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Service Archives > Bible from 30,000 Feet, The > Destination: 1 Samuel 16-31

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Destination: 1 Samuel 16-31
1 Samuel 16-31
Skip Heitzig

1 Samuel 16 (NKJV™)
1 Now the LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons."
2 And Samuel said, "How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me." And the LORD said, "Take a heifer with you, and say, 'I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.'
3 "Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you."
4 So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, "Do you come peaceably?"
5 And he said, "Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice." Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.
6 So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, "Surely the LORD'S anointed is before Him."
7 But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."
8 So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, "Neither has the LORD chosen this one."
9 Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, "Neither has the LORD chosen this one."
10 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, "The LORD has not chosen these."
11 And Samuel said to Jesse, "Are all the young men here?" Then he said, "There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep." And Samuel said to Jesse, "Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here."
12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the LORD said, "Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!"
13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.
14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and a distressing spirit from the LORD troubled him.
15 And Saul's servants said to him, "Surely, a distressing spirit from God is troubling you.
16 "Let our master now command your servants, who are before you, to seek out a man who is a skillful player on the harp; and it shall be that he will play it with his hand when the distressing spirit from God is upon you, and you shall be well."
17 So Saul said to his servants, "Provide me now a man who can play well, and bring him to me."
18 Then one of the servants answered and said, "Look, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, who is skillful in playing, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, prudent in speech, and a handsome person; and the LORD is with him."
19 Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse, and said, "Send me your son David, who is with the sheep."
20 And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by his son David to Saul.
21 So David came to Saul and stood before him. And he loved him greatly, and he became his armorbearer.
22 Then Saul sent to Jesse, saying, "Please let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight."
23 And so it was, whenever the spirit from God was upon Saul, that David would take a harp and play it with his hand. Then Saul would become refreshed and well, and the distressing spirit would depart from him.
1 Samuel 17 (NKJV™)
1 Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle, and were gathered together at Sochoh, which belongs to Judah; they encamped between Sochoh and Azekah, in Ephes Dammim.
2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and they encamped in the Valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array against the Philistines.
3 The Philistines stood on a mountain on one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.
4 And a champion went out from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5 He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze.
6 And he had bronze armor on his legs and a bronze javelin between his shoulders.
7 Now the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and his iron spearhead weighed six hundred shekels; and a shield-bearer went before him.
8 Then he stood and cried out to the armies of Israel, and said to them, "Why have you come out to line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
9 "If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us."
10 And the Philistine said, "I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together."
11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah, whose name was Jesse, and who had eight sons. And the man was old, advanced in years, in the days of Saul.
13 The three oldest sons of Jesse had gone to follow Saul to the battle. The names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
14 David was the youngest. And the three oldest followed Saul.
15 But David occasionally went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning and evening.
17 Then Jesse said to his son David, "Take now for your brothers an ephah of this dried grain and these ten loaves, and run to your brothers at the camp.
18 "And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers fare, and bring back news of them."
19 Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 So David rose early in the morning, left the sheep with a keeper, and took the things and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the camp as the army was going out to the fight and shouting for the battle.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had drawn up in battle array, army against army.
22 And David left his supplies in the hand of the supply keeper, ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
23 Then as he talked with them, there was the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, coming up from the armies of the Philistines; and he spoke according to the same words. So David heard them.
24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were dreadfully afraid.
25 So the men of Israel said, "Have you seen this man who has come up? Surely he has come up to defy Israel; and it shall be that the man who kills him the king will enrich with great riches, will give him his daughter, and give his father's house exemption from taxes in Israel."
26 Then David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, "What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"
27 And the people answered him in this manner, saying, "So shall it be done for the man who kills him."
28 Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was aroused against David, and he said, "Why did you come down here? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the insolence of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle."
29 And David said, "What have I done now? Is there not a cause?"
30 Then he turned from him toward another and said the same thing; and these people answered him as the first ones did.
31 Now when the words which David spoke were heard, they reported them to Saul; and he sent for him.
32 Then David said to Saul, "Let no man's heart fail because of him; your servant will go and fight with this Philistine."
33 And Saul said to David, "You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are a youth, and he a man of war from his youth."
34 But David said to Saul, "Your servant used to keep his father's sheep, and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
35 I went out after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from its mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its beard, and struck and killed it.
36 "Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God."
37 Moreover David said, "The LORD, who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." And Saul said to David, "Go, and the LORD be with you!"
38 So Saul clothed David with his armor, and he put a bronze helmet on his head; he also clothed him with a coat of mail.
39 David fastened his sword to his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. And David said to Saul, "I cannot walk with these, for I have not tested them." So David took them off.
40 Then he took his staff in his hand; and he chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag, in a pouch which he had, and his sling was in his hand. And he drew near to the Philistine.
41 So the Philistine came, and began drawing near to David, and the man who bore the shield went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him; for he was only a youth, ruddy and good-looking.
43 So the Philistine said to David, "Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?" And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
44 And the Philistine said to David, "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field!"
45 Then David said to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
46 "This day the LORD will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you. And this day I will give the carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
47 "Then all this assembly shall know that the LORD does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD'S, and He will give you into our hands."
48 So it was, when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, that David hastened and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
49 Then David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone; and he slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed him. But there was no sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
52 Now the men of Israel and Judah arose and shouted, and pursued the Philistines as far as the entrance of the valley and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell along the road to Shaaraim, even as far as Gath and Ekron.
53 Then the children of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines, and they plundered their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent.
55 When Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, "Abner, whose son is this youth?" And Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I do not know."
56 So the king said, "Inquire whose son this young man is."
57 Then, as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, young man?" So David answered, "I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite."
1 Samuel 18 (NKJV™)
1 Now when he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
2 Saul took him that day, and would not let him go home to his father's house anymore.
3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
4 And Jonathan took off the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, even to his sword and his bow and his belt.
5 So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and behaved wisely. And Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
6 Now it had happened as they were coming home, when David was returning from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women had come out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy, and with musical instruments.
7 So the women sang as they danced, and said: "Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands."
8 Then Saul was very angry, and the saying displeased him; and he said, "They have ascribed to David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed only thousands. Now what more can he have but the kingdom?"
9 So Saul eyed David from that day forward.
10 And it happened on the next day that the distressing spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied inside the house. So David played music with his hand, as at other times; but there was a spear in Saul's hand.
11 And Saul cast the spear, for he said, "I will pin David to the wall!" But David escaped his presence twice.
12 Now Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, but had departed from Saul.
13 Therefore Saul removed him from his presence, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
14 And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the LORD was with him.
15 Therefore, when Saul saw that he behaved very wisely, he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.
17 Then Saul said to David, "Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife. Only be valiant for me, and fight the LORD'S battles." For Saul thought, "Let my hand not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against him."
18 So David said to Saul, "Who am I, and what is my life or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king?"
19 But it happened at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.
20 Now Michal, Saul's daughter, loved David. And they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
21 So Saul said, "I will give her to him, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him." Therefore Saul said to David a second time, "You shall be my son-in-law today."
22 And Saul commanded his servants, "Communicate with David secretly, and say, 'Look, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you. Now therefore, become the king's son-in-law.'"
23 So Saul's servants spoke those words in the hearing of David. And David said, "Does it seem to you a light thing to be a king's son-in-law, seeing I am a poor and lightly esteemed man?"
24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, "In this manner David spoke."
25 Then Saul said, "Thus you shall say to David: 'The king does not desire any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take vengeance on the king's enemies.'" But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
26 So when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to become the king's son-in-law. Now the days had not expired;
27 therefore David arose and went, he and his men, and killed two hundred men of the Philistines. And David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full count to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him Michal his daughter as a wife.
28 Thus Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that Michal, Saul's daughter, loved him;
29 and Saul was still more afraid of David. So Saul became David's enemy continually.
30 Then the princes of the Philistines went out to war. And so it was, whenever they went out, that David behaved more wisely than all the servants of Saul, so that his name became highly esteemed.
1 Samuel 19 (NKJV™)
1 Now Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David; but Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted greatly in David.
2 So Jonathan told David, saying, "My father Saul seeks to kill you. Therefore please be on your guard until morning, and stay in a secret place and hide.
3 "And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are, and I will speak with my father about you. Then what I observe, I will tell you."
4 Thus Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father, and said to him, "Let not the king sin against his servant, against David, because he has not sinned against you, and because his works have been very good toward you.
5 "For he took his life in his hands and killed the Philistine, and the LORD brought about a great deliverance for all Israel. You saw it and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without a cause?"
6 So Saul heeded the voice of Jonathan, and Saul swore, "As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed."
7 Then Jonathan called David, and Jonathan told him all these things. So Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence as in times past.
8 And there was war again; and David went out and fought with the Philistines, and struck them with a mighty blow, and they fled from him.
9 Now the distressing spirit from the LORD came upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand. And David was playing music with his hand.
10 Then Saul sought to pin David to the wall with the spear, but he slipped away from Saul's presence; and he drove the spear into the wall. So David fled and escaped that night.
11 Saul also sent messengers to David's house to watch him and to kill him in the morning. And Michal, David's wife, told him, saying, "If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed."
12 So Michal let David down through a window. And he went and fled and escaped.
13 And Michal took an image and laid it in the bed, put a cover of goats' hair for his head, and covered it with clothes.
14 So when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, "He is sick."
15 Then Saul sent the messengers back to see David, saying, "Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him."
16 And when the messengers had come in, there was the image in the bed, with a cover of goats' hair for his head.
17 Then Saul said to Michal, "Why have you deceived me like this, and sent my enemy away, so that he has escaped?" And Michal answered Saul, "He said to me, 'Let me go! Why should I kill you?'"
18 So David fled and escaped, and went to Samuel at Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and stayed in Naioth.
19 Now it was told Saul, saying, "Take note, David is at Naioth in Ramah!"
20 Then Saul sent messengers to take David. And when they saw the group of prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as leader over them, the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.
21 And when Saul was told, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. Then Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also.
22 Then he also went to Ramah, and came to the great well that is at Sechu. So he asked, and said, "Where are Samuel and David?" And someone said, "Indeed they are at Naioth in Ramah."
23 So he went there to Naioth in Ramah. Then the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on and prophesied until he came to Naioth in Ramah.
24 And he also stripped off his clothes and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore they say, "Is Saul also among the prophets?"
1 Samuel 20 (NKJV™)
1 Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, "What have I done? What is my iniquity, and what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?"
2 So Jonathan said to him, "By no means! You shall not die! Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. And why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so!"
3 Then David took an oath again, and said, "Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, 'Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.' But truly, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death."
4 So Jonathan said to David, "Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you."
5 And David said to Jonathan, "Indeed tomorrow is the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. But let me go, that I may hide in the field until the third day at evening.
6 "If your father misses me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.'
7 "If he says thus: 'It is well,' your servant will be safe. But if he is very angry, then be sure that evil is determined by him.
8 "Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?"
9 But Jonathan said, "Far be it from you! For if I knew certainly that evil was determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you?"
10 Then David said to Jonathan, "Who will tell me, or what if your father answers you roughly?"
11 And Jonathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." So both of them went out into the field.
12 Then Jonathan said to David: "The LORD God of Israel is witness! When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, or the third day, and indeed there is good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you,
13 "may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. But if it pleases my father to do you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. And the LORD be with you as He has been with my father.
14 "And you shall not only show me the kindness of the LORD while I still live, that I may not die;
15 "but you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever, no, not when the LORD has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth."
16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "Let the LORD require it at the hand of David's enemies."
17 Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
18 Then Jonathan said to David, "Tomorrow is the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty.
19 "And when you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel.
20 "Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target;
21 "and there I will send a lad, saying, 'Go, find the arrows.' If I expressly say to him, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come'--then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm.
22 "But if I say thus to the young man, 'Look, the arrows are beyond you'--go your way, for the LORD has sent you away.
23 "And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever."
24 Then David hid in the field. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast.
25 Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. And Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, but David's place was empty.
26 Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, "Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean."
27 And it happened the next day, the second day of the month, that David's place was empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why has the son of Jesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today?"
28 So Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem.
29 "And he said, 'Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.' Therefore he has not come to the king's table."
30 Then Saul's anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness?
31 "For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die."
32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, "Why should he be killed? What has he done?"
33 Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David.
34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully.
35 And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad was with him.
36 Then he said to his lad, "Now run, find the arrows which I shoot." As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
37 When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you?"
38 And Jonathan cried out after the lad, "Make haste, hurry, do not delay!" So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master.
39 But the lad did not know anything. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter.
40 Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, "Go, carry them to the city."
41 As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so.
42 Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, 'May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.'" So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city.
1 Samuel 21 (NKJV™)
1 Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one is with you?"
2 So David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has ordered me on some business, and said to me, 'Do not let anyone know anything about the business on which I send you, or what I have commanded you.' And I have directed my young men to such and such a place.
3 "Now therefore, what have you on hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever can be found."
4 And the priest answered David and said, "There is no common bread on hand; but there is holy bread, if the young men have at least kept themselves from women."
5 Then David answered the priest, and said to him, "Truly, women have been kept from us about three days since I came out. And the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in effect common, even though it was sanctified in the vessel this day."
6 So the priest gave him holy bread; for there was no bread there but the showbread which had been taken from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place on the day when it was taken away.
7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD. And his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chief of the herdsmen who belonged to Saul.
8 And David said to Ahimelech, "Is there not here on hand a spear or a sword? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste."
9 So the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, there it is, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you will take that, take it. For there is no other except that one here." And David said, "There is none like it; give it to me."
10 Then David arose and fled that day from before Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
11 And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is this not David the king of the land? Did they not sing of him to one another in dances, saying: 'Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands'?"
12 Now David took these words to heart, and was very much afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
13 So he changed his behavior before them, feigned madness in their hands, scratched on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva fall down on his beard.
14 Then Achish said to his servants, "Look, you see the man is insane. Why have you brought him to me?
15 "Have I need of madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?"
1 Samuel 22 (NKJV™)
1 David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him.
2 And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. So he became captain over them. And there were about four hundred men with him.
3 Then David went from there to Mizpah of Moab; and he said to the king of Moab, "Please let my father and mother come here with you, till I know what God will do for me."
4 So he brought them before the king of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.
5 Now the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah." So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth.
6 When Saul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered--now Saul was staying in Gibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him--
7 then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, "Hear now, you Benjamites! Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds?
8 "All of you have conspired against me, and there is no one who reveals to me that my son has made a covenant with the son of Jesse; and there is not one of you who is sorry for me or reveals to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day."
9 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, "I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.
10 "And he inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine."
11 So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests who were in Nob. And they all came to the king.
12 And Saul said, "Hear now, son of Ahitub!" And he answered, "Here I am, my lord."
13 Then Saul said to him, "Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?"
14 So Ahimelech answered the king and said, "And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, who is the king's son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house?
15 "Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? Far be it from me! Let not the king impute anything to his servant, or to any in the house of my father. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much."
16 And the king said, "You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father's house!"
17 Then the king said to the guards who stood about him, "Turn and kill the priests of the LORD, because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled and did not tell it to me." But the servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD.
18 And the king said to Doeg, "You turn and kill the priests!" So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod.
19 Also Nob, the city of the priests, he struck with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and nursing infants, oxen and donkeys and sheep--with the edge of the sword.
20 Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.
21 And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the LORD'S priests.
22 So David said to Abiathar, "I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house.
23 "Stay with me; do not fear. For he who seeks my life seeks your life, but with me you shall be safe."
1 Samuel 23 (NKJV™)
1 Then they told David, saying, "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors."
2 Therefore David inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" And the LORD said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines, and save Keilah."
3 But David's men said to him, "Look, we are afraid here in Judah. How much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?"
4 Then David inquired of the LORD once again. And the LORD answered him and said, "Arise, go down to Keilah. For I will deliver the Philistines into your hand."
5 And David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines, struck them with a mighty blow, and took away their livestock. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6 Now it happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, that he went down with an ephod in his hand.
7 And Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah. So Saul said, "God has delivered him into my hand, for he has shut himself in by entering a town that has gates and bars."
8 Then Saul called all the people together for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.
9 When David knew that Saul plotted evil against him, he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."
10 Then David said, "O LORD God of Israel, Your servant has certainly heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah to destroy the city for my sake.
11 "Will the men of Keilah deliver me into his hand? Will Saul come down, as Your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I pray, tell Your servant." And the LORD said, "He will come down."
12 Then David said, "Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?" And the LORD said, "They will deliver you."
13 So David and his men, about six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah and went wherever they could go. Then it was told Saul that David had escaped from Keilah; so he halted the expedition.
14 And David stayed in strongholds in the wilderness, and remained in the mountains in the Wilderness of Ziph. Saul sought him every day, but God did not deliver him into his hand.
15 So David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. And David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in a forest.
16 Then Jonathan, Saul's son, arose and went to David in the woods and strengthened his hand in God.
17 And he said to him, "Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. Even my father Saul knows that."
18 So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. And David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his own house.
19 Then the Ziphites came up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is David not hiding with us in strongholds in the woods, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?
20 "Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand."
21 And Saul said, "Blessed are you of the LORD, for you have compassion on me.
22 "Please go and find out for sure, and see the place where his hideout is, and who has seen him there. For I am told he is very crafty.
23 "See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides; and come back to me with certainty, and I will go with you. And it shall be, if he is in the land, that I will search for him throughout all the clans of Judah."
24 So they arose and went to Ziph before Saul. But David and his men were in the Wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.
25 When Saul and his men went to seek him, they told David. Therefore he went down to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued David in the Wilderness of Maon.
26 Then Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain. So David made haste to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men were encircling David and his men to take them.
27 But a messenger came to Saul, saying, "Hasten and come, for the Philistines have invaded the land!"
28 Therefore Saul returned from pursuing David, and went against the Philistines; so they called that place the Rock of Escape.
29 Then David went up from there and dwelt in strongholds at En Gedi.
1 Samuel 24 (NKJV™)
1 Now it happened, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, "Take note! David is in the Wilderness of En Gedi."
2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the Rocks of the Wild Goats.
3 So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to attend to his needs. (David and his men were staying in the recesses of the cave.)
4 Then the men of David said to him, "This is the day of which the LORD said to you, 'Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you.'" And David arose and secretly cut off a corner of Saul's robe.
5 Now it happened afterward that David's heart troubled him because he had cut Saul's robe.
6 And he said to his men, "The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD'S anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD."
7 So David restrained his servants with these words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul. And Saul got up from the cave and went on his way.
8 David also arose afterward, went out of the cave, and called out to Saul, saying, "My lord the king!" And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed down.
9 And David said to Saul: "Why do you listen to the words of men who say, 'Indeed David seeks your harm'?
10 "Look, this day your eyes have seen that the LORD delivered you today into my hand in the cave, and someone urged me to kill you. But my eye spared you, and I said, 'I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD'S anointed.'
11 "Moreover, my father, see! Yes, see the corner of your robe in my hand! For in that I cut off the corner of your robe, and did not kill you, know and see that there is neither evil nor rebellion in my hand, and I have not sinned against you. Yet you hunt my life to take it.
12 "Let the LORD judge between you and me, and let the LORD avenge me on you. But my hand shall not be against you.
13 "As the proverb of the ancients says, 'Wickedness proceeds from the wicked.' But my hand shall not be against you.
14 "After whom has the king of Israel come out? Whom do you pursue? A dead dog? A flea?
15 "Therefore let the LORD be judge, and judge between you and me, and see and plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand."
16 So it was, when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, "Is this your voice, my son David?" And Saul lifted up his voice and wept.
17 Then he said to David: "You are more righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil.
18 "And you have shown this day how you have dealt well with me; for when the LORD delivered me into your hand, you did not kill me.
19 "For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him get away safely? Therefore may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day.
20 "And now I know indeed that you shall surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand.
21 "Therefore swear now to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name from my father's house."
22 So David swore to Saul. And Saul went home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold.
1 Samuel 25 (NKJV™)
1 Then Samuel died; and the Israelites gathered together and lamented for him, and buried him at his home in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the Wilderness of Paran.
2 Now there was a man in Maon whose business was in Carmel, and the man was very rich. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3 The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And she was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance; but the man was harsh and evil in his doings. And he was of the house of Caleb.
4 When David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep,
5 David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, "Go up to Carmel, go to Nabal, and greet him in my name.
6 "And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity: 'Peace be to you, peace to your house, and peace to all that you have!
7 'Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your shepherds were with us, and we did not hurt them, nor was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmel.
8 'Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we come on a feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David.'"
9 So when David's young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David, and waited.
10 Then Nabal answered David's servants, and said, "Who is David, and who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his master.
11 "Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men when I do not know where they are from?"
12 So David's young men turned on their heels and went back; and they came and told him all these words.
13 Then David said to his men, "Every man gird on his sword." So every man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his sword. And about four hundred men went with David, and two hundred stayed with the supplies.
14 Now one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, "Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master; and he reviled them.
15 "But the men were very good to us, and we were not hurt, nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when we were in the fields.
16 "They were a wall to us both by night and day, all the time we were with them keeping the sheep.
17 "Now therefore, know and consider what you will do, for harm is determined against our master and against all his household. For he is such a scoundrel that one cannot speak to him."
18 Then Abigail made haste and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys.
19 And she said to her servants, "Go on before me; see, I am coming after you." But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
20 So it was, as she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill; and there were David and his men, coming down toward her, and she met them.
21 Now David had said, "Surely in vain I have protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has repaid me evil for good.
22 "May God do so, and more also, to the enemies of David, if I leave one male of all who belong to him by morning light."
23 Now when Abigail saw David, she hastened to dismount from the donkey, fell on her face before David, and bowed down to the ground.
24 So she fell at his feet and said: "On me, my lord, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your maidservant speak in your ears, and hear the words of your maidservant.
25 "Please, let not my lord regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is, so is he: Nabal is his name, and folly is with him. But I, your maidservant, did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent.
26 "Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, since the LORD has held you back from coming to bloodshed and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now then, let your enemies and those who seek harm for my lord be as Nabal.
27 "And now this present which your maidservant has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord.
28 "Please forgive the trespass of your maidservant. For the LORD will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord fights the battles of the LORD, and evil is not found in you throughout your days.
29 "Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek your life, but the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the LORD your God; and the lives of your enemies He shall sling out, as from the pocket of a sling.
30 "And it shall come to pass, when the LORD has done for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you ruler over Israel,
31 "that this will be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause, or that my lord has avenged himself. But when the LORD has dealt well with my lord, then remember your maidservant."
32 Then David said to Abigail: "Blessed is the LORD God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me!
33 "And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand.
34 "For indeed, as the LORD God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had hastened and come to meet me, surely by morning light no males would have been left to Nabal!"
35 So David received from her hand what she had brought him, and said to her, "Go up in peace to your house. See, I have heeded your voice and respected your person."
36 Now Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was, holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk; therefore she told him nothing, little or much, until morning light.
37 So it was, in the morning, when the wine had gone from Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became like a stone.
38 Then it came about, after about ten days, that the LORD struck Nabal, and he died.
39 So when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, "Blessed be the LORD, who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and has kept His servant from evil! For the LORD has returned the wickedness of Nabal on his own head." And David sent and proposed to Abigail, to take her as his wife.
40 When the servants of David had come to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her saying, "David sent us to you, to ask you to become his wife."
41 Then she arose, bowed her face to the earth, and said, "Here is your maidservant, a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord."
42 So Abigail rose in haste and rode on a donkey, attended by five of her maidens; and she followed the messengers of David, and became his wife.
43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel, and so both of them were his wives.
44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from Gallim.
1 Samuel 26 (NKJV™)
1 Now the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Jeshimon?"
2 Then Saul arose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph.
3 And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. But David stayed in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness.
4 David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come.
5 So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped. And David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. Now Saul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all around him.
6 Then David answered, and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother of Joab, saying, "Who will go down with me to Saul in the camp?" And Abishai said, "I will go down with you."
7 So David and Abishai came to the people by night; and there Saul lay sleeping within the camp, with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. And Abner and the people lay all around him.
8 Then Abishai said to David, "God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day. Now therefore, please, let me strike him at once with the spear, right to the earth; and I will not have to strike him a second time!"
9 And David said to Abishai, "Do not destroy him; for who can stretch out his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?"
10 David said furthermore, "As the LORD lives, the LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish.
11 "The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD'S anointed. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that are by his head, and let us go."
12 So David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul's head, and they got away; and no man saw it or knew it or awoke. For they were all asleep, because a deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them.
13 Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance being between them.
14 And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, "Do you not answer, Abner?" Then Abner answered and said, "Who are you, calling out to the king?"
15 So David said to Abner, "Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king.
16 "This thing that you have done is not good. As the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORD'S anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head."
17 Then Saul knew David's voice, and said, "Is that your voice, my son David?" And David said, "It is my voice, my lord, O king."
18 And he said, "Why does my lord thus pursue his servant? For what have I done, or what evil is in my hand?
19 "Now therefore, please, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant: If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. But if it is the children of men, may they be cursed before the LORD, for they have driven me out this day from sharing in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, 'Go, serve other gods.'
20 "So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD. For the king of Israel has come out to seek a flea, as when one hunts a partridge in the mountains."
21 Then Saul said, "I have sinned. Return, my son David. For I will harm you no more, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly."
22 And David answered and said, "Here is the king's spear. Let one of the young men come over and get it.
23 "May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered you into my hand today, but I would not stretch out my hand against the LORD'S anointed.
24 "And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation."
25 Then Saul said to David, "May you be blessed, my son David! You shall both do great things and also still prevail." So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.
1 Samuel 27 (NKJV™)
1 And David said in his heart, "Now I shall perish someday by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape to the land of the Philistines; and Saul will despair of me, to seek me anymore in any part of Israel. So I shall escape out of his hand."
2 Then David arose and went over with the six hundred men who were with him to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
3 So David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, each man with his household, and David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's widow.
4 And it was told Saul that David had fled to Gath; so he sought him no more.
5 Then David said to Achish, "If I have now found favor in your eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there. For why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you?"
6 So Achish gave him Ziklag that day. Therefore Ziklag has belonged to the kings of Judah to this day.
7 Now the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was one full year and four months.
8 And David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites. For those nations were the inhabitants of the land from of old, as you go to Shur, even as far as the land of Egypt.
9 Whenever David attacked the land, he left neither man nor woman alive, but took away the sheep, the oxen, the donkeys, the camels, and the apparel, and returned and came to Achish.
10 Then Achish would say, "Where have you made a raid today?" And David would say, "Against the southern area of Judah, or against the southern area of the Jerahmeelites, or against the southern area of the Kenites."
11 David would save neither man nor woman alive, to bring news to Gath, saying, "Lest they should inform on us, saying, 'Thus David did.'" And thus was his behavior all the time he dwelt in the country of the Philistines.
12 So Achish believed David, saying, "He has made his people Israel utterly abhor him; therefore he will be my servant forever."
1 Samuel 28 (NKJV™)
1 Now it happened in those days that the Philistines gathered their armies together for war, to fight with Israel. And Achish said to David, "You assuredly know that you will go out with me to battle, you and your men."
2 And David said to Achish, "Surely you know what your servant can do." And Achish said to David, "Therefore I will make you one of my chief guardians forever."
3 Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had lamented for him and buried him in Ramah, in his own city. And Saul had put the mediums and the spiritists out of the land.
4 Then the Philistines gathered together, and came and encamped at Shunem. So Saul gathered all Israel together, and they encamped at Gilboa.
5 When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.
6 And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD did not answer him, either by dreams or by Urim or by the prophets.
7 Then Saul said to his servants, "Find me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her." And his servants said to him, "In fact, there is a woman who is a medium at En Dor."
8 So Saul disguised himself and put on other clothes, and he went, and two men with him; and they came to the woman by night. And he said, "Please conduct a seance for me, and bring up for me the one I shall name to you."
9 Then the woman said to him, "Look, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off the mediums and the spiritists from the land. Why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die?"
10 And Saul swore to her by the LORD, saying, "As the LORD lives, no punishment shall come upon you for this thing."
11 Then the woman said, "Whom shall I bring up for you?" And he said, "Bring up Samuel for me."
12 When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice. And the woman spoke to Saul, saying, "Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul!"
13 And the king said to her, "Do not be afraid. What did you see?" And the woman said to Saul, "I saw a spirit ascending out of the earth."
14 So he said to her, "What is his form?" And she said, "An old man is coming up, and he is covered with a mantle." And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground and bowed down.
15 Now Samuel said to Saul, "Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?" And Saul answered, "I am deeply distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God has departed from me and does not answer me anymore, neither by prophets nor by dreams. Therefore I have called you, that you may reveal to me what I should do."
16 Then Samuel said: "Why then do you ask me, seeing the LORD has departed from you and has become your enemy?
17 "And the LORD has done for Himself as He spoke by me. For the LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, David.
18 "Because you did not obey the voice of the LORD nor execute His fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore the LORD has done this thing to you this day.
19 "Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with you into the hand of the Philistines. And tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The LORD will also deliver the army of Israel into the hand of the Philistines."
20 Then immediately Saul fell full length on the ground, and was dreadfully afraid because of the words of Samuel. And there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no food all day or all night.
21 And the woman came to Saul and saw that he was severely troubled, and said to him, "Look, your maidservant has obeyed your voice, and I have put my life in my hands and heeded the words which you spoke to me.
22 "Now therefore, please, heed also the voice of your maidservant, and let me set a piece of bread before you; and eat, that you may have strength when you go on your way."
23 But he refused and said, "I will not eat." So his servants, together with the woman, urged him; and he heeded their voice. Then he arose from the ground and sat on the bed.
24 Now the woman had a fatted calf in the house, and she hastened to kill it. And she took flour and kneaded it, and baked unleavened bread from it.
25 So she brought it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they rose and went away that night.
1 Samuel 29 (NKJV™)
1 Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek, and the Israelites encamped by a fountain which is in Jezreel.
2 And the lords of the Philistines passed in review by hundreds and by thousands, but David and his men passed in review at the rear with Achish.
3 Then the princes of the Philistines said, "What are these Hebrews doing here?" And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, "Is this not David, the servant of Saul king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or these years? And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected to me."
4 But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him; so the princes of the Philistines said to him, "Make this fellow return, that he may go back to the place which you have appointed for him, and do not let him go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become our adversary. For with what could he reconcile himself to his master, if not with the heads of these men?
5 "Is this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances, saying: 'Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands'?"
6 Then Achish called David and said to him, "Surely, as the LORD lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight. For to this day I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me. Nevertheless the lords do not favor you.
7 "Therefore return now, and go in peace, that you may not displease the lords of the Philistines."
8 So David said to Achish, "But what have I done? And to this day what have you found in your servant as long as I have been with you, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"
9 Then Achish answered and said to David, "I know that you are as good in my sight as an angel of God; nevertheless the princes of the Philistines have said, 'He shall not go up with us to the battle.'
10 "Now therefore, rise early in the morning with your master's servants who have come with you. And as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart."
11 So David and his men rose early to depart in the morning, to return to the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.
1 Samuel 30 (NKJV™)
1 Now it happened, when David and his men came to Ziklag, on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the South and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire,
2 and had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great; they did not kill anyone, but carried them away and went their way.
3 So David and his men came to the city, and there it was, burned with fire; and their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken captive.
4 Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they had no more power to weep.
5 And David's two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite, had been taken captive.
6 Now David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and his daughters. But David strengthened himself in the LORD his God.
7 Then David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, "Please bring the ephod here to me." And Abiathar brought the ephod to David.
8 So David inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I pursue this troop? Shall I overtake them?" And He answered him, "Pursue, for you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all."
9 So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the Brook Besor, where those stayed who were left behind.
10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so weary that they could not cross the Brook Besor.
11 Then they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David; and they gave him bread and he ate, and they let him drink water.
12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins. So when he had eaten, his strength came back to him; for he had eaten no bread nor drunk water for three days and three nights.
13 Then David said to him, "To whom do you belong, and where are you from?" And he said, "I am a young man from Egypt, servant of an Amalekite; and my master left me behind, because three days ago I fell sick.
14 "We made an invasion of the southern area of the Cherethites, in the territory which belongs to Judah, and of the southern area of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire."
15 And David said to him, "Can you take me down to this troop?" So he said, "Swear to me by God that you will neither kill me nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will take you down to this troop."
16 And when he had brought him down, there they were, spread out over all the land, eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil which they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.
17 Then David attacked them from twilight until the evening of the next day. Not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on camels and fled.
18 So David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away, and David rescued his two wives.
19 And nothing of theirs was lacking, either small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything which they had taken from them; David recovered all.
20 Then David took all the flocks and herds they had driven before those other livestock, and said, "This is David's spoil."
21 Now David came to the two hundred men who had been so weary that they could not follow David, whom they also had made to stay at the Brook Besor. So they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. And when David came near the people, he greeted them.
22 Then all the wicked and worthless men of those who went with David answered and said, "Because they did not go with us, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except for every man's wife and children, that they may lead them away and depart."
23 But David said, "My brethren, you shall not do so with what the LORD has given us, who has preserved us and delivered into our hand the troop that came against us.
24 "For who will heed you in this matter? But as his part is who goes down to the battle, so shall his part be who stays by the supplies; they shall share alike."
25 So it was, from that day forward; he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.
26 Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, "Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the LORD"--
27 to those who were in Bethel, those who were in Ramoth of the South, those who were in Jattir,
28 those who were in Aroer, those who were in Siphmoth, those who were in Eshtemoa,
29 those who were in Rachal, those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, those who were in the cities of the Kenites,
30 those who were in Hormah, those who were in Chorashan, those who were in Athach,
31 those who were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to rove.
1 Samuel 31 (NKJV™)
1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa.
2 Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons.
3 The battle became fierce against Saul. The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers.
4 Then Saul said to his armorbearer, "Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me." But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it.
5 And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword, and died with him.
6 So Saul, his three sons, his armorbearer, and all his men died together that same day.
7 And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, and those who were on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8 So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa.
9 And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent word throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people.
10 Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan.
11 Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul,
12 all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there.
13 Then they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

New King James Version®, Copyright © 1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Bible from 30,000 Feet, The

Get your travel planner out for flight sixteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This week our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will complete our tour of the book of 1 Samuel, covering chapters 16-31. On this flight we'll meet the man who God calls, "a man after my own heart (Acts 13:22)," David son of Jesse. We'll see David as a young shepherd boy who defeats Goliath and rises to national prominence overnight. His instant popularity arouses the jealousy of King Saul and forces David into hiding.

Have you ever wanted to learn how The Bible fits together? The Bible from 30,000 Feet is an overview study through the entire Bible, hitting the highlights of its people, places, events and themes in about a year. This series will give you a coherent understanding of the holy word of God.



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Detailed Notes

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Interactive Travel Guide

The first half of First Samuel deals with Saul's rise and demise. The second half of First Samuel tells the story of David. David is a young shepherd boy who defeats Goliath and rises to national prominence overnight. His instant popularity arouses the jealousy of King Saul and forces David into hiding.


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

1380 - 1050 B.C.
Judges rule in Israel

1200 B.C.
Philistines occupy the Mediterranean coast

1100 - 1010 B.C.
Samuel's prophetic career

1050 B.C.
Saul becomes King of Israel

1018 B.C.
Samuel anoints David to be king

1010 B.C.
The conquest of Canaan

1003 B.C.
David's reign is acknowledged throughout Israel

970 B.C.
David dies and Solomon becomes king


TRIP PLANNER

The second section of First Samuel deals with David's rise to power and his exile into hiding.

The Making of A King
1) A King Unveiled - Chapter 16
2) A Warrior Unleashed - Chapter 17 - 20
3) A Leader Under Fire - Chapter 21 - 31


PLACES OF INTEREST

The Valley of Elah - The scene of the events of 1 Samuel 17:2 where David fought Goliath. About 15 miles west of Bethlehem, the Philistines stood upon the southern hills and the Israelites stood to the North or Northeast. There was a wide valley floor upon which David's contest with Goliath occurred. It was near Shochoh in the tribe of Judah and Azekah (17:1). It is the modern Wady es-Sunt, 1.e., "valley of the acaia" (1 Sam 17:1-2).

Nob - An ancient priestly town to which David came on his way south when he fled from Saul at Gilbeah. Nob was a town or village in ancient Israel in the vicinity of Jerusalem. It may have been located near the Mount of Olives or possibly further north. It likely belonged to the Tribe of Benjamin, as Jerusalem was the border between Benjamin and Judah (1 Sam 21:1).

The Wilderness of Moan - A wasteland beginning about five miles south of Ziph. While camping there, the Ziphites discovered David and told Saul, who chased him east towards En Gedi (1 Sam 23:19).

En Gedi - Again fleeing from Saul, David goes to En Gedi - a stronghold (inaccessible to the enemy), located in the wilderness, where they probably had a bubbling spring, rocks, sand and tremendous heat. En Gedi is located in southeastern Israel on the west bank of the Dead Sea. Because of its spring in an otherwise totally arid country, the site has been inhabited from antiquity (1 Sam 23:29).

Hill of Hakilah (Hachilah) - A barren wasteland covering an area south and east of Hebron, the exact site is unknown but was somewhere in the wilderness of Ziph. Saul and his army camped by this hill while he was pursuing David. David caught Saul asleep in a cave and stole his spear and water jug (1 Sam 26).

Ziklag - This town was probably located about 12 miles northeast of Beersheba on the eastern border of Philistine territory. Chased by Saul, David fled to Gath in Philistine territory. After gaining the trust of Achish, the king of Gath, he was allowed to headquarter in Ziklag (1 Sam 27:6).

Endor - Seven or eight miles northeast of Mount Gilboa, this is the village where the witch of Endor lived (1 Sam 28).

Gilboa - Located about 60 miles north of Jerusalem and about 20 miles southwest of the Sea of Galilee, Mount Gilboa rises out of the plains of Jezreel. Saul fought his final battle on the hillside of Mount Gilboa. There he was killed along with three of his sons (1 Sam 31).

Beth Shan - Located about 10 miles to the southwest of Gilboa, Beth Shan is the place that the Philistines took the bodies of Saul and his sons and hung them on the city walls (1 Sam 31:8-10).


PEOPLE OF INTEREST

The Witch of Endor - She was a medium who was visited by Saul. Probably to her own surprise she brought up Samuel from the dead (1 Sam 28:7).

The Ziphites - While David was hiding in the hills of Judah, men from the town of Ziph discovered him and reported his location to Saul. Ziph was most likely a small town located about four miles southeast of Hebron. It was on a hillside overlooking the countryside with good vision of the valley (1 Sam 23:14-20).

Jesse's Family -

a. Jesse - He is the father of David. His own grandparents were Boaz and Ruth. The father of eight sons and two daughters (1 Sam 16:1).

b. Eliab - The oldest son of Jesse. Samuel thought for sure that Eliab would be God's anointed, but God told him "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart" (1 Sam 16:6). He later became one of David's critics (1 Sam. 17:28).

c. Abinadab - The 2nd of Jesse's eight sons. He was also rejected by God (1 Sam 16:8).

d. Shammah - Jesse's 3rd son (1 Sam 16:9).

e. Shimeah - Jesse's 4th son (1 Sam 16:9). He became the father of Jonathan, a brave warrior who would kill a giant with 6 toes and 6 fingers (2 Sam 21:20-21). Shimeah other son, Amnon, helped plan the rape of David's daughter Tamar (2 Sam 13:3).

f. Zeruiah - One of Jesse's daughters and David's sister. She was the mother of Joab, the general of David's army (2 Sam 2:13).

g. David - Jesse's youngest son. He was the slayer of the giant Goliath (1 Sam 17). David was a shepherd, a great soldier, and a singer. He would later become the 2nd King of Israel and in the Old Testament history ranks with Abraham and Moses as the great men of the Bible (1 Sam 16:13). You can read more about David in 2 Samuel.


FUN FACTS

David's Anointing - As king of Israel, David was called the Lord's anointed. He was both a political and spiritual leader. and was set apart for God's work. A prophet or priest was the one who would anoint a king. The prophet Samuel anointed David with an animal horn filled with oil. It was probably a secret recipe used to anoint the priest. The oil was poured over the head of the kneeling king (1 Sam. 16:1-13).

Harps - David was a skilled musician who knew how to play the harp. The Weapon that Won the Battle at Elah - What kind of weapon did David use in his battle with Goliath? It was a sling, not as kids would use, but the kind that was used by armies for centuries during this time (Judges 20:16). With a stone in place, the sling was spun around the warrior's head several times. At the chosen moment, on end was released sending the stone towards its chosen target. Goliath may have thought it a child's toy, but soon found out it was a deadly weapon (1 Sa. 17:45-51).

Festival of the New Moon - The Israelites were a festive people. They worked hard six days each week and always looked for festive occasions. One of these festivals was celebrated each month at the new moon. Called the Festival of the New Moon, it was consecrated to the Lord by bringing special sacrifices, blowing of the trumpets and the cessation from normal work (1 Sam 20:5; 18).

The Showbread - Inside the Tabernacle was a tablet that held 12 round loaves of bread. This Holy Bread was called the showbread. It was to symbolize that God was the Bread of Life for the people of Israel. This bread was baked each Friday afternoon. Only the priests from the family of Garmu knew the recipe. These loaves were a part of the Sabbath day ceremony. The old bread was not thrown away, but divided among the priests (1 Sam 21:1-4).

Mediums (The Witch of Endor) - In spite of all of God's warnings, magicians, witches, sorcerers, and wizards continued to be popular with the people of Israel. Many people believed that evil spirits controlled their lives. They used the witches and mediums to try to see the future and alter their lives. Reading the futures, also known as divinations was what Saul sought (1 Sam. 28).

David's deliverances -
Over and over we have seen David delivered from the hand of Saul. But it's often different each time. So far, we've seen:

1) Deliverance through a peacemaker - Jonathan talked to his dad, and for a while, there was peace between Saul and David (1 Sam. 19:1-7).

2) Deliverance through running - this seems to be a major factor in David's life. When Saul sent messenger's to David's house, Michal helped David run away (1 Sam. 19:11-17). Over and over again, when God brings about a chance to escape, David runs.

3) Deliverance through God's power - when David hid with Samuel at Naioth, God's Spirit supernaturally overwhelmed each of the messengers until they all were prophesying (1 Sam. 19:18-24).

4) Deliverance through God's guidance - David enquired of the Lord and God warned David to flee from Keilah so he wouldn't be betrayed (1 Sam. 23:7-13).

5) Deliverance through encouragement - Jonathan encouraged David in the Lord - he kept David going (1 Sam. 23:16-18).

6) Deliverance though the exit - God caused Saul to get sidetracked long enough for David to make his escape (1 Sam. 23:26-29).

7) Deliverance through kindness - instead of killing Saul, David showed kindness, and Saul temporarily allowed David to go (1 Sam. 24).

8) Deliverance through confrontation - David didn't just show kindness to Saul, he confronted him about the truth (1 Sam. 24).


MAPS

I Samuel Map

Transcript

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Let's open our Bibles to 1 Samuel chapter 16 and finish the rest of this book. Let's have a word of prayer. Our Father, we are so grateful because of what our Lord Jesus Christ has done for us, a finished work, defeating our enemies single handedly. Because of that fact, we can bow our head and say, Father, our Father. Now we have a relationship with You that we could not have had any other way were it not for the work of Your only begotten Son. So we enjoy worship and we enjoy our life and fellowship with You because of that and now Lord from the bottom of our heart we tell You that we want to grow, we want to move from glory to glory and we want to know You and the power of Your resurrection and even the fellowship of Your suffering. We pray Lord that we would mature and grow and it would be visible and marked in our lives. In Jesus' Name. Amen.
Over in the city of Florence in Italy is perhaps Michelangelo's most famous work of all, at least his most famous sculpture and that's the sculpture of David. There's a replica of it out in the town square but in one of the museums is the actual statue carved out of a single block of marble. Michelangelo's David is called the most recognizable piece of art in the world. It is said that Michelangelo had in his mind to create the look on David's face when he made the decision to fight Goliath. Now it is an interesting work on a number of levels but one of the most obvious and most interesting features of this statue called David by Michelangelo is that it's 17 feet tall from the bottom of the toe to the tip of the head. That's not life size; it's obviously larger than life. David was a small lad especially in comparison to a giant named Goliath. So even though the statue is larger than realty, I look at it this way: because David knew that the God he served was powerful and he comes to Goliath in the name of that God, it really is more life size than you think. The odds were stacked against Goliath. Okay, so David wasn't 17 feet tall and yes Goliath was about 9 feet tall but David had God on his side. So if you look at the odds you'd say, "That poor Goliath; he's about to get creamed." When David knew that he was going to fight Goliath he did so in the name of the Lord.
Now there is a difference between King Saul whom we have read about and will continue to read about and David. Saul sort of had the rock star mentality; he wanted people to think that he was impressive and he wanted to be served. David, on the other hand had a different mentality. Not that of a rock star but of a sheppard. He was a man after God's own heart. He had the same kind of mentality and God sees deep inside the heart of David; we see this in chapter 16 where we'll begin as David is selected as the next King of Israel.
First Samuel deals mainly with three personalities. We've mentioned four before, but Eli is out of the way now. Now we have Samuel, Saul, and David. A prophet, a politician and a poet; all three of them are very unique; all three of them started well; all three of them had flaws in their lives and in their characters to some degree; but all three of these men influenced the Nation of Israel and even influenced one another. Where we begin in chapter 16 there's a camera pan (if we were in the cinematography world) or a scene shift from King Saul and Samuel. Samuel chewed him out after the battle of the Amalekites and is now in Gilgal. The scene now shifts to Bethlehem which is the city that is later called the City of David. In Bethlehem, Samuel the prophet is looking for the next king so he goes to the house of Jessie, the Bethlehemite and he finds David. He pours oil on him essentially anointing him as the next king of Israel. This is a private ceremony; nobody else is invited and in fact nobody else outside the family even knows about it. What you may be interested to know is that there are actually three anointings of David as King. One is here in 1 Samuel chapter 16 which is a private anointing. The next one will be in 2 Samuel chapter 2, verse 4 as the men of Judah anoint him as King over the southern Kingdom of Judah and then in 1 Kings chapter 5 when the elders of Israel make him King over all the twelve tribes and for the first time there is a united monarchy.
Chapter 16, verse 1: "Now the Lord said to Samuel, 'How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.'" Three things are happening in these verses. Samuel the prophet is dejected; Saul the King is rejected; and David, this little kid in Bethlehem, is selected. We know that the prophet Samuel was bummed out and dejected. In fact in the previous chapter it says, "He mourned all night about King Saul," because God said, "I've rejected him and I want nothing to do with this guy. He's been disobedient and I'm looking for a man after my own heart." So, naturally, Samuel the prophet, being a spiritual guy, mourns over what could have been with King Saul. God says, "Enough is enough. How long will you mourn? I've rejected Saul and I have selected somebody else." This tells me that God is never caught by surprise, He is never without a plan, and He never looks at a situation and thinks, "Oops!" It's not in His vocabulary; He never panics. I was over in Chip Lusko's office about an hour ago and he still has that classic plaque on his book case, "The Lord never panics." So yes, King Saul, this King that the people wanted is rejected but God has a plan and it includes a young boy by the name of David. It is important that you remember that God always has a plan. Whenever you see things around you that look like they are haphazard, whether it's a leader falling or a church failing or a movement fading, understand that God is in control. Whether you feel like it or not; God is in control. Whether there is evidence outright or not God is in control and He always has a plan. Notice He says, "I have provided myself a king." Why does God need a king? We know that God has always planned to get a king in Israel and work through a king; we already made reference to that last time. However, Saul was not the guy that God has in mind but David will be. Why is it that God keeps bringing up historically, through the law and now the need for a king? Here's the principle: God has reduced Himself or if You will, lowered Himself or condescended, limiting Himself to human instruments to get His work done. I know that's a frightening proposal and it certainly has a lot of risks involved but God has said, "I'm going to do a work on earth but I'm going to limit Myself and do My work through people that will say, 'Here I am Lord, send me;' and I'll use them." In fact, the Bible says, "God has chosen the foolish things of this world to confound the wise." Now as imperfect as we are, we're the ones that God is using to do the work, and there is nobody else except believers, the imperfection adds to the mystery. This is so that whenever a work of God is done and we marvel at it, we can't marvel at ourselves but we have to say, "Wow that has to be the Lord, because I know that guy or that gal or those people or that church, and it has to be the Lord." It adds to the mystery to use imperfect vessels. It would be sort of like a surgeon being confined to a rusty old Swiss army knife to do brain surgery deep in the jungle. Here he is without the finest of instruments: a surgical suite, a sterile environment, modern tools and equipment, and anesthesiologists. He just has this knife and he's going to perform some complex surgery. If he is successful, none of the glory will go to the knife; all the glory will go to the masterful surgeon. When God does His work and uses imperfect vessels we marvel more at Him. So God says, "I will provide, Myself, a king."
Verse 6: "So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab," (that's the oldest), "and said, 'Surely the Lord's anointed is before Him!'" It would seem that Samuel the prophet's standard for a king as revealed here in verse 6 was appearance. He looked at the oldest guy and he was tall and very handsome and he just looked royal, and he thought, "Yes, this is king material." He's very Schwarzenegger-esk. "He looks like a king and we could use a guy like that." His standard seems to be appearance because of what God says in reply. Verse 7: "But the Lord said to Samuel, 'Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.'" As a culture, race, and humans we are very appearance oriented and we judge by what we see; it's just how we are. We look at the outward appearance and we draw certain conclusions. Unfortunately, that transfers into important decisions like: who's going to be the leader of our country? Did you know that the whole presidential campaigning changed in 1960 when for the first time there was a televised debate between candidates? Here's how it went down. It was John Fitzgerald Kennedy against Richard Millhouse Nixon. Nixon had just gone through some physical illnesses and he was very pale and he refused to wear makeup. He wore a gray suit and he looked very pale against a gray background. Kennedy had been vacationing, he was very tan, he welcomed the makeup and he looked good on camera and he won the election. Many think, not in totality but to a large part that one of the factors that got him elected was because he looked good on camera. Since then, whenever there is campaigning, it's all about how you look. "He looks presidential," or "He doesn't look presidential"; or "She looks presidential," (and I won't get into that!) but I do know that we are very appearance oriented and we judge based on the outward and we can make mistakes with that.
Whereas Samuel's standard was appearance, it would seem that Jesse, the father of these boys had a standard as well, that was different from God's and different from the prophet Samuel's and that was age. He brings the eldest sons first thinking, Eliab, my oldest boy has the best shot at it because he is the oldest and it makes sense that we choose somebody with a little experience in life. But Eliab, Abinadab, and Shammah were all rejected. So finally there are none left and Samuel asks, "Do you have any more kids? Because there is not a king among your boys." Dad says, "Well, yes, but he's the youngest; he's my son but he's a shepherd boy." So one standard was appearance and the other standard was age and God's standard was what's inside. US News and World Report had an interesting article some time ago about manufacturers putting the same boxes on the shelves that they had put out for years but with less product inside. For example, they cited a detergent company that used to have 61 ounces in their box and now had 55 ounces in their box; it was the same size box but with less product. It would seem that Samuel and Jesse were looking at the box: the color of the box; the shape of it; the size of it; and the glitziness of it and God was saying, "I don't care about the box, I can see the context and I know what's inside; I see the heart and this kid, David, is the man after God's own heart." David gets introduced into the court and in the next few verses we have a contrast between David and Saul. The Holy Spirit comes upon David after he is anointed by Samuel and then it says, "A distressing Spirit from the Lord falls upon King Saul." So we see this spiritual contrast. Verse 22: "Then Saul sent to Jesse, saying, 'Please let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight.'" What does that mean? Pretty soon he won't find favor in his sight but right now this kid is not only a sheppard but he's also a young musician, he plays the harp beautifully and Saul needed background music; something to sooth his weary spirit; sort of like his own personal iPod or we might call it an iHarp. What this does is introduce David into the court of King Saul. Verse 23: "And so it was, whenever the spirit from God was upon Saul, that David would take a harp and play it with his hand. Then Saul would become refreshed and well, and the distressing spirit would depart from him." So David is introduced to King Saul and he does not promote himself though he has just been anointed by the prophet as the next king. He never brings this up and says, "King Saul, can I just tell you, FYI, that I'm going to replace you one day as King, and I want you to know that I'm the new kid on the block." In fact, he just lays low and he waits. To most people who would see this, David was a nobody; just a kid with a harp; a teenager with a guitar; but to God, he was a somebody. He was the next king of Israel and in fact he would become the ancestor of the King of Kings, the greater Son of David, Jesus Christ. In fact, a thousand years from what we're reading, over the same skies in the same hills of Bethlehem would be angels' voices saying, "This day in the city of David is born to you a Savior who is Christ the King." This little musician was a somebody.
Chapter 17 opens in a war. The Philistines are the enemies that are on the southwestern border of the land and they plague them for a long time. During the entire 23 years that Saul has been the King over Israel there has been a war going on. These Philistines are just nagging all the time and the Children of Israel can't get rid of them. Verse 3: "The Philistines stood on a mountain on one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side, with a valley between them. And a champion went out from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span." Wow, it's shocking to see and intimidating to hear this big brute of a guy. He's between eight and nine feet tall. Go back a little bit in your mind. Remember when Moses sent the twelve spies into Canaan and ten of them came back and they said that there were giants, Anakim, in the land? It would seem that most of them but not all were destroyed. In fact they are still around in Joshua chapter 11 and we read: "None of the Anakim were left in the land of the Children of Israel but they remained only in Gaza, in Gath and in Ashdod." Goliath is from Gath, where the Anakim settled, so it could be that he has some kind of relationship with this ancient race some of which were still in the land. When people read what we've just read they would say, "Oh, come on; you don't expect me to actually believe that there was a giant dude, eight to nine feet tall, do you?" I absolutely do expect you to believe that. "That's got to be a myth like the Greek myths of giants." No it doesn't. "You mean this could be a real guy who is that tall?" Absolutely. Back in our own history in 1918 there was a man named Robert Wadlo who was born in Alton Illinois. They called him the tallest man in the world. When he was born he was only eight pounds and five ounces which is not terribly unusual. When he was 13 years of age, he was 7'8". Full grown he was 8'11" or about 9 feet tall or roughly the height of Goliath. When he died his casket was 10'9" and it took 12 men to carry it. That's in recent history. If that can happen in our era, in modern history, our generation, it certainly could have happened back then when it was more common.
Let me tell you about the geography before we finish this story. There is a hill on each side with a valley about one mile in the middle; the Valley of Allah. An army is on top of each hill and they wait it out; nobody moves and you know why? Whoever attacks first has to fight uphill. It's literally an uphill battle. So nobody wants to leave their hill and go in the valley and walk up the other hill so they are just kind of waiting around for the other guy to get impatient and attack first. Goliath wants nothing to do with this and in fact he says, "Why are we bothering with a whole army? I tell you what, I'll just be the representative for my people and you select a representative and whoever wins, their country wins." Well, easy for you to say, nine footer. Can you imagine what his shoe size was like? I was in Florida a few weeks ago and I was in an Apple store in South Beach Miami and in walks Shaquille O'Neil, no lie. His feet were unbelievable - like the size of my arm! I'm 6'5 and this dude made me look like David compared to Goliath! What kind of a bed do you thing Goliath slept in? A king size bed! That makes sense! Verse 8: "Then he stood and cried out to the armies of Israel, and said to them, 'Why have you come out to line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.'" Verse 16: "And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning, and evening." They had to see and hear that display of arrogance for almost one and one half months, twice a day, but nobody would go forward. Well, David gets sent from Bethlehem with some food for his brothers who were in the army. Notice the difference between the army's point of view and David's. In verse 25 the army says: "'Surely he has come up to defy Israel; and it shall be that the man who kills him the king will enrich with great riches, will give him his daughter, and give his father's house exemption from taxes in Israel.'" (That's a big deal.) "Then David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, 'What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?'" Now listen to the difference. One group, the army says, "He's come to defy Israel." David says, "He's come to defy the armies of the living God." Now that is perspective. David knew that if you mess with God's people, God takes it personally. If you mess with God's work, you have got God to contend with. Saul of Tarsus figured that out when he was going to destroy Christians in Damascus and he gets knocked off his high horse on the Damascus road and Jesus said, "'Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?' 'Who are You?' 'I am Jesus whom you are persecuting.'" Saul is thinking, "I don't even believe that Jesus is alive and now He is talking to me. I'm not against Jesus; I'm against the people who follow Him." Jesus says, "No, actually you're against Me because if you mess with them you mess with Me." That's a principle in the Bible. The prophet Zachariah in chapter 2 says regarding Zion the people of Israel, "Whoever touches you touches the apple of God's eye." (The pupil) God will protect. So David has a beautiful prospective here and also notice what he says in verse 26: "The armies of the living God." I don't think those are just words or spiritual rhetoric. David knew that there's a huge difference between His God, the living God, and the false dead unreal gods of the Philistines. You know who the Philistines worshiped? They worshiped a god called Dagon who was half fish and half man. The upper part was man and the bottom part was a scaly fish with fins. They also worshiped a god by the name of Beelzebub, I'm sure you've heard the term; it means the lord of the flies. It was actually the dung beetle; the little bugs that crawl around excrement waste; picture worshiping that. David knew this and he was insulted. "You guys are worshiping bugs that crawl around on waste but we worship and serve the living God. How dare you defy the armies of the living God?" Again, a little man with great perspective. So what does he do? He goes back and tells Saul, "Don't worry about it, I'll fight this character." Saul says, "Well, here take my armor." He tries on Sauls' armor and it's too big. He's slow in it and it's cumbersome and it doesn't fit him so he says, "Forget it; I'm used to just being bare footed; just give me a few rocks." He goes out there to fight the giant.
Verse 43: "So the Philistine said to David, 'Am I a dog that you come to me with sticks?'" (That was the rod that he had in his hand). "And the Philistine cursed David by his gods." Verse 45: "Then David said to the Philistine, 'You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.'" "Okay, big guy, let's compare weapons here. Let's see, you have a pretty big helmet on your head, a pretty big sword and that javelin, and the head of that spear weighs a lot. You have armor like nobody else and you know what, I feel sorry for you because you are outnumbered and outgunned. I'm coming to you with the weapon of weapons. I come to you in the name of the Lord of Hosts; the God whom you have defied." Verse 46: "'This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you. And this day I will give the carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.'" So you come to me with all your stuff but I come to you in the name of the God Whom you have greatly bummed out and you're career is about over.
If you are ever going to kill giants, whatever the giant might be, figuratively speaking, you better have a healthy respect for the size of the living God that you serve. Do not walk into a situation with fear or with trepidation but know that if you are aligned with the purposes of the living God, what do you have to worry about? "Greater is He that is in you than he that is in the world." As Martin Luther well put it, "with God one is majority." So he enters into this battle with great faith. Verse 49: "Then David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone; and he slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth." In the front of your head is the frontal lobe of the brain which controls your actions. There's the motor cortex just in the posterior part of the frontal lobe and right in the middle between your eyebrows is a little protuberance that you can feel called the glabella which is the gateway to your frontal lobe. That's exactly where that stone ended. It sunk in his glabella, went into his frontal lobe and lights out! You say, "Well, this guy was a good hit; that was a lucky hit." No, this was a guided missile; a smart bomb; this was let go by David and then the Holy Spirit just took it and placed it right where it needed to go and good-bye, lights out, story over! Goliath is gone.
Chapter 18 to the very end of the book is Saul's hatred of David and his attack on David's life. What we notice is the contrast between how Saul relates with people and how David relates with people. Saul is very insecure and David is very secure. The Spirit of the Lord left Saul and the Spirit of the Lord comes upon David. David behaves himself wisely and Saul behaves himself very irrationally through the rest of the book. Saul is very threatened by David. Saul's the king, David is a young poet, musician, and sheppard but he's walking with God and those who walk with God can be a threat to those who do not. So Saul's only solution is to get rid of David. I see Saul as sort of the Grinch of the Old Testament. Dr. Seuss's character the Grinch couldn't stand to see people enjoying themselves and whenever he saw people having a good time he got so mad and he'd bite himself. Kind of weird isn't it? Saul is sort of like that. Whenever he sees the Lord's hand upon the people and especially upon David as that potential leader, he does certain things that really ruin his own life. He turns around and he bites himself. He deals with it improperly. There's a fleshly way of dealing with people and there's a spiritual way. Sometimes because of the way people treat you, you might just think, "Lord, please, give me just five minutes in the flesh; I'll do what I need to do, I'll repent and we'll move on." That's not the best thing to do because you'll regret it. The best way to do it is to live a spirit controlled life. Somebody once said, "Life is 20 percent what actually happens to you and 80 percent how you respond to what actually happens to you."
Chapter 18, verse 5: "So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and behaved wisely. And Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants. Now it had happened as they were coming home, when David was returning from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women had come out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy, and with musical instruments. So the women sang as they danced, and said: 'Saul has slain his thousands,'" (Saul loved that; it's the second verse he didn't like,) "'And David his ten thousands.'" I'm sure you've heard of that little game, Pin the Tail on the Donkey growing up. You're about to see a new game that Saul invented: pin the spear on the worship leader. Saul sees this young guy and he wants to kill him while he's in his palace. Verse 11: "And Saul cast the spear, for he said, 'I will pin David to the wall!' But David escaped his presence twice." Here's the deal. The battle is over and a folk song has already been written about the battle and it already makes the top forty list. Because of the lyrics, David makes Saul's hit list; "The women are singing about David instead of me! They sang about me saying that I killed my thousands but they sang that he killed his tens of thousands." Actually, Saul didn't kill one. David did all the work. What did David do now that he is on Saul's hit list and now that Saul wants to kill him? He runs. I want to pause to see what lessons we can learn when people throw spears at you and say things about you that aren't true but they don't care if they're true and they slam you and they slur you and their sights are pointed at you. What do you do? Number one, duck and get out of the way. The spear was thrown at David and he ducked and got out of the way. This was a golden opportunity for David. If he wanted to retaliate now was the time when the spear has flown across the palace room over to David's wall and is sitting right by his head. Judging from how good of an aim David was with Goliath he could have thrown it right back and nailed King Saul. He didn't do that - he took no retaliation but instead he ducks and gets out of the way when the arrows are flying his way. Number two, keep doing well. David keeps going back into the battle, he keeps fighting the battle, he keeps behaving himself wisely and he's not going to let King Saul take away his joy or enthusiasm for the work that God has called him to do. He'll keep at the task. Number three, keep close friends. Those three things will help you when the arrows fly your way. Keep a good close friendship and accountability. Verse 1 says: "The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David." And you'll notice these two walking through life's battles together until Jonathan loses his life.
On that note, we look at chapter 20, verse 42: "Then Jonathan said to David, 'Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the Lord, saying, 'May the Lord be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.' So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city." I'm very impressed with Jonathan. I'm impressed with him because this wasn’t just Jonathan but this was Prince Jonathan heir to the throne of his father, King Saul. He would become, by all rights, the next king of Israel but Prince Jonathan wants what God wants more than what his father or he would even want. He doesn't see David as competition but he sees David as King David. "I may be Prince Jonathan but you are King David and you're going to be the next King of Israel," and he will tell him that throughout the story. He is not intimidated by him but he releases it to him.
In chapters 21 through 31 David is a fugitive. From chapter to chapter he runs from King Saul. Saul becomes more nuts and insane as the story goes on and David grows stronger and stronger. During these ten or eleven chapters while he is running from King Saul and he's a fugitive, some of the best poetry ever written is written by King David like, "Why are you so downcast oh my soul, trust in God, hope in Him;" or "Lord, why do you stand afar off, How come you don't listen to me? Why do You never answer my prayers?" In fact, Psalms 18, 34, 52, 54, 56, 57, 63, 124, 138 and 142 all have their background in 1 Samuel chapters 21 to 31. Now I don't know how else to say this but aren't you glad he was a fugitive for a long time? You are because you and I have been the recipients of God's comfort through many of those same Psalms. We've turned to them often and God has spoken to our hearts. Some of the best songs ever written were written during this time. In fact, some of the best songs in history were written during the worst periods of pain in people's lives. That's just a known fact. Charles Haden Spurgeon said, "The music of the sanctuary is in no small degree indebted to the trials of the saints. Affliction is the tuner of the harps of sanctified songsters."
In chapter 21, David flees to a town called Nob and meets with a group of priests. After Nob he goes to Gath, a Philistine city and acts like he's retarded. He's drooling and scratching at the gates so they think this guy is nuts and they leave him alone and just let him live there. In Chapter 22, he goes to the cave of Adullam. In Chapter 23 he goes to the town of Keilah and they tell Saul that he's there and Saul chases him. Then in chapter 24 he goes to En Gedi down by the Dead Sea.
Chapter 25 takes us to the death of Samuel. That's a big deal right? He's Samuel, the prophet, the last judge in the lineup of judges as the united monarchy is being shouldered. So this guy dies and yet there is only one single verse that is his obituary and that is Verse 1 of chapter 25: "Then Samuel died." Pretty impressive, isn't' it? "And the Israelites gathered together and lamented for him and buried him at his home in Ramah." (Just outside of Jerusalem). "And David arose and went down to the Wilderness of Paran."
The rest of chapter 25 is the story of the beauty and the beast and I'm not talking about Disney. The beauty is Abigail, the wife of a guy named Nabal who's name means fool and he is a foolish man. Abigail the beauty is married to a beast of a man called Nabal but in the same chapter she tames the beast in David. Nabal is hard headed; David is hot headed and here is what is going on in this chapter. Nabal has his sheppards watching his sheep out in the wilderness and David's men are around them for a period of time and protect them from harm from raiders, bandits, and murderers. When it's shearing time for the sheep David wants some payback. He'd like some food and to be treated kindly so he sends an emissary and says, "Look we'd like a little bit of payback; we protected your people." Typically in that time they would say, "Sure, absolutely." Nabal refuses and acts indignantly. David is hot headed and he overreacts. He says, "I'm going to kill every male that works for you." This is an overreaction. "You're not giving me a happy meal so I'm going to kill everybody on your team?" This is literally overkill! It's like sending an ICBM with a 100 mega ten warhead to deal with rats in a subway in New York. Were it not for Abigail who intervenes by bringing a present and dissuading David from doing his deed and regretting it later, it would have been done. Verse 32: "Then David said to Abigail: 'Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me! And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand. For indeed, as the Lord God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surely by morning light no males would have been left to Nabal!'" Ten days later Nabal dies, David marries Abigail and she becomes his wife.
Chapter 26 is similar to chapter 24. It's a chase scene. Saul is chasing David and David is running from Saul and what's interesting is that David sneaks into the camp of Saul. Saul's pitched his tent and is asleep and all the men sworn to protect Saul are asleep. David walks in with a buddy and takes Saul's spear, (he could have killed him), takes a pot of water and walks outside the camp. He stands on a hill and says, "Saul, wake up. How come your men haven't protected you? I've got your spear! I could have killed you, but again, like before, I didn't do it. I've spared your life because I don't want you harmed and I love you." Saul starts weeping like a baby, "David, I love you; you're so good to me." It's just an emotional show and he'll turn once again very quickly but notice the confession that he makes. Chapter 26, verse 21: "Then Saul said, 'I have sinned.'" (finally we get a confession), "'Return, my son David. For I will harm you no more, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly.'" You might think, "That sounds good; that's a confession. You have to believe a guy who says so plainly, 'I've sinned, I've played the fool, and I've erred exceedingly.'" However, he makes a confession, he gets very emotional, but there is no corresponding change afterwards. That's why in Corinthians Paul writes these words: "It's Godly sorrow that works repentance." He says to the Corinthians, "When I wrote that letter, I'm glad that you were sorry; I was harsh in that letter and it made you sorrowful and I'm glad that it did because then you changed your ways because Godly sorrow works repentance." So this was sorrow but it was not Godly sorrow and there was no repentance. In Chapter 27, David is on the run again and he goes to Gath again where he had acted like he was retarded and this time he's normal and he's kind of hanging out and he is living on the side of Israel's enemies right when the enemies, the Philistines, are about ready to launch a major, mega attack on the children of Israel. What he is doing is laying low to see what God is going to do with King Saul. He refuses to retaliate.
Chapters 28 through 31 is the final showdown of the Philistines against Israel and Saul will die in this battle. Here we see briefly that Saul takes his final step downward. We have said that he played the fool by: arrogance, indifference, and disobedience and now he takes this final step downward and he consults the demonic realm; a witch who lives up at En Dor. Verse 6: "And when Saul inquired of the Lord, the Lord did not answer him, either by dreams," (like He had with Joseph), "or by Urim," (like He had to the high priests), "or by the prophets." Samuel was dead and God wasn't speaking to this King. "Then Saul said to his servants, 'Find me a woman who is a medium,'" (not like a small, medium or large but the idea here is a clairvoyant), "'that I may go to her and inquire of her.' And his servants said to him, 'In fact, there is a woman who is a medium at En Dor.'" Deuteronomy chapter 18 expressly says, "These spiritists were not to be tolerated and they would defile the land," and in fact earlier in his career as King, King Saul put all of them out of the land. There is obviously one who is still there so when Saul means business, his servants say, "Well, we know of one and she lives right over there at En Dor." What's going on here? God is not speaking to this King and he is desperate and he wants to hear something from the supernatural even if it’s from the wrong source; he wants to hear some word of comfort. Why is God not speaking to him? Why would it be that God wouldn't speak to a guy who is saying, "I want to hear from God and I want to hear Your voice?" What has Saul done with everything that God has told him so far? He's disobeyed it. So why would God say anything further to a dude who wants nothing to do with the Word of God in his own life? God has nothing more to say to him; so God and heaven are silent. Saul disguises himself and conjures up the prophet Samuel. Samuel appears in this chapter and says, "Why did you bother me and disturb me? Can't you see I'm a dead guy? But for the record, tomorrow there is going to be a battle and you and your sons are going to die and you will be where I am and Israel will lose the battle."
Chapter 28, verse 20: "Immediately Saul fell full length on the ground, and was dreadfully afraid because of the words of Samuel. And there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no food all day or all night." He is already distressed because the Philistines are invading the land; now he is weak because he hasn't eaten any food; and now he sees Samuel who says, "You're going to be with me dead on this side tomorrow and you are all going to lose the battle." It was too much for him and he collapsed. It's a very sad story and a sad ending.
Chapter 31 is the battle on Mount Gilboa and the Philistines attack Israel. Verse 2: "Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons." Whatever distress Saul has had up to this moment, know this, his heart is now deeply plunged to the depths; three of his sons have died in that battle. "The battle became fierce against Saul. The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers." Now notice this. "Then Saul said to his armorbearer, 'Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me.' But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it." He committed suicide. It's one of the seven instances in the Bible of suicide. Saul is killed in the battle; the Philistines cut his head off, (decapitate him); and they hang his body on the wall of their city, Beth Shan. The men from Jabesh Gilead, right across from the Jordan, come across the Jordan, they take the body of King Saul and they gave him a decent burial; but that's how his life ends.
Here's what I want you to notice. It's the end of Saul's life and he admitted, "I played the fool and I've erred exceedingly and I've sinned." At the end of his life he could have had some prayer, some words of contrition or repentance, or some plea for help, but there is none to be found. He's committed to carnality and what's interesting is that even in his death he is concerned about his image. "Hey, come over here. I'm dying; would you kill me? It's going to look bad if these guys kill me." But the armorbearer wouldn't do it so he kills himself.
There's a difference between a person's reputation and a person's character. A person's reputation is what others think you are; a person's character is what you are when nobody is looking. Somebody said, "The difference between reputation and character is like looking at a barrel full of apples. The reputation is the apples on top and the character are all the apples underneath that you don't see." Saul was more concerned about the top layers of apples in his life, what people thought about him, than about who he really was.
In closing and after we have seen Saul's end, I ask you this: How could King Saul have ended well? He begins well, he didn't run well and he ended poorly; but what could he have done? A few things. Number one, he could have taken sin seriously but he didn't. He took it very lightly and in fact he would make excuses for himself, he would blame others for it and he never dealt with it. He was rebuked by the prophet twice and twice he agrees that he's blown it and twice he never changed. Number two, he could have placed character over reputation but he got it backwards. He just cared about what people thought about him and not what God thought about him. Number three, he could have taken advantage of strategic friendships in his life. This is honestly the failure of many men. Think about the people available to him as friends. The prophet Samuel; that's a good guy to have on your team. I pray every week with a prophet Samuel and I have a Bible study and discipleship group with a prophet Samuel. Samuel calls to check up on me to see how I'm walking with the Lord. Saul had no record of that. He had his own son Jonathan who really loved God and wanted the best for the people of Israel and the Kingdom. He had David who wouldn't touch the Lord's anointed and respected Saul in that position. There were several people he could have taken advantage of but he did not.
It's dangerous to isolate yourself. It says in Proverbs chapter 18: "A man who isolates himself seeks his own desire and rages against all wise judgment." There is no more potent killer than isolation and yet many people decide to live there and not share deeply with anyone else who they really are and get help and grow. Are there any areas where you are stubborn; where you're digging in your heels; where God has been trying to work and bring conviction and growth and take you from this stage to another level and you are just digging in your heels? Stubbornness has lasting consequences; you'll settle for second best, or third or fourth or fifth.
There was a man who was convinced he was dead and he walked into a doctor's office and said, "Doctor, I'm dead." "No you're not. You're very much alive, you just walked into my office, and you are talking. Dead men don't walk and talk." "No sir, I know I'm dead." There was no convincing him. The doctor said, "I have a question for you. Do dead men bleed?" "Absolutely not, everybody knows that dead people don't bleed! They're dead." So the doctor quickly took out a syringe and poked him. The man started to bleed and the doctor said, "Okay, look, what does that tell you?" The guy said, "Wow, what do you know, dead men do bleed!" He was either really dumb or really stubborn. Is stubbornness keeping you from enjoying God's best and the life that God has for you? Let's pray.
Lord, those words keep ringing in our minds. The words of King Saul in maybe that unguarded moment when he was very honest and he said, "Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly." As if to say, "I could have been and I could have become a powerful instrument in the hands of a mighty God but I played the fool and I really blew it and didn't become all that God wanted me to become. Lord, we understand from Your Word that the first step is an admission, a confession and then a willingness to turn and cooperate. Lord, I pray that we would be marked by a suppleness, an ease for you to control that when you find us you don't find us as hardened and resistant but open and in the flow and easy to turn and easy to speak to and quick to hear. Because Lord, we're going to have a very short period of time on this earth before we make it to the other side to eternity and we want to make these years count. We want to hear, "Well done, good and faithful servant; you've been faithful in the small things now be the lord, controller or supervisor over many in the Kingdom Age. Lord, even as you are faithful, and we proclaim that, I pray that you find among us at least a heart willing to be faithful to you. In Jesus Name. Amen.

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7/11/2007
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Destination: Genesis 1-11
Genesis 1-11
Skip Heitzig
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Message Summary
We begin The Bible from 30,000 Feet with a tour of Genesis Chapters 1-11. On this flight we'll travel all the way back to the very beginning - The Creation. We'll meet the first man and woman and their deceiver - the Serpent. We'll fly over God's new creation and meet a man named Noah, who God saved from His judgment - the Flood. We'll also take a look at "beginnings," the first time things are mentioned in the Bible a special significance should be given to them. The word Genesis itself is a Greek word that means "origin," the book describes the origins of creation.
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7/18/2007
completed
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Destination: Genesis 12-50
Genesis 12-50
Skip Heitzig
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This week's flight is going to take us over the second section of Genesis, which is biographical in nature and focuses on the lives of four key people. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph. We'll travel through the time era known as the Age of the Patriarchs. If you look at your window, we'll be passing over Canaan and Egypt, Canaan is modern day Israel.
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7/25/2007
completed
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Destination: Exodus 1-18
Exodus 1-18
Skip Heitzig
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In our third tour, we'll be visiting the book of Exodus chapters 1-18. We'll get an overview of the central historical event contained in the book, the redemption of God's people from the bondage of Egypt. The setting for our journey is the nation of Egypt and Israel's wanderings through the wilderness. For this flight the key chapters to review in advance are: Exodus: 1, 2, 3, 5, 11, 12 and 14.
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8/1/2007
completed
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Destination: Exodus 19-40
Exodus 19-40
Skip Heitzig
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In our fourth tour, we'll again visit the book of Exodus, visiting chapters 19-40. The setting for this week's journey is the Sinai Peninsula where God reveals the Ten Commandments to the nation of Israel and gives specific instructions on how He is to be worshiped. For this flight the key chapters to review in advance are: Exodus: 20, 25, 26, 27, 29 and 32.
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8/8/2007
completed
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Destination: Leviticus 1-17
Leviticus 1-17
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifth flight from 30,000 Feet, we fly over the first seventeen chapters of the book of Leviticus. This is a book on worship and describes the worship life of the nation of Israel. In this first tour of Leviticus, we'll see how the first part of the book focuses on the way to God through sacrifice and lays down the law - literally - on how man was designed to live and how man can be atoned for his sins. The key chapters to review in advance are: Leviticus: 1-5, 10, 16, 17.
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8/15/2007
completed
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Destination: Leviticus 18-27
Leviticus 18-27
Skip Heitzig
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This week's study will take us through Leviticus chapters 18-27. The theme of Leviticus could be summed up in one word - holiness. The second section of Leviticus focuses on our walk with God through sanctification. Sanctification is the process by which we become holy or set apart for God's purposes. The key chapters to review in advance are: Leviticus 18-20, 22, 23, and 25.
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8/22/2007
completed
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Destination: Numbers 1-14
Numbers 1-14
Skip Heitzig
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Our seventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us through Numbers chapters 1-14. Numbers is the fourth of the Pentateuch. In the Hebrew it is called ba-midbar, "in the wilderness." In the Septuagint version it is called Arithmoi or "numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. It is so called because it contains a record of the numbering of the people in the wilderness of Sinai (1-4), and of their numbering afterwards on the plain of Moab (26). The key chapters to review in advance are: Numbers 3, 6, 9, 11, 13 & 14.
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8/29/2007
completed
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Destination: Numbers 15-36
Numbers 15-36
Skip Heitzig
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In our eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet Pastor Skip will give us a tour of Numbers chapters 15-36. We'll see that the second section of Numbers covers the failure of one generation to enter the Promised Land and the reorganization of a new generation that enters into the Promised Land. Key chapters for this flight are: 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, and 27.
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9/5/2007
completed
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Destination: Deuteronomy 1-34
Deuteronomy 1-34
Skip Heitzig
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In our ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us on a tour through the entire book of Deuteronomy. The Hebrews called it "Elleh Haddevarim," "These are the Words," or "Devarim," (words). Deuteronomy can be organized around three messages given by Moses while the Israelites were on the plains east of the Jordan River. It occurs after the 40 years of wandering and the Israelites are now ready to enter the Promised Land. The key word of this book is covenant and speaks of the special relationship that God has established with His people. Key chapters for this flight are: 6, 7, 31, 32, 33 and 34.
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9/12/2007
completed
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Destination: Joshua 1-12
Joshua 1-12
Skip Heitzig
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Pastor Skip Heitzig will be our tour guide during our tenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This week's journey will take us through Joshua 1-12. We'll get to know Joshua, son of Nun, who shared in all the events of the Exodus, and held the place of commander of the host of the Israelites. The book of Joshua describes Israel's conquest of Canaan and the first section describe how Joshua conquered the land. Key chapters for this flight are: Joshua 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 and 10.
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9/26/2007
completed
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Destination: Joshua 13-24
Joshua 13-24
Skip Heitzig
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In our eleventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will give us a tour of the Promised Land. We will see how Joshua divides the land "as an inheritance to Israel," and we'll see different tribes and where they settle, both in and out of the Promised Land. Key chapters for this flight are: Joshua 13 and 20-24.
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10/3/2007
completed
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Destination: Judges 1-10
Judges 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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In our twelfth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will once again be our tour guide as we take our first look at the book of Judges. We'll see on this tour how the nation of Israel is caught in the cycle of sin and how each cycle results in ever worsening conditions for them. We'll meet some of the characters that God divinely appointed to the office of Judge. The key chapters to review for this flight are Judges 1–3 and 6–8.
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10/10/2007
completed
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Destination: Judges 11-21
Judges 11-21
Skip Heitzig
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Flight thirteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over Judges chapters 11-21. Pastor Skip Heitzig will guide us as we complete this overview of Judges. We will see that the second part of Judges shows the fragile nature of these Judges and a people who, "did what was right in their own eyes," that kept them in their sin cycle.
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10/24/2007
completed
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Destination: Ruth 1-4
Ruth 1-4
Skip Heitzig
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In our fourteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip Heitzig will give us a tour of the little romantic book of Ruth. We'll see how the book of Ruth shows the godly courage and love of two very different women from very different backgrounds. We'll meet some amazing characters on this flight who become key people in the genealogy of Jesus Christ.
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11/7/2007
completed
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Destination: 1 Samuel 1-15
1 Samuel 1-15
Skip Heitzig
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The fifteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us on journey through 1 Samuel chapters 1-15. Join our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig for this exciting tour on which we'll meet a man who would be become King. This man's good looks, physical size and success in war made him an obvious choice from a human perspective, but the book of 1 Samuel highlights his tragic flaw - he disobeyed God's commands. From the ashes of Saul's tragedy God raises up another man who would become King, a man after His own heart, King David. The key chapters to review are 1-3, 8-10 and 15.
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11/21/2007
completed
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Destination: 2 Samuel 1-10
2 Samuel 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Flight Seventeen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over 2 Samuel chapters 1-10. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will show us David's triumphs as King over Israel, after the death of Saul. Join us as we see how David's faith in God leads him to be victorious politically and militarily as one by one he defeats his enemies. We will also see how David's obedience leads to a new promise from God. The key chapters to review for this flight are 1-3, 5, 7 and 9.
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12/5/2007
completed
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Destination: 2 Samuel 11-24
2 Samuel 11-24
Skip Heitzig
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In our eighteenth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us to our next destination, 2 Samuel 11-24. On this flight we'll see David's transgressions and the troubles that resulted from them. By presenting both the strengths and weaknesses of David, we see a complete picture of a very real person who was described as being "a man after God's own heart." The key chapters to review are 2 Samuel 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 23, and 24.
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1/9/2008
completed
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Destination: 1 Kings 1-22
1 Kings 1-22
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight nineteen over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over 1 Kings 1-22. On this flight we will see the transition that Israel undertakes as it moves from the rule of King David to the rule of his son King Solomon after his death. After Solomon turns from the Lord, we will see how Israel is divided and moved in and out of the power of many kings such as Ahab, Jehoshaphat, and Ahaziah. These chapters will reveal a story of true loyalty and disobedience to God. The key chapters to review are 1 Kings 1-3, 6, 8, 11, 12, 18, and 19.
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1/16/2008
completed
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Destination: 2 Kings 1-25
2 Kings 1-25
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of 2 Kings. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will continue to lead us through the history of the divided nation of Israel, and how in spite of the many kings who took control of the land, we will still see a nation without true leadership. As we soar over this book, we will see first how Israel comes into captivity by Assyria, and then the triumph of Babylon over Judah. The key chapters to review are 2 Kings 1-4, and 18-21.
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1/23/2008
completed
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Destination: 1 Chronicles 1-29
1 Chronicles 1-29
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-one over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the book of 1 Chronicles. On this flight we look back once again at God's promise that He would establish His reign on earth through King David. Chapters 1-9 of 1 Chronicles will look in-depth at the the royal line of David and then we will see again the reign of David in chapters 10-29. Join us as we fly at an altitude of 30,000 feet and see how God fulfilled His promises to David and how that presents a witness of His faithfulness to us as well. The key chapters to review are 1 Chronicles 17-18, 21-22, 25, and 28-29
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1/30/2008
completed
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Destination: 2 Chronicles 1-36
2 Chronicles 1-36
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-second departure for the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip Heitzig will take us soaring over the entire book of 2 Chronicles to see the beginning of the reign of King Solomon all the way to the spiritual roller coaster after Solomon's death and the separation of the kingdoms. From the building of the temple (2 Chronicles 1-9), to the decline of the temple (2 Chronicles 10-36:16), to the destruction of the temple (2 Chronicles 36:17-23), we see a parallel to 1 and 2 Kings from a spiritual viewpoint. The key chapters to review are 2 Chronicles 17-20, and 29-32.
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2/6/2008
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Destination: Ezra 1-10
Ezra 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty-three over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of Ezra. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will point out two very important sections of this book; the restoration of the temple (chapters 1-6), and the reformation of the people (chapters 7-10). This book will continue the narrative of 2 Chronicles by showing God's faithfulness to keep His promises by returning His people to their homeland. The key chapters to review are Ezra 1-10.
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2/13/2008
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Destination: Nehemiah 1-13
Nehemiah 1-13
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-fourth departure for the Bible from 30,000 Feet. We will fly at cruising altitude over the entire book of Nehemiah with our pilot, Pastor Skip Heitzig. In this book, Nehemiah, the king's cupbearer, is given permission to lead third and final return to Jerusalem to repair and rebuild the city's walls. This book will show us a political construction (chapters 1-7), and a spiritual instruction (chapters 8-13). Join us as we see how Nehemiah gathers his spiritual strength from God during a time of great opposition.
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2/27/2008
completed
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Destination: Esther 1-10
Esther 1-10
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-five over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the book of Esther. The flight will be divided into two highly important sections: the threat to the Jews (chapters 1-4), in which we will see Haman's attempt to completely eradicate the Jewish people from Persia, and the triumph of the Jews (chapters 5-10), where we will see a young girl's godly strength and fight to save her people. This flight will show us a whole new set of villains, heroes, and ultimately the ever abounding faithfulness of God towards those who follow Him. The key chapters to review are Esther 1-10.
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3/5/2008
completed
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Destination: Job 1-42
Job 1-42
Skip Heitzig
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Our twenty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet takes us over the entire book of Job, the first book in the section of poetical books. This is a powerful story of a man who has everything taken from him; his health, wealth, and even his beloved family. Yet as we see God allowing Satan to test Job, God's faithfulness to those he loves is clear and Job's steadfast faith prevails. Join us this week as we see Job's dilemma (ch.1-2), the debate with his four friends (ch. 3-37), and his final deliverance (ch. 38-42). The key chapters to review are Job1-4, 8,11-12, and 29.
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3/12/2008
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Destination: Psalms 1-72
Psalms 1-72
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight twenty-seven over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over Psalms 1-72. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us through the first seventy-two chapters of Psalms, which is divided into five books of songs, prayers, and poetry. Join us as we look at the deepest thoughts and emotions on the love and power of God. The key chapters to review are Psalms 1, 14, 23, 40, and 63.
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3/19/2008
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Destination: Psalms 73-150
Psalms 73-150
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for our twenty-eighth departure of the Bible from 30,000 Feet. We will fly at cruising altitude over the last three books in Psalms as we read through chapters 73-150. We will see beautiful writings of gladness and grief, pleading and prayers, and reverence and worship. Join us as we look at the deepest thoughts and emotions on the love and power of God. The key chapters to review are Psalms 119, and 146-150.
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3/26/2008
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Destination: Proverbs 1-31
Proverbs 1-31
Skip Heitzig
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Flight twenty-nine over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the entire book of Proverbs. Known for the wisdom it contains, Proverbs reveals to us how to deal with every day situations; be it love and lust, life and death, friends and enemies, and what our God loves and hates. On this flight, Pastor Skip will point out some of the most noted chapters and verses of one of the most read books of the Old Testament. The key chapters to review are Proverbs 1-2, 5, 14, 22, and 31.
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4/23/2008
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Destination: Ecclesiastes 1-12
Ecclesiastes 1-12
Skip Heitzig
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Join us as we continue The Bible From 30,000 Feet, taking our thirtieth flight high above the book of Ecclesiastes. This book reveals some startling truths about how King Solomon felt about finding meaning and fulfillment in life through the things of this world, and ultimately his conclusion that "all is vanity" in a life lived without God. The key chapters to review are 1-3, 5, 8, and 12.
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4/30/2008
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Destination: Song of Solomon 1-8
Song_of_Solomon 1-8
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-one over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over Song of Solomon. This poetic book gives us a glimpse into the true love that Solomon has for a shepherdess, and the love and fulfillment they share in a marriage relationship. At an altitude of 30,000 feet we will be able to see the strong tie into the fulfillment and joy seen in the love of God for His people. The key chapters to review are Song of Solomon 1-8.
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5/7/2008
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Destination: Isaiah 1-39
Isaiah 1-39
Skip Heitzig
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Our thirty-second flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet will take us soaring over the entire book of Isaiah. Thought to be the greatest of all the Prophets of the Old Testament, Isaiah's ministry lasted around fifty years, and his prophecies are quoted in the New Testament more often than any other Prophet. This book shows us a mix of both prophecies of condemnation (chapters 1-39), as well as prophecies of comfort (chapters 40-66). The key chapters to review are Isaiah 1-2, 6, 40, 52-53, and 55.
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5/14/2008
completed
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Destination: Isaiah 40-66
Isaiah 40-66
Skip Heitzig
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In our thirty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a flight high above the Bible to look at the second half of Isaiah. As we look through chapters 40-66, we will see the continued work of Isaiah, and how God used his gift of prophecy, both comforting and condemning, to generate change in the individuals he encountered. The key chapters to review are Isaiah 40, 52-53, and 55.
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5/21/2008
completed
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Destination: Jeremiah 1-52
Jeremiah 1-52
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-four over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, as we soar over the entire book of Jeremiah. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us at an altitude of 30,000 feet to see the three writings of the book of Jeremiah. From the warning of judgment, to the promise of restoration, and finally the protective hand of God over those He loves, we will catch a glimpse of a man who openly allowed God to speak through him in unusual and sometimes bizarre ways to open the eyes of the people of Israel. The key chapters to review are Jeremiah 13, 18-20, 25, 31, and 52.
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6/11/2008
completed
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Destination: Lamentations 1-5
Lamentations 1-5
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight thirty-five over the Bible From 30,000 Feet. On this departure, we will look once again at Jeremiah in the book of Lamentations. We will learn why Jeremiah is referred to as "the weeping prophet," as we see him lament over the destruction of Jerusalem. This poetic book begins by revealing a man who is distressed for a nation under the consequences of its own sin, and ends with a prayer for the restoration of the nation from captivity. The key chapters to review are Lamentations 1-5.
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6/18/2008
completed
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Destination: Ezekiel 1-48
Ezekiel 1-48
Skip Heitzig
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In our thirty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a flight high above the Bible to look at the book of Ezekiel. We will witness prophecies we've seen in past books being fulfilled as we see Jerusalem at the time of the Second Babylonian Deportation. As Ezekiel the Priest is deported alongside his people, we see God continue to offer promises of restoration through him, bringing the people a sense of hope in spite of their current tribulations. The key chapters to review are Ezekiel 1-3, 7, 33-34, and 38-39.
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6/25/2008
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Destination: Daniel 1-6
Daniel 1-6
Skip Heitzig
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Flight thirty-seven over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us on a tour of Daniel 1-6. In these chapters, we will see the first of the deportations of the Israelites to Babylon, and witness both the prophetic history of the book, as well as the four prophetic visions of Daniel. Ultimately, the powerful stories in Daniel reveal a man of God; unwilling to compromise and full of faith. The key chapters to review are Daniel 1-2.
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7/2/2008
completed
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Destination: Daniel 7-12
Daniel 7-12
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Our thirty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us through the second part of Daniel. As we look at chapters 7-12, we will see the four prophetic visions of Daniel, and observe how his faith in God's fulfillment of prophecies led him to fervent prayer for the people of Israel. The key chapters to review are Daniel 9-12.
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7/9/2008
completed
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Destination: Hosea 1-14
Hosea 1-14
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out and place your heart in the upright position for our thirty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the entire book of Hosea, a man called to prophesy to the Northern Kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Jeroboam. As Hosea addresses the sins of the nation, we will see how God used the graphic parallel between his adulterous wife and the unfaithfulness of Israel. The key chapters to review are Hosea 1-4, 6, 9, and 11.
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7/16/2008
completed
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Destination: Joel; Amos; Obadiah
Joel 1-3; Amos 1-9; Obadiah
Skip Heitzig
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Get ready for flight forty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will take us soaring over Joel, Amos, and Obadiah. In these three books, we take a look at the strong warnings that God gives His people against greed, injustice, false worship, and self-righteousness. We'll see God's use of these ordinary men to give extraordinary messages; we'll witness His patience, and at the end, we'll see how He stands ready to forgive and restore all who turn away from their sin. The key chapters to review are Joel 1-3, Amos 1, 3 and 7, and Obadiah 1.
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7/23/2008
completed
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Destination: Jonah 1-4
Jonah 1-4
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Our forty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet will take us to the well known book of Jonah. In this book, we will see what God can do in the life of a prophet, even one who is blatantly disobedient. Despite Jonah's defiance, God strongly redirects his path and brings him to repentance through a very unique situation. By the end of the book, we will see Jonah right back where he started and bringing God glory by doing exactly what He had originally asked of him. The key chapters to review are Jonah 1-4.
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8/6/2008
completed
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Destination: Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk
Micah; Nahum; Habakkuk
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out and place your heart in the upright position for our forty-second flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the books of Micah, Nahum, and Habakkuk, three prophets used by God to criticize, comfort, and encourage the people of Judah. Through these prophets, God's people confess their sins and are confident in the salvation of God's mighty acts. The key chapters to review are Micah 1-7, Nahum 1-3, and Habakkuk 1-3.
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8/13/2008
completed
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Destination: Zephaniah & Haggai
Zephaniah; Haggai
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Prepare yourself for our forty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. This flight will take us soaring over the entirety of both Zephaniah and Haggai. The two books cover five chapters which speak of the coming Day of the Lord, His wrath upon Judah and her neighbors, and an encouragement after their return from exile to rejoice and rebuild the Temple. The key chapters to review are Zephaniah 1-3 and Haggai 1-2.
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8/20/2008
completed
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Destination: Zechariah and Malachi
Zechariah; Malachi
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We are about to take our forty-forth flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet, journeying over the final two books of the Old Testament. In ending the Minor Prophets, we'll first look at the expanded message of rebuilding the temple as Zechariah encourages the people to look to the future reign of the Messiah. We will then speed forward 100 years after the temple was rebuilt to the book of Malachi, where God's chosen people had once again slid back into their sinful practices. After 400 years of prophetic silence, Malachi brings a message of exhortation to the people who had resettled in Jerusalem. The key chapters to review are Zechariah 9-14 and Malachi 1-4.
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9/3/2008
completed
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Destination: Matthew, Mark, and Luke
Matthew, Mark; Luke
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our opening tour of the New Testament and flight forty-five of the Bible from 30,000 Feet! This flight will take us on a sky-high tour over the books of Matthew, Mark and Luke. These three synoptic gospels give us our first glimpses of Jesus' life and death here on earth. We'll see the service, sermons, sacrifices, and sovereignty of our King as we witness the fulfillment of many of the Old Testament prophecies we have previously studied. The key chapters to review are Matthew 1-5 and 17, Mark, and Luke.
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9/10/2008
completed
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Destination: John
John
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Get your travel planner out for our forty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour through the book of John, written by the Apostle John from Ephesus between A.D. 80-90. The spiritual depth of this book and its presentation of the incarnation through the God-man Jesus Christ sets it apart from the other gospels.
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9/17/2008
completed
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Destination: Acts
Acts
Skip Heitzig
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On our forty-seventh flight over the Bible from 30,000 feet Pastor Skip will give a tour of the entire book of Acts. Acts is the history of how Christianity was founded and organized and solved its problems. The gospel writer Luke tells the story of how the community of believers began by faith in the risen Christ and in the power of the Holy Spirit, the promised Counselor and Guide, who enabled them to witness, to love, and to serve.
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9/24/2008
completed
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Destination: Romans
Romans
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We are about to take our forty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Join us as we soar over the entire book of Romans, Paul's letter to the church in Rome. This letter primarily focuses on the basic gospel message along with God's plan of salvation and righteousness for all humankind, Jew and Gentile alike. In our broad overview, we'll take a look at Paul's strong emphasis of Christian doctrine and his concern for Israel. The key chapters to review are 1, 3, 4, and 9-11.
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10/8/2008
completed
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Destination: 1 Corinthians
1 Corinthians
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Get your travel planner out for our forty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet! As we look at 1 Corinthians, we'll see Paul's letters to the church at Corinth. His letters to the influential church confront their "religious" and arrogant mindsets and defend his ability to be an apostle of Christ. Through God's grace and use of Paul, he is later able to rejoice over the turnaround and acceptance of his God-given authority. The key chapters to review are 1 Corinthians 2-3 & 12-13.
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10/15/2008
completed
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Destination: 2 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
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Our fiftieth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet takes us on a flight over the second of Paul's letters to the church at Corinth. Between 1 & 2 Corinthians, the congregation was influenced by false teachers who spread opposition to Paul. Through God's grace and use of Paul, he is later able to rejoice over the repentance of the people to God and acceptance of his God-given authority. The key chapters to review are 2 Corinthians 4 & 12.
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10/22/2008
completed
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Destination: Galatians
Galatians
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for our fifty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour through the book of Galatians, a clear letter to the church in Galatia about the importance of remembering grace through faith and not the law. Paul's forceful letter addresses issues of legalism in the church and the false gospel of works. The key chapters to review are Galatians 1-6.
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11/5/2008
completed
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Destination: Ephesians
Ephesians
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Who are we in Christ? Grab your travel planner for flight fifty-two as we look at the book of Ephesians, Paul's letter to the church in Ephesus. In this book, Paul explains how we are the bride of Christ, a temple, and a soldier for the gospel. The unity that Paul emphasizes is described as a body working together for a common goal. The key chapters to review are Ephesians 1-6.
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11/19/2008
completed
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Destination: Philippians
Philippians
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-third flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us through the book of Philippians, another of Paul's letters to the church. Referred to as "the epistle of joy," the message contained in these pages is one of long suffering and joy in the midst of Paul's time in prison. Despite his trials, we will see Paul rejoice over the church in Philippi and encourage them in unity, humility, and prayer. The key chapters to review are Philippians 1-4.
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1/7/2009
completed
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Destination: Colossians
Colossians
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Get your travel planner out for our fifty-fourth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet! On this flight, we will take a look at the young church in Colosse, and how they became the target of a heretical attack. The main theme in the book of Colossians is the complete adequacy of Christ as contrasted with the emptiness of mere human philosophy. The key chapters to review are Colossians 1-4.
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1/14/2009
completed
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Destination: 1 and 2 Thessalonians
1 Thessalonians 1-5;2 Thessalonians 1-3:18
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-fifth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the books of 1 & 2 Thessalonians. Both books are written as an encouragement to the church in Thessalonica, exhorting them in the word, warning them against pagan immorality, and urging them to remain steadfast in the truth of the Lord. The key chapters to review are 1 Thessalonians 1-5 and 2 Thessalonians 1-3.
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1/21/2009
completed
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Destination: 1 and 2 Timothy
1 Timothy 1-6;2 Timothy 1-4:22
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Join us on a tour over the books of 1 & 2 Timothy as we take our fifty-sixth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. These loving letters to Timothy, a young pastor in Ephesus, reveal Paul's true love for his brother in Christ and desire to encourage him in the Word and warn against false teachings. In these letters, Paul exhorts Timothy to stand strong and "preach the word" (2 Timothy 4:2). The key chapters to review are 1 Timothy 1-6 and 2 Timothy 1-4.
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1/28/2009
completed
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Destination: Titus and Philemon
Titus 1-3:15;Philemon 1:1-25
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight fifty-seven of the Bible from 30,000 Feet. On this flight, our tour guide Pastor Skip will take us through the books of Titus and Philemon. While the letter to Titus focuses on the importance of sound doctrine and the elements of the church order, Philemon takes a more personal approach and speaks on the application of the great principles of Christian brotherhood to social life. The key chapters to review are Titus 1-3 and Philemon 1.
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2/4/2009
completed
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Destination: Hebrews
Hebrews
Skip Heitzig
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In our fifty-eighth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, Pastor Skip will take us on a tour over the book of Hebrews. Although the author of the book is not fully known, this well written letter reveals a man with a great desire to encourage Jewish believers to continue in the grace of Jesus Christ, instead of trying to escape persecution by bowing to the rites and rituals of Judaism. The key chapters to review are Hebrews 1-2, 6, 11, and 13.
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2/11/2009
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Destination: James
James
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Our fifty-ninth flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will take us over the distinctive book of James. Although grace through faith in the cross was vital for Jewish believer to understand, James addresses the issue of faith without a consistent lifestyle. This epistle adamantly declares that, "Just as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead, also." (James 2:26) The key chapters to review are James 1-5.
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2/18/2009
completed
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Destination: 1 and 2 Peter
1 Peter 1-5; 2 Peter 1-3
Skip Heitzig
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Get your travel planner out for flight sixty over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Our tour guide, Pastor Skip Heitzig, will take us on a tour of the books of 1 & 2 Peter. Peter's first letter to the church exhorts Christians to remain steadfast in their faith when under persecution, and his second letter tackles the issue of false teachers and a need for discernment against the spreading apostasy. Both books contain a level of warmth in Peter's expressions, making them a great source of encouragement. The key chapters to review are 1 Peter 1-5 and 2 Peter 1-3.
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2/25/2009
completed
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Destination: 1 John
1 John
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In our sixty-first flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet, our tour guide Pastor Skip will take us through the book of 1 John. John writes to define and defend the nature of the person of Christ against heretical teachings affecting the early church. As John addresses the heretical teachings of the time, he also addresses the preeminence of God's love for us, and our duty to love others in return. The key chapters to review are 1 John 1-5.
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3/25/2009
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Destination: 2, 3 John and Jude
2 John, 3 John; Jude
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Flight sixty-two over the Bible from 30,000 Feet will give a sky high view over three small but concise books, 2 & 3 John and Jude. While all three books have a different primary focus, all are written with the purpose to encourage the church to keep a strong biblical foundation. This study will take us through the importance of biblical discernment, the need to be in fellowship with other believers, as well as the vital need to keep strong in the faith. The key chapters to review are 2 & 3 John, and Jude.
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4/1/2009
completed
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Destination: Revelation 1-11
Revelation 1-11
Skip Heitzig
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With only two more flights to go, we welcome you to get your travel planner ready for the first half of the book of Revelation and flight sixty-three over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. Considered to be one of the most powerful books in Scripture, Revelation is a direct vision from God, to John, which he was asked to record for future generations. Revelation 1:19, "Write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later." As the final warning to the world of the tribulation to come, it also serves as a source of hope for the Church. The key chapters to review are 1-4, 7, and 11.
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4/8/2009
completed
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Destination: Revelation 12-22
Revelation 12-22
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Flight sixty-four brings us to the end of the scriptures and the second and final part of the book of Revelation. Chapters 12-22 lead us into some of the most thrilling text in the entire Bible, giving us a glimpse into the seven bowl judgments, the Beast, and the future tribulation, but also bringing us great hope for God's Church. The key chapters to review are Revelation 12-14, 18, and 20-22.
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4/15/2009
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Bible from 30k Final Q&A
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We have landed our flight over the Bible from 30,000 Feet. As we touch down and head to pick up the final baggage from our 65 flight series, our last sky-high view of the scriptures will includes this final Q&A Celebration. Pastor Skip and others answer questions from the last year, as well as on the spot questions from the audience.
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There are 64 additional messages in this series.