is the place I often go to for personal comfort." In fact, as I mentioned Sunday, it's the book where a lot of people ditch their New Year's resolutions. If their resolution was, "I'm going to read through the Bible," they make it through Genesis; it's exciting. They make it through Exodus; it's exciting until you get to chapter 21, then it slows down a bit. Then it's all over in Leviticus. It's like, "Forget it." There are so many people that have never read this book. Yet, the Bible does say, "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God and is profitable," and that would mean this is part of it. In fact, did you know that in ancient times, in some Jewish communities, Leviticus was where they started training their children? I know that sounds outlandish, to give a kid Leviticus. You think, "Wait a minute, that's for seminary graduates." No, they would start them young in this book and a passage in the Midrash says this, "Little children are pure and the sacrifices are pure, let those who are pure come and occupy themselves with pure things." So that's what we're going to do tonight in this book.
Okay, in the book of Leviticus, the Children of Israel, who have left Egypt and are going through the wilderness, don't move at all in this book. They're camped out in the wilderness of Sinai and the book ends right where the book begins. They're not making any physical progress during this book. It opens and closes in the same spot. The book has a theme and here it is: the way to God through sacrifice. You could even narrow that theme down to a single word, holy or holiness. Now when you hear the word or I hear the word 'holiness,' it doesn’t excite most people because we have weird things in our minds. "Oh yeah, holiness, that's guys in long robes who live out in caves in the desert and they do weird things like fast for several days at a time and they isolate themselves from people and they think thoughts of God because they're holy." I want you to rethink the word. I want you to think of the word, 'holy,' as being, 'wholly.' The idea of wholly is total or complete. You are complete when you draw near to God in holiness. When you become holy you become whole. It's how God wants you to live. Now, you are going to find that a lot of the theme of this book is holiness. You're going to hear the repeated phrase where God says, "For I am holy." Here's why; here's a key: the way to happiness is through holiness. Parents, teach your children that. Teach your children that if they want to be happy people, they should be holy people. If you think of Jesus Christ, people noticed something about His life. There He was - He didn't have a place to lay His head at night; He was wandering around Galilee and on into Jerusalem and yet He was so attractive; there was a vibrancy, there was a spark about Him. It was because of the righteousness, the holiness, the proximity to His Father, that gave that off and people noticed it. So the way to happiness is the way of holiness. I'm going to read a quote to you by Peggy Noonan. She was the former President Reagan's speech writer and she said this, "It is odd that some Christians see themselves as the media does, as bland guys in gray suits with gray buzz cuts. They ought to see themselves as a young Marlon Brando on a Harley; for they (that is believers; Christians), are the true anti-establishment, the true rebels and with a cause." I like that. Holiness, you might say, is being a rebel with a cause. Rebel against this world; rebel against the values and the standards. If you want to be a true non-conformist, don't be like the world. Anybody, any dead fish can float downstream. Being different; being whole; being holy; is the way to happiness and is the way to pleasing God.
In Genesis, we saw the condemnation for sin. It was the fall and the fall out because of the fall. It was the condemnation because of sin that brought a fall on all of mankind - that's Genesis.
Then we came to Exodus and we saw that it was redemption for their sin as God took them out of the bondage they were in and brought them through the wilderness.
Now we have separation from their sin. That's the book of Leviticus. The sin issue has to be dealt with and it's dealt with here. Now, let me tell you a key word in this book beside holy. It's the word 'blood.' Eighty eight times the word 'blood' is going to show up in the book of Leviticus. Frankly, it's a bloody book and one of the reasons people don't like it is because there's so much blood. Here's the key lesson and the reason why. Leviticus and the mention of blood, show us the awfulness of sin. This is what sin will do: it makes a bloody mess of things. So an innocent victim, i.e., an animal - the blood was shed, sacrifices were made because the wages of sin is death. So it's either our death or an innocent victim's death and hence blood will be mentioned a lot. So Leviticus shows the awfulness of sin - death, blood. It also shows us the graciousness of God. Besides God saying, "I'm holy," and the awfulness of sin, you'll find the phrase, "I will forgive," or "I will forgive their sins." Chapters 1 through 7 form a unit of the sacrifices that were brought to the tabernacle and the blood that was shed; the offerings that were given. Although everybody in Israel brought an offering to the Lord, there was only one group of people that received those offerings and sacrificed those animals, and that was the tribe of Levi. Not everybody could do it. There was only one special tribe in Israel that was set apart to do the business of the tabernacle; to receive the animals, slit the throat, drain the blood, pour the blood at the base of the altar, bring in the burnt offering, etc. So not just everybody could do it, but a special priesthood could do it and it was the tribe of Levi. You had to have the right genetics or you might say you had to have the right genes and you had to be of the Tribe of Levi for the sacrifices.
We're flying over this book tonight so as we're flying over this book I want you to notice out the window four landmarks in chapters 1 through 17. The first one is personal; the second one is professional; the third one is ritual; and the fourth one is national. So let me go back to those four because we are going to zip quickly through it and you're going to notice them out the window of the airplane sort to speak.
The first section that we want to look at, chapters 1 through 7, are laws of personal proximity. It answers the question, "How can I approach God? How can I ever, being a human being and imperfect, hang out and fellowship with a perfect, holy God?" And it's through the sacrifices that are given. And then, second, chapters 8 through 10 are laws of professional activity. It answers the question, "How can I serve God?" It's about the priests whose profession it was to offer those sacrifices. So, laws of personal proximity, laws of professional activity, and then the third are chapters 11 through 15, laws of ritual purity. And it answers the question, "How can I stay clean before the Lord?" Fourth and finally, laws of national sanctity, chapters 16 and 17, and they talk about how the nation should obey God. So we are going to fly over those chapters.
Chapter 1 through 7 is the first one - laws of personal proximity - and it has to do with worship through animal sacrifice; through offerings. This is the worship that God prescribes for the people to approach God. God is looking today for worshipers, not animal sacrificers. We don't need animals because of Jesus; His blood is enough. But God is on the lookout, according to Jesus in John 4, "For true and authentic worshipers." A.W. Tozer once said, "Worship is the missing jewel of the evangelical church." I wonder, as God looks through our group here tonight, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, how many authentic worshipers He finds; those who are in it for God's glory; for God's fame; and for His majesty. Well, chapter 1 is the burnt offering. An animal is brought before the tabernacle, it is burned upon an altar, and we see that animal sacrifices are instituted. Now go back in your mind. This is not the first time an animal is killed to cover sin. What's the first occasion of that? It's in Genesis after the garden incident in chapter 3 when Adam and Eve sowed fig leaves together because they said, "Well, we woke up one day and discovered we were naked so we covered ourselves." And the Bible says that, "God took the skins of animals and covered them." Well that animal had to be killed for those skins to cover Adam and Eve. So what God instituted right after the fall is what He now continues in ritual form with the children of Israel. Verse 1, "Now the Lord called to Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of meeting, saying, 'Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When any one of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of the livestock - of the herd and of the flock. 'If his offering is a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it of his own free will at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the Lord. Then he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him. He shall kill the bull before the Lord; and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of meeting.'" We understand that mankind has a huge problem. How on earth is sinful man going to hang out with holy God? Sin is the great separator. That virus has infected our race from the very beginning after the fall of Adam. Well the first seven chapters are about remedying that and it is by shedding blood. Hebrews 9:22 says, "Without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins." Okay, so they brought these sacrifices and you have to keep in mind what this would look like to the worshiper. It was a very visual worship system. That is, it was the ability to see rather than just hear at this point in their history, what sin did and what was required to cover it, thus this great pageantry of animal sacrifices. It was like watching a drama on stage and all of these sacrifices expressed the truths visually rather than verbally. It's sort of the equivalent of agent television. They saw acted out in front of them, every time an animal was brought, what their sin did. Now I want to throw this in because we live in a day and age where people say, "Well, all religions are the same and all roads lead to God." Well, if that's true now, was it true back then? Some would say, "Of course it was; it's always been true; all paths lead to God; it doesn't matter what you believe in." That's called relativism. The Bible teaches the opposite. The Bible teaches exclusivism. There's only a certain way that anybody can approach God, and according to Leviticus it's by the shedding of blood of an innocent victim, and so the sacrifices. In one sense, they're repertory, they cure the problem; I'm separated from God, how do I approach God? Well, you bring an animal, blood is shed, you can hang out with God by the shedding of blood. Number two they're anticipatory. They point forward to the finished work of Jesus Christ and His shed blood once and for all, of all of our sins.
Go down to chapter 2 because the sacrifices in Leviticus 1 through 7 go beyond just sacrifice for sin, listen carefully, they also deal with personal surrender and thanksgiving. Do you ever come to a place where you aren't asking God for anything, or you aren't doing something because you have to do it? You just say, "Lord, I know I don't have to do this but I want to because I'm so thankful for all that you've done." Well, there were offerings specifically for that. Chapter 2, verse 1 "When anyone offers a grain offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour. And he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it. He shall bring it to Aaron's sons, the priests, one of whom shall take from it his handful of fine flour and oil with all the frankincense. And the priest shall burn it as a memorial on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the Lord." This was the only unbloody offering. It was grain, meal - ground up - oil was poured in it, made into little cakes; part of it was burned and given to the Lord, and part of it was given to the priests to be their bread at home. It would be part of what the priest would eat; it would sustain them; it was part of the offerings that they would accept. Now this offering was prepared by the worshiper. It symbolizes the work of our hands. So that is, "I'm going to offer something to the Lord; it's going to take time and it's going to cost me; and just as a matter of thanksgiving, I'm going to offer it, surrender to the Lord - the work of my hands." Let me just say that anytime we give to the Lord it ought to be done with that mentality. That is with the mentality that it's going to take my time and it's going to cost me something. That's true sacrifice. I don't think it's right to say, "Well, I've given some of my money to the Lord." Newsflash - none of it's yours to begin with. It's not like God let you keep ninety percent and you give him ten. He owns it all. He's made you a steward and He's graciously told you, "Here take this 90 percent and sustain yourself, just give this ten percent." But it always should cost us something. David, when he wanted to build the temple for the Lord, 2nd Samuel 24, goes up to the threshing floor of Arana in Jerusaleum and says, "Hey buddy boy, I want to buy that little mountain peak; I want to build a house for the Lord. I'll buy it from you." Arana said, "You don't have to buy it from me, you're the king, you're going to do it for God, you can have it." David said, "No give me a fair price; I'll buy it from you." Arana said, "Don't buy it from me, you can have it." Then David said, "I will never, ever give God something unless it costs me." So that's the idea of a gift to the Lord. "I am so thankful and I want to give back to the Lord." So that's that sacrifice.
Chapter 3 is the peace offering. That is, you bring your animal, it's killed at the door of the tabernacle, and blood is poured on the altar or at the base of it. Now in the peace offering, part of the animal is burned - that's the fatty part; and all the parts are given in here, we don't need to go through it. Part is given to the priest, again for their meal at home and then part is enjoyed by the one who brings the animal. It's sort of like a holy barbeque. You're going to eat part of it and enjoy it right there with your family. Verse 8, chapter 3, "And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it before the tabernacle of meeting; and Aaron's sons shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar." This is the only offering that is eaten, by the way. Verse 9: "Then he shall offer from the sacrifice of the peace offering, as an offering made by fire to the Lord, its fat and the whole fat tail which he shall remove close to the backbone. And the fat that covers the entrails, And all the fat that is on the entrails." This is the peace offering and I love the Hebrew greeting. Shalom; peace. It's more than just, "Hey, what's up?" The idea of shalom or peace is well being; wholeness; satisfaction; and the idea of the peace offering is, "I'm satisfied in fellowship with God and with God's people." There's a sense of well being and wholeness and satisfaction. And by the way we pray that for you often. We pray that as you enter these gates, these doors, as you come in for Bible studies, you go out and you live your life throughout the week - that you would live with a sense of fellowship and satisfaction and shalom and peace. That's from the Lord. I think it's a beautiful picture of being God's guest at His table. You know, in the Middle East, it's always been a custom if you're invited into a home, (or in those days the tent), for a meal, not only did the host feed you a meal and take care of your needs but in coming into the house or into the tent the host was sworn to protect the guest. "If you're a guest in our home we're going to make sure that you are free from worry and free from evil; we're going to protect you." I love that idea. God welcomes us into fellowship. Like Jesus said, "Behold I stand at the door and knock, if anyone will open the door I will come in and sup with him," (or have intimate fellowship with him), "and he with Me."
Look at chapter 4. This is the sin offering. This is for unintentional sin. It's what people call "boo-boos", "mistakes", "uh-ohs". God still calls it sin. Verse 2, chapter 4: "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'If a person sins unintentionally against any of the commandments of the Lord in anything which ought not to be done, and does any of them, if the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to the Lord for his sin which he has sinned a young bull without blemish as a sin offering." Now the very next offering is a trespass offering, so isn't it interesting that there's a difference in the Bible between sin and a trespass and can you see the difference? One is unintentional and one is intentional. The Bible says, "All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God." Whether you want to or not. The Bible says we are all born in sin; we are infected with that disease; we're sinners by nature, number one; and sinners by choice number two.
Now here's the difference illustrated. Let's say you're walking down the street and you take a turn and you cross into private property but you don't know that it's private - it was unintentional - and somebody comes out there with a shotgun and a cowboy hat with chewing tobacco saying, "Boy, get off this property, it's private property." Okay, you didn't know it; you still crossed the line; it's a sin; you get off. A trespass is where you see the sign and you cross over it intentionally; it's something you know, and you do it deliberately. And they were offering sacrifices for both of those. Okay, whether you mean to do it or not, it's still sin and blood still has to be shed. "Oh, but I try really hard not to miss the mark!" Sorry, everybody does it. Blood has to be shed.
Chapter 5 is the trespass offering. If you touch something unclean; if you speak thoughtlessly; if you give an oath and you're not able to fulfill it. Again, we've all seen the sign, "No Trespassing - Private Property", now up to that point, until you saw the sign you were unaware, now you are aware. Having seen the sign, you've been warned. This is what I want you to notice before we move on. There was an offering for a trespass and the offering was a public demonstration, a public confession. This is what you notice about all of these offerings; it wasn't just done in private - there was a public accountability that was demanded by the people of Israel; a public honesty that they had to live up to. They had to confess it and they would bring an offering. So if you're bringing a trespass offering, everybody knows, "That guy blew it. Look, he's bringing an animal. It's a trespass offering, he blew it." And yet, they felt the freedom; they had the freedom by God to go ahead and say, "Yep, I did, and I'm going to get forgiven of it." I think too often we hide behind our masks; we try to pretend that we're okay when we're not, when it would be so much better if believers would become a little more honest about who they are and their need for forgiveness. There's an old Latin proverb that says, "He does not get cleansed of sins who denies them." I've heard people pray this prayer, "Lord, if I have sinned, I'm sorry." Wait, time out - if? If you've sinned? I mean if you're not sure, why are you even praying about it? You only pray about it when you want to make a confession and the word confess means to agree with and bringing the offering meant you agreed with it.
There are five offerings: burnt offering, peace offering, sin offering, trespass offering, and grain offering. I didn't give it to you in order. It's burnt, grain, peace, sin, and trespass. The first three are called 'sweet aroma offerings.' That is, it says when you bring them, it's a sweet aroma to the nostrils of the Lord. The first three were optional. The second two were obligatory. You had to bring them because everybody sins. In the first three it's surrender, it's thanksgiving, it's Romans 12:1, "You present your body as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable which is your reasonable service." The next two, everybody had to do; sin and trespass offering - because all sin and all transgress.
Chapters 6 and 7 continue with that theme - remember these are laws of personal proximity, that's the first of the four sections. How do I approach God? Chapters 6 and 7 are laws for the priests who are administrating all of these five offerings. This is the office protocol. This is the other end of the deal. You bring the offering, the priest has to receive it and the protocol is given. So look at verse 35, "This is the consecrated portion for Aaron and his sons, from the offerings made by fire to the Lord, on the day when Moses presented them to minister to the Lord as priests. The Lord commanded this to be given to them by the children of Israel, on the day that He anointed them, by a statute forever throughout their generations. This is the law of the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the trespass offering, the consecrations, and the sacrifice of the peace offering." So a certain portion, verse 35, was for the priests; but it was only a certain portion. Later on we're going to read that there was a high priest by the name of Eli. He had two sons, Hophni and Phinehas. This is 1st Samuel, chapters 1 through 4: "Hophni and Phinehas the sons of the priest, were very careless, they put in the flesh hook and whatever came up," usually the best, because they saw where they were grabbing the meat, "they would take home for themselves." They got sloppy about the way they were serving the Lord and not giving the Lord the prescribed piece and then taking home the prescribed piece and the Bible says, "That caused the people to hate these sacrifices." Talk about the power of a bad example. No wonder, in the New Testament, James, concerning leadership says, "Be not many masters, for you will receive the stricter judgment," or the greater condemnation.
When they went up to the tabernacle it must have looked like a slaughter house. Throats being slit, blood being poured out at the gate, more blood being poured out at the great altar of sacrifice that was in that court; an enormous amount of blood and people. Blood circulates through every single page of the Bible - the need for shedding of blood. Again without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins. There is what we call a Scarlet Thread of Redemption that is woven from Genesis to Revelation. I mentioned that blood is talked about 88 times - offering and sacrifice, those two words, appear 91 times in this book. Why? Wherever sin exists, blood must be shed or payment must be made. Speaking about the Scarlet Thread of Redemption, fast forward to the New Testament. Remember what Jesus said to the leaders? Listen to what He said. "If you would have believed Moses, you'd believe Me because Moses wrote about Me." And you wonder, "Where did Moses write about You exactly?" Or Jesus on the road to Emmaus, in Luke chapter 24, it says, "And beginning at Moses and all of the prophets He explained all of the things that were concerning Him." What did He talk about in that Bible study? He must have talked about some of these offerings. "Hey guys, remember all those offerings? Yeah, they spoke about Me. Here is how I have fulfilled them all."
We go now to the second slice of this. These are the laws of professional activity. Chapters 8, 9 and 10 answer the question, "How can I serve God?" Now, specifically we're going to be dealing with those who have the Levi genes and those who are ministering as the priests in the tabernacle and how they serve God. If chapters 1 through 7 tell us why we need sacrifices, chapters 8, 9 and 10 deal with why we need a priest. It's true, we need a sacrifice for our sins but we also need a priest to be a mediator - the go between. You see if you go to the tabernacle, you have to have somebody take the offerings from you and mediate between you and God. So there was a high priest and there were other priests, the priesthood. Now in the New Testament, who is our great high priest according to Hebrews chapters 4, 5 and 6? Jesus Christ, our great High Priest. Hebrews 4, "We do not have a high priest that cannot be touched with the feelings of our infirmities but was in all points tempted like we are yet without sin." He's called our great High Priest. In that same analogy then, if He's the great High Priest, who are the priests? We are. Believers are all called priests. In 1st Peter, Peter says, "Don't you know that you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a people that is set apart?" What does a priest do? A priest stands before people for God and then a priest stands before God for the people, offering sacrifices. He's the go-between, the mediator. He stands before people for God and he stands before God for the people. That's what you're called to do: stand before people at work, stand before people at home, in the neighborhood, at the store, at school. Stand there and be God's spokesperson. Tell them the truth; tell them how they can be right with God; tell them how they can be saved. That's your role as a priest. Then don't stop there; stand before God for the people in prayer. Pray for them; ask God to bless them; ask God to save them. We're a chosen generation, we're a royal priesthood.
Chapter 8, verse 1 begins the ordination ceremony of these priests, "And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 'Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, the anointing oil, a bull as the sin offering, two rams, and a basket of unleavened bread.'" Now notice that they're to take a sin offering. Did you read that in verse 2? "A sin offering? These are the priests, do they need it?" Absolutely. Hebrews 4 tells us Jesus is the great High Priest; Hebrews 5 tells us that even the Old Testament priests couldn't just rush in and go, "I'm a priest." They themselves had to sacrifice like everybody else; blood had to be shed; a priest couldn't approach until there was a sin offering for his own sin. Everybody in ministry better make sure that they're right with God. Now we're starting a Sheppard School coming up in a couple of weeks and we have a School of Ministry and we've seen people over the years get raised up in ministry. I know this sounds elementary and it might shock you, but do you know that there are people today in pulpits around our country, ministers of the Gospel, who are not saved individuals? This I know out of personal experience. I remember it was a Christmas Day, it happened to be on a Sunday that year, it was several years back, and we gave an altar call and one of the men who came forward was an elderly gentlemen and with tears in his voice he said, "I have served in the ministry all my life and I realized today, I haven't been saved, genuinely. I really want to give my live to Christ." It's hard to imagine. How do you stay in the ministry without a relationship with God? But these guys, even back then, needed to be right with God through these sacrifices.
Verse 22, of that chapter: "And he brought the second ram, the ram of consecration. Then Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram," Now this is an unusual ordination service, you'll never see one like this in a church, "and Moses killed it. Also he took some of its blood and put it on the tip of Aaron's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. Then he brought Aaron's sons. And Moses put some of the blood on the tips of their right ears, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. And Moses sprinkled the blood all around on the altar." Now this would signify the role of the priest. This is what I'm called to do. Blood on my right ear; I'm called to hear His voice. Blood on my right hand, my thumb; I'm called to do His will. And blood on the big toe of the right foot; I'm called to walk in His ways. All of that was significant. So, this is the priests' equivalent of Romans chapter 12: "Present your bodies as a living sacrifice to God." This is where service begins. Do you want to serve the Lord? Do you want to be used by God? The first step is saying, "God, I want to be used by You. I'm offering up my life, my body, my future, my talents, everything, for Your purposes. So when we bring young men into the ministry and we ordain them, we call it an ordination service, we're really not ordaining them. We believe that not a single man on earth or an institution or a church could possibly ordain anybody but that only God can call and ordain a person. We can only, at best, ratify what God has already done. When we see the evidence in a person's life and then we lay hands on him and it's evident that God has called them. God has already ordained you and we're saying 'Amen' to that. We're simply ratifying it.
Let me just also say that the Bible is filled with great stories of people who have done this. They've yielded their bodies to God and God said, "Okay, I can use that." Moses' mouth - it wasn't a very great mouth; he stuttered. But when God got a hold of it he was the one that spoke the laws of God to the nation. David's hands - just little shepherd hands. But in the hands of God behind his hands he was able to slay a giant with a sling. Or how about the feet of Paul the Apostle - going everywhere, spreading the good news? Their bodies were given over to God. Ladies and gentlemen, one of the greatest truths of the Bible is that God has lowered Himself, you might say condescended, to using us. He's going to use us; He wants to use you; He wants to use me. Can I just say for the record, it's an enigma? You know, God could have chosen to use angels to get the job of evangelism done and you know what, they would have done a lot better job. It would have been done by now. How do I know this? Because in the book of Revelation, an everlasting angel, flying through heaven, or an angel preaching the everlasting gospel, and the whole world hears it. But God has chosen to use us. He's looking for people who will say, "Here's my body, use me."
Chapter 9 is the beginning of the priesthood; seven days of consecration. In those seven days, a sin offering is presented. This is all in the ninth chapter - sin offering and a burnt offering for themselves. That's the beginning of the priesthood.
Chapter 10 is the breakdown of the priesthood. It's hard to imagine but on the very first "get-go", in that first week of the establishment of the priesthood, it goes south very quickly. There's rebellion in the camp and here's one of the things I love about the Bible: the Bible never flatters its heroes, it always tells the truth about the best of them." Verse 1, chapter 10: "Then Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it, put incense on it, and offered profane fire," (or strange fire, asKing James says, or unconsecrated fire), "before the Lord, which He had not commanded them. So fire went out from the Lord and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. And Moses said to Aaron, 'This is what the Lord spoke, saying: 'By those who come near Me I must be regarded as holy; And before all the people I must be glorified.' So Aaron held his peace." You know what; we don't even honestly know why this was called this strange fire or profane fire. The infraction is not specified. We don't know exactly what it is. We do know that it was some violation of offering incense in a sensor. Here's the deal: there was a fire out in the outer courtyard on the altar of sacrifice. It was to be going continually because the Bible says, "Fire came from heaven and consumed the sacrifice." It was to stay lit. Coal was taken off of the altar and put in the sensor, incense was put on it, the priest would then go into the holy place. It would seem that rather than going to the source at the altar of sacrifice and getting one of those coals, they took out a bic lighter or something (of course they didn't have that) but they took fire from some other place, many coals from another source and lit that fire. You go, "Man, God was like really having a bad God day - to kill these people for that! What's the big deal?" According to God it was profane fire and it is a big deal because it was to be taken from the altar of sacrifice before taken to the other altar; you know why? Worship must always be based on sacrifice. Nobody can just run into God's presence and go, "I think God is this and I think God is that and here's my own way that I feel like I want to worship God." Here's God's holy response to an unholy gesture. Worship must always be based on sacrifice. Here's another possibility. It could be that these sons of Aaron were drunk because look down in verse 8 and 9, God says to Aaron, their father, "Do not drink wine or intoxicating drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations." Once again, if you're going to be in ministry, you can't just give God any old service, you give God your best. Charles Spurgeon once said, "If you plan to be lazy, there're plenty of avocations in which you will not be wanted, but above all you are not wanted in the Christian ministry. The man who finds the ministry an easy life will also find that it brings a hard death." Enough said.
In the third section, we will fly over the laws of ritual purity. How can a person be clean before God? Chapters 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 deal with a variety of laws about how to ritually be cleaned from defilement - in their diet, in treatment of bodily uncleanness, etc. So chapter 11 deals with food, chapter 12 deals with birth, chapter 13 - skin diseases, chapter 14 - leprosy in particular, which will be important in the New Testament - and chapter 15 - bodily discharges. It's all there!
You might look at it this way: chapters 1 through 10 dealt with worshiping the Lord; chapters 11 through the end of the book talk about walking with the Lord. There's an old saying I've memorized, "It's not how high you jump, it's how straight you walk once you hit the ground." Some people get all excited in their worship and they lavish God with praises and their hands are high and they stand tall and that's great; it's wonderful; it's cool; but the real test is when you leave church. What are you like in the parking lot? What are you like going down the street? What are you like tomorrow morning and the next morning and the rest of the week? Do you reflect somebody who's been in God's presence? There's a story of a missionary who would pass out tracts, little leaflets, and a man took one and said, "I don't want to read your tracts; I want to watch your tracks - how you walk - and see if I'm interested."
First of all there's worship and now this is walking with the Lord in all areas of life. Chapter 11, verse 1: "Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them, 'Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'These are the animals which you may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth: Among the beasts, whatever divides the hoof, having cloven hooves and chewing the cud - that you may eat.'" Now do you ever think about that when you go buy meat at the grocery store? "Now let me figure this out here. Did this have a cloven hoof? Better have something else tonight." Dietary restrictions given in verse 45 through 47 are for two basic reasons. Look at them, verse 45: "For I am the Lord who brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy." Reason number one for these dietary restrictions: to show that they were different from all the other people around them. God held them to a higher standard. Verse 46: "This is the law of the animals and the birds and every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the earth, to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten." Reason number two: health; for sanitary reasons. Three thousand years ago there wasn't any FDA, there was only G-O-D and Moses didn't know and they didn't know about what animals in different seasons of the year were good and were bad and were clean and were unclean and would give off poisons and would not, but God did, and to protect them from these diseases, these laws were given. I remember a trip that I took; it was an interesting trip because I went to four countries. I went to India, Egypt, Greece and then Israel. After those three countries, if you've ever been to them, you're really scared about what you're going to eat, especially if you had problems while you ate those foods in those countries - which I did. By the time I'd gotten to Israel I was very skittish, and I said, "Boy I don't know if I should eat that." It was in Jerusalem and I remember the guy patted me on the back and said, "It's okay, it's Kosher." And I thought, "Yeah, you know what, he's right, this is according to a very strict, Biblical standard of cleanliness to avoid some of the parasites that would be present in other countries." Doctor S.H. Kellogg said this, "One of the greatest discoveries of modern science is the fact that a large number of diseases to which animals are liable are due to the presence of low forms of parasitic life. To such diseases, those which are unclean in their feeding will be especially exposed. Also, you can be contaminated from animal to man." He goes on to say, "Long ago as in the days when the plague was desolating Europe, the Jews universally escaped infection which brought suspicion that they were poisoning the wells and the springs." That's just part of the history. God preserved them through these laws through a number of unsanitary conditions.
Chapter 12 deals with childbirth. After birth, get this, as soon as a baby was born a mom had to bring a burnt offering and a sin offering. Interesting isn't it? Cleansing was needed as soon as a child was born. That's the nature of sin. "We're sinners by birth," the Bible tells us. Psalm 51, David says: "I was shapen in iniquity and in sin did my mother conceive me." So a burnt offering and a sin offering - chapter 12.
Chapters 13 through 15 - leprosy and running sores. I wonder, when was the last time you heard a message on running sores? No, I won't be giving you one! These were all highly contagious, and they were to be brought into isolation and to be inspected. Think about it. Part of the priest's function was acting like a doctor. He'd isolate people, quarantine them, and then over time examine a sore or a scab to see how it would progress or if it would get better. He would pronounce the victim unclean or cleansed based upon that.
Fourth and finally, and we close here - laws of national sanctity, chapters 16 and 17; how a nation together should obey God. Chapter 16 is the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur. It's a special day in the Hebrew calendar where sin was dealt with. It was the tenth day of the seventh month, always. It was sort of the center and culmination of all of their festivals. You might look at chapter 16 as the Isaiah 53 of the Torah, of the five books of Moses. Yom Kippur was not a joyful time. You'd never walk up to a Jewish person back then and go, "Merry Yom Kippur dude!" It wasn't a real happy celebration. It was days of awe, introspection, and confession of sins. It was a time, the Bible says, where they were to afflict their souls. Look at verse 7 of this chapter. Let me give you a little bit of background. The high priest would bathe himself, get dressed in his special garments that we talked about last time, sacrifice a bull and a ram, and then he would take two goats, now look at this: "He shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. Then Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats: one lot for the Lord and the other lot for the scapegoat." Verse 9, "And Aaron shall bring the goat on which the Lord's lot fell, and offer it as a sin offering. But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness. And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat. Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel," (that would take some time), "and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man." I've been on these hills outside of Jerusalem. Where the temple stood there were hills out toward the desert and people would stand on them and the goat would be released out into the wilderness. Once the goat was out of sight; the scapegoat left; the sins were taken away; one man relayed the guy on the other hill and that guy would do the same, all the way back into Jerusalem where at that moment in the temple there was a big party - "Our sins have been taken away!" The scapegoat was removed because of the sins. The news was passed from person to person to person all the way to the temple. The good news that Jesus Christ came to take away our sins, passed from Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul all the way to us. We hear about it in every generation and we apply it to our lives and we rejoice because of the promise of the New Covenant.
Leviticus 17 - we made it - this is a hinge chapter. This is what I mean. Look at this chapter as a hinge between the first part and the second part. The first part with all of these offerings and priesthood regulations and the following part which deals with more laws and right in the middle is this hinge. It gives us a very key verse to this book. Verse 10: "And whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, who eats any blood, I will set My face against that person who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people. For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul." You might read that and go, "Don't worry; I will have no problem keeping this commandment; I don't plan on eating blood." Well, if you ever go to Scotland or England, they have this weird dish called blood pudding. This is what it is. It's congealed pig blood inside of a portion of an intestine. Who on earth would want to eat that? How could you put that on a menu and charge for it? A dare - maybe. A bill - never. But back then, some of the pagan countries would eat blood. You know why? Because they thought that if they drank the blood of an ox they'd be strong like an ox. If they'd drink blood from a lion they'd be as fast or as swift as a lion or a gazelle or whatever. They would take on the characteristics. God forbade them to act like the world. So once again, blood is the basis of the relationship with God.
Okay, we made it through 17 chapters. You have the gist of these portions of the book of Leviticus: laws of personal proximity, laws of professional activity, laws of ritual purity, and laws of national sanctity. Those are the four landmarks in the 17 chapters.
Before we close, I just want you to get kind of a mega theme here: the purpose of all of these offerings was not to show how approachable God was but how utterly holy and unapproachable God was without the shedding of blood. What does it mean if you don't have blood shed? How could you approach God? There's only one other solution. If you don't have blood shed for you I guess you come in your own righteousness, your own good works, and your own good deeds. You'd say, "Okay, I'm going to be good enough to stand before God and God will just overlook it." That would be a mistake, because Paul says in the New Testament that the Jews at his time have become ignorant of the righteousness of God and in pushing away the righteousness that God prescribed, they are resting in their own righteousness and thus under the condemnation of God. Unless tonight your life is found in the blood of Jesus Christ shed for you, there is no hope. Why live hopelessly? Grab onto the hope that is in Christ.
Let's pray. Our heavenly Father, we thank you for tonight for a long and deep and wide meal that we've enjoyed. I thank you Lord for the answers and for Kevin and his ministry and the group that is represented here from the mid-high and the high school and all the helpers. What a witness to have all age groups represented here tonight in one building. Thank you for the variety in the body of Christ. And thank you for the blood of Jesus Christ your perfect sacrifice. I pray that everyone would have a relationship with Him. In Jesus' Name. Amen.

Additional Messages in this Series

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7/11/2007
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Destination: Genesis 1-11
Genesis 1-11
Skip Heitzig
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Message Summary
We begin The Bible from 30,000 Feet with a tour of Genesis Chapters 1-11. On this flight we'll travel all the way back to the very beginning - The Creation. We'll meet the first man and woman and their deceiver - the Serpent. We'll fly over God's new creation and meet a man named Noah, who God saved from His judgment - the Flood. We'll also take a look at "beginnings," the first time things are mentioned in the Bible a special significance should be given to them. The word Genesis itself is a Greek word that means "origin," the book describes the origins of creation.
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7/18/2007
completed
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Destination: Genesis 12-50
Genesis 12-50
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This week's flight is going to take us over the second section of Genesis, which is biographical in nature and focuses on the lives of four key people. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph. We'll travel through the time era known as the Age of the Patriarchs. If you look at your window, we'll be passing over Canaan and Egypt, Canaan is modern day Israel.
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7/25/2007
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Destination: Exodus 1-18
Exodus 1-18
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In our third tour, we'll be visiting the book of Exodus chapters 1-18. We'll get an overview of the central historical event contained in the book, the redemption of God's people from the bondage of Egypt. The setting for our journey is the nation of Egypt and Israel's wanderings through the wilderness. For this flight the key chapters to review in advance are: Exodus: 1, 2, 3, 5, 11, 12 and 14.
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8/1/2007
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Destination: Exodus 19-40
Exodus 19-40
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In our fourth tour, we'll again visit the book of Exodus, visiting chapters 19-40. The setting for this week's journey is the Sinai Peninsula where God reveals the Ten Commandments to the nation of Israel and gives specific instructions on how He is to be worshiped. For this flight the key chapters to review in advance are: Exodus: 20, 25, 26, 27, 29 and 32.
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8/15/2007
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Destination: Leviticus 18-27
Leviticus 18-27
Skip Heitzig
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This week's study will take us through Leviticus chapters 18-27. The theme of Leviticus could be summed up in one word - holiness. The second section of Leviticus focuses on our walk with God through sanctification. Sanctification is the process by which we become holy or set apart for God's purposes. The key chapters to review in advance are: Leviticus 18-20, 22, 23, and 25.
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8/22/2007
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Destination: Numbers 1-14
Numbers 1-14
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Our seventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us through Numbers chapters 1-14. Numbers is the fourth of the Pentateuch. In the Hebrew it is called ba-midbar, "in the wilderness." In the Septuagint version it is called Arithmoi or "numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. It is so called because it contains a record of the numbering of the people in the wilderness of Sinai (1-4), and of their numbering afterwards on the plain of Moab (26). The key chapters to review in advance are: Numbers 3, 6, 9, 11, 13 & 14.
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8/29/2007
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Destination: Numbers 15-36
Numbers 15-36
Skip Heitzig
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In our eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet Pastor Skip will give us a tour of Numbers chapters 15-36. We'll see that the second section of Numbers covers the failure of one generation to enter the Promised Land and the reorganization of a new generation that enters into the Promised Land. Key chapters for this flight are: 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, and 27.
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9/5/2007
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Destination: Deuteronomy 1-34
Deuteronomy 1-34
Skip Heitzig
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In our ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us on a tour through the entire book of Deuteronomy. The Hebrews called it "Elleh Haddevarim," "These are the Words," or "Devarim," (words). Deuteronomy can be organized around three messages given by Moses while the Israelites were on the plains east of the Jordan River. It occurs after the 40 years of wandering and the Israelites are now ready to enter the Promised Land. The key word of this book is covenant and speaks of the special relationship that God has established with His people. Key chapters for this flight are: 6, 7, 31, 32, 33 and 34.
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9/12/2007
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Destination: Joshua 1-12
Joshua 1-12
Skip Heitzig
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Pastor Skip Heitzig will be our tour guide during our tenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This week's journey will take us through Joshua 1-12. We'll get to know Joshua, son of Nun, who shared in all the events of the Exodus, and held the place of commander of the host of the Israelites. The book of Joshua describes Israel's conquest of Canaan and the first section describe how Joshua conquered the land. Key chapters for this flight are: Joshua 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 and 10.
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9/26/2007
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Destination: Joshua 13-24
Joshua 13-24
Skip Heitzig
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In our eleventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will give us a tour of the Promised Land. We will see how Joshua divides the land "as an inheritance to Israel," and we'll see different tribes and where they settle, both in and out of the Promised Land. Key chapters for this flight are: Joshua 13 and 20-24.
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10/3/2007
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Destination: Judges 1-10
Judges 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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In our twelfth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will once again be our tour guide as we take our first look at the book of Judges. We'll see on this tour how the nation of Israel is caught in the cycle of sin and how each cycle results in ever worsening conditions for them. We'll meet some of the characters that God divinely appointed to the office of Judge. The key chapters to review for this flight are Judges 1–3 and 6–8.
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10/10/2007
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Destination: Judges 11-21
Judges 11-21
Skip Heitzig
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Flight thirteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over Judges chapters 11-21. Pastor Skip Heitzig will guide us as we complete this overview of Judges. We will see that the second part of Judges shows the fragile nature of these Judges and a people who, "did what was right in their own eyes," that kept them in their sin cycle.
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10/24/2007
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Destination: Ruth 1-4
Ruth 1-4
Skip Heitzig
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In our fourteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will give us a tour of the little romantic book of Ruth. We'll see how the book of Ruth shows the godly courage and love of two very different women from very different backgrounds. We'll meet some amazing characters on this flight who become key people in the genealogy of Jesus Christ.
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11/7/2007
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Destination: 1 Samuel 1-15
1 Samuel 1-15
Skip Heitzig
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The fifteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us on journey through 1 Samuel chapters 1-15. Join our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig for this exciting tour on which we'll meet a man who would be become King. This man's good looks, physical size and success in war made him an obvious choice from a human perspective, but the book of 1 Samuel highlights his tragic flaw - he disobeyed God's commands. From the ashes of Saul's tragedy God raises up another man who would become King, a man after His own heart, King David. The key chapters to review are 1-3, 8-10 and 15.
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11/14/2007
completed
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Destination: 1 Samuel 16-31
1 Samuel 16-31
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight sixteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This week our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will complete our tour of the book of 1 Samuel, covering chapters 16-31. On this flight we'll meet the man who God calls, "a man after my own heart (Acts 13:22)," David son of Jesse. We'll see David as a young shepherd boy who defeats Goliath and rises to national prominence overnight. His instant popularity arouses the jealousy of King Saul and forces David into hiding.
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11/21/2007
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Destination: 2 Samuel 1-10
2 Samuel 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Flight Seventeen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over 2 Samuel chapters 1-10. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will show us David's triumphs as King over Israel, after the death of Saul. Join us as we see how David's faith in God leads him to be victorious politically and militarily as one by one he defeats his enemies. We will also see how David's obedience leads to a new promise from God. The key chapters to review for this flight are 1-3, 5, 7 and 9.
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12/5/2007
completed
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Destination: 2 Samuel 11-24
2 Samuel 11-24
Skip Heitzig
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In our eighteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us to our next destination, 2 Samuel 11-24. On this flight we'll see David's transgressions and the troubles that resulted from them. By presenting both the strengths and weaknesses of David, we see a complete picture of a very real person who was described as being "a man after God's own heart." The key chapters to review are 2 Samuel 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 23, and 24.
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1/9/2008
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Destination: 1 Kings 1-22
1 Kings 1-22
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight nineteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over 1 Kings 1-22. On this flight we will see the transition that Israel undertakes as it moves from the rule of King David to the rule of his son King Solomon after his death. After Solomon turns from the Lord, we will see how Israel is divided and moved in and out of the power of many kings such as Ahab, Jehoshaphat, and Ahaziah. These chapters will reveal a story of true loyalty and disobedience to God. The key chapters to review are 1 Kings 1-3, 6, 8, 11, 12, 18, and 19.
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1/16/2008
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Destination: 2 Kings 1-25
2 Kings 1-25
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of 2 Kings. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will continue to lead us through the history of the divided nation of Israel, and how in spite of the many kings who took control of the land, we will still see a nation without true leadership. As we soar over this book, we will see first how Israel comes into captivity by Assyria, and then the triumph of Babylon over Judah. The key chapters to review are 2 Kings 1-4, and 18-21.
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1/23/2008
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Destination: 1 Chronicles 1-29
1 Chronicles 1-29
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-one over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the book of 1 Chronicles. On this flight we look back once again at God's promise that He would establish His reign on earth through King David. Chapters 1-9 of 1 Chronicles will look in-depth at the the royal line of David and then we will see again the reign of David in chapters 10-29. Join us as we fly at an altitude of 30,000 feet and see how God fulfilled His promises to David and how that presents a witness of His faithfulness to us as well. The key chapters to review are 1 Chronicles 17-18, 21-22, 25, and 28-29
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1/30/2008
completed
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Destination: 2 Chronicles 1-36
2 Chronicles 1-36
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-second departure for the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us soaring over the entire book of 2 Chronicles to see the beginning of the reign of King Solomon all the way to the spiritual roller coaster after Solomon's death and the separation of the kingdoms. From the building of the temple (2 Chronicles 1-9), to the decline of the temple (2 Chronicles 10-36:16), to the destruction of the temple (2 Chronicles 36:17-23), we see a parallel to 1 and 2 Kings from a spiritual viewpoint. The key chapters to review are 2 Chronicles 17-20, and 29-32.
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2/6/2008
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Destination: Ezra 1-10
Ezra 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty-three over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of Ezra. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will point out two very important sections of this book; the restoration of the temple (chapters 1-6), and the reformation of the people (chapters 7-10). This book will continue the narrative of 2 Chronicles by showing God's faithfulness to keep His promises by returning His people to their homeland. The key chapters to review are Ezra 1-10.
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2/13/2008
completed
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Destination: Nehemiah 1-13
Nehemiah 1-13
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-fourth departure for the Bible from 30,000 Feet. We will fly at cruising altitude over the entire book of Nehemiah with our pilot, Pastor Skip Heitzig. In this book, Nehemiah, the king's cupbearer, is given permission to lead third and final return to Jerusalem to repair and rebuild the city's walls. This book will show us a political construction (chapters 1-7), and a spiritual instruction (chapters 8-13). Join us as we see how Nehemiah gathers his spiritual strength from God during a time of great opposition.
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2/27/2008
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Destination: Esther 1-10
Esther 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-five over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the book of Esther. The flight will be divided into two highly important sections: the threat to the Jews (chapters 1-4), in which we will see Haman's attempt to completely eradicate the Jewish people from Persia, and the triumph of the Jews (chapters 5-10), where we will see a young girl's godly strength and fight to save her people. This flight will show us a whole new set of villains, heroes, and ultimately the ever abounding faithfulness of God towards those who follow Him. The key chapters to review are Esther 1-10.
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3/5/2008
completed
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Destination: Job 1-42
Job 1-42
Skip Heitzig
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Our twenty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet takes us over the entire book of Job, the first book in the section of poetical books. This is a powerful story of a man who has everything taken from him; his health, wealth, and even his beloved family. Yet as we see God allowing Satan to test Job, God's faithfulness to those he loves is clear and Job's steadfast faith prevails. Join us this week as we see Job's dilemma (ch.1-2), the debate with his four friends (ch. 3-37), and his final deliverance (ch. 38-42). The key chapters to review are Job1-4, 8,11-12, and 29.
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3/12/2008
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Destination: Psalms 1-72
Psalms 1-72
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-seven over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over Psalms 1-72. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us through the first seventy-two chapters of Psalms, which is divided into five books of songs, prayers, and poetry. Join us as we look at the deepest thoughts and emotions on the love and power of God. The key chapters to review are Psalms 1, 14, 23, 40, and 63.
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3/19/2008
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Destination: Psalms 73-150
Psalms 73-150
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-eighth departure of the Bible from 30,000 Feet. We will fly at cruising altitude over the last three books in Psalms as we read through chapters 73-150. We will see beautiful writings of gladness and grief, pleading and prayers, and reverence and worship. Join us as we look at the deepest thoughts and emotions on the love and power of God. The key chapters to review are Psalms 119, and 146-150.
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3/26/2008
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Destination: Proverbs 1-31
Proverbs 1-31
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty-nine over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of Proverbs. Known for the wisdom it contains, Proverbs reveals to us how to deal with every day situations; be it love and lust, life and death, friends and enemies, and what our God loves and hates. On this flight, Pastor Skip will point out some of the most noted chapters and verses of one of the most read books of the Old Testament. The key chapters to review are Proverbs 1-2, 5, 14, 22, and 31.
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4/23/2008
completed
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Destination: Ecclesiastes 1-12
Ecclesiastes 1-12
Skip Heitzig
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Join us as we continue The Bible From 30,000 Feet, taking our thirtieth flight high above the book of Ecclesiastes. This book reveals some startling truths about how King Solomon felt about finding meaning and fulfillment in life through the things of this world, and ultimately his conclusion that "all is vanity" in a life lived without God. The key chapters to review are 1-3, 5, 8, and 12.
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4/30/2008
completed
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Destination: Song of Solomon 1-8
Song_of_Solomon 1-8
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-one over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over Song of Solomon. This poetic book gives us a glimpse into the true love that Solomon has for a shepherdess, and the love and fulfillment they share in a marriage relationship. At an altitude of 30,000 feet we will be able to see the strong tie into the fulfillment and joy seen in the love of God for His people. The key chapters to review are Song of Solomon 1-8.
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5/7/2008
completed
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Destination: Isaiah 1-39
Isaiah 1-39
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Our thirty-second flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet will take us soaring over the entire book of Isaiah. Thought to be the greatest of all the Prophets of the Old Testament, Isaiah's ministry lasted around fifty years, and his prophecies are quoted in the New Testament more often than any other Prophet. This book shows us a mix of both prophecies of condemnation (chapters 1-39), as well as prophecies of comfort (chapters 40-66). The key chapters to review are Isaiah 1-2, 6, 40, 52-53, and 55.
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5/14/2008
completed
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Destination: Isaiah 40-66
Isaiah 40-66
Skip Heitzig
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In our thirty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a flight high above the Bible to look at the second half of Isaiah. As we look through chapters 40-66, we will see the continued work of Isaiah, and how God used his gift of prophecy, both comforting and condemning, to generate change in the individuals he encountered. The key chapters to review are Isaiah 40, 52-53, and 55.
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5/21/2008
completed
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Destination: Jeremiah 1-52
Jeremiah 1-52
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-four over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the entire book of Jeremiah. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us at an altitude of 30,000 feet to see the three writings of the book of Jeremiah. From the warning of judgment, to the promise of restoration, and finally the protective hand of God over those He loves, we will catch a glimpse of a man who openly allowed God to speak through him in unusual and sometimes bizarre ways to open the eyes of the people of Israel. The key chapters to review are Jeremiah 13, 18-20, 25, 31, and 52.
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6/11/2008
completed
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Destination: Lamentations 1-5
Lamentations 1-5
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-five over the Bible From 30,000 Feet. On this departure, we will look once again at Jeremiah in the book of Lamentations. We will learn why Jeremiah is referred to as "the weeping prophet," as we see him lament over the destruction of Jerusalem. This poetic book begins by revealing a man who is distressed for a nation under the consequences of its own sin, and ends with a prayer for the restoration of the nation from captivity. The key chapters to review are Lamentations 1-5.
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6/18/2008
completed
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Destination: Ezekiel 1-48
Ezekiel 1-48
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In our thirty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a flight high above the Bible to look at the book of Ezekiel. We will witness prophecies we've seen in past books being fulfilled as we see Jerusalem at the time of the Second Babylonian Deportation. As Ezekiel the Priest is deported alongside his people, we see God continue to offer promises of restoration through him, bringing the people a sense of hope in spite of their current tribulations. The key chapters to review are Ezekiel 1-3, 7, 33-34, and 38-39.
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6/25/2008
completed
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Destination: Daniel 1-6
Daniel 1-6
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Flight thirty-seven over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us on a tour of Daniel 1-6. In these chapters, we will see the first of the deportations of the Israelites to Babylon, and witness both the prophetic history of the book, as well as the four prophetic visions of Daniel. Ultimately, the powerful stories in Daniel reveal a man of God; unwilling to compromise and full of faith. The key chapters to review are Daniel 1-2.
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7/2/2008
completed
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Destination: Daniel 7-12
Daniel 7-12
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Our thirty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us through the second part of Daniel. As we look at chapters 7-12, we will see the four prophetic visions of Daniel, and observe how his faith in God's fulfillment of prophecies led him to fervent prayer for the people of Israel. The key chapters to review are Daniel 9-12.
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7/9/2008
completed
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Destination: Hosea 1-14
Hosea 1-14
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Get your travel planner out and place your heart in the upright position for our thirty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the entire book of Hosea, a man called to prophesy to the Northern Kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Jeroboam. As Hosea addresses the sins of the nation, we will see how God used the graphic parallel between his adulterous wife and the unfaithfulness of Israel. The key chapters to review are Hosea 1-4, 6, 9, and 11.
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7/16/2008
completed
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Destination: Joel; Amos; Obadiah
Joel 1-3; Amos 1-9; Obadiah
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for flight forty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will take us soaring over Joel, Amos, and Obadiah. In these three books, we take a look at the strong warnings that God gives His people against greed, injustice, false worship, and self-righteousness. We'll see God's use of these ordinary men to give extraordinary messages; we'll witness His patience, and at the end, we'll see how He stands ready to forgive and restore all who turn away from their sin. The key chapters to review are Joel 1-3, Amos 1, 3 and 7, and Obadiah 1.
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7/23/2008
completed
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Destination: Jonah 1-4
Jonah 1-4
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Our forty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet will take us to the well known book of Jonah. In this book, we will see what God can do in the life of a prophet, even one who is blatantly disobedient. Despite Jonah's defiance, God strongly redirects his path and brings him to repentance through a very unique situation. By the end of the book, we will see Jonah right back where he started and bringing God glory by doing exactly what He had originally asked of him. The key chapters to review are Jonah 1-4.
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8/6/2008
completed
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Destination: Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk
Micah; Nahum; Habakkuk
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out and place your heart in the upright position for our forty-second flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the books of Micah, Nahum, and Habakkuk, three prophets used by God to criticize, comfort, and encourage the people of Judah. Through these prophets, God's people confess their sins and are confident in the salvation of God's mighty acts. The key chapters to review are Micah 1-7, Nahum 1-3, and Habakkuk 1-3.
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8/13/2008
completed
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Destination: Zephaniah & Haggai
Zephaniah; Haggai
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Prepare yourself for our forty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This flight will take us soaring over the entirety of both Zephaniah and Haggai. The two books cover five chapters which speak of the coming Day of the Lord, His wrath upon Judah and her neighbors, and an encouragement after their return from exile to rejoice and rebuild the Temple. The key chapters to review are Zephaniah 1-3 and Haggai 1-2.
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8/20/2008
completed
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Destination: Zechariah and Malachi
Zechariah; Malachi
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We are about to take our forty-forth flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet, journeying over the final two books of the Old Testament. In ending the Minor Prophets, we'll first look at the expanded message of rebuilding the temple as Zechariah encourages the people to look to the future reign of the Messiah. We will then speed forward 100 years after the temple was rebuilt to the book of Malachi, where God's chosen people had once again slid back into their sinful practices. After 400 years of prophetic silence, Malachi brings a message of exhortation to the people who had resettled in Jerusalem. The key chapters to review are Zechariah 9-14 and Malachi 1-4.
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9/3/2008
completed
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Destination: Matthew, Mark, and Luke
Matthew, Mark; Luke
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Get your travel planner out for our opening tour of the New Testament and flight forty-five of the Bible from 30,000 Feet! This flight will take us on a sky-high tour over the books of Matthew, Mark and Luke. These three synoptic gospels give us our first glimpses of Jesus' life and death here on earth. We'll see the service, sermons, sacrifices, and sovereignty of our King as we witness the fulfillment of many of the Old Testament prophecies we have previously studied. The key chapters to review are Matthew 1-5 and 17, Mark, and Luke.
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9/10/2008
completed
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Destination: John
John
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Get your travel planner out for our forty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour through the book of John, written by the Apostle John from Ephesus between A.D. 80-90. The spiritual depth of this book and its presentation of the incarnation through the God-man Jesus Christ sets it apart from the other gospels.
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9/17/2008
completed
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Destination: Acts
Acts
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On our forty-seventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet Pastor Skip will give a tour of the entire book of Acts. Acts is the history of how Christianity was founded and organized and solved its problems. The gospel writer Luke tells the story of how the community of believers began by faith in the risen Christ and in the power of the Holy Spirit, the promised Counselor and Guide, who enabled them to witness, to love, and to serve.
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9/24/2008
completed
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Destination: Romans
Romans
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We are about to take our forty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Join us as we soar over the entire book of Romans, Paul's letter to the church in Rome. This letter primarily focuses on the basic gospel message along with God's plan of salvation and righteousness for all humankind, Jew and Gentile alike. In our broad overview, we'll take a look at Paul's strong emphasis of Christian doctrine and his concern for Israel. The key chapters to review are 1, 3, 4, and 9-11.
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10/8/2008
completed
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Destination: 1 Corinthians
1 Corinthians
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Get your travel planner out for our forty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet! As we look at 1 Corinthians, we'll see Paul's letters to the church at Corinth. His letters to the influential church confront their "religious" and arrogant mindsets and defend his ability to be an apostle of Christ. Through God's grace and use of Paul, he is later able to rejoice over the turnaround and acceptance of his God-given authority. The key chapters to review are 1 Corinthians 2-3 & 12-13.
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10/15/2008
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Destination: 2 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
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Our fiftieth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet takes us on a flight over the second of Paul's letters to the church at Corinth. Between 1 & 2 Corinthians, the congregation was influenced by false teachers who spread opposition to Paul. Through God's grace and use of Paul, he is later able to rejoice over the repentance of the people to God and acceptance of his God-given authority. The key chapters to review are 2 Corinthians 4 & 12.
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10/22/2008
completed
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Destination: Galatians
Galatians
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Get your travel planner out for our fifty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour through the book of Galatians, a clear letter to the church in Galatia about the importance of remembering grace through faith and not the law. Paul's forceful letter addresses issues of legalism in the church and the false gospel of works. The key chapters to review are Galatians 1-6.
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11/5/2008
completed
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Destination: Ephesians
Ephesians
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Who are we in Christ? Grab your travel planner for flight fifty-two as we look at the book of Ephesians, Paul's letter to the church in Ephesus. In this book, Paul explains how we are the bride of Christ, a temple, and a soldier for the gospel. The unity that Paul emphasizes is described as a body working together for a common goal. The key chapters to review are Ephesians 1-6.
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11/19/2008
completed
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Destination: Philippians
Philippians
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us through the book of Philippians, another of Paul's letters to the church. Referred to as "the epistle of joy," the message contained in these pages is one of long suffering and joy in the midst of Paul's time in prison. Despite his trials, we will see Paul rejoice over the church in Philippi and encourage them in unity, humility, and prayer. The key chapters to review are Philippians 1-4.
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1/7/2009
completed
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Destination: Colossians
Colossians
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Get your travel planner out for our fifty-fourth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet! On this flight, we will take a look at the young church in Colosse, and how they became the target of a heretical attack. The main theme in the book of Colossians is the complete adequacy of Christ as contrasted with the emptiness of mere human philosophy. The key chapters to review are Colossians 1-4.
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1/14/2009
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Destination: 1 and 2 Thessalonians
1 Thessalonians 1-5;2 Thessalonians 1-3:18
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-fifth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the books of 1 & 2 Thessalonians. Both books are written as an encouragement to the church in Thessalonica, exhorting them in the word, warning them against pagan immorality, and urging them to remain steadfast in the truth of the Lord. The key chapters to review are 1 Thessalonians 1-5 and 2 Thessalonians 1-3.
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1/21/2009
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Destination: 1 and 2 Timothy
1 Timothy 1-6;2 Timothy 1-4:22
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Join us on a tour over the books of 1 & 2 Timothy as we take our fifty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. These loving letters to Timothy, a young pastor in Ephesus, reveal Paul's true love for his brother in Christ and desire to encourage him in the Word and warn against false teachings. In these letters, Paul exhorts Timothy to stand strong and "preach the word" (2 Timothy 4:2). The key chapters to review are 1 Timothy 1-6 and 2 Timothy 1-4.
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1/28/2009
completed
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Destination: Titus and Philemon
Titus 1-3:15;Philemon 1:1-25
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight fifty-seven of the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, our tour guide Pastor Skip will take us through the books of Titus and Philemon. While the letter to Titus focuses on the importance of sound doctrine and the elements of the church order, Philemon takes a more personal approach and speaks on the application of the great principles of Christian brotherhood to social life. The key chapters to review are Titus 1-3 and Philemon 1.
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2/4/2009
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Destination: Hebrews
Hebrews
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In our fifty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the book of Hebrews. Although the author of the book is not fully known, this well written letter reveals a man with a great desire to encourage Jewish believers to continue in the grace of Jesus Christ, instead of trying to escape persecution by bowing to the rites and rituals of Judaism. The key chapters to review are Hebrews 1-2, 6, 11, and 13.
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2/11/2009
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Destination: James
James
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Our fifty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the distinctive book of James. Although grace through faith in the cross was vital for Jewish believer to understand, James addresses the issue of faith without a consistent lifestyle. This epistle adamantly declares that, "Just as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead, also." (James 2:26) The key chapters to review are James 1-5.
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2/18/2009
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Destination: 1 and 2 Peter
1 Peter 1-5; 2 Peter 1-3
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight sixty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will take us on a tour of the books of 1 & 2 Peter. Peter's first letter to the church exhorts Christians to remain steadfast in their faith when under persecution, and his second letter tackles the issue of false teachers and a need for discernment against the spreading apostasy. Both books contain a level of warmth in Peter's expressions, making them a great source of encouragement. The key chapters to review are 1 Peter 1-5 and 2 Peter 1-3.
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2/25/2009
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Destination: 1 John
1 John
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In our sixty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, our tour guide Pastor Skip will take us through the book of 1 John. John writes to define and defend the nature of the person of Christ against heretical teachings affecting the early church. As John addresses the heretical teachings of the time, he also addresses the preeminence of God's love for us, and our duty to love others in return. The key chapters to review are 1 John 1-5.
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3/25/2009
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Destination: 2, 3 John and Jude
2 John, 3 John; Jude
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Flight sixty-two over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will give a sky high view over three small but concise books, 2 & 3 John and Jude. While all three books have a different primary focus, all are written with the purpose to encourage the church to keep a strong biblical foundation. This study will take us through the importance of biblical discernment, the need to be in fellowship with other believers, as well as the vital need to keep strong in the faith. The key chapters to review are 2 & 3 John, and Jude.
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4/1/2009
completed
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Destination: Revelation 1-11
Revelation 1-11
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With only two more flights to go, we welcome you to get your travel planner ready for the first half of the book of Revelation and flight sixty-three over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Considered to be one of the most powerful books in Scripture, Revelation is a direct vision from God, to John, which he was asked to record for future generations. Revelation 1:19, "Write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later." As the final warning to the world of the tribulation to come, it also serves as a source of hope for the Church. The key chapters to review are 1-4, 7, and 11.
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4/8/2009
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Destination: Revelation 12-22
Revelation 12-22
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Flight sixty-four brings us to the end of the scriptures and the second and final part of the book of Revelation. Chapters 12-22 lead us into some of the most thrilling text in the entire Bible, giving us a glimpse into the seven bowl judgments, the Beast, and the future tribulation, but also bringing us great hope for God's Church. The key chapters to review are Revelation 12-14, 18, and 20-22.
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4/15/2009
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Bible from 30k Final Q&A
Skip Heitzig
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Message Summary
We have landed our flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. As we touch down and head to pick up the final baggage from our 65 flight series, our last sky-high view of the scriptures will includes this final Q&A Celebration. Pastor Skip and others answer questions from the last year, as well as on the spot questions from the audience.

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There are 64 additional messages in this series.